11
This month, U.S. export quotes for bulk shipments continued to slide on weak fresh demand, 
falling below $450/ton for the first time since August 2015.  However, U.S. quotes maintain a 
premium over South American and Asian sources.  Uruguayan quotes slid 4 percent from the 
prior month with additional supplies from the new crop harvest.  Thai quotes increased a 
marginal 2 percent to $373/ton and Vietnamese quotes climbed 5 percent to $381/ton on 
expected regional demand. 
SELECTED TRADE CHANGES for 2016 
Brazil’s
imports are raised 100,000 tons to 800,000 on higher import demand resulting 
from smaller crop. 
Egypt’s
exports are slashed 150,000 tons to 250,000 on a newly-implemented rice export 
ban.  
European Union’s 
imports are revised up 100,000 tons to 1.6 million on stronger 
imports to date. 
India’s
exports are raised 400,000 tons to 9.0 million on higher levels of trade to the 
Middle East.  
Pakistan’s
exports are reduced 200,000 tons to 4.4 million on smaller exportable 
supplies. 
Senegal’s 
imports are cut 115,000 tons to 985,000 due to higher production. 
Turkey’s
imports are trimmed 130,000 tons to 200,000 on lower consumption. 
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
$/MT 
U.S. Export Quotes Slide, 
Reducing Premium Over Competitors 
THAI 100B
VIET 5%
UGY 5%
U.S. #2/4 (long-grain) BULK
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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World Rice Trade
January/December Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
Mar
2015/16
Apr
none
TY Exports
480
480
310
494
526
608
Argentina
750
800
895
852
830
1,105
Brazil
1,800
1,800
1,735
1,688
1,163
1,357
Burma
900
900
1,150
1,000
1,075
900
Cambodia
350
350
262
393
447
267
China
250
400
250
600
700
600
Egypt
270
270
251
284
203
194
European Union
520
520
536
502
346
265
Guyana
9,000
8,600
11,046
11,588
10,480
10,250
India
4,400
4,600
4,000
3,600
4,126
3,399
Pakistan
500
500
407
380
365
262
Paraguay
190
190
163
187
140
314
Russia
10,000
10,000
9,779
10,969
6,722
6,945
Thailand
950
950
718
957
939
1,056
Uruguay
7,000
7,000
6,606
6,325
6,700
7,717
Vietnam
988
1,008
1,138
1,261
1,425
1,430
Others
38,348
38,368
39,246
41,080
36,187
36,669
Subtotal
3,325
3,325
3,472
2,998
3,295
3,298
United States
41,673
41,693
42,718
44,078
39,482
39,967
World Total
none
TY Imports
450
450
450
496
430
360
Angola
600
600
570
1,290
114
53
Bangladesh
800
700
365
586
712
732
Brazil
530
530
525
610
550
450
Cameroon
5,000
5,000
5,150
4,450
3,500
2,900
China
800
800
1,100
950
830
1,265
Cote d'Ivoire
500
500
575
377
413
330
Cuba
1,600
1,500
1,786
1,556
1,375
1,313
European Union
580
600
500
590
725
595
Ghana
2,000
2,000
1,198
1,225
650
1,960
Indonesia
1,450
1,450
1,300
1,650
2,220
1,500
Iran
1,150
1,200
1,009
1,080
1,294
1,478
Iraq
700
700
688
669
690
650
Japan
460
460
450
440
410
400
Kenya
1,020
1,020
1,051
989
885
1,006
Malaysia
700
700
708
658
746
680
Mexico
500
500
480
500
500
445
Mozambique
500
500
529
510
340
351
Nepal
2,500
2,500
3,000
3,200
2,400
3,400
Nigeria
2,000
2,000
2,000
1,800
1,000
1,500
Philippines
1,450
1,450
1,420
1,410
1,326
1,193
Saudi Arabia
985
1,100
990
960
902
918
Senegal
1,000
1,000
912
910
990
870
South Africa
460
460
460
450
440
430
United Arab Emirates
500
500
500
480
500
375
Venezuela
10,909
11,048
10,958
12,463
11,725
11,042
Others
39,144
39,268
38,674
40,299
35,667
36,196
Subtotal
1,754
1,650
3,286
3,024
3,140
3,131
Unaccounted
775
775
758
755
675
640
United States
41,673
41,693
42,718
44,078
39,482
39,967
World Total
TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes. Note about dates: 2015/16 is calendar year 2016, 2014/15 is calendar year 2015, and so on.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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World Rice Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
Mar
2015/16
Apr
none
Milled Production
34,500
34,600
34,500
34,390
33,820
33,700
Bangladesh
7,600
7,905
8,465
8,300
8,037
7,888
Brazil
12,200
12,200
12,600
11,957
11,715
11,473
Burma
4,350
4,350
4,700
4,725
4,670
4,268
Cambodia
145,770
145,770
144,560
142,530
143,000
140,700
China
4,000
4,000
4,530
4,750
4,675
4,250
Egypt
103,000
103,000
105,480
106,646
105,240
105,310
India
35,300
35,300
35,560
36,300
36,550
36,500
Indonesia
7,653
7,653
7,849
7,931
7,907
7,792
Japan
4,327
4,327
4,241
4,230
4,006
4,224
Korea, South
6,700
6,900
6,900
6,798
5,536
6,160
Pakistan
11,350
11,500
11,915
11,858
11,428
10,710
Philippines
3,300
3,300
2,850
2,840
2,675
3,138
Sri Lanka
15,800
15,900
18,750
20,460
20,200
20,460
Thailand
28,100
28,200
28,166
28,161
27,537
27,152
Vietnam
40,574
40,079
40,623
40,422
39,040
38,025
Others
464,524
464,984
471,689
472,298
466,036
461,750
Subtotal
6,107
6,107
7,106
6,117
6,348
5,866
United States
470,631
471,091
478,795
478,415
472,384
467,616
World Total
none
Consumption and Residual
35,400
35,500
35,100
34,900
34,500
34,300
Bangladesh
7,840
7,940
7,929
7,900
7,850
7,928
Brazil
10,650
10,650
10,650
10,450
10,400
10,200
Burma
3,600
3,600
3,600
3,650
3,550
3,400
Cambodia
150,300
150,300
148,000
146,300
144,000
139,600
China
3,800
4,000
4,000
4,000
4,050
3,620
Egypt
98,500
98,900
98,233
98,710
94,031
93,334
India
38,100
38,100
38,300
38,500
38,127
38,188
Indonesia
8,600
8,300
8,600
8,380
8,351
8,376
Japan
4,390
4,390
4,415
4,422
4,489
4,880
Korea, South
3,600
3,600
3,716
3,811
3,353
3,677
Nepal
5,850
5,850
5,800
5,800
5,300
5,600
Nigeria
13,250
13,250
13,200
12,850
12,850
12,860
Philippines
11,000
11,200
10,900
10,875
10,600
10,400
Thailand
21,850
21,900
22,000
22,000
21,900
19,650
Vietnam
61,484
61,260
61,034
61,253
58,834
56,799
Others
480,227
480,378
478,389
477,634
464,869
457,333
Subtotal
3,853
3,853
4,155
3,977
3,779
3,492
United States
484,080
484,231
482,544
481,611
468,648
460,825
World Total
none
Ending Stocks
47,756
47,756
47,636
46,802
46,832
45,023
China
13,266
13,266
17,766
22,757
25,440
25,100
India
3,159
3,159
3,959
5,501
6,476
7,403
Indonesia
2,494
3,180
2,821
3,007
2,857
2,735
Japan
1,591
1,591
1,188
899
780
755
Korea, South
2,310
2,460
2,210
1,695
1,487
1,509
Philippines
5,195
4,995
10,095
11,724
12,808
9,330
Thailand
13,020
12,714
16,390
13,956
12,726
13,668
Others
88,791
89,121
102,065
106,341
109,406
105,523
Subtotal
1,377
1,393
1,552
1,025
1,156
1,303
United States
90,168
90,514
103,617
107,366
110,562
106,826
World Total
Note: All data are reported on a milled basis.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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Regional Rice Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
Mar
2015/16
Apr
2015/16
TY Imports
none
1,664
North America
1,776
1,771
1,816
1,835
1,835
845
Caribbean
971
903
1,176
1,075
1,075
1,881
South America
1,833
1,814
1,680
1,947
1,997
120
Other Europe
125
132
128
125
135
469
Former Soviet Union - 12
557
567
387
411
411
6,455
Middle East
7,152
6,637
5,981
6,370
6,195
777
North Africa
487
480
466
455
455
11,853
Sub-Saharan Africa
11,567
12,669
11,497
11,370
11,255
4,389
East Asia
5,349
6,043
6,681
6,635
6,636
737
South Asia
722
2,581
1,569
1,270
1,270
5,488
Southeast Asia
3,606
5,027
5,494
6,215
6,220
2,158
Others
2,197
2,430
2,557
2,335
2,435
36,836
Total
36,342
41,054
39,432
40,043
39,919
Production
none
5,979
North America
6,479
6,248
7,285
6,241
6,260
1,002
Caribbean
974
1,054
1,104
976
996
15,215
South America
15,852
16,384
16,365
16,056
15,760
2,139
European Union - 28
2,100
1,937
1,963
2,005
2,055
1,294
Former Soviet Union - 12
1,294
1,205
1,185
1,261
1,262
2,170
Middle East
2,251
2,450
2,443
2,392
2,392
4,289
North Africa
4,704
4,789
4,530
4,000
4,000
13,002
Sub-Saharan Africa
13,272
13,984
14,438
14,372
14,768
155,488
East Asia
157,843
157,681
159,560
160,520
160,520
152,027
South Asia
150,631
154,490
153,331
151,420
151,120
113,649
Southeast Asia
115,490
116,867
115,367
111,001
110,651
1,362
Others
1,494
1,326
1,224
847
847
467,616
Total
472,384
478,415
478,795
471,091
470,631
Domestic Consumption
none
4,668
North America
4,977
5,202
5,369
5,083
5,083
1,156
Central America
1,171
1,193
1,243
1,247
1,252
1,977
Caribbean
1,954
1,992
2,138
2,078
2,098
14,130
South America
14,354
14,542
14,577
14,766
14,605
3,300
European Union - 28
3,250
3,250
3,320
3,280
3,380
1,435
Former Soviet Union - 12
1,579
1,551
1,403
1,426
1,426
8,603
Middle East
8,854
9,029
8,915
8,902
8,895
4,045
North Africa
4,572
4,480
4,430
4,430
4,230
23,816
Sub-Saharan Africa
24,741
26,571
26,155
26,285
26,437
156,212
East Asia
160,349
162,692
164,324
166,270
166,540
137,167
South Asia
137,462
143,476
143,540
144,570
144,070
99,128
Southeast Asia
101,994
103,092
103,664
103,761
103,541
667
Others
707
708
554
495
510
456,304
Total
465,964
477,778
479,632
482,593
482,067
Ending Stocks
none
1,455
North America
1,345
1,176
1,704
1,506
1,509
235
Central America
189
208
242
229
229
343
Caribbean
289
266
265
199
238
1,656
South America
1,591
1,902
2,116
1,747
1,723
1,146
European Union - 28
1,188
1,163
1,237
1,176
1,232
1,526
Middle East
2,039
1,836
1,583
1,331
1,250
487
North Africa
427
602
916
541
891
2,085
Sub-Saharan Africa
2,229
1,787
2,483
1,620
1,704
48,887
East Asia
50,832
50,996
51,947
52,814
52,169
27,461
South Asia
26,819
25,629
21,785
16,605
16,446
21,371
Southeast Asia
23,197
21,399
19,051
12,573
12,606
40
Oceania
238
241
182
68
68
134
Others
179
161
106
105
103
106,826
Total
110,562
107,366
103,617
90,514
90,168
NOTES:  Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are 
reported using local marketing years.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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15
150
155
160
165
170
175
180
185
$/MT
Corn Daily Export Bids 
U.S. Gulf
Brazil Paranagua
Black Sea
Argentina Up River
COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE 
OVERVIEW 
World corn production for 2015/16 is up with larger crops for Argentina and Mexico.  Global 
corn trade is raised to a record level with larger imports for Vietnam and Mexico more than 
offsetting a cut to EU.  Exports are boosted for Argentina, EU, Russia, and Ukraine.  Global 
consumption is higher and ending stocks are projected at record levels.  The U.S. season-average 
farm price is lowered slightly from last month. 
PRICES 
Throughout March, U.S. export quotes strengthened based on robust sales and shipments, but 
dropped at the end of the month in response to larger-than-expected planting intentions for 2016 
in the Prospective Plantings report.  U.S. quotes have since recovered, ending at $163/ton, up $4 
from last month.  U.S. quotes remain competitive against all major exporters.  Argentine and 
Black Sea quotes also moved higher this month (now $165/ton and $166/ton, respectively) with 
strong exports.  Brazilian prices are seasonally unavailable.   
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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16
TRADE CHANGES IN 2015/16 
Selected Exporters 
U.S. sorghum is cut 200,000 tons to 7.4 million on the slowing pace of sales, especially to 
China. 
Argentine corn is increased 1.0 million tons to 20.5 million on larger supplies. 
EU corn is up 300,000 tons to 1.4 million on the pace of licenses issued. 
Russian corn is raised 300,000 tons to 4.1 million with larger shipments to South Korea 
and Middle Eastern countries.  Barley is boosted 300,000 tons to 3.3 million reflecting 
large shipments to Saudi Arabia. 
South African corn is trimmed 100,000 tons to 700,000 on tighter supplies and the 
current pace of trade. 
Ukrainian corn is raised 200,000 tons to 15.7 million on a continued strong pace. 
Argentine barley is boosted 400,000 tons to 2.6 million on a larger crop and the fast pace 
of shipments. 
Australian barley is cut 500,000 tons to 5.5 million on slower pace of trade to China. 
Kazakh barley is up 200,000 tons to 800,000 reflecting strong shipments to Iran. 
Selected Importers  
Egyptian corn is lifted 250,000 tons to 8.3 million as stronger demand for feed is 
reflected by a faster pace of imports.  
EU corn is cut 1.0 million tons to 15.0 million on expectations that a greater use of wheat 
in feed rations curbs demand for corn.  In addition, the pace of issuing import licenses has 
slowed in recent months.   
Indian corn is down 150,000 tons to 250,000 on the recent cancellation of a tender. 
Mexican corn is raised 500,000 tons to 12.0 million on the fast pace of imports from the 
United States.  Sorghum  is up 200,000 tons to 700,000 on a smaller crop.  Even with 
larger imports, sorghum feeding is expected to be lower based on tight domestic supplies 
and competitively-priced corn imports. 
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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17
Turkish corn is lowered 300,000 tons to 900,000 on a slower-than-expected pace of 
trade.   
Vietnamese corn is up 2.0 million tons to a record 5.0 million reflecting strong shipments 
from Brazil and Argentina.  
Iranian barley is boosted 400,000 tons to 1.9 million on strong shipments from 
Kazakhstan.  
Japanese barley is down 200,000 tons to 1.1 million and sorghum  is cut 100,000 tons to 
850,000, both on trade to date.  Increased use of domestic rice in feed rations continues to 
erode demand for imported barley and sorghum.   
Saudi barley is up 500,000 tons to 8.5 million on larger-than-expected shipments from 
Argentina. 
Chinese sorghum is trimmed 200,000 tons to 6.8 million with the slowing pace in recent 
months.   
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
World Coarse Grain Trade
October/September Year, Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
Mar
2015/16
Apr
none
TY Exports
24,205
22,805
21,002
16,630
29,497
22,308
Argentina
6,875
7,425
7,289
7,002
6,411
7,279
Australia
37,535
37,535
21,954
22,059
26,078
12,677
Brazil
4,150
4,050
3,597
5,460
4,658
3,853
Canada
10,782
10,482
15,067
7,842
8,942
7,177
European Union
1,000
1,000
792
501
522
694
Mexico
2,715
2,715
3,031
2,718
2,861
2,188
Paraguay
7,470
6,920
9,155
7,072
4,366
5,996
Russia
1,725
1,725
3,001
1,755
628
2,345
Serbia
19,520
19,290
24,208
24,125
15,527
17,448
Ukraine
7,550
7,560
8,007
12,840
12,127
11,291
Others
123,527
121,507
117,103
108,004
111,617
93,256
Subtotal
49,735
49,935
56,340
56,772
20,586
40,106
United States
173,262
171,442
173,443
164,776
132,203
133,362
World Total
none
TY Imports
4,730
4,830
4,862
4,946
3,289
3,741
Algeria
1,100
1,035
1,710
715
523
764
Canada
2,050
2,050
1,707
1,621
1,327
1,523
Chile
17,000
17,250
25,699
12,445
5,603
7,924
China
4,830
4,830
4,747
4,795
4,090
4,103
Colombia
1,200
1,100
1,202
1,011
1,046
1,054
Dominican Republic
8,305
8,055
7,925
8,775
5,097
7,250
Egypt
15,275
16,255
9,146
16,293
11,778
6,908
European Union
3,100
3,100
3,381
3,501
2,719
1,724
Indonesia
6,900
6,500
8,100
6,600
4,800
5,700
Iran
1,800
1,975
1,603
2,073
1,564
1,530
Israel
16,715
17,025
16,725
17,501
17,743
17,730
Japan
1,450
1,475
1,459
1,672
1,406
1,311
Jordan
10,090
10,090
10,245
10,499
8,265
7,726
Korea, South
1,600
1,650
1,685
1,493
1,220
829
Libya
3,500
3,500
3,221
3,476
3,048
3,309
Malaysia
12,950
12,250
11,570
11,317
7,624
12,819
Mexico
2,400
2,300
2,217
2,858
1,832
2,479
Morocco
2,825
2,825
2,863
2,336
2,404
1,927
Peru
12,025
11,525
11,115
11,332
12,390
10,485
Saudi Arabia
2,900
2,825
611
235
92
565
South Africa
4,200
4,200
3,949
4,356
4,404
4,478
Taiwan
1,600
1,600
1,525
1,449
1,608
1,071
Tunisia
1,900
1,900
2,433
2,627
2,154
2,596
Venezuela
5,000
3,000
3,500
2,800
1,700
1,600
Vietnam
18,225
18,680
19,060
18,117
15,572
15,868
Others
163,670
161,825
162,260
154,843
123,298
127,014
Subtotal
5,982
6,007
7,896
6,611
2,390
3,206
Unaccounted
3,610
3,610
3,287
3,322
6,515
3,142
United States
173,262
171,442
173,443
164,776
132,203
133,362
World Total
TY=Trade Year, see Endnotes.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
World Coarse Grains Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Local Marketing Years, Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
2015/16
Mar
2015/16
Apr
none
Production
36,534
35,066
35,732
35,665
37,246
30,105
Argentina
12,580
12,680
11,651
12,158
11,414
12,257
Australia
86,613
86,613
87,603
82,603
84,253
75,884
Brazil
25,660
25,660
21,992
28,745
24,445
22,921
Canada
231,580
231,580
222,750
225,408
212,192
198,635
China
9,985
12,400
13,346
13,079
12,286
12,264
Ethiopia
150,730
150,979
170,479
158,916
145,942
149,923
European Union
38,790
38,790
43,081
43,216
39,910
42,058
India
9,400
9,400
9,000
9,100
8,500
8,850
Indonesia
30,375
30,775
32,390
32,020
28,881
25,689
Mexico
17,950
17,950
19,015
19,292
18,573
17,421
Nigeria
7,500
7,500
7,671
7,532
7,261
7,130
Philippines
37,427
37,320
40,386
35,735
28,658
33,077
Russia
14,275
14,175
9,475
13,075
10,595
11,299
Turkey
33,387
33,245
39,389
40,022
29,528
33,476
Ukraine
151,647
152,520
162,216
156,049
151,190
152,887
Others
894,433
896,653
926,176
912,615
850,874
833,876
Subtotal
366,902
366,902
377,234
367,089
285,311
322,451
United States
1,261,335
1,263,555
1,303,410
1,279,704
1,136,185
1,156,327
World Total
none
Domestic Consumption
14,331
14,581
14,232
13,695
12,050
10,510
Argentina
60,943
60,943
59,998
58,028
55,803
54,653
Brazil
21,953
21,953
21,288
22,372
20,339
20,285
Canada
239,725
237,975
229,059
223,546
209,671
196,192
China
15,453
15,458
14,809
14,080
12,910
12,736
Egypt
158,795
161,505
162,870
164,105
153,095
151,460
European Union
40,000
39,950
40,400
37,600
35,075
37,650
India
12,800
12,800
12,200
11,900
10,900
10,500
Indonesia
12,920
12,720
12,020
11,320
10,520
10,320
Iran
16,846
17,105
16,933
17,570
17,830
18,040
Japan
42,915
42,815
41,925
40,885
36,195
37,985
Mexico
18,150
18,150
18,950
19,350
18,700
17,321
Nigeria
30,140
30,420
31,139
28,619
25,134
27,728
Russia
14,430
14,430
13,080
13,430
13,005
11,755
Turkey
14,025
14,000
15,230
15,977
14,661
15,559
Ukraine
235,693
237,344
238,439
226,764
219,078
215,753
Others
944,641
945,917
959,744
927,454
858,772
866,553
Subtotal
315,255
315,719
311,347
305,048
275,537
288,857
United States
1,259,896
1,261,636
1,271,091
1,232,502
1,134,309
1,155,410
World Total
none
Ending Stocks
6,875
6,885
8,240
14,258
9,560
4,822
Brazil
4,074
4,059
3,342
4,648
3,024
3,390
Canada
110,799
112,800
102,019
82,651
68,377
60,362
China
14,518
13,839
18,093
15,503
13,056
15,744
European Union
6,874
6,674
7,234
5,094
4,654
4,684
Iran
4,217
4,017
4,807
3,583
1,628
1,857
Mexico
3,991
4,001
3,876
3,888
3,391
3,211
Saudi Arabia
41,727
39,476
49,118
47,420
36,935
40,391
Others
193,075
191,751
196,729
177,045
140,625
134,461
Subtotal
52,041
51,323
46,948
34,313
23,531
27,819
United States
245,116
243,074
243,677
211,358
164,156
162,280
World Total
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
Regional Coarse Grains Imports, Production, Consumption, and Stocks
Thousand Metric Tons
2011/12
2012/13
2013/14
2014/15
Mar
2015/16
Apr
2015/16
TY Imports
none
16,725
North America
14,662
15,354
16,567
16,895
17,660
2,769
Central America
2,470
2,923
3,460
3,575
3,675
2,156
Caribbean
2,327
2,330
2,444
2,410
2,485
11,967
South America
11,812
13,181
13,353
13,105
13,080
6,908
European Union - 28
11,778
16,293
9,146
16,255
15,275
1,036
Former Soviet Union - 12
727
816
726
815
820
23,515
Middle East
25,076
26,614
27,700
25,540
26,015
15,370
North Africa
13,046
19,521
18,214
18,435
18,635
3,329
Sub-Saharan Africa
2,746
3,630
4,452
6,890
6,900
38,040
East Asia
36,168
44,880
56,675
48,665
48,105
7,317
Southeast Asia
8,058
11,292
11,446
11,080
13,070
1,024
Others
943
1,331
1,364
1,770
1,560
130,156
Total
129,813
158,165
165,547
165,435
167,280
Production
none
371,061
North America
338,637
427,854
431,616
423,337
422,937
119,602
South America
136,025
131,844
136,702
135,290
136,888
149,923
European Union - 28
145,942
158,916
170,479
150,979
150,730
9,497
Other Europe
6,570
8,813
10,649
8,446
8,946
78,648
Former Soviet Union - 12
68,222
87,758
91,599
82,256
82,505
20,412
Middle East
18,769
21,737
17,952
22,896
22,996
11,120
North Africa
10,155
11,556
11,172
12,532
12,531
99,274
Sub-Saharan Africa
103,534
102,584
108,311
96,575
92,806
200,771
East Asia
214,616
227,798
225,172
233,950
233,948
50,175
South Asia
47,642
51,986
51,827
47,444
47,344
28,379
Southeast Asia
29,158
31,003
31,088
32,003
31,983
12,813
Oceania
12,082
12,805
12,329
13,390
13,290
4,652
Others
4,833
5,050
4,514
4,457
4,431
1,156,327
Total
1,136,185
1,279,704
1,303,410
1,263,555
1,261,335
Domestic Consumption
none
347,127
North America
332,071
368,305
374,560
380,487
380,123
86,793
South America
89,796
94,422
97,173
98,747
98,387
151,460
European Union - 28
153,095
164,105
162,870
161,505
158,795
8,375
Other Europe
7,100
7,707
7,926
8,035
8,112
54,378
Former Soviet Union - 12
50,225
55,687
57,927
56,073
55,718
41,186
Middle East
43,027
45,890
45,327
48,181
48,856
25,266
North Africa
24,941
27,987
30,177
31,310
31,054
97,660
Sub-Saharan Africa
103,221
102,338
110,050
104,760
101,345
228,767
East Asia
242,831
257,700
262,617
271,726
273,217
45,606
South Asia
42,604
46,367
49,319
49,041
49,099
34,612
Southeast Asia
35,887
37,942
40,158
41,665
43,205
6,518
Oceania
6,132
5,764
5,572
5,924
5,874
9,556
Others
9,573
10,075
10,243
10,414
10,589
1,137,304
Total
1,140,503
1,224,289
1,253,919
1,267,868
1,264,374
Ending Stocks
none
33,066
North America
28,183
42,544
55,097
59,399
60,332
9,645
South America
15,560
21,380
14,583
12,251
12,956
15,744
European Union - 28
13,056
15,503
18,093
13,839
14,518
1,021
Other Europe
600
763
1,175
786
1,191
6,181
Former Soviet Union - 12
5,038
7,087
7,710
6,057
5,697
10,547
Middle East
10,059
11,817
13,052
13,303
13,187
5,479
North Africa
3,529
5,642
5,568
5,342
5,665
9,256
Sub-Saharan Africa
9,074
9,557
11,084
7,304
7,703
63,842
East Asia
71,661
86,656
105,879
115,900
114,640
2,673
South Asia
2,440
3,933
5,148
3,311
3,098
3,061
Southeast Asia
3,275
4,396
4,367
3,419
3,890
977
Oceania
912
1,130
954
1,114
1,300
788
Others
769
950
967
1,049
939
162,280
Total
164,156
211,358
243,677
243,074
245,116
NOTES: Regional definitions appear on last page of this circular. Imports are reported on a trade year basis. All other data are 
reported using local marketing years.
Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA                                                                                                                                                                        April 2016
Office of Global Analysis
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