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B
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e
n S
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fr
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m th
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e
n S
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ce
R
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v
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luti
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n,ed.Chris DiBona,Sam Ockman,and
Mark Stone,171–85.San Francisco:O’Reilly,1999.
Picarille,Lisa,and Malcolm Maclachlan.“Apple Defends Open
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Raymond,Eric.Th
e
Cath
e
dral and th
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:
Mu
s
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n Linux and Op
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S
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by an A
cc
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322 …
B
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Slind-Flor,Victoria.“Linux May Alter IP Legal Landscape:Some
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B
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LIOGRA
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I
N
DEX
Accent,93
Accolade,258
Adleman,Len,270
Allen,Paul,133
Allman,Eric,172–73
Alpha chip,69–71,93,128,186,
209,211
Amabile,Theresa,168
Amiga,211
Amstadt,Bob,21
Apache Foundation,230
Apache group
core team of,237
membership of,237–38
open source and,237
Apache web server,5,136,
152–53,173,178,281,297
compensation for members
working on,190
C2Net’s modifications to,
222–25,237
IBM’s use of,181–83
Apple Computer,2–3,4,15,19,
51,55,60,74,178,299
crashed while using systems
from,6
graphical user interface devel-
oped by,87,121–22
intellectual property lawsuits
from,87–88
MacOS from,60,93,175
Microsoft and,2–3,4,87
Newton handheld device from,
117
open source and,162–64,171,
172,175–76,179,180,185,
282,294
stability of,6,294
AppleScript,122–23
Appletalk,159
Applixware,297
Artistic license,101
AT&T
control of UNIX by,37–38,49,
81–82,93,95,132
lawsuit over BSD by,38,
41–42,49–52,54
logo used by,105
FreeForAll/325-340/repro  4/21/00  11:47 AM  Page 325
AT&T (
co
nt.)
original development of UNIX
and,34–35
support for University of
California at Berkeley from,
50–51,66
Unix Systems Laboratories
(USL) of,38,49
Atari,211
Babelfish,128
Baratz,Alan,177
Baron,David,147–50,151,179
Basic,94
Bates,Jeff,180,233
Be,3
Behlendorf,Brian,136,173,181,
200,237
Bell Labs,34,50,70,82,95
BeOS operating system,3,4
Berkeley,University of California
at
AT&T’s control of UNIX and
lawsuit against,38,41–42,
49–52,54
AT&T’s support for,50–51,66
development of BSD (Berkeley
Software Distribution) and,
17,37–38,66,92,257
free software movement and,
37–39
TCP
/
IP developed at,43–44,
97
Berkeley Software Design
Incorporated (BSDI),48–49
Berkeley Software Distribution.
S
ee
BSD
Bernstein,Daniel,274
Biden,Joe,31
BitKeeper,195–98,203
Blue Mountain Arts,18
Bostic,Keith,38,44–45,51,52,
111
bounty system,and software
development,199–203
BSD (Berkeley Software
Distribution)
AT&T’s control of UNIX and
lawsuit over,38,41–42,
49–52,54
cooperation among program-
mers and changes to,44–48
corporate use of,130–32
development of,37–38
differences between supporters
of GNU General Public
License (GPL) usage and,
135–38
evolution of,93–97
first distribution of,94
free distribution over the
Internet of,48–49
license for,49,51,92,257–58
sharing via Internet for,47
Stallman on,96
TCP
/
IP development and,
43–44,97
University of California at
Berkeley and development
of,17,37–38,92,257
326 …
I
N
DEX
FreeForAll/325-340/repro  4/21/00  11:47 AM  Page 326
use of name,17
BSD releases
Network Release 1,43–44,46,
47
Network Release 2,38,46,47,
48,49–52,54
386BSD,47,48,209–10
4.3BSD,208
4.4BSD-Lite,52,66,99,208
Bureau of Export Affairs,
Department of Commerce,
274
BYTEmagazine,78,288
Caldera,144,243,255,280,282,
287
capital formation,283–89
Carnegie-Mellon University,60,
92
“Cathedral and the Bazaar,The”
(Raymond),107–11,
112–13,172,221
C compiler,GNU (GCC),
119–20
Cygnus’s work with,191–93,
197–99
GNU project and,36–37
Stallman’s programming of,
36–37
CheapBytes,252
chess program,GNU,36,42,67
Clark,James,150,179
cleanroom operation,45
Coar,Ken,181–82
Commerce Department,274
Community Source License,Sun,
130,176–77,236
Compaq,69,93,186,299
competition
copyright and,79
freedom and,86
free software movement and,
186–87
GNU General Public License
(GPL) and,240–41
Microsoft and market domina-
tion and,2–5,13,78,187,
247,250,251,252,266,
299,300
Computer Systems Research
Group (CSRG),University
of California at Berkeley
AT&T’s control of UNIX and
lawsuit against,38,41–42,
49–52,54
AT&T’s support for,50–51
development of BSD (Berkeley
Software Distribution) and,
37–38,43–44,54,66,92
free software movement and,
92
Connectix,20,21,23,258
copyleft,4,87–88
copyright
BSD (Berkeley Software
Distribution) and,92
free software movement and,
261–64
GNU General Public License
(GPL) and,87–88
I
N
DEX
… 327
FreeForAll/325-340/repro  4/21/00  11:47 AM  Page 327
copyright (
co
nt.)
software market competition
and,79
Stallman on,141–42
Copyright Term Extension Act of
1998 (CETA),261–62
corporations
bounties put on source code
development in,199–203
BSD (Berkeley Software
Distribution) and,130–32
model of selling services
instead of source code by,
190–94
use of open source by,74–75,
111–12,171–87
CoSource,200,201–3
Cox,Alan,7–9,12–13,26,64,72,
136,159,168
employment of,178,199
Linux kernel work of,8,10,
11–12,115
Torvalds’s working relationship
with,8–9
Cox,Telsa,7,8
Cr
e
ativ
e
C
o
mputingmagazine,78
Cringely,Robert X.,166–67,289
CSRG.S
ee
Computer Systems
Research Group,University
of California at Berkeley
CSS,148
C2Net,222–28
Cygnus Solutions,119,203,291,
292
GNU General Public License
(GPL) and,193–94
merger between Red Hat and,
194,251
support for GNU C compiler
(GCC) from,191–93,
197–99
Daniel,Hugh,98–99
DARPA (Defense Advanced
Research Projects Agency),
33,95
Darwin project,175–76
Debian group,10,26,68,72–73,
137,174,281
budget of,155,236
charitable arm of,154,236
core team of,231–36
free software distribution by,
243,244
open source and,100–101
support services from,304
DEC (Digital Equipment
Corporation),43,69–71,93
Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency (DARPA),
33,95
Demetriou,Chris,214
Department of Commerce,274
Department of Justice,and
Microsoft,1–4,5,77,133
de Raadt,Theo,99,136,179,
272–73
split from NetBSD by,211–15
starting of OpenBSD by,
215–18
da Silva,Peter,66
development models
328 …
I
N
DEX
FreeForAll/325-340/repro  4/21/00  11:47 AM  Page 328
bounties put on source code
and,199–203
different approaches to sharing
in,112–18
forks and,221
limitations of,118–20
Raymond’s essay on,107–11,
112–13
Digital Equipment Corporation
(DEC),43,69–71,93
Disney Corporation,142,261,
262
Domain Name Server (DNS),
294
Emacs text editor,9,35,42,81,
95,113,136–37,169,
207–8,281,286
e-mail lists,234
Apache,238
FreeBSD,17–20
Linux Kernel,11,12,72,159
WINE project,22–23
emulators,and WINE project,
20–23
encryption software,97–99,
267–68,271–73
Engelschall,Ralf S.,225,226–27
E
*
Trade,249–50
Ewing,Marc,248
export regulations,274
Fabry,Bob,95
Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI),31,268
federal government regulation
copyright and,261–64
encryption software and,
267–68,271–73
forking,205–28
attitude of free software com-
munity toward,206–7
de Raadt’s split from BSD and,
211–18
merging after,222–28
temporary forks,218–21
threat of disunity from,207–8
versions of BSD (Berkeley
Software Distribution) soft-
ware and,208–11
4.3BSD,208
4.4BSD-Lite,52,66,99,208
FreeBSD,5,27,29,47,54,64,
73,98,99,130,134,174,
211,297
Apple open source project and,
176
corporate use of,181
donations to,155
e-mail lists used for linking
people in,17–20
forking decision of,209–10
incorporating changes into,
18–19
Linux as cousin to,17–18,66
market for releases from,48,
211,218,291
number of users of,18
success of,15,209
Free Software Foundation (FSF),
9,38,67,79,113,286,287,
299
I
N
DEX
… 329
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