calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
Then,justaddthisHTMLfiletotheGUIandusetheconvertbuttontocreateyourebook. Youcanusetheoptionin
theTableofContentssectionintheconversiondialogtocontrolhowtheTableofContentsisgenerated.
Note: Bydefault,whenaddingHTMLfiles,calibrefollowslinksinthefilesindepthfirstorder.Thismeansthatif
fileA.htmllinkstoB.htmlandC.htmlandD.html,butB.htmlalsolinkstoD.html,thenthefileswillbeintheorder
A.html,B.html,D.html,C.html.IfinsteadyouwanttheordertobeA.html,B.html,C.html,D.htmlthenyoumusttell
calibretoaddyourfilesinbreadthfirstorder. DothisbygoingtoPreferences->PluginsandcustomizingtheHTML
toZIPplugin.
TheEPUBIproducedwithcalibreisnotvalid?
calibredoesnotguaranteethatanEPUBproducedbyitisvalid. Theonlyguaranteeitmakesisthatifyoufeedit
validXHTML1.1+CSS2.1itwilloutputavalidEPUB.calibretrieshardtoensurethatEPUBsitproducesactually
workasintendedonawidevarietyofdevices,agoalthatisincompatiblewithproducingvalidEPUBs,andonethat
isfarmoreimportanttothevastmajorityofitsusers. IfyouneedatoolthatalwaysproducesvalidEPUBs,calibre
isnotforyou. Thismeans,thatifyouwanttosendacalibreproducedEPUBtoanonlinestorethatusesanEPUB
validitychecker,youhavetomakesurethattheEPUBisvalidyourself,calibrewillnotdoitforyou–inotherwords
youmustfeedcalibrevalidXHTML+CSSastheinputdocuments.
HowdoIusesomeoftheadvancedfeaturesoftheconversiontools?
You can get help on any individual feature e of f the e converters by y mousing over it in the GUI or r running
ebook-convert dummy.html .epub -hataterminal.Agoodplacetostartistolookatthefollowingdemo
filethatdemonstratessomeoftheadvancedfeatureshtml-demo.zip
38
1.8.2 DeviceIntegration
Contents
• Whatdevicesdoescalibresupport?(page108)
• HowcanIhelpgetmydevicesupportedincalibre?(page108)
• Mydeviceisnotbeingdetectedbycalibre?(page108)
• Mydeviceisnon-standardorunusual.WhatcanIdotoconnecttoit?(page108)
• HowdoescalibremanagecollectionsonmySONYreader?(page109)
• CanIusebothcalibreandtheSONYsoftwaretomanagemyreader?(page109)
• HowdoIusecalibrewithmyiPad/iPhone/iPodtouch?(page110)
• HowdoIusecalibrewithmyAndroidphone/tabletorKindleFireHD?(page111)
• CanIaccessmycalibrebooksusingthewebbrowserinmyKindleorotherreadingdevice?(page112)
• Igettheerrormessage“Failedtostartcontentserver:Port8080notfreeon‘0.0.0.0”’?(page112)
• Icannotsendemailsusingcalibre?(page112)
• Mydeviceisgettingmountedread-onlyinlinux,socalibrecannotconnecttoit?(page113)
• WhydoescalibrenotsupportcollectionsontheKindleorshelvesontheNook?(page113)
• IamgettinganerrorwhenItrytousecalibrewithmyKoboTouch/Glo/etc.?(page114)
• ItransferredsomebookstomyKindleusingcalibreandtheydidnotshowup?(page114)
38
https://calibre-ebook.com/downloads/html-demo.zip
1.8. FrequentlyAskedQuestions
107
Change pdf to powerpoint online - C# Create PDF from PowerPoint Library to convert pptx, ppt to PDF in C#.net, ASP.NET MVC, WinForms, WPF
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calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
Whatdevicesdoescalibresupport?
calibrecandirectlyconnecttoallthemajor(andmostoftheminor)ebookreadingdevices,smarthphones,tablets,
etc.Inaddition,usingtheConnecttofolderfunctionyoucanuseitwithanyebookreaderthatexportsitselfasaUSB
disk.YoucanevenconnecttoAppledevices(viaiTunes),usingtheConnecttoiTunesfunction.
HowcanIhelpgetmydevicesupportedincalibre?
IfyourdeviceappearsasaUSBdisktotheoperatingsystem,addingsupportforittocalibreisveryeasy. Wejust
needsomeinformationfromyou:
• Completelistofebookformatsthatyourdevicesupports.
• Isthereaspecialdirectoryonthedeviceinwhichallebookfilesshouldbeplaced?Alsodoesthedevicedetect
filesplacedinsub-directories?
• Wealsoneedinformationaboutyourdevicethatcalibrewillcollectautomatically.First,ifyourdevicesupports
SDcards,insertthem.Thenconnectyourdevicetothecomputer.IncalibregotoPreferences->Miscellaneous
andclickthe“Debugdevicedetection”button.Thiswillcreatesomedebugoutput.Copyittoafileandrepeat
theprocess,thistimewithyourdevicedisconnectedfromyourcomputer.
• Sendboththeaboveoutputstouswiththeotherinformationandwewillwriteadevicedriverforyourdevice.
Onceyousendustheoutputforaparticularoperatingsystem,supportforthedeviceinthatoperatingsystemwill
appearinthenextreleaseofcalibre.Tosendustheoutput,openabugreportandattachtheoutputtoit. Seecalibre
bugs
39
.
Mydeviceisnotbeingdetectedbycalibre?
Followthesestepstofindtheproblem:
• Makesurethatyouareconnectingonlyasingledevicetoyourcomputeratatime.Donothaveanothercalibre
supporteddevicelikeaniPhone/iPadetc.atthesametime.
• IfyouareconnectinganAppleiDevice(iPad,iPodTouch,iPhone),usethe‘ConnecttoiTunes’methodinthe
‘Gettingstarted’instructionsinCalibre+AppleiDevices:Starthere40.
• Makesureyouarerunningthelatestversionofcalibre. . Thelatestversioncanalwaysbedownloadedfromthe
calibrewebsite
41
.Youcantellwhatversionofcalibreyouarecurrentlyrunningbylookingatthebottomline
ofthemaincalibrewindow.
• Ensureyouroperatingsystemisseeingthedevice.Thatis,thedeviceshouldshowupinWindowsExplorer(in
Windows)orFinder(inOSX).
• Incalibre,gotoPreferences->IgnoredDevicesandcheckthatyourdeviceisnotbeingignored
• Ifalltheabovestepsfail,gotoPreferences->MiscellaneousandclickDebugdevicedetectionwithyourdevice
attachedandposttheoutputasaticketonthecalibrebugtracker
42
.
Mydeviceisnon-standardorunusual.WhatcanIdotoconnecttoit?
In addition to the Connectto Folder function found undertheConnect/Share button, calibre provides s a User
Defineddevicepluginthatcanbeusedtoconnecttoany USB device thatshows s up p asa diskdrive in your
39
https://calibre-ebook.com/bugs
40
http://www.mobileread.com/forums/showthread.php?t=118559
41
https://calibre-ebook.com/download
42
https://bugs.launchpad.net/calibre
108
Chapter1. Sections
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calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
operatingsystem. Note: : onWindows, , the devicemusthave adriveletterforcalibretouseit. . Seethe e device
pluginPreferences -> Plugins -> > Device e Plugins -> User DefinedandPreferences ->
Miscellaneous -> > Get t information to setup the user r defined d device e formore informa-
tion. Notethatifyouareusingtheuserdefinedpluginforadevicenormallydetectedbyabuiltincalibreplugin,
youmustdisablethebuiltinpluginfirst,sothatyouruserdefinedpluginisusedinstead.
HowdoescalibremanagecollectionsonmySONYreader?
Whencalibreconnectswiththereader,itretrievesallcollectionsforthebooksonthereader.Thecollectionsofwhich
booksaremembersareshownonthedeviceview.
Whenyousendabooktothereader,calibrewilladdthebooktocollectionsbasedonthemetadataforthatbook.By
default,collectionsarecreatedfromtagsandseries. YoucancontrolwhatmetadataisusedbygoingtoPreferences-
>Plugins->DeviceInterfacepluginsandcustomizingtheSONYdeviceinterfaceplugin. Ifyouremoveallvalues,
calibrewillnotaddthebooktoanycollection.
Collection management t is largely controlled d by the e ‘Metadata management’ option n found at Preferences-
>Import/Export->Sendingbookstodevices.Ifsetto‘Manual’(thedefault),managingcollectionsislefttotheuser;
calibrewillnotdeletealreadyexistingcollectionsforabookonyourreaderwhenyouresendthebooktothereader,
butcalibrewilladdthebooktocollectionsifnecessary. Toensurethatthecollectionsforabookarebasedonlyon
currentcalibremetadata,firstdeletethebooksfromthereader,thenresendthebooks.Youcaneditcollectionsdirectly
onthedeviceviewbydouble-clickingorright-clickinginthecollectionscolumn.
If‘Metadatamanagement’issetto‘Onlyonsend’,thencalibrewillmanagecollectionsmoreaggressively.Collections
willbebuiltusingcalibremetadataexclusively.Sendingabooktothereaderwillcorrectthecollectionsforthatbook
soitscollectionsexactlymatchthebook’smetadata,addinganddeletingcollectionsasnecessary.Editingcollections
onthedeviceviewisnotpermitted,becausecollectionsnotinthemetadatawillberemovedautomatically.
If‘Metadatamanagement’issetto‘Automaticmanagement’,thencalibrewillupdatemetadataandcollectionsboth
whenthereaderisconnectedandwhenbooksaresent.Whencalibredetectsthereaderandgeneratesthelistofbooks
onthereader,itwillsendmetadatafromthelibrarytothereaderforallbooksonthereaderthatareinthelibrary(On
deviceisTrue),addingandremovingbooksfromcollectionsasindicatedbythemetadataanddevicecustomization.
Whenabookissent,calibrecorrectsthemetadataforthatbook,addinganddeletingcollections. Manualeditingof
metadataonthedeviceviewisnotallowed. Notethatthisoptionspecifiessendingmetadata,notbooks. Thebook
filesonthereaderarenotchanged.
Insummary,choose‘manualmanagement’ifyouwanttomanagecollectionsyourself. Collectionsforabookwill
neverberemovedbycalibre,butcanberemovedbyyoubyeditingonthedeviceview.Choose‘Onlyonsend’ifyou
wantcalibretomanagecollectionswhenyousendabook,addingbookstoandremovingbooksfromcollectionsas
needed. Choose‘Automaticmanagement’ifyouwantcalibretokeepcollectionsuptodatewheneverthereaderis
connected.
Ifyouusemultipleinstallationsofcalibretomanageyourreader,thenoption‘Automaticmanagement’maynotbe
whatyouwant. Connectingthereadertoonelibrarywillresetthemetadatatowhatisinthatlibrary. Connectingto
theotherlibrarywillresetthemetadatatowhatisinthatotherlibrary.Metadatainbooksfoundinbothlibrarieswill
befloppedbackandforth.
CanIusebothcalibreandtheSONYsoftwaretomanagemyreader?
Yes,youcanuseboth,providedyoudonotrunthematthesametime.Thatis,youshouldusethefollowingsequence:
Connectreader->Useoneoftheprograms->Disconnectreader.Reconnectreader->Usetheotherprogram->disconnect
reader.
TheunderlyingreasonisthattheReaderusesasinglefiletokeeptrackof‘meta’information,suchascollections,and
thisiswrittentobybothcalibreandtheSonysoftwarewheneitherupdatessomethingontheReader.Thefilewillbe
savedwhentheReaderis(safely)disconnected,sousingoneortheotherissafeifthere’sadisconnectionbetween
1.8. FrequentlyAskedQuestions
109
C# HTML5 PDF Viewer SDK to view PDF document online in C#.NET
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calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
them,butifyou’renotthetypetorememberthis,thenthesimpleansweristosticktooneortheotherforthetransfer
andjustexport/importfrom/totheotherviathecomputersharddisk.
Ifyoudoneedtoresetyourmetadataduetoproblemscausedbyusingbothatthesametime,thenjustdeletethe
media.xmlfileontheReaderusingyourPC’sfileexploreranditwillberecreatedafterdisconnection.
Withrecentreaderiterations,SONY,inallitswisdomhasdecidedtotrytoforceyoutousetheirsoftware. Ifyou
installit,itauto-launcheswheneveryouconnectthereader. Ifyoudon’twanttouninstallitaltogether,therearea
coupleoftricksyoucanuse.Thesimplestistosimplyre-nametheexecutablefilethatlaunchesthelibraryprogram.
Moredetailintheforums
43
.
HowdoIusecalibrewithmyiPad/iPhone/iPodtouch?
Overtheair
TheeasiestwaytobrowseyourcalibrecollectiononyourAppledevice(iPad/iPhone/iPod)isbyusingthecalibre
contentserver,whichmakesyourcollectionavailableoverthenet.Firstperformthefollowingstepsincalibre
• SetthePreferredOutputFormatincalibretoEPUB(TheoutputformatcanbesetunderPreferences->Interface-
>Behavior)
• Set the output profile to iPad (this s willwork k foriPhone/iPods s as s well), underPreferences->Conversion-
>CommonOptions->PageSetup
• ConvertthebooksyouwanttoreadonyouriDevicetoEPUBformatbyselectingthemandclickingtheConvert
button.
• TurnontheContentServerbyclickingtheConnect/Sharebuttonandleavecalibrerunning. . Youcanalsotell
calibretoautomaticallystartthecontentserverviaPreferences->Sharingoverthenet.
TherearemanyappsforyouriDevicethatcanconnecttocalibre. Herewedescribeusingtwoofthem,iBooksand
Stanza.
UsingStanza YoushouldbeabletoaccessyourbooksonyouriPhonebyopeningStanza.Goto“GetBooks”and
thenclickthe“Shared”tab. UnderSharedyouwillseeanentry“Booksincalibre”. . Ifyoudon’t,makesureyour
iPad/iPhoneisconnectedusingtheWiFinetworkinyourhouse,not3G.Ifthecalibrecatalogisstillnotdetectedin
Stanza,youcanadditmanuallyinStanza. Todothis,clickthe“Shared”tab,thenclickthe“Edit”buttonandthen
click“Addbooksource”toaddanewbooksource.IntheAddBookSourcescreenenterwhatevernameyoulikeand
intheURLfield,enterthefollowing:
http://192.168.1.2:8080/
Replace192.168.1.2withthelocalIPaddressofthecomputerrunningcalibre. Ifyouhavechangedtheportthe
calibrecontentserverisrunningon,youwillhavetochange8080aswelltothenewport.ThelocalIPaddressisthe
IPaddressyoucomputerisassignedonyourhomenetwork.AquickGooglesearchwilltellyouhowtofindoutyour
localIPaddress.Nowclick“Save”andyouaredone.
IfyougettimeouterrorswhilebrowsingthecalibrecataloginStanza,tryincreasingtheconnectiontimeoutvaluein
thestanzasettings.GotoInfo->SettingsandincreasethevalueofDownloadTimeout.
UsingiBooks StarttheSafaribrowserandtypeintheIPaddressandportofthecomputerrunningthecalibreserver,
likethis:
http://192.168.1.2:8080/
43
http://www.mobileread.com/forums/showthread.php?t=65809
110
Chapter1. Sections
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calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
Replace192.168.1.2withthelocalIPaddressofthecomputerrunningcalibre. Ifyouhavechangedtheportthe
calibrecontentserverisrunningon,youwillhavetochange8080aswelltothenewport.ThelocalIPaddressisthe
IPaddressyoucomputerisassignedonyourhomenetwork.AquickGooglesearchwilltellyouhowtofindoutyour
localIPaddress.
YouwillseealistofbooksinSafari,justclickontheepublinkforwhicheverbookyouwanttoread,Safariwillthen
promptyoutoopenitwithiBooks.
WiththeUSBcable+iTunes
Usethe‘ConnecttoiTunes’methodinthe‘Gettingstarted’instructionsinCalibre+AppleiDevices:Starthere
44
.
ThismethodonlyworksonWindowsVistaandhigher,andOSXupto10.8. Linuxisnotsupported(iTunesisnot
availableinlinux)andOSXnewerthan10.8isnotsupported,asAppleremovedthefacilitytouseiTunestomanage
books,replacingitwithiBooks.
HowdoIusecalibrewithmyAndroidphone/tabletorKindleFireHD?
TherearetwowaysthatyoucanconnectyourAndroiddevicetocalibre.UsingaUSBcable–orwirelessly,overthe
air. ThefirststeptousinganAndroiddeviceisinstallinganebookreadingapplicationonit. . Therearemanyfree
andpaidebookreadingapplicationsforAndroid: Someexamples(innoparticularorder): FBReader
45
,Moon+
46
,
Mantano
47
,Aldiko
48
,Kindle
49
.
UsingaUSBcable
SimplyplugyourdeviceintothecomputerwithaUSBcable.calibreshouldautomaticallydetectthedeviceandthen
youcantransferbookstoitbyclickingtheSendtoDevicebutton. calibredoesnothavesupportforeverysingle
androiddeviceoutthere,soifyourdeviceisnotautomaticallydetected,followtheinstructionsatHowcanIhelpget
mydevicesupportedincalibre?(page108)togetyourdevicesupportedincalibre.
Note: WithnewerAndroiddevices,theUSBconnectionisnotsupportedonWindowsXPandOSXbeforeMavericks
(10.9).IfyouareonWindowsXPoroldversionsofOSX,youshoulduseoneofthewirelessconnectionmethods.
Overtheair
TheeasiestwaytotransferbookswirelesslytoyourAndroiddeviceistousetheCalibreCompanion
50
Androidapp.
ThisappismaintainedbyacorecalibredeveloperandallowscalibretoconnecttoyourAndroiddevicewirelessly,
justasthoughyoupluggedinthedevicewithaUSBcable.Youcanbrowsefilesonthedeviceincalibreandusethe
Sendtodevicebuttontotransferfilestoyourdevicewirelessly.
calibrealsohasabuiltinwebserver,theContentServer. YoucanbrowseyourcalibrecollectiononyourAndroid
devicebyusingthecalibrecontentserver, whichmakesyourcollectionavailableoverthenet. . Firstperform m the
followingstepsincalibre
44
http://www.mobileread.com/forums/showthread.php?t=118559
45
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.geometerplus.zlibrary.ui.android&hl=en
46
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.flyersoft.moonreader&hl=en
47
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mantano.reader.android.lite&hl=en
48
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.aldiko.android&hl=en
49 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.amazon.kindle&feature=related_apps
50 http://www.multipie.co.uk/calibre-companion/
1.8. FrequentlyAskedQuestions
111
VB.NET PDF - Create PDF Online with VB.NET HTML5 PDF Viewer
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calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
• SetthePreferredOutputFormatincalibretoEPUBfornormalAndroiddevicesorMOBIforKindles(The
outputformatcanbesetunderPreferences->Interface->Behavior)
• ConvertthebooksyouwanttoreadonyourdevicetoEPUB/MOBIformatbyselectingthemandclickingthe
Convertbutton.
• TurnontheContentServerincalibre’spreferencesandleavecalibrerunning.
NowonyourAndroiddevice,openthebrowserandbrowseto
http://192.168.1.2:8080/
Replace192.168.1.2withthelocalIPaddressofthecomputerrunningcalibre.Ifyourlocalnetworksupportsthe
useofcomputernames,youcanreplacetheIPaddresswiththenetworknameofthecomputer. Ifyouhavechanged
theportthecalibrecontentserverisrunningon,youwillhavetochange8080aswelltothenewport.
ThelocalIPaddressistheIPaddressyoucomputerisassignedonyourhomenetwork. AquickGooglesearchwill
tellyouhowtofindoutyourlocalIPaddress. Youcannowbrowseyourbookcollectionanddownloadbooksfrom
calibretoyourdevicetoopenwithwhateverebookreadingsoftwareyouhaveonyourandroiddevice.
Somereadingprogramssupportbrowsingthecalibrelibrarydirectly.Forexample,inAldiko,clickMyCatalogs,then
+toaddacatalog,thengivethecatalogatitlesuchas“calibre”andprovidetheURLlistedabove. Youcannow
browsethecalibrelibraryanddownloaddirectlyintothereadingsoftware.
CanIaccessmycalibrebooksusingthewebbrowserinmyKindleorotherreadingdevice?
calibrehasaContentServerthatexportsthebooksincalibreasawebpage. YoucanturnitonunderPreferences-
>Sharingoverthenet. ThenjustpointthewebbrowseronyourdevicetothecomputerrunningtheContentServer
andyouwillbeabletobrowseyourbookcollection.Forexample,ifthecomputerrunningtheserverhasIPaddress
63.45.128.5,inthebrowser,youwouldtype:
http://63.45.128.5:8080
Somedevices,liketheKindle(1/2/DX),donotallowyoutoaccessport8080(thedefaultportonwhichthecontent
serverruns.Inthatcase,changetheportinthecalibrePreferencesto80.(Onsomeoperatingsystems,youmaynotbe
abletoruntheserveronaportnumberlessthan1024becauseofsecuritysettings.Inthiscasethesimplestsolutionis
toadjustyourroutertoforwardrequestsonport80toport8080).
Igettheerrormessage“Failedtostartcontentserver:Port8080notfreeon‘0.0.0.0”’?
Themostlikelycauseofthisisyourantivirusprogram.Trytemporarilydisablingitandseeifitdoesthetrick.
Icannotsendemailsusingcalibre?
Becauseofthelargeamountofspaminemail,sendingemailcanbetricky,asdifferentmailserversusedifferent
strategiestoblockemail. Themostcommonproblemisifyouaresendingemaildirectly(withoutamailrelay)in
calibre. Manyservers(forexample,Amazon)blockemailthatdoesnotcomefromawellknownrelay. . Themost
robustwaytosetupemailsendingincalibreistodothefollowing:
• CreateafreeGMXaccountatGMX
51
.
• GotoPreferences->SharingbyEmailincalibreandclicktheUseGMXbuttonandfillintheinformationasked
for.
• calibrewillthenuseGMXtosendthemail.
51
http://www.gmx.com
112
Chapter1. Sections
calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
• IfyouaresendingtoyourKindle,remembertoupdatetheemailpreferencesonyourAmazonKindlepageto
allowemailsentfromyourGMXemailaddress.AlsonotethatAmazondoesnotallowemaildeliveryofAZW3
andnewstyle(KF8)MOBIfiles.
Evenafterdoingthis,youmayhaveproblems.Onecommonsourceofproblemsisthatsomepoorlydesignedantivirus
programsblockcalibrefromopeningaconnectiontosendemail.Tryaddinganexclusionforcalibreinyourantivirus
program.
Note: Microsoft/Google/Gmxcandisableyouraccountifyouuseittosendlargeamountsofemail.So,whenusing
theseservicestosendmailcalibreautomaticallyrestrictsitselftosendingonebookeveryfiveminutes. Ifyoudon’t
mindriskingyouraccountbeingblockedyoucanreducethiswaitintervalbygoingtoPreferences->Tweaksincalibre.
Note: Googlerecentlydeliberatelybroketheiremailsendingprotocol(SMTP)supportinanattempttoforceeveryone
tousetheirwebinterfacesotheycanshowyoumoreads. TheyaretryingtoclaimthatSMTPisinsecure,thatis
incorrectandsimplyanexcuse.Ifyouhavetroublewithgmailyouwillneedtoallow“lesssecure”appsasdescribed
here
52
.
Note: Ifyouareconcernedaboutgivingcalibreaccesstoyouremailaccount,simplycreateanewfreeemailaccount
withGMXorHotmailanduseitonlyforcalibre.
Mydeviceisgettingmountedread-onlyinlinux,socalibrecannotconnecttoit?
Linuxkernelsmountdevicesread-onlywhentheirfilesystemshaveerrors.Youcanrepairthefilesystemwith:
sudo fsck.vfat -/dev/sdc
Replace/dev/sdcwiththepathtothedevicenodeofyourdevice.Youcanfindthedevicenodeofyourdevice,which
willalwaysbeunder/devbyexaminingtheoutputof:
mount
WhydoescalibrenotsupportcollectionsontheKindleorshelvesontheNook?
NeithertheKindlenortheNookprovideanywaytomanipulatecollectionsoveraUSBconnection.Ifyoureallycare
aboutusingcollections,IwouldurgeyoutosellyourKindle/NookandgetaKobo. OnlyKoboseemstounderstand
thatlifeistooshorttobeenteringcollectionsonebyoneonane-inkscreen:)
NotethatinthecaseoftheKindle,thereisawaytomanipulatecollectionsviaUSB,butitrequiresthattheKindle
berebootedeverytimeitisdisconnectedfromthecomputer,forthechangestothecollectionstoberecognized. As
such,itisunlikelythatanycalibredeveloperswilleverfeelmotivatedenoughtosupportit.Thereishowever,acalibre
pluginthatallowsyoutocreatecollectionsonyourKindlefromthecalibremetadata.Itisavailablefromhere
53
.
Note: Amazonhaveremovedtheabilitytomanipulatecollectionscompletelyintheirnewermodels,liketheKindle
TouchandKindleFire,makingeventheabovepluginuseless,unlessyourootyourKindleandinstallcustomfirmware.
52
https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/6010255
53 http://www.mobileread.com/forums/showthread.php?t=244202
1.8. FrequentlyAskedQuestions
113
calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
IamgettinganerrorwhenItrytousecalibrewithmyKoboTouch/Glo/etc.?
TheKobohasverybuggyfirmware. Connectingtoithasbeenknowntofailatrandom. Certaincombinationsof
motherboard,USBports/cables/hubscanexacerbatethistendencytofail.Ifyouaregettinganerrorwhenconnecting
toyourtouchwithcalibretrythefollowing,eachofwhichhassolvedtheproblemforsomecalibreusers.
• ConnecttheKobodirectlytoyourcomputer,notviaUSBHub
• TryadifferentUSBcableandadifferentUSBportonyourcomputer
• Tryadifferentcomputer,inparticulartheKobodoesnotworkwellwithsomeWindowsXPmachines.Ifyou
areonWindowsXP,tryacomputerwithanewerversionofWindows.
• TryupgradingthefirmwareonyourKoboTouchtothelatest
• TryresettingtheKobo(sometimesthiscurestheproblemforalittlewhile,butthenitre-appears,inwhichcase
youhavetoresetagainandagain)
• TryonlyputtingoneortwobooksontotheKoboatatimeanddonotkeeplargecollectionsontheKobo
ItransferredsomebookstomyKindleusingcalibreandtheydidnotshowup?
BookssenttotheKindleonlyshowupontheKindleaftertheyhavebeenindexedbytheKindle.Thiscantakesome
time.Ifthebookstilldoesnotshowupaftersometime,thenitislikelythattheKindleindexercrashed. Sometimes
aparticularbookcancausetheindexertocrash. Unfortunately,Amazonhasnotprovidedanywaytodeducewhich
bookiscausingacrashontheKindle. YouronlyrecourseistoeitherresettheKindle, , ordeleteallfilesfromits
memoryusingWindowsExplorer(orwhateverfilemanageryouuse)andthensendthebookstoitagain, oneby
one,untilyoudiscovertheproblembook. Onceyouhavefoundtheproblembook,deleteitofftheKindleanddoa
MOBItoMOBIorMOBItoAZW3conversionincalibreandthensenditback.Thiswillmostlikelytakecareofthe
problem.
1.8.3 LibraryManagement
Contents
• Wherearethebookfilesstored?(page114)
• Howdoescalibremanageauthornamesandsorting?(page115)
• Whydoesn’tcalibreletmestorebooksinmyowndirectorystructure?(page116)
• Whydoesn’tcalibrehaveacolumnforfoo?(page117)
• CanIhaveacolumnshowingtheformatsortheISBN?(page117)
• HowdoImovemycalibredatafromonecomputertoanother?(page117)
• Thelistofbooksincalibreisblank!(page118)
• Iamgettingerrorswithmycalibrelibraryonanetworkeddrive/NAS?(page118)
Wherearethebookfilesstored?
Whenyoufirstruncalibre,itwillaskyouforafolderinwhichtostoreyourbooks. Wheneveryouaddabookto
calibre,itwillcopythebookintothatfolder. Booksinthefolderarenicelyarrangedintosub-foldersbyAuthorand
Title.Notethatthecontentsofthisfolderareautomaticallymanagedbycalibre,donotaddanyfiles/foldersmanually
tothisfolder,astheymaybeautomaticallydeleted. Ifyouwanttoaddafileassociatedtoaparticularbook,usethe
toprightareaofEditmetadatadialogtodoso.Then,calibrewillautomaticallyputthatfileintothecorrectfolderand
moveitaroundwhenthetitle/authorchanges.
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Chapter1. Sections
calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
Metadataaboutthebooksisstoredinthefilemetadata.dbatthetoplevelofthelibraryfolderThisfileisisasqlite
database.Whenbackingupyourlibrarymakesureyoucopytheentirefolderandallitssub-folders.
Thelibraryfolderandallit’scontentsmakeupwhatiscalledacalibrelibrary. Youcanhavemultiplesuchlibraries.
Tomanagethelibraries,clickthecalibreicononthetoolbar. Youcancreatenewlibraries,remove/renameexisting
onesandswitchbetweenlibrarieseasily.
Youcancopyormovebooksbetweendifferentlibraries(onceyouhavemorethanonelibrarysetup)byrightclicking
onabookandselectingtheCopytolibraryaction.
Howdoescalibremanageauthornamesandsorting?
Authornamesarecomplex,especiallyacrosscultures,seethisnote
54
forsomeofcomplexities. calibrehasavery
flexiblestrategyformanagingauthornames. Thefirstthingtounderstandisthatbooksandauthorsareseparate
entitiesincalibre. Abookcanhavemorethanoneauthor,andanauthorcanhavemorethanonebook. . Youcan
managetheauthorsofabookbytheeditmetadatadialog.Youcanmanageindividualauthorsbyrightclickingonthe
authorintheTagBrowserontheleftofthemaincalibrescreenandselectingManageauthors.Usingthisdialogyou
canchangethenameofanauthorandalsohowthatnameissorted. Thiswillautomaticallychangethenameofthe
authorinallthebooksofthatauthor.Whenabookhasmultipleauthors,separatetheirnamesusingthe&character.
Nowcomingtoauthornamesorting:
• Whenanewauthoris s addedtocalibre (this happenswheneverabookbyanewauthoris added), calibre
automaticallycomputesasortstringforboththebookandtheauthor.
• AuthorsintheTagBrowseraresortedbythesortvaluefortheauthors. . Rememberthatthisisdifferentfrom
theAuthorsortfieldforabook.
• Bydefault, , thissortalgorithmassumesthattheauthornameisinFirst t name Last nameformatand
generatesaLast name, First namesortvalue.
• Youcanchange thisalgorithm m bygoingtoPreferences->Tweaksandsettingtheauthor_sort_copy_method
tweak.
• Youcanforcecalibretorecalculatetheauthorsortvaluesforeveryauthorbyrightclickingonanyauthorand
selectingManageauthors,thenpushingtheRecalculateallauthorsortvaluesbutton.Dothisafteryouhaveset
theauthor_sort_copy_methodtweaktowhatyouwant.
• Youcanforcecalibretorecalculatetheauthorsortvaluesforallbooksbyusingthebulkmetadataeditdialog
(selectallbooksandclickeditmetadata,checktheAutomaticallysetauthorsortcheckbox,thenpressOK.)
• Whenrecalculatingtheauthorsortvaluesforbooks,calibreusestheauthorsortvaluesforeachindividualauthor.
Therefore,ensurethattheindividualauthorsortvaluesarecorrectbeforerecalculatingthebooks’authorsort
values.
• YoucancontrolwhethertheTagBrowserdisplayauthorsusingtheirnamesortheirsortvaluesbysettingthe
categories_use_field_for_author_nametweakinPreferences->Tweaks
Notethatyoucansetanindividualauthor’ssortvaluetowhateveryouwantusingManageauthors. Thisisuseful
whendealingwithnamesthatcalibrewillnotgetright,suchascomplexmulti-partnameslikeMigueldeCervantes
SaavedraorwhendealingwithAsiannameslikeSunTzu.
Withallthisflexibility,itispossibletohavecalibremanageyourauthornameshoweveryoulike.Forexample,onecommonrequestistohavecalibredisplayauthornamesLN,FN.Todothis,andifthenotebelowdoesnotapplytoyou,then:
• Settheauthor_sort_copy_methodtweaktocopyasdescribedabove.
• Restartcalibre.Donotchangeanybookmetadatabeforedoingtheremainingsteps.
• ChangeallauthornamestoLN,FNusingtheManageauthorsdialog.
54 http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-personal-names.en.php?changelang=en
1.8. FrequentlyAskedQuestions
115
calibreUserManual,Release2.55.0
• Afteryouhavechangedalltheauthors,presstheRecalculateallauthorsortvaluesbutton.
• PressOK,atwhichpointcalibrewillchangetheauthorsinallyourbooks.Thiscantakeawhile.
Note:
WhenchangingfromFNLNtoLN,FN,itisoftenthecasethatthevaluesinauthor_sortarealreadyinLN,FNformat.Ifthisisyourcase,thendothefollowing:
• settheauthor_sort_copy_methodtweaktocopyasdescribedabove.
• restartcalibre.Donotchangeanybookmetadatabeforedoingtheremainingsteps.
• opentheManageauthorsdialog.Pressthecopy y all author sort t values s to authorbutton.
• Checkthroughtheauthorstobesureyouarehappy. YoucanstillpressCanceltoabandonthechanges.
OnceyoupressOK,thereisnoundo.
• PressOK,atwhichpointcalibrewillchangetheauthorsinallyourbooks.Thiscantakeawhile.
Whydoesn’tcalibreletmestorebooksinmyowndirectorystructure?
Thewholepointofcalibre’slibrarymanagementfeaturesisthattheyprovideasearchandsortbasedinterfacefor
locatingbooksthatismuchmoreefficientthananypossibledirectoryschemeyoucouldcomeupwithforyour
collection. Indeed,onceyoubecomecomfortableusingcalibre’sinterfacetofind,sortandbrowseyourcollection,
youwonteverfeeltheneedtohuntthroughthefilesonyourdisktofindabookagain. Bymanagingbooks s in
itsowndirectorystructureofAuthor->Title->Bookfiles,calibreisabletoachieveahighlevelofreliabilityand
standardization. Toillustratewhyasearch/taggingbasedinterface e is superiortofolders, considerthefollowing.
Supposeyourbookcollectionisnicelysortedintofolderswiththefollowingscheme:
Genre -> Author -> Series -> ReadStatus
NowthismakesitveryeasytofindforexampleallsciencefictionbooksbyIsaacAsimovintheFoundationseries.
Butsupposeyouwanttofindallunreadsciencefictionbooks.There’snoeasywaytodothiswiththisfolderscheme,
youwouldinsteadneedafolderschemethatlookslike:
ReadStatus -> Genre -> Author -> Series
Incalibre,youwouldinsteadusetagstomarkgenreandreadstatusandthenjustuseasimplesearchquerylike
tag:scifi and not t tag:read. . calibreevenhasanicegraphicalinterface,soyoudon’tneedtolearnits
searchlanguageinsteadyoucanjustclickontagstoincludeorexcludethemfromthesearch.
Tothoseofyouthatclaimthatyouneedaccesstothefilesystem,sothatyoucanhaveaccesstoyourbooksoverthe
network,calibrehasanexcellentcontentserverthatgivesyouaccesstoyourcalibrelibraryoverthenet.
Ifyouareworriedthatsomedaycalibrewillceasetobedeveloped,leavingallyourbooksmaroonedinitsfolder
structure,explorethepowerfulSavetoDiskfeatureincalibrethatletsyouexportallyourfilesintoafolderstructure
ofarbitrarycomplexitybasedontheirmetadata.
Finally,thereasontherearenumbersattheendofeverytitlefolder,isforrobustness.Thatnumberistheidnumberof
thebookrecordinthecalibredatabase.Thepresenceofthenumberallowsyoutohavemultiplerecordswiththesame
titleandauthornames.Itisalsopartofwhatallowscalibretomagicallyregeneratethedatabasewithallmetadataif
thedatabasefilegetscorrupted. Giventhatcalibre’smissionistogetyoutostopstoringmetadatainfilenamesand
stopusingthefilesystemtofindthings,theincreasedrobustnessaffordedbytheidnumbersiswellworththeuglier
foldernames.
Ifyouarestillnotconvinced,thenI’mafraidcalibreisnotforyou.Lookelsewhereforyourbookcataloguingneeds.
Justsowe’reclear,thisisnotgoingtochange.Kindlydonotcontactusinanattempttogetustochangethis.
116
Chapter1. Sections
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