63
Uranium and nuclear power
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Uranium – Canadian supply and demand 
(2013)
Canadian production .........................................................9.3 kt
y
y
y
all uranium from mines in Saskatchewan
annual value ≈$1.0 billion
Based on long-term contracts, uranium from Canadian mines 
is generally sent to purchasers in
1) Asia .........................................................40%
2) North America/Latin America ...................35%
3) Europe .....................................................25%
Exports ........................................................ ≈85% of production
y 14% of uranium purchased by U.S. nuclear reactors in 2013 
came from Canada, making Canada the second-largest foreign 
supplier of uranium to U.S. after Russia.
Domestic use ............................................... ≈15% of production
y to Canada’s CANDU reactors (ON and NB)
Spot prices
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64
Uranium and nuclear power
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Nuclear power – international context 
World generation – 2,345 TWh (2012)
1) United States  ................................................................  33%
2) France ...........................................................................  17%
3) Russia ..............................................................................  7%
4) Japan ...............................................................................  7%
5) South Korea .....................................................................  6%
6) Germany ...........................................................................4%
7) Canada ............................................................................ 4%
8) Ukraine ............................................................................  4%
CANDU nuclear reactors
y
y
y
Canada has developed a unique nuclear reactor called CANDU, 
for CANada Deuterium Uranium.
It uses pressurized fuel channels instead of a pressure vessel; 
natural instead of enriched uranium; and, heavy water as a 
coolant/moderator instead of light water found in pressurized 
water reactor designs.
In addition to Canada, CANDU reactors are found in India, 
Pakistan, Argentina, South Korea, Romania and China.
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65
Uranium and nuclear power
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Nuclear power plants in Canada
Facility
Province
Capacity 
(MW)
Units
Darlington
ON
3,740
4
Bruce B
ON
3,360
4
Bruce A
ON
3,300
4
Pickering B 
ON
2,160
4
Pickering A
ON
1,080
2
Point Lepreau
NB
680
1
MW: megawatt
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66
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
What is renewable energy?
y
y
y
y
y
Renewable energy is obtained from natural resources that can 
be naturally replenished or renewed within a human lifespan - 
that is, the resource is a sustainable source of energy.
Some natural resources, such as moving water, wind and 
sunshine, are not at risk of depletion.
Biomass is a renewable resource only if its rate of consumption 
does not exceed its rate of production.
A wide range of energy-producing technologies and equipment 
has been developed over time to take advantage of these 
natural resources.
Usable energy can be produced in the form of electricity, 
industrial heat, thermal energy for space and water 
conditioning, and transportation fuels.
Renewable energy
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67
Renewable energy
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Main sources and uses in Canada
Hydro
Wind
Tidal
Earth
- high temperature
- geothermal heat  
pump
Solar
- photovoltaic
- thermal (air/water)
Biomass
- wood waste
- pulping liquor
- landfill gas
- municipal &  
industrial wastes
- firewood
- grains & oilseeds
Electricity
Heat
(e.g. space heating, 
industrial process)
Fuels
68
Renewable energy
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
International context 
World production – 73,766 PJ or 1,762 Mtoe  
(2012)
1) China  .............................................................................18%
2) India ...............................................................................11%
3) United States ....................................................................7%
4) Brazil ................................................................................7%
5) Nigeria .............................................................................6%
6) Indonesia ..........................................................................4%
7) Canada .............................................................................3%
Share of energy supply from renewable sources 
(2012)
World ..............................................................................13.2%
OECD countries only ..........................................................8.6%
Canada .............................................................................18.3%
Canadian production  
(2012)
Total renewable energy – 1,916 PJ or 46 Mtoe
Hydro ..............................................................................71.3%
Wood/wood waste ...........................................................23.3%
Wind ...............................................................................2.12%
Biogasoline ......................................................................1.90%
Municipal waste/landfill gas .............................................0.75%
Industrial and other waste ................................................0.31%
Biodiesel ..........................................................................0.27%
Solar photovoltaic ............................................................0.06%
Tidal ..............................................................................0.005%
69
Renewable energy - Hydro
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Hydroelectricity 
International context
World generation of hydroelectricity – 3,673 TWh 
(2012)
1) China. .............................................................................23%
2) Brazil ...............................................................................11%
3) Canada ...........................................................................10%
4) United States .....................................................................8%
5) Russia ................................................................................5%
Share of hydroelectricity in net electricity 
generation (2011)
1) Norway............................................................................96%
2) Brazil ...............................................................................80%
3) Venezuela ........................................................................70%
4) Canada ...........................................................................60%
By comparison:
China ...................................................................................15%
United States .........................................................................8%
70
Renewable energy - Hydro
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Hydroelectricity
Hydroelectricity capacity in Canada – 75,403 MW 
(2011)
Major hydro facilities in Canada >1,000 MW
Power plant
Province
Capacity (MW)
Robert-Bourassa
QC
5,616
Churchill Falls
NL
5,429
La Grande 4
QC
2,779
Gordon M Shrum
BC
2,730
La Grande 3
QC
2,417
La Grande 2A
QC
2,106
Revelstoke
BC
1,980
Mica
BC
1,805
Beauharnois
QC
1,755
Manic 5
QC
1,528
Sir Adam Beck 2
ON
1,499
La Grande 1
QC
1,436
Limestone
MB
1,349
Manic 3
QC
1,244
Kettle
MB
1,223
Bersimis 1
QC
1,125
Manic 5 PA
QC
1,064
Robert H Saunders
ON
1,045
Manic 2
QC
1,041
Outardes 3
QC
1,026
Long Spruce
MB
1,016
Kemano
BC
1,000
71
Renewable energy - Hydro
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Hydroelectricity
Major projects under construction
Project
Province
Size (MW)
Expected in-
service
Waneta Expansion
BC
435
2015
La Romaine Complex
QC
1,550
2014–2020
Muskrat Falls
NL
824
2017
Lower Mattagami
ON
438
2015
Total
3,247
Major projects under consideration
Project
Province
Size (MW)
Gull Island
NL
2,250
Keeyask
MB
695
Mica 5/6
BC
1,000
Peace River Site C
BC
1,100
Total
5,045
Projects - Grand total
8,292
72
Renewable energy - Wind
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Wind power 
International context
World capacity of wind power – 318,105 MW  
(2013)
1) China  .............................................................................29%
2) United States ..................................................................19%
3) Germany .........................................................................11%
4) Spain ................................................................................7%
5) India .................................................................................6%
...
9) Canada .............................................................................2%
Wind power in Canada
Generation – 11.2 TWh, 1.8% of total electricity (2012)
Capacity (end of 2013) – 7,803 MW
Installed capacity
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