asp.net core pdf editor : Convert pdf file to powerpoint online application software cloud windows html wpf class how-to-be-a-successful-online-student1-part1455

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HowtoEffectivelyParticipateinaLiveChatSession
Nowyourprofessorwants youtoattendalivechatsessionwith
someofyourclassmates-it’sachancetoshowyourstuff,buthow
canyoubeeffective?
1. Knowtherulesofnetiquette.
Netiquetteissimplyrespectingotherpeopleinthechatroom.That
meanswaitinguntilothersaredone“speaking”,usingappropriate
language,andstickingtothesubject.(Hint:Yourschoolshould
havechat roomrulesposted.If youdon’t know them,ask k your
professorbeforethechatroomstarts.)
2. Checkoutthechatspeedbeforehand.
If you are on adial-up p connection, , it may makethe chat room
exceedinglyslow,whichmeanswhenyoutypeinalongsentence,
theothersinthechat room will bewaiting g tosee what t youare
typing.Ifyouareondial-upandcan’tgethighspeedaccess,then
letthechatroomparticipantsknow,typeonlyafewwordsbefore
sendingthem,orwriteyourresponsesinaneditorandcopyandpastethemintothechat.(Hint:You
canhavetwowindowsopenatonce,justusetheminimizebuttonatthetopofyourinternetbrowser.)
3. Reviewthematerials.
Thinkofyourchatasaclassroomdebate.Ifyourprofessortoldyoutherewouldbeadebateabouta
topicinclassandyouhadtoparticipate,youwouldmakesureyouknewthetopic,right?Well,inachat
room,youneedtodothesamething-knowyourtopic.(Hint:Mostprofessorswillpostthetopicfor
thechatroombeforehandintheassignments.)
4. Knowthechatroomsignsandsymbols.
Someschools,tofacilitateacivilconversation,givecertainsignsandsymbolsspecialmeanings.For
example,anellipses(…)sometimesisputattheendofasentencetomeanthereismoretocome.Find
outwhattherecommendedsignsandsymbolsarebeforethechatstarts.(Hint:Ifyoudon’tknowthe
signsandsymbolsandyoutypeinthemiddleofsomeoneelse’sthoughts,youwillbeseenasrude!)
5. Bepatient.
Somepeopleareveryslowtypistsandothershavedialupissues.Sometimesittakesalongtimefora
thoughttogetout,sobepatient.Letyourprofessorbethegatekeeperforthediscussion.(Hint:Ifthe
chatisgoingreallyslowly,reviewyourtopicnotesorhavebaroquemusicplayinginthebackgroundto
keepyourmindactiveandfocused.)
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6. Readwhatyourprofessorhastosay.
Inthebeginningofeachchat,mostprofessorswillgoovertherules;letyouknowtheorderofthechat,
thetimelimitforthechat,what’sacceptableinthechat,etc.Payattentiontothesecomments.Thechat
roomisatimewheretheprofessorseesyouinteractwithothersinrealtime.Youwanttomakeagood
impression.Oneoftheelementsofgradingachatroomisalmostalwaysaboutfollowingdirections.
(Hint:Aprofessormaynotstatetheelementoffollowingdirections,butitwillaffectthesubjectivepart
ofyourgrade.)
7. Beontime.
Justbeontimeforyourchat.Infact,bealittleearlysoyoucangetthefeelofthechatroom.Ifyouare
goingtobelate,makesureyouletyourprofessorknowaheadof timeorseeifyoucanreschedule.
Whenyoucometoachatlate,it’slikecomingtoaclasslate,everyone,includingtheprofessor,notices.
(Hint: Mostclasschatsarerecorded,sotheprofessorhastheexact timeyouenteredthechatinthe
transcript!)
8. Haveyourreferencesonhand.
Makesureyouhaveyourpaper,yourtextbooks,andanyotherdocumentationreadilyavailable,soyou
canrefertoittosupportyourideasoryoucancheckyourinterpretationwiththeotherstudentsinthe
chatroom.(Hint:Ifyouwanttoreferencesomethingspecificinareadingyouknowthewholechat
roomisusing–likethetextbook,justrefertothepage;don’ttypethewholethingin.)
9. Avoiddisruptionsduringthechat.
Achatroomwheretheprofessorasksastudentaquestionandgetsnoresponse,especiallyifthestudent
hasbeenrespondingquickly,indicatesthestudentisn’tthere.Itgetsuncomfortableforeveryone,so
makesureyourchathasyourfullattention.Ifgiventheoption,selectachattimewhereyouknowyou
willnotbeinterrupted,avoidthetemptationtocheckyoure-mailoryou’remyspacepagewhileinthe
chatroom,andkeepfocused.(Hint:Ifthechatisjustnotmovingfastenoughforyou,makenotesona
sheetofpaperabouttheideasyouarehavingduringthechat.)
10. Expecttheunexpected.
Evenwiththebestoftechnology,somethingcangowrong.Youcouldlosepower,otherscouldlose
power,thewebsitecouldgodown,youmighthavetomissbecauseofsomethingunexpectedatthelast
minute,etc.Ifsomethinghappens,don’tpanic.E-mailyourprofessorassoonaspossible.Beopenand
honest and d askhow you canmake up for your absence. (Hint: If the professor lets youcopythe
transcript and d interject t your comments s –don’t destroy y the flavor of f the e chat by over r stating your
positionbecauseyouhavetime.Justwriteyourcommentsandideasexactlyasifyouhadstayedinthe
chat.Noonelikesashowoff.)
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HowtoAvoidFeelingIsolatedinYourOnlineCourse
Inatraditional classroom,youmeetyourfellow students
andfacultyandcreatearealcommunity;evenit’sonlyfor
the lengthof theclass.Younoticewhen yourclassmates
lookupsetorevenwhoisthereandwhoisabsent.That’s
partofthecommunity;itmakesyoufeelconnected,andit
isoneofthemoreenjoyableaspectsofcollegelife.
Sohowdoyougetthatsamefeelinginanonlineclass?
1. Sharealittlepersonalinformation.
Itcanbeaboutyourfamily(Areyoumarried?Doyouhavechildrenorpets?)andyourlife(favorite
hobbies,professionalinterests,top5movies,etc.)ineitheryourbiopageortheintroductionpost.Ifyou
areabletopostaphoto,doso.(Hint:Mostcoursemanagementsystemsresidebehindafirewallsoonly
yourclassmates,yourprofessorandsomeoftheadministratorshaveaccesstothisinformationandthey
arerequiredbylawtonotsharepersonalinformation,soit’sasafeenvironment.)
2. Rememberthatyourotherclassmatesareinthesamesituation.
Youarenottheonlyonewhofeelssomesenseofisolation.Justlikeinaclassroom,somepeopleare
shyandsomeareoutgoing.Itjusttakesonepersontodoalittlereachingouttocreateacommunityand
youcanbethatperson.(Hint:Evenifyouarealittleshy,youdon’thavetospeaktogetacommunity
startedonline.)
3. Findabuddy.
In the e beginning of class, find someone you’d like to get to know better and start up an n email
conversationwiththem.Itsgoodtohaveabuddyintheclassanditwillhelpreduceyourisolation.
Keepyourinitiale-mailshortandletthereceiverknowintheSubjectlinethatyouarefromthesame
class.(Hint:Ifonepersondoesnotrespond,findanotherpersontoe-mail.
4. Keepactiveinyourclass.
Visit your r courseon a regular basis,just t like e youwere going to class. Keepup on the discussion
postings,turninginyourpapersontime,anddothereadingsandactivities.Itwillmakeyoufeelmore
connectedif youarein theenvironment.(Hint: Makesure torespondtoe-mailsas youwould like
otherstorespondtoyours.)
5. Talktopeopleoutsidethevirtualclassroomaboutyourcourse.
Letyourfriendsandfamilyknowyouaretakinganonlinecourseandsharesomeofthethingsyouare
learning.Sharingwillnotonlyhelpyoufeellessisolated,itwillhelpyouabsorbtheinformationand
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makeyouronlineworkmoreexciting.(Hint:Don’tborepeoplewithyourknowledge,justsharealittle
aboutwhatitslikeforyou.)
6. Usethecoursechatroomorinstantmessaging.
Ifit’savailable,gettoknowyourfellowstudentsintheclasschatroomorthroughinstantmessaging.
Askyourbuddytomeetyouatacertaintimeandusethattimetoinformallydiscusstheclass.Invite
othersintotheconversationbysendinganinvitationtoallyourclassmates-somemaycomeandsome
maynot.Yourprofessormaynoticeandadmireyourcommitmenttothecoursewhichcouldtranslate
intoabettergrade.Ifyouhaveateamassignment,pickthechatroomorinstantmessagingforoneof
yourmeetings.(Hint:Somechatroomshavearecordfeatureandyourprofessorandallyourclassmates
canreadthetranscript,sokeepyourcommentspositive!)
7. Makethemostofanygrouporteamtime.
Ifyouareassignedtoateam,maketimetodoyourbestontheassignment.Evenifyourteamcanonly
meet for15minuteseveryweekduringtheteam projecttime,doit.Youshouldusethe telephone,
instantmessaging,ortheclasschatroomforyourteamtime.Savethediscussionboardande-mailing
forexchangingfilesandpolishingyourgroupproject.Youwillgettoknowyourfellowclassmatesand
getabettergradeineveryonegetstoknoweachother,evenjustalittlebit.(Hint:Instantmessaging,
chatrooms,andtelephonecallsaresynchronous,meaningatthesametime,anddiscussionpostingsand
e-mailsareasynchronous,meaningnotatthesametime.)
8. Lookforopportunitiestomeetotheronlinestudents.
They don’t have to be e in n the e same class s or r even n in n the same e university y because there are many
similaritieswhentakingonlineclassesanywhere.Localpubliclibraries,communitycolleges,andother
placesaregoodstartingpointsforlocatingstudents.Ifyouareunabletofindpeopleinyourcommunity,
lookonlineorrighthereintheeLearnerscommunity.Evenifyouarenotinterestedinreplyingtoablog
oracommercialchat,youwillprobablyseesomeofthesameexperiencesyouarehavingappearingin
theseplaces.(Hint:Checktoseeifyourschoolhostslocalmeetingsoreventsandattendthem.)
9. Establisharelationshipwithyourprofessor.
Ifyouaretrulyinterestedinthesubjectyouaretaking,e-mailyourprofessorsomeverywellthought
outquestionsaboutthesubject.Mostprofessorswillanswerandwillbeflatteredyouarethinkingabout
the course beyond d the assignments s and d activities. (Hint: Online professors s can become e mentors,
reviewers,andreferencesforlaterprojectsjustlikeclassroom-basedprofessors.)
10. Wearyourschoolcolorswithpride!
Purchaseasweatshirtwithyouronlineuniversity’slogoorslapabumperstickeronyourcar.Believeit
ornot,justassociatingyourselfwithaschoolhelpsmakesyoufeelapartoftheschoolandonceyou
feelpartoftheschool,youwillfeellessisolated.(Hint:Mostonlinebookstoreswillsellyoulogoitems
rightalongwithyourbooks!)
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HowtoSurviveVirtualGroupWork
Most e-learners s have mixed d feelings s about t group work k and d the activities
they’vehadtodowiththeirclassmates.
Perhapsyou’vehadthesameexperience:youlovedgoingtothediscussion
boardandsharingideasanddiscussingthecoursereadings.
But,whenyouhadtoworkwiththesameindividualsonanonline group
project,itwasanotherissuealtogether.
Thetypicalonlinegroupprojectinvolvesthefollowingsteps:
1) Theinstructorassignsyoutoagroupofthreeorfourotherstudents
2) Youareexpectedtoproduceagroupprojecttogether.
3) Theprojectisusuallygargantuan,anditrequiresthecreationofaPowerPoint,text,andother
presentationmaterials.
4) Afteryoureadtherequirements,youe-mailyourgroupmembers.Nooneresponds.
5) Youendupdoingalltheworkyourself.
6) Youswearthatyouwillneverworkinanonlinegroupagain!
Doesthatsoundfamiliar?Howcanyousucceed?Belowareafewstrategiestohelpyousucceedwith
groupwork.
1. Bondwithyourteam-members.
Askgroupmemberstopostphotos,detailsaboutthemselvesthatthey’dliketoshare,andtostarta
discussionboardorforuminwhichtheydiscusscurrenteventsanditemsofinterest.
Potentialproblem:Nosenseofcommunity.Thereisafailuretobond,andhenceafailuretothrive.
Collaborationswiththisproblemsometimesnevergetofftheground.
2. Clearlyidentifytheworkrequired.
Determinewhatthefinaloutcomewilllooklike.Avoidgeneralitiesandbespecificearlyon.
Potentialproblem:Collaborativepapersrequire“blending” ratherthanstand-alonecomponents.The
collaborationisexpectedtoproduceapaperthatflowsasthoughitwerewrittenbyasingleperson.This
canposeamonumental,eveninsurmountable,challengebecauseindividualvoices,writingstyles,even
formatcanbecompletelyatodds.Furtherproblemssurfacewhenindividualteammembersresentthe
waythattheirworkhasbeenedited.
Solution:Developstructuresthatallowindividualstoinserttheirownworkinsectionsclearlyidentified
aspertainingtothem.Donottrytoblendormeshtheparts.
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3. Identifythetasksthatyouwillneedtodoinordertoaccomplishthegoal.
Potentialproblem:Irrelevantactivities.Groupmembersmayresistdoingactivitiestheyperceivetobe
irrelevanttotheoverallgoalorobjectivetheyenvisionedwhenjoiningthegroup.Eventhosewhogo
aheadanddotheactivitiesmayfeelresentful.
Solution:Lettheteammembersknowhowtheirworktiesintothefinalobjective(theproject),andhow
ittiesintoalargerworldaswell.
4. Simplifythetasksandbreakthemupintoindividualsteps.
Insteadofenvisioningonelargegroupproject,visualizetheentireassignmentasfourorfivesmaller
projectsthatwilleachrequirejusttwoorthreesteps,ratherthandozens.
Potentialproblem:Theprojectcontainstoomanystepstoreachthefinaloutcome.Thecomplexity
makesitdifficulttounderstandandtodelegatework,andtosetachievablegoals.
Potentialproblem:Resentmentbecauseoflackofworkparity.Groupmembersbecomeangrybecause
the work load is not evenly distributed. Some team members may y be e perceived d as s slackers or
freeloaders,whotakecreditbutrefusetopulltheirweight.Theconversecanalsobetrue.Theremaybe
resentmentbecauseoneteammemberwillattempttodominateandnotallowindividualstoparticipate
intheprocess.Thedominant personmaybeperceivedas abully,muchtohisor hersurprise. She
thoughtshewassimplybeingefficient,proactive,and“TypeA.”
Solution:Listen.Listtherolesandtheresponsibilitiesandbehaviorsexpectedofeachrole.Then,assign
taskstospecificteammembers,anddeveloparealisticsetofduedates.Makesurethatthereareclear
waystobeintouchwitheachotheriftherearequestions.
5. Coordinatetime.
Requiredcollaborationsdonotreflecttherealtimecommitmentsoftheparticipants,nordotheyreflect
schedulesortimezonedifferences.
Solution:Givethegroupatleastaweektodoeachproject,nomatterhowsmall.Asktheindividual
teammemberswhattheyaredoingtofindoutandaccommodateeachother’stimeconstraints.
6. Developacommunicationsplan.
Trytocommunicatelive-timeifyoucan,eitherwithinstantmessenger,chat,videochat,orwithinternet
telephony,suchasSkype
®
.
7. Admititwhenthereisfrictionbetweengroupmembers.
Getitoutintheopen.Then,developaproductivesolution.
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Potential problem: The wayteam friction manifests itself can be subtle. Groupmembers disagree,
expressfrustration,orstopcommunicatingaltogether.Someteammembersaredeliberatelyobstructive,
orcriticizework,endlesslydebatesmallpoints,orrefusetocontributeatall.Insteadofworkingonthe
problem,theenergyofthegroupisspentinconflictresolution.Somemaydropout.Othersfindthey
becomepassive when theybelieve that their input doesnot matter,andthey let thedominant team
membersdothework.
Solution:Definetherolesaswellasthetasks.Provideguidelinesforteam-memberroles,anddescribe
actionstobetakenbyeachmemberofthegroup.
8. Continuouslyreviewthetasksandseewhereyouarewiththedeadlines.
Potential problem: Tasks are vague, poorly defined. Although the outcome may be e defined d and
described well, the individual l tasks are not t clearly defined, , nor are e they y delegated in n an n effective
manner.Tasksarerepeatedneedlessly,ordonewithcontradictoryresults.
Solution:Defineanddescribethetasksintermsofwhatneedstobedone,howtodoit,andhowto
presenttheresults.
9. Redefinetheoutcomesasyougo,basedonthetypesofworkcoming.
Makeadjustmentsasneeded.
Potentialproblem:Noclearlydefinedgoaloroutcome.Theoverallgoalordesiredoutcomemaybe
imprecisely described or defined. It is s important t to o clearly define the concrete attributes: length,
structure,content,purpose,format,complexity.
Solution:Makesure thatthe outcomeandgoalsareasclearlydefinedas possible. “SMART”goal-
setting is ideal: : Specific, Measured, Achievable, Reasonable, , Time-based. Of f course, there are
downsidestohavingrigidlydefinedoutcomes.Theycaninhibitextremelycreativeanddrivenstudents,
andtheycanresultinconformityandmediocrity.
10. Buildinrewardsforworkingwitheachother.
Makesurethateachpersonclearlyperceivesthatthereexistsaclearrewardfortheeffortexpendedin
thegroupwork.
Competitiveratherthancollaborative.Groupmembersarecaughtupinprovingthattheyare“right”and
thattheothersarenot.Theydonotwanttomodifyanyoftheirworkinordertohaveitmeshorblend
withtheothersinordertoproduceacoherentwhole.
Solution:Separatethetasksandrolessothatthereisdivisionoflabor,ratherthanoverlap.
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HowtoConductOnlineResearch
Electronic resources abound, andtheycanbeof veryhighquality.The
bestwaytofindpeer-reviewed,high-qualityjournalarticlesistoaccess
themthroughyouronline library,ortopurchasethearticlesthroughan
articleprovider.
However, thereareexcellentsourcesthat arebothaccurateandof high
qualityontheweb,andtheyareoftenfreeandnotpasswordprotected.
Whether you u are e looking for r journal articles, , monographs, factual
information, or high-quality y publicly y available e resources, the e same
principles apply. Narrow w your r topic, , make sure e your search terms are
relevant and focused, , make e sure your articles s and d your topic c are in
alignment,examineyoursourcesforbiasanddistortion,andfinally,make
sure that t your r researchprovides sufficient support t and background for
yourargument.
Let’sexpandthestepsandlookatthemagain.Itisusefultolookateachofthestagesindividuallyand
tothinkabouthowandwhyyouwillbeengagedinactivities.
1. Defineyourtopic.
Narrowitdown,butdon’tconstrainittoomuch.Developasolidthesisstatementthatgivesyouroomto
developanargument.Thisisagreat time todobrainstorming.Clusters,mindmaps, conceptmaps,
decisiontrees,andfree-writingareallveryeffective.
2. Determinewhatfieldsofstudyyourresearchquestionwilladdress.
Identifyingthe fields s of f studywill help p you determine which journals and subject or field-specific
databasestosearch.
3. Makealistofitemsthatinterestyouaboutthetopic.
Forexample,youmayberequiredtowriteanessayonanaspectofHamletinyourEnglishclass.At
first, youfeel overwhelmed. Later,however,youthinkabout thecharacters andsituationsthat most
interestedyouandyourecallthatOphelia’sspeechandthenhersubsequentdeathwereinterestingto
you.Youwonderedaboutthepsychologicalstate,andhowshewasperceivedbytheothersintheplay.
Doeshersituationillustratesomethingessentialaboutthehumancondition?Youdon’thaveanyidea,
butyou’dliketoexploreit.So,youstartbylookingintowhatothershavesaidaboutOpheliainHamlet.
Youfindthathermadnessanddeathreflectandreinforcetheoverallthemesofdeath,madness,murder,
andbetrayal.HowdoesOphelia’smadnesscontrastwithHamlet’s?Youstartjottingdownideasand
keywords.Thesewillhelpyoudevelopsearchtermsandtofocusyoursearchbygoingtothecorrect
typesofjournalsandpublications.
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4. Narrowyourtopic.
Thisrequiresanotherroundofbrainstorming,but thistimeyouwillbefocusingonwhatothershave
written.Listterms,ideas,andconceptsthatoccurtoyou,andthenfocusonthesubcategoriesthatyou
findmostinteresting.Then,usethelisttonarrowyourtopic.Avoidworn-outsubjectsandonesthatare
toonarrowortoobroad.
5. Whathaveotherssaid?Whatarethedebatepoints?
Asyouconductpreliminaryresearchinthelibrary,youwillfindbooksandarticlesonyourtopic.As
youreadthematerial,trytoformanideaofwhatthemajorissueshavebeeninthediscussionsabout
yourtopic.
Forexample,ifyourtopicisonhowstemcellscouldtreatLouGehrig’sDisease,youwillneedtohave
anideaofwhothefirstpeoplewhostartedresearchingthetopic.Youwillalsoneedtoidentifythesides
oftheargument.Whoisforit?Whoisagainstit?Why?Whataretheissues?
Onceyouhaveasenseofthemainplayers,youcanstarttodosearchesbasedonauthornameaswellas
keywordsortopics.
Ironically,insomecases,youmayevenhavetobeawarethatthesitemaynothavetheoriginalversion
of the information n you’re citing. . They y may, , in actuality, , be e borrowing g from m another site. This s is
particularlythecasewithwebsitesandservicesthatsubscribetoweblogsorwheretheinformationis
mirroredbecausetheyhavechosentopulltheentirearticleinthefeed.
6. Evaluateyourmaterial.
Howdoyoudetermineifasourceofinformationisofhighquality?Evenifyouareobtainingyourdata
from a librarydatabase suchasLexisNexis
®
,youshouldbeawarethat thearticles containedinthe
newspaperstheyhaveintheirdatabasecouldbebiased.
Ifithasadvertisingorlinksindicatingthattheownerisamemberofanaffiliateprogramonit,does
suchactivityautomaticallymakethesiteuntrustworthy?Inthepast,itmighthavebeenanautomatic
disqualifiertoseelinkstoadvertising,sponsors,oraffiliateprogramsthatpaythewebsiteownerafew
centsforreferrals.However,onecannotmakesuchassumptionsnow.Infact,thepresenceofaffiliate
linksmayindicatethatthewebsiteisalaboroflove,andthattherearenoideologicalorcommercial
ties.Further,thelackofcommercialtiesmayactuallybeanegativefactorbecauseitmaymeanthatthe
enterpriseissoprofitable,or theideological motivationsaresostrongthat therearenumerouswell-
endowedbackers,orahighlysuccessfulbusinessmodel.
Hereareafewconsiderationsasyouevaluateyoursources.
Refereed journals. This is an academicjournal that t requires s all l articles s to be reviewed by
expertsinthefield.Theyrequirerevisionsandwillrejectarticlesiftheydonotmeetstandards.
Booksandserialmonographs.Inthiscase,itdependsonthepublisherandwhetherornotthey
evaluate,judge,andcritiquethematerialtoassurethatonlythemostreliablearepublished.
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Series sponsored by y an n association n or r reputable group. These are very y common n in n the
humanities,particularlyinthehostingofcontentinthepublicdomain.
Wikisandcollaborations.Variablequality.Theycanbeextremelygoodandreliable,butthe
quality,quantity,depth,andbreadthwillbevariable,aswillbethescopeofthecontributions.
Therecanbebias,distortion,orgaps(lacunae)ininformation.
Weblogsandpersonal/corporatewebsites.Someareabsolutelybrilliant.Othersaredismal.
Onecanusetheinformation,butitmustbeapproachedwithcareandextremecaution.
Termpaperrepositories.Needlesstosay,wehavenot mentionedtermpapers.comandother
placesthatwillsellyouatermpaper,orwillallowyoutosharetermpaperswithothers.These
arenottheonlyunreliablesourcesofinformationintheInternet.Itgoeswithoutsayingthatyou
shouldnotusethese,unlessyou’rejustdeterminedtocommitacademicmisconduct.Youcould
citethemcorrectly,buttheyprobablyaren’tthebestsource,unlessyourpaperisaboutthetraffic
intermpapersonline.
Summaries,overviews,andstudyguides.I,likeeveryoneelse,lovePinkMonkey
®
.However,
Iwouldthinktwicebeforeactuallycitingitinapaper.IthinkthatthebestwaytousePink
Monkey.com
®
,CliffNotes
®
,Wikipedia
®
,etc.isasapointofdeparture.Usethemtogainan
appreciation of your subject and to orient t yourself. However, , the e information can be e very
imprecise and d inaccurate, , particularly in n their r plot t summaries. . They leave out t details and
discussionpointsthatmaybepreciselytheonesthatyouneed.
Studentpostings,peer-to-peerdownloadsofnotes,texts,etc.Theseareexcellent ifyou’re
interested in n seeing how w students s write papers, , and d they can serve either as guides or as
cautionarytales.
Parodywebsites.Believeitornot,somestudentshaveactuallycitedinformationfromparody
sitesasfact!TheOnion.com
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comestomind.Thisisasitethatmasqueradesasalegitimatenews
site,but is,infact,pureparody.Howcanyoutell ifasiteisaparody,orsobiasedthatthe
information it t contains is unusable? ? Compare the information with others. Does it seem
outlandishorextremelybiased?Lookatleastthreeorfoursites.
7. Organizeyoursources,articles,andnotes.
Afteryouhavefoundyourarticles,besuretoorganizethemsothatyouhaveasenseofwheretheywill
goinyourpaper.Keepyourprimarythesisinmind,andthepointsyouaretryingtomakeandwill
supportwithevidenceandresearchfindingsfromyourarticles.
Thisisagoodtimetoreturntoyouroutlineandtostartmappingoutwhereyouplantouseyoursources
andcitations.
8. Createanannotatedbibliography.
As you download and read d your r articles, you can n keep p track of f them m by y creating an n “electronic
notebook”whichwouldconsistofacitationofyoursources.Createanentryforeachsource.Usethe
appropriatestyle(MLA,APA,CBE,Chicago,etc.).Afteryouhavecompletedthat,besuretowritea
one-sentence overview / summary of the article e and how w it relates s to your r topic. After r you u have
completedthis,youwillhave,ineffect,anannotatedbibliography.
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested