11 
U.S. crude oil imports from Nigeria have declined sharply because of 
growing U.S. production of light sweet crude oil, of similar quality to 
Nigerian crude. Nigeria typically accounted for about 10% of the crude oil 
imported into the United States; in 2012, that share dropped to about 5%.   
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2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
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2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
U.S. imports of crude oil from Sub-Saharan Africa 
thousand barrels per day 
Source: EIA, Petroleum & Other Liquids 
Sub-Saharan Africa 
Nigeria 
Angola 
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12 
Nigeria exported around 2.2 million bb/d of liquid fuels in 2012. Exports 
diverted from the United States have been absorbed by the European 
Union, making the region the leading regional importer of Nigeria’s oil.  
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1,200
2008
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2010
2011
2012
Nigeria’s liquid fuels exports, by region, 2012 
Note: Estimates include crude oil and lease condensate traded via tanker and does not include oil traded inland by truck. 
Source: APEX Tanker Data 
thousand barrels per day 
United States 
European Union 
Other 
Asia 
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Natural Gas Production  
in Sub-Saharan Africa 
13 
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14 
Sub-Saharan Africa produced 
1.69 trillion cubic feet of natural 
gas in 2011, accounting for 1% 
of total global natural gas 
production. 
Overview 
Sub-Saharan Africa has 221.6 
trillion cubic feet of proved 
natural gas reserves. The 
Middle East has almost 13 
times that amount and Eurasia 
has almost 10 times that 
amount. 
North America 
26% 
Eurasia 
25% 
Middle East 
15% 
Asia & 
Oceania 
15% 
Europe 
8% 
Central & 
South America 
5% 
North Africa 
5% 
Sub-Saharan 
Africa 
1% 
Global Dry Natural Gas Production in 2011 
Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 
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Middle East
Eurasia
Asia & Oceania
North America
Central & South…
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Europe
Regional Comparison of Proved Natural Gas Reserves 
trillion cubic feet 
Source: Oil & Gas Journal, as of January 1, 2013; EIA, U.S. natural gas reserves, 2010 
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15 
Nigeria 
66% 
Equatorial 
Guinea 
14% 
Mozambique 
8% 
Ivory Coast 
3% 
South Africa 
3% 
Other 
6% 
Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 
Top Natural Gas Producers in 2011 
Country 
Production                  
(billion cubic feet) 
Nigeria 
1,107 
Equatorial Guinea 
243 
Mozambique 
135 
Ivory Coast 
53 
South Africa 
45 
Other SSA 
106 
Total SSA 
1,690 
Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 
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2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Natural Gas Production in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2002-2011 
billion cubic feet 
Natural gas production in Sub-Saharan 
Africa grew by an annual average of 10% 
over the past ten years.  
Growth was led by Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, 
and Mozambique. Nigeria produces around 
two-thirds of the region’s natural gas, 
although Nigeria’s production could be higher 
but it flares 20-25% of its gross production. 
Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 
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Natural Gas Exports 
16 
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17 
Sub-Saharan Africa exported 1.22 trillion cubic 
feet of natural gas in 2011 via pipeline and 
liquefied natural gas (LNG). Nigeria, Equatorial 
Guinea, and Mozambique were the only 
natural gas exporters in the region. Angola 
joined the group in 2013 when it began 
exporting LNG. 
Mozambique 
Equatorial Guinea 
Nigeria 
sends all exports to South Africa via pipeline 
exports LNG mainly to Asia, followed by Latin America and Europe  
the vast majority of natural gas exports are LNG, with small amounts exported 
via the West African Gas Pipeline 
Nigeria 
75% 
Equatorial 
Guinea 
15% 
Mozambique 
10% 
Sub-Saharan Africa's Natural Gas Exports, 2011 
Source: EIA, International Energy Statistics 
18 
Nigeria was the 4
th
largest LNG exporter in the world in 2012, 
accounting for 8% of total LNG exports worldwide. Nigeria 
exported about 950 bcf of LNG in 2012. 
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Qatar
Malaysia
Australia
Nigeria
Indonesia
Top 5 LNG Exporters in the World, 2012 
Source: FACTS Global Energy  
billion cubic feet 
19 
In 2012, Asia overtook Europe as the largest regional importer of Nigeria’s 
LNG. This is largely due to Japan, which more than doubled its LNG imports 
from Nigeria in 2012 compared with the previous year.  
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2011
2012
Nigeria's LNG exports, by region, 2008-2012 
Note: Unplanned production disruptions curtailed LNG exports in 2009 when the Soku gas processing plant was intermittently closed due to pipeline damage 
caused by condensate theft.  
Source: FACTS Global Energy and BP Statstical Review 
billion cubic feet 
Total Exports 
Europe 
Asia 
North America 
South America 
Middle East 
For more information 
20 
U.S. Energy Information Administration home page | www.eia.gov 
Country Analysis Briefs| http://www.eia.gov/countries/ 
Annual Energy Outlook | www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo 
Short-Term Energy Outlook | www.eia.gov/forecasts/steo 
International Energy Outlook | www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo 
Today In Energy | www.eia.gov/todayinenergy 
Monthly Energy Review | www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly 
Annual Energy Review | www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual 
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