21.3. GOALSANDSTATISTICSTRACKINGTOOLS
303
SessionResetOptions Therearefouravailableoptionsforhowthesessioncounter
shouldbehave.Thecountercanbereseteverytimeaprojectisclosed,youcan
haveittrackthetimeofdayandresetitforyou,orturnoffautomaticreset
entirelyandhandleitmanuallywiththeresetbutton.
§ Automaticallyresetatmidnight: : whenenabled, , Scrivenerwillresetthe
sessioncounterforyouatmidnight. Forthosewithregularschedules
whowanttoworktowardadailygoal,thisoptionisbest.
§ Resetsessioncounteronprojectclose:ifyouprefertoconsiderasessiontobe
wheneveryousitdownandwrite,asopposedtoadailytarget,thisoption
willbebestforyou.
§ Resetsessioncountonnextdayopened: : withunusualschedules, , suchas
thosewhowritewellaftermidnight,thisalternatemethodofresetmay
workbetter.Itwillcheckagainstthelasttimeyouopenedtheproject,and
ifitthecalendardayhasincrementeditwillreset.Thus,ifyouopenthe
projectat22:00andworkuntil03:00,whenyouopentheprojectlateron
thatdayat13:00,itwillresetsinceyoulastopeneditonthepriordayat
22:00. Ifyoustartanothersessionthatnight,however,itwillnotreset,
sincethelasttimeyouopeneditwasat13:00onthatsameday.
§ Neverautomaticallyresetsessioncounts:Scrivenerwillneveraltertheses-
sionprogresscounterforyou. Youwillneedtousethe
Reset
buttonto
startanewsession.Thisisthebestmodeifyoutendtoworksporadically
allaroundtheclockinshortbursts,ortendtosetasidea“session”fora
fewdaystodealwithothertasks.
SessionTarget Optionsforsessionbasedcounting.
§ Counttextwrittenanywhereintheproject:turningthisonwillcountany-
thingyoutypeorpasteintotheanydocumentintheprojectbinder,even
ifitisacharactersheetoragrocerylist.Whenthisisoff,documentsset
tobeexcludedfromthecompilewillnotbecountedeveniftheyarein
theDraft
§ Allownegatives:whendisabled,thesessioncounterwillneverdropbelow
zero. Leavethisontogetanaccuratenettotalofyourwritingsession.
Whendisabled,deletionswillstillbecounted,butonlyuntilthecounter
reacheszero, sosomedeletionswouldnolongerbecountedafterthat
point,makingitlessaccurate
§ Automaticallycalculatefromdraftdeadline:requiresthe“Deadline”option
tobeenabledabove,andthecountingmethodtobeeitherWordsorChar-
acters.Countingbypagescannotbeaccuratelycalculatedwhenusingthis
mode. Whenadeadlinehasbeenset,youcanhaveScrivenerhandlethe
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304
CHAPTER21. WRITINGTOOLS
calculationrequiredtomeetyourdeadlinegiventheamountoftimeleft.
Forexample,ifyouareat85kwordsina100kdraftandhave10daysleft
tofinish,thenScrivenerwillsetyourdailysessiongoalto1,500wordsper
day.Ifyoucomeinunderoroverthatgoal,Scrivenerwilladjustthedaily
sessiontargetwheneveryouhitreset,orautomaticallyifmidnightresetis
enabled.
§ WritingDays: : bydefault,alldaysareconsideredeligibleforwriting,in
termsofcalculatingyourdailygoal.Ifyoucannotwriteeverysingleday
oftheweek,simplyclickonthedaysyoucanwrite,andthefeaturewill
adjustthecalculationsothatyoudon’tendupwritingbelowthecurve.
Ifalldaysaredeselected,thecalculationassumesyoucanwriteonevery
day.
§ Allowwritingondayofdeadline:thecalculatortypicallywillnotschedule
youtobewritingontheactualdeadlineday. Ifyouwantthesystemto
giveyouupuntilthelastminute,checkoffthisbox.
ShowtargetnotificationsusingGrowl:ifyouhaveGrowlinstalledonyoursystem,
Scrivenerwillregisteritselfforannouncements,andusethatsystemtopostnotices
whenyouexceedagoal,orfallbackunderit.[10.8(MountainLion)Only]IfGrowl
isnotinstalled,thentheOSXNotificationCenterwillbeusedinstead,andthelabel
adjustedaccordingly.
ShowTwitterbutton:[10.8(MountainLion)Only]optionallydisabletheTwitter
buttononthemainProjectTargetspanel.
21.3.2 ProjectStatistics
Projectstatisticscanbecalledupatanytimewith
ProjectProjectStatistics
or
S
onthekeyboard.Thissheethastwosectionstoit:
§ DraftasCompiled: : everythingincludedintheDraftfolder(andbydefault,
onlythecurrentcompilegroup). Notethatcompileoptionswhichmodify
exportcontentinanywaycanimpactthiscounter. If f your compileisset
uptoonlyexporttitlesinanoutlineformat,you’llgetaprettysmallword
count. Likewise, , Compilecontentselectionfilters, andthestateoftheIn-
clude/Exclude/Allselectiondrop-downwillimpactthetotal. Ingeneral,con-
siderwhatyourdocumentlookslikewhenyoucompile: thatiswhatwillbe
counted.
§ Selection: : acountofeverythingyouhavecurrentlyselectedintheBinder,in-
cludingalloftheirchildrenitemsaswell(whichcanbeoptionallydisabled).
Eachofthesesectionshaveidenticalstatisticsavailabletothem. Thewordand
charactercountersareself-explanatory. Thetwopagecountestimatesarebasedon
differentalgorithms.
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21.3. GOALSANDSTATISTICSTRACKINGTOOLS
305
Pagesbypaperbackusesanindustrystandardformula(forEnglishlanguagepublish-
ing)oftakingtheaveragenumberofwordsperpageandmultiplyingitbytheaverage
numberofcharactersperword(fiveincludingaspace,forsixtotal),theproductof
whichisthenusedtodivideagainstthetotalcharactercountoftheproject.Byexam-
ple,abookwith720,000characterswithanestimatesetto250wordsperpagewill
producearesultof
720000
2506
=480. Ifyouneedtoadjusttheaveragenumberofcharac-
tersperword,switchthecountingmodetoCharactersandprovidetheproductofthe
words-per-pagemultipliedbyaveragewordlength.Forexample,iftheaverageword
lengthis8andthenumberofwordsperpageis200,youwouldenter1600intothis
boxtoproduceacustomresult.
Pagesprintedwillbemoreaccurateforyourownprintouts,asitwillcompileyour
draftinthebackground,usingthespecifiedformattingandothercontentsettings,
andthencountthetotalpagesresultingfromthat.Consequently,inlargeprojectsit
maytakeafewmomentsforthiswindowtodisplay.Onceyouexceed100,000words,
theStatisticssheetwillnolongerautomaticallypaginateeverytimeyouopenit.You
willneedtoclickthe
UpdatePrintedCounts
buttontomanuallyrecalculateprinted
pages.Withlargeprojects,itcouldbeadvantageoustotunethepaperbackestimated
counttoyourprintedcount,sothatitcanserveasanimmediategeneralfigureto
workfrom.
ProjectStatisticsOptions
Toaccessoptionsforhowprojectstatisticsarecalculated,clickthe
Options
tabinthe
window.
DraftStatisticsOptions ControlshowtheDraftonlysectionofthestatsarecalcu-
lated.
§ Countcurrentcompilegrouponly: : onlycalculatesoffofdocumentsthat
havebeenchosenintheContentpaneoftheCompileinterface. This
istheonlycompile-timeoptionthatcanbedisabled. Allothercompile
optionsthatrestrictormodifyoutputquantitywillstillbefactoredinto
thecount.
§ Countfootnotes: : Footnotesarebydefaultincludedinthecount. . Ifyour
publishingenvironmentdemandsthese be considered separate, , here e is
whereyoucandisabletheminthetotalcount.
SelectionStatisticsOptions Tuning g options s for how w selected d items s should d be
countedinstatistics.
§ Countalldocuments: : Inthiscontext,alldocumentsmeans: regardlessof
whetherthedocumentmeta-dataflag,“IncludeinCompile”isonoroff.
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306
CHAPTER21. WRITINGTOOLS
§ Countonlydocumentsmarkedforinclusion: Onlythosedocumentsthat
have“IncludeinCompile”checkedwillbecounted.
§ Countonlydocumentsnotmarkedforinclusion: : Asabove,onlywiththe
inverselogic.
§ Excludecommentsandannotations: : Allinspectorcommentsandannota-
tionswillbedisregardedbydefault. Ifyouwishtocountthemtoo,un-
checkthisoption.
§ Excludefootnotes:Footnotesarebydefaultincludedinthecount.
§ Countsub-documents: : Whendisabled, , onlytheliteralselectionwillbe
counted.Withthisoptionon,theselecteditemsandalloftheirchildren
willbecounted,allthewaydowntothebottomoftheoutline.
PageCountOptions Setthecountingalgorithmusedtoestimatepaperbackpage
counting. Thisfigurewillbedividedfromthetotalwordcounttoproducean
estimate.Readthepriorsectionfordetailsonhowthisworks.
21.3.3 TextStatistics
TheTextStatisticspanelcanbeaccessedwith
ProjectTextStatistics
or
–S
.Itis
onlyavailablewhentheactiveeditorisdisplayingtext,anditwillproducestatistics
forallofthetextbeingdisplayed,evenifthateditoriscurrentlydisplayingmany
documentsinaScriveningssession. Thetypesofinformationitprovidesaremore
pertinenttothetopologyofthetextdocument,asopposedtotheendproduct(where
pagecountsandpaperbackestimationscomeintoplay).
Inadditiontothesimplecounterstatistics,youcanflipdowntheWordFrequency
charttodisplayatableofdiscoveredwords,howoftentheyhavebeenusednumeri-
cally,andgraphicallyhowoftenincomparisonwithotherwordsinthetable.These
columnscanbesortedbyclickingontheirheaderfields.
21.4 RecordingAudioandPhotoNotes
Itispossibletotakequickaudioorphotographicnotation,directlyintotheBinder,
usingtheNewMediaFiletoolsintheProjectmenu. Thesetoolsonlyallowforthe
captureofnewmedia,theyarenotintendedaseditingtools.Onceaudioorgraphics
havebeencreatedusingthem,youmayloadthesefilesinanexternaleditortomake
anyadjustmentstothefilesthemselves.Theywillbeineveryrespectordinarilymedia
filesthatyoucanexport,manipulate,re-import,oruseinotherprograms.
21.4.1 RecordingAudio
Tocreateanewaudiofile,youcanatanytimeusethe
ProjectNewMediaFileNew
AudioNote...
menucommand. Asmallrecordingwindowwillappear. . Thiscanbe
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21.4. RECORDINGAUDIOANDPHOTONOTES
307
setasideandusedasneededwhileyoucontinuetoworkintheprojectorreference
materialfromit.
Whenthewindowloads,youwillseearead-outinthemiddlestatingwhetheror
nottheaudiodeviceinyourcomputerisreadytorecord.Ifitsays“Ready”,clickthe
largeroundbutton.Whilerecording,thestatusread-outwilldisplay“Recording...”,
andtheroundbuttonwillchangetodepictapauseicon. Clickingthisbuttonwill
temporarilypauserecordingsoyoucangatheryourthoughtsorlookupmaterial
forthenextbitofdictationWhilepaused,thestatusread-outwillprinthowmany
minutesandsecondslongtherecordingcurrentlyis.
Atanytimeyoucanclickthe
Save
buttontofinishrecordingandsavethefiletothe
disk. Onceyouhavesavedthefile,itcannotbeappendedtooreditedinScrivener,
butyoucanopenthefileinanexternaleditortocleanupthepausesandappend
toitifnecessary. Ifwhenyouclickthe
Save
button,thebinderselectionislocated
anywhereoutsideoftheDraftfolder,themediafilewillbecreatedinthatlocation,
accordingtothenormalrules.Ifanormalfileisselecteditwillbecreatedbelowthe
selection;ifacontainerisselecteditwillbeplacedwithinthatcontainerasthelast
child.
The
Cancel
buttonwilldeleteanyrecordedmaterialandnotsaveanythingtothe
disk.
21.4.2 TakingPictures
TotakeapictureusinganiSightcamera,orthecameraincludedinyourlaptop,use
the
ProjectNewMediaFileNewPicturefromCamera...
command. Themostre-
centimageyouhavetakenwillbedisplayedbydefault,orifnothinghasbeentaken
recently,anemptywindowwillappear. Youcanselectfromanumberofprevious
imagestodisplayinthiswindowaswell. Clickthecamerabuttontoturnonthe
cameraandstartthestandardcountdown. Duringthecountdownyoucanposition
thecameraandtargettogetthingsframedaswellaspossible.Ashuttersoundwillbe
playedwhentheshotisbeingtaken,andonsomeMacs,thedisplaywillflashwhite
tobetterilluminatethescene.
Oncetheshothasbeentaken,youcanusethesliderbelowthegraphictochange
thesize,andclickanddragtheimagearoundtomovethegraphicaroundwithinthe
croppingsizeyou’vechosen. Theeffectsbutton,totherightofthecamerabutton,
canbeusedtoapplyoneofthedefaultAppleeffectstotheimage.
Oncethe
Set
buttonisclicked,thefilewillbereversedtoaccountforthecamera’s
singlelensaction, soanyreversetextintheshotwillbecorrectedfor. . Clickthe
Cancel
buttontodismissthesheetandopttonotsavethefile. Theimagewillbe
savedasthelastimagetaken,soitcanstillberetrievedifneededbycallingupthe
sheetagain. However r itwillnotbesaved totheRecentImageslistuntilthe
Set
buttonhasbeenclickedonit.
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308
CHAPTER21. WRITINGTOOLS
21.5 TheNameGenerator
Scrivenercomeswithanexhaustivenamegenerator,whichincludesmanythousands
ofcommonnames,aswellasselectionssuchasdictionarywordsthatsoundslike
names,literarynamesfromclassics, abroadselectionofregionalnamesinseveral
languages,andcanevenattemptalliterativenames—allwithextensiveoptionsforset-
tingrelativeobscurity,namingstylessuchasdouble-barrelledsurnames,initials,and
soon.
Toaccessthenamegenerator,invokethe
EditWritingToolsNameGenerator...
menucommand. Youcanadjusthowmanynameswillbegenerated,andthenclick
the
GenerateNames
button. Namescanbeselectedforcopyandpaste,orifyou
right-clickonaselectedname,youcaneasilyperformGoogle,WikipediaorSpotlight
searches,tocheckforexistingusesofit.
Tosetfurtheroptions,clickthelittlegearbuttonbesideit. Theavailableoptions
are:
§ Gender:selectoneoptionhere.Thedefaultiseithergender.
§ Attemptalliteration:thegeneratorwillattempttoproducenameswithanallit-
erativeeffect,like“JeromyJin”. ThisoptionwillworkbestwithLatinbased
languages.
§ Double-barrelledsurnames:producesnameslike,“OtisCowie-Milburn”
§ Forenamesuseinitialsonly: : reducestheforenametoaninitial. . Ifmorethan
oneforenamehasbeenselectedintheoptionbelow,multipleinitialswillbe
generated,like,“N.J.Pettersen”.
§ Number r offorenames/initials: : producesmultipleforenames. . Youcanselect
from1(default)to3.
§ Setorsearchforenameandsurname:thisisamulti-purposetoolwhereyoucan
eithersetpartofthenameyourself,oreffectivelysearchthedatabaseforaname
byprovidingapartofit.Foreachpartofthename:
– Set: : forcestherespectivenametobewhatyoutypeintothetextfield;
usefulifyoualreadyhaveanameinmindbutarehavingtroubleswiththe
otherhalfofit.
– Startswith:willonlyreturnnamesfromthedatabasethatstartwiththe
charactersyoutypeintothefield
– Endswith:likewise,butforcharactersattheendofthename
– Contains:thecharactersyousupplywillbesearchedforfromwithinany
portionofthename
21.6. BIBLIOGRAPHYMANAGEMENT
309
§ ObscurityLevel:thisslidertoadjusthowobscurethenamesshouldbe.Moving
thesliderallthewaytotheleftmightproducearesultlike, “ScottYoung”,
whileslidingitallthewaytotheright,“ChaunceyNoach”(nooffensetoall
theChaunceysoutthere). Notethatsomelistsbydefinitionareobscure,so
ifyoukeepgettingoddnames,checkyoursourcelistandmakesurenothing
unusualisselected.
Finally,youcanselectfromoneofthemanylistsprovided.Youwillalwaysneed
atleastoneSurnamelistselected(indicatedbytheyellow“S”icon),andatleastone
genderlistwhichiscompatiblewiththegenderoptionsetabove.Ifyouhavethelist
settoreturnmalenames,youwillneedatleastonemalelistofforenamesselected.
Theseareindicatedbythestandardgendersymbolicons. Youcanchooseasmany
sourceslistsasyoulikeatonce.
Thebuilt-inlistswillbeshadedingreybecausetheycannotbedeleted.
Youcanaddyourowncustomnameliststothegenerator.Namelistsshouldbefor-
mattedsothatallnamesareonasingleline,andeachnameisseparatedbyacomma,
likeso:
name1,name2,name3,name4,name5
Itmightbeeasiesttoproducetheselistsinaspreadsheetonasinglerow,andexport
asaCSVfile.Ifyouusearegulartexteditor,makesuretonamethefilewitha“.csv”
extension,andthenclickthe
+
buttonintheNameGeneratoroptionpanel. Locate
thefileinthechooserdialogueandclick
Open
. Youwillbepresentedwithsome
optionsonhowthelistshouldbemarked. Giveitadescriptivename,andmark
whetheritisalistoffemalenames,malenames,orsurnames. Finally,ifyouhave
orderedlistfrommostcommontomostobscure(attheendofthelist),checkthis
boxtoenabletheObscurityLevelslider.Notethatinsmalllists,theobscurityslider
maynothavemuchimpact,dependinguponhowmanynamesarebeinggenerated.
Ifyouwishtodeleteoneofyourcustomlists,selectitinthelistandclickthe
-
button.
21.6 BibliographyManagement
Scrivenerofferssimpleintegrationwithyourfavouritebibliographyorcitationman-
ager(suchasEndNote,BookendsorSente)foracademicwork.Tosetitup,visitthe
Generalpreferencestab(subsectionB.2.6).Clickon
Choose
tochooseyourcitation
manager(usuallyfromtheApplicationsfolder).
Once the e citation n manager has s been set up, , you u can hit
–Y
(or
For-
matBibliographyn Citations...
)whileworkingintheeditor,tobringyourchosen
softwaretothefront,launchingitautomaticallyifnecessary.Thestepsyoutakenext
310
CHAPTER21. WRITINGTOOLS
willdependuponyourcitationmanager,soyouwillneedtoconsulttheirdocumen-
tationonhowtousetheirsoftwarewiththird-partywordprocessors.Typically,you
wouldcopyandpasteacitationplaceholderintoScrivener,inthelocationwherethe
referencemarkshouldappear. AftercompilingtoRTF,youwouldthenuseyour
managertoscantheseplaceholdersintofinalprintform. Noteveryprogramorser-
viceprovidesRTFscanning,however.Youshouldresearchthesoftwareyouintendto
useandmakecertainitdesignedtoworkwithprogramsotherthanMicrosoftWord.
UsingScrivenerwithPapers: IfyouareusingPapersversion2,whichhasci-
tationmanagementfeatures,itisbettertousetheirbuiltin“Manuscript”feature
thanScrivener’sintegration,asthiswillprovideaquickpop-upinterfacethatau-
tomaticallypastesthecitationplaceholderbackintoScrivener. Refertothedoc-
umentationforPapersfordetailsonhowtousethis. Papersworksbestwiththe
.docor.docxformatratherthanRTF,whichmeansyoushouldusetheimproved
documentconvertersinScrivenerforbestresults(subsection24.3.2).
21.7 UsingEquationswithMathType
Ifpartofyourwritinginvolvestheadditionorconstructionofequationsinyour
draft,thenyoucanuseScrivener’sDesignScienceMathType
3
integrationtoinsert
equationobjectsintothedraft,muchlikeyouwouldanordinaryfigure.
Tocreateanewequation,positionyourcursorwhereyouwishtohaveitappear,
anduse
EditInsertMathTypeEquation
.IfyouhaveMathTypecorrectlyinstalled
onyourmachine,youwillseetheequationinterfacepopupovertheScrivenerwin-
dow. AnychangesmadewithinthiswindowwillbesavedbackintotheScrivener
projectwhenyouclosethewindow(bydefaultitwillaskforconfirmationwhen
closingthewindow)oruse
FileCloseandReturntoScrivener
.
Toeditanequationlateron,simplydouble-clickontheequationintheScrivener
editor.TheMathTypeinterfacewillpopupagain,andanychangesyoumakewillbe
savedbackintothefilewhenyoucloseit.
Equationsactmuchlikeordinaryimages. Theycanbealignedorstyledinthe
editor,andwhentheyarecompiledtheywillbeconvertedtoimagesandhandledas
theyordinarilywouldbefortheparticularformatinuse.
Equationscanbesavedandeditedfromanyrichtextfield,includingprojector
documentnotes.
TypingExpansionConflictSometypeexpansionapplications,suchasTypinator
andTextExpandercancauseScrivenerandMathTypetohavetroublescommuni-
catingwithoneanother. Themainsymptomofthiswillbeitemsthatrefuseto
savechanges,ortheinabilitytoinsertnewequations. Ifyouexperienceeitherof
3
http://www.dessci.com/en/products/mathtype/
21.7. USINGEQUATIONSWITHMATHTYPE
311
thesesymptoms,restartScrivenerandavoidusinganytextexpansiontoolswhile
workingwithequations(mostprogramsgiveyouasettingtoignoreparticularap-
plications,youmaywishtotakethisstep).
Chapter
22
UsingMultiMarkdown
Forthosewhopreferstructuralwritingsolutionstorichtext(andifthismeansnoth-
ingtoyou,youcanentirelyskipthissection),Scrivenerallowsyoutoimportand
exportusingFletcherT.Penney’sMultiMarkdownsyntax. MultiMarkdownmakes
iteasytogeneratedocumentsinanynumberofformats—forinstance, L
A
T
E
Xand
HTML5-usingabasicmarkupsyntax(forinstance,usingasteriskstodefine
**bold**
and
*italics*
).
Itisimportanttonotethatifyouhaveusednormalwordprocessors(suchasMi-
crosoftWordorOpenOffice.org)andrichtextfor yearsandhaveneverheardof
MultiMarkdown,structuralwritingorsuchformatsasL
A
T
E
X,youcanignorethis
aspectofScrivener.Scrivenerwasdesignedprimarilyasarichtextapplication;Mul-
tiMarkdownisimplementedinsuchawaythatthosewhowantitcanaccessiteasily
butthosewhohavenoneedofitneedneverbebotheredbyit. Ifyouarecurious
abouttheprocessandwouldliketoconsideradaptingit,youshouldreadWhatis
MultiMarkdown? (section22.2)foranoverviewofitsphilosophy,limitationsand
capabilities.
22.1 WhatisMarkdown?
TheMultiMarkdownsyntaxisbasedonthe“Markdown”syntaxcreatedbyJohn
Gruber,andthebestdescriptionofwhatMarkdowniscomesfromhisMarkdown
website,DaringFireball
1
:
Markdownisatext-to-HTMLconversiontoolforwebwriters.Mark-
downallowsyoutowriteusinganeasy-to-read,easy-to-writeplaintext
format,thenconvertittostructurallyvalidXHTML(orHTML).
Thus,‘Markdown’istwothings: (1)aplaintextformattingsyntax;
and(2)asoftwaretool,writteninPerl,thatconvertstheplaintextfor-
mattingtoHTML.SeetheSyntaxpagefordetailspertainingtoMark-
down’sformattingsyntax.Youcantryitout,rightnow,usingtheonline
Dingus.
TheoverridingdesigngoalforMarkdown’sformattingsyntaxisto
makeitasreadableaspossible. TheideaisthataMarkdown-formatted
1
http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/
312
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