devexpress pdf viewer asp.net mvc : Convert .pdf to .jpg Library SDK API .net wpf azure sharepoint endnotex6machelp29-part673

Forcitationsinan(Author,Year)format,EndNotecanaddalettertotheyeartomakecitationsfromthesameauthorpublishedin
thesameyeardistinguishablefromeachother.Theletterappendedtotheyearwillappearinboththein-textcitationsandref-
erencesinthebibliography.
(Smith1995a)
(Smith1995b)
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Modifying
Style
Templates
NumberingCitations
ThesettingsinthecitationNumberingpanelapplyonlywhen"BibliographyNumber"isusedintheCitation
Template
.This
createsuniquelynumberedcitationsinthetextofthepaper;thenumberscorrespondtoentriesinthebibliography.Forpapersfor-
mattedwithanumberedstyle,theseoptionsarerelevanttomultiplecitationsgroupedwithinonesetofcitationdelimiters
1
.
Whenunformatted,amultiplecitationlookslikethis:
{Keys,1998#93;Jen,1996#88;
UseNumberRangesforConsecutiveCitations
Whenthisoptionischecked,consecutivebibliographynumbersappearinginamultiplecitationarejoinedbyasinglehyphen,for
example:
…asshownbytheBerkeleystudiesconductedin19873-6and19891,7.
GroupedReferences
TheGroupedReferenceoptionallowsyoutocitewithonenumberanyreferencesthatalwaysappeartogetherinthepaperas
multiplecitations.Thecitationsarenotgiventheirownnumbers,butratheronenumberisusedbothinthetextandthebib-
liographytoidentifythewholegroupofcitations.Withthissetting,youalsohavetheoptiontospecifyhowthegroupedref-
erencesinthebibliographyshouldbeseparated.
Thisoptionshowsasemicolonandaspaceasaseparator:
1. McCormick,MP,GeophysicalResearchLetters(1999)15,907;
CompositeCitations
Withingroupedreferences,youcandifferentiateindividualcitationswithletters.
Todefineacompositecitation:
1. Selecttheboxto“Useletterstoseparategroupedreferences.”
2. Usethe“Presentlettersin”listtoselectLowercaseorUppercaseletters.
1
Delimitersarepunctuationmarksthatseparatesonetermorfield(oranypieceofdata)fromanother.Delimitersareusedinthecon-
textoftemporarycitationmarkers(thecurlybracesaredefaultdelimitersthatidentifythetemporarycitationsinthebodyofyourtext)
andtermlists.
Convert .pdf to .jpg - Convert PDF to JPEG images in C#.net, ASP.NET MVC, WinForms, WPF project
How to convert PDF to JPEG using C#.NET PDF to JPEG conversion / converter library control SDK
change pdf to jpg image; c# convert pdf to jpg
Convert .pdf to .jpg - VB.NET PDF Convert to Jpeg SDK: Convert PDF to JPEG images in vb.net, ASP.NET MVC, WinForms, WPF project
Online Tutorial for PDF to JPEG (JPG) Conversion in VB.NET Image Application
batch pdf to jpg converter online; batch pdf to jpg
3. Selecttheappropriateletterformatforin-textformattedcitations.Theexamplesillustratehowlettersandnumbersappear
forconsecutivecitationsandranges.
l
(1a,1b),(1a,1b,2a-c)
Thenumberalwaysappearswithastand-aloneletterorwiththefirstletterofarange.Thisisthedefaultsetting.
l
(1a,b),(1a,b,2a-c)
Onlytheletterofthefirstcitationofthecompositeisprecededwiththenumber.
l
(1a,b),(1a,1b,2a-c)
Theletterofthefirstcitationofthecompositeisprecededwithanumber;additionallettersincludeanumberonlyifthere
couldbeambiguity.
l
(1a,1b),(1a,1b,2a-2c)
Lettersarealwaysprecededbyanumber.
4. Usethe“Precedeby”and“Followby”boxestoenteranycharacter(s)thatyouwanttosurroundtheletterinthebib-
liography.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Modifying
Style
Templates
CitationAuthorLists
IfthestyleyouareusingliststheauthornamesintheCitationtemplateoftheStylewindow,youcanusetheAuthorListoptions
(aswellastheAuthorNamespanel)tocontrolhowtheauthorsappearinyourin-textcitations.Ifyourcitationsdonotincludethe
authornames,ignoretheAuthorListpanel.
SeparatorsBetweenAuthorNames
Inthe"AuthorSeparators"box,enteranypunctuationandspacesthatseparatetheindividualauthornamesinacitation.Inref-
erenceswithmultipleauthors,itisstandardtoseparatethenameswithacommaandaspace.
l
Usethe"between"boxtoenteracommaandaspace,oranyotherrequiredpunctuation.
l
Inthe"beforelast"box,entertheseparatorthatappearsbeforethelastauthorinareference.Sometimesthisissomething
otherthanacommaandaspace,suchas",and"oranampersand(&)followedbyaspace.
l
Inthe"beforelastinformat:Author(Year)"box,entertheseparatorthatappearsbeforethelastauthorintheAuthor(Year)for-
mat.Thebehaviorofthisoptionisthesameasthe"beforelast"box.Thisallowsyoutomeetthespecificationsofsomestyles
thatrequiredifferentformatsdependingonwhethertheformatusedisthedefaultformatortheAuthor(Year)format.Byenter-
ingavalueinthisfield,youdonothavetoediteachofthecitations,references,orfootnotes.
NormallyonlythefirstrowintheAuthorSeparatorsboxisused(withtherangeofauthorssetat"1to100")sothattheseparators
inthatrowapplytoalloftheauthorscitedinareference.However,therearestylesinwhichtwoauthorsarelistedas"Smithand
Jones"(withoutacomma),andmorethantwoarelistedas"Smith,Jones,andJohnson"(withacommabeforetheword"and").
Inthiscase,make"and"the"Separatorbeforelastauthor"whenthereareonlytwoauthors;andenter",and"whenthereare3
ormoreauthors.
Note:Includespacesaftercommasaswellasbeforeandaftertheword"and".
Online Convert Jpeg to PDF file. Best free online export Jpg image
Online JPEG to PDF Converter. Download Free Trial. Convert a JPG to PDF. You can drag and drop your JPG file in the box, and then start
convert pdf picture to jpg; bulk pdf to jpg
Online Convert PDF to Jpeg images. Best free online PDF JPEG
Download Free Trial. Convert a PDF File to JPG. Easy converting! We try to make it as easy as possible to convert your PDF files to JPG.
convert pdf to 300 dpi jpg; convert pdf to gif or jpg
AbbreviatingtheAuthorList,FirstAppearance
Somejournalsrequirethatyouabbreviatethelistofauthors,using"etal."oranequivalent,afteracertainnumberofauthors.The
AbbreviatedAuthorListsectionoftheAuthorListspanelallowsyoutospecifythenumberofauthorsneededtotriggerthisabbre-
viation,howmanyauthorstoincludeintheformattedreference,andwhattheabbreviationshouldbe.
Listallauthornames
Selectthisoptionifyoudonotwanttoabbreviatetheauthorlists.
If___ormoreauthors,listthefirst___author(s)
Selectthisoptionandfillintheblankswiththeappropriatenumbersifyouwouldlikethelistofauthorsabbreviated.
andabbreviatewith
Enteranabbreviationsuchas",etal."Youcanitalicizetheabbreviationbyselectingthe"Italic"checkboxinthedialog.
AbbreviatingtheAuthorList,SubsequentAppearances
Insomebibliographicstyles,ifareferenceiscitedmorethanonceinyourpaperthefirstappearanceofitinanin-textcitationis
formatteddifferentlyfromsubsequentcitations.Forexample,thefirstcitationmightlistallauthors,whilesubsequentcitations
listonlythefirstauthorfollowedby"etal."
UsetheFirstAppearanceauthorlistsettingstospecifythewaytheauthorsappearthefirsttimethereferenceiscited.Usethe
SubsequentAppearancesoptionstoformatauthorsinallotherappearancesofthecitation.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Author
List
(Bibliography
and
Footnotes)
Citation
Author
Names
Modifying
Style
Templates
CitationAuthorNames
NameFormat
TheNameFormatsectionallowsyoutospecifyhowtheauthornamesshouldlook—whetherthefirstorlastnameshouldcome
first,andwhetherthereshouldbeacommaafterthelastname.
FirstAuthor/OtherAuthors:Usingthelistfor"FirstAuthor"and"OtherAuthors",youcanhavethefirstauthorappeardif-
ferentlyfromtheotherauthorsinareference.Fromtheselists,selecttheexamplethatshowsthenameintheorderthatyou
wouldlikeittobeinthecitation.Ifthein-textcitationsuseonlythelastname,thissettingisnotimportant.
Capitalization:Specifyhowyouwouldliketheauthornamestoappear.
l
AsIs  (asenteredinthereference)
l
Normal   (firstletterofeachnameiscapitalized)
l
ALLUPPERCASE
l
SmallCaps (thesemayormaynotbesupportedbyyourwordprocessor)
Ifyouapplyacapitalizationoptiontoauthornames,buthaveaspecificnamethatyoudonotwantchanged,youcanusethe
ChangeCasepreferencetoleavethatnameasentered.SeeChange
Case
Preferences
.
Initials:Selectfromtheavailableoptionsinthelisttospecifyhowtheinitialsshouldlookinthecitations.SelectLastOnlyifyou
onlyneedthelastnameoftheauthorstoappearinthecitations.
C# Image Convert: How to Convert Adobe PDF to Jpeg, Png, Bmp, &
This demo code just converts first page to jpeg image. String inputFilePath = @"C:\input.pdf"; String outputFilePath = @"C:\output.jpg"; // Convert PDF to jpg.
change pdf into jpg; changing pdf to jpg
C# Image Convert: How to Convert Tiff Image to Jpeg, Png, Bmp, &
RasterEdge.XDoc.PDF.dll. This demo code will convert first page to jpeg image. C:\input.tif"; String outputFilePath = @"C:\output.jpg"; // Convert tiff to jpg.
change from pdf to jpg; to jpeg
"Useinitialsonlyforprimaryauthorswiththesamename"
Thisoptionallowsforinitialstobeusedonlywhenthereareprimaryauthorswiththesamelastnameincludedinthebibliography.
Regardlessofwhetherornottheresultingcitationsareambiguous(thatis,theycouldbefromdifferentyears),EndNotewilladd
theinitialstothosecitationstoclarifythattheyarefromdifferentauthorswhohappentohavethesamesurname.
ConsecutiveCitationsbytheSameAuthor
Ifamultiplecitationincludesworksbythesameauthor,somestylesrequestthatyounotrepeattheauthorname.Checktheset-
tingto"omitrepeatedauthors"andEndNotewillomittheauthornamefromthecitationafteritfirstappears.Inorderforthisset-
tingtobeused,thecitationsmustallbegroupedtogetherinamultiplecitation,andthecitationsbythesameauthormustappear
onerightaftertheother.
Forexample,areferencesuchasthis:
(Smith,1993;Smith,1999;Wyatt,2000)
wouldbechangedtolooklikethis:
(Smith,1993,1999;Wyatt,2000)
Youhavetheadditionaloptioninthiscasetochoosetheseparatortousebetweenthesecitations.Noticeintheexampleabove,
thestylenormallyusesasemicolontoseparatemultiplecitations.Butwhenthereareaseriesofcitationsbythesameauthor,
therepeatedauthornamesaredroppedandtheyearsareseparatedbycommas.Inthiscase,acommaandaspaceshouldbe
enteredasthepunctuationwithwhichtoseparatetheconsecutivecitationsbythesameauthor.
Ifyouhaveenteredcitationswithsuffixesandyouwouldlikethosecitationsexcludedfromthisformatting,check"Don’tomit
authorsfromcitationswithsuffixes.Forexample,iftworeferencesbythesameauthorincludedpagenumbers:
(Smith,1993p24;Smith,1999p5;Wyatt,2000)
somestylesrequestthatyoudoleavetheauthornameinthesecondcitationforclarity.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Author
Names
(Bibliography
and
Footnotes)
Citation
Author
Lists
Modifying
Style
Templates
AuthorLists(BibliographyandFootnotes)
TheAuthorListspanelsundertheBibliographyandFootnotesheadingsletyouspecifyexactlyhowtheauthorsaretoappearin
theformattedbibliographicreferencesorinyourfootnotes.Youcanformatauthornamesdifferentlyinthefootnotesandbib-
liography,sobesurethatyouchecktheAuthorListssettingsunderboththeBibliographyandtheFootnotesheadingstoadjust
settings.Thesettingsinthesepanelsapplytoallreferencetypesformattedwiththecurrentstyle.
SeparatorsBetweenAuthorNames
Inthe"AuthorSeparators"box,enteranypunctuationandspacesthatseparatetheindividualauthornamesinabibliographicref-
erence.Inreferenceswithmultipleauthors,itisstandardtoseparatethenameswithacommaandaspace.
l
Usethe"between"boxtoenteracommaandaspaceoranyotherrequiredpunctuation.
l
Usethe"beforelast"boxtoentertheseparatorthatappearsbeforethelastauthorinareference.Sometimesthisis
C# Create PDF from images Library to convert Jpeg, png images to
Batch convert PDF documents from multiple image formats, including Jpg, Png, Bmp, Gif, Tiff, Bitmap, .NET Graphics, and REImage.
change pdf to jpg file; changing pdf to jpg file
VB.NET PDF Convert to Images SDK: Convert PDF to png, gif images
Resize converted image files in VB.NET. Convert PDF to Jpg, Png, Bmp, Gif, Tiff and Bitmap in ASP.NET. Embed PDF to image converter in viewer.
pdf to jpg; bulk pdf to jpg converter
somethingotherthanacommaandaspace,suchas",and"oranampersand(&)followedbyaspace.
l
Usethe"beforelastinformat:Author(Year)"boxtoentertheseparatorthatappearsbeforethelastauthorwhenusingthe
Author(Year)bibliographicformat.Byenteringavalueinthisbox,youdonothavetoediteachofthecitationsandfoot-
notes.
NormallyonlythefirstrowintheAuthorSeparatorsboxisused(withtherangeofauthorssetat"1to100")sothattheseparators
inthatrowapplytoalloftheauthorscitedinareference.However,therearestylesinwhichtwoauthorsarelistedas"Smithand
Jones"(withoutacomma),andmorethantwoarelistedas"Smith,Jones,andJohnson"(withacommabeforetheword"and").
Inthiscase,make"and"the"beforelast"separatorwhenthereareonlytwoauthors;andenter",and"whenthereare3ormore
authors.
Note:Includespacesaftercommasaswellasbeforeandaftertheword"and".
APA6thSettings
TheAPA
6th
settingsallowsyoutodisplaythefirstsixauthors(oreditors)followedbythetext(presetto“,...”)followedbythe
lastauthor(oreditor).Selecttheradiobuttonthatsays:
"Ifeightormoreauthors,listthefirst6authors,insert,...andaddthelastauthor'sname."
Whenthissettingisselected,itoverrideswhateversettingsareintheAuthorSeparatorsandEditorSeparatorssettingsatthe
topofthepanels.
Note:Thedefaultvalueis",..."Youcan,however,changethisvalue-forexample,youcansetthisvalueto"etal."orwhatever
styleyouchoose.
AbbreviatingtheAuthorList
Somejournalsrequirethatyouabbreviatethelistofauthors,using"etal."oranequivalent,afteracertainnumberofauthors.The
AbbreviatedAuthorListsectionoftheAuthorListpanelallowsyoutospecifythenumberofauthorsneededtotriggerthisabbre-
viation,howmanyauthorstoincludeintheformattedreference,andwhattheabbreviationshouldbe.
Listallauthornames
Selectthisoptionifyoudonotwanttoabbreviatetheauthorlists.
If___ormoreauthors,listthefirst___author(s)
Selectthisoptionandfillintheblankswiththeappropriatenumbersifyouwouldlikethelistofauthorsabbreviated.
andabbreviatewith
Enteranabbreviationsuchas"etal."Youcanitalicizetheabbreviationbyselectingthe"Italic"checkboxinthedialog.
ForSubsequentWorksbytheSameAuthor
Insomebibliographicstyles,ifathereismorethanoneworkbyanauthor(orgroupofauthors),thefirstappearanceofthatauthor
nameisformatteddifferentlyfromsubsequentworks.Forexample,thefirstreferencemightlistthefullauthorname,whilesub-
sequentreferencesdisplayalineofdashesinplaceoftheauthorname.
Youcanprinttheentireauthorlistforeachreference,completelyleaveouttheauthorlistforsubsequentworks,orreplace
repeatedauthorlistswithatextstring.
AbbreviatedAuthorList-ShortForm(forfootnotesonly)
Listallauthornames
Selectthisoptionifyoudonotwanttoabbreviatetheauthorlists.
C# TIFF: C#.NET Code to Convert JPEG Images to TIFF
Use C# Code to Convert Jpeg to Tiff. string[] imagePaths = { @"C:\demo1.jpg", @"C:\demo2.jpg", @"C:\demo3.jpg" }; // Construct List<REImage> object.
best pdf to jpg converter for; convert pdf photo to jpg
VB.NET PDF - Convert PDF with VB.NET WPF PDF Viewer
4. To Image. Convert PDF to image formats, such as PNG, JPG, BMP and GIF. Copyright © <2000-2015> by <RasterEdge.com>. All Rights Reserved.
convert pdf file into jpg; convert pdf image to jpg
If___ormoreauthors,listthefirst___author(s)
Selectthisoptionandfillintheblankswiththeappropriatenumbersifyouwouldlikethelistofauthorsabbreviated.
andabbreviatewith
Enteranabbreviationsuchas "etal." Youcanitalicizetheabbreviationbyselectingthe"Italic"checkboxinthedialog.
WhenyouarefinisheddefiningyourshortformAuthorListsfootnotestyles:
1. FromtheFilemenu,clickSaveAs.
2. Giveyourupdatedsettingsaname(forexample,"MyChicago15thAuthorLists"),andthenclickSave.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Author
Names
(Bibliography
and
Footnotes)
Citation
Author
Lists
Modifying
Style
Templates
AuthorNames(BibliographyandFootnotes)
NameFormat
ThereisanAuthorNamespanelforbibliographiesandfootnotes,aswellasforcitations.Somestylesrequestthatauthornames
areformatteddifferentlyinallthreecases.BesurethatyouselecttheAuthorNamespanelfromundertheappropriateheading.
TheauthornamesformatforcitationsisdescribedinCitation
Author
Names
.Thistopicdescribestheoptionsthatareavailable
forboththefootnoteandbibliographyAuthorNamespanel.
Thesesettingsareforchoosinghowauthornamesshouldlook—forexample,whetherthefirstorlastnameshouldcomefirst,
whetherthereshouldbeacommaafterthelastname,andhowthenamesshouldbecapitalized.
FirstAuthor/OtherAuthors:UsingthelistforFirstAuthorandOtherAuthors,youcanhavethefirstauthorappeardifferently
fromtheotherauthorsinareference.Fromtheselists,selecttheexamplethatshowsthenameintheorderthatyouwantinthe
reference.
Capitalization:Specifyhowauthornamesshouldappear.
l
AsIs   (asenteredinthereference)
l
Normal   (firstletterofeachnameiscapitalized)
l
ALLUPPERCASE
l
SmallCaps(thesemayormaynotbesupportedbyyourwordprocessor)
Ifyouapplyacapitalizationoptiontoauthornames,buthaveaspecificnamethatyoudonotwantchanged,youcanusethe
ChangeCasepreferencetoleavethatnameasentered.SeeChange
Case
Preferences
.
Initials:Selectfromtheavailableoptionsinthelisttospecifyhowtheinitialsshouldappearintheformattedreferences.Click
theInitialslisttochoosehowtheauthors’firstandmiddlenamesshouldbeformatted.Ifyouhavenotenteredthefullfirstnames
andyouselecttheFullNamesoption,EndNoteusesthenamesasyouhaveenteredthemintothereference.SelectLastOnlyto
showjustthelastname,withnofirstormiddleinitials.
Note:InitialsenteredintoanEndNotereferencemustbeseparatedbyaperiodoraspace(suchasM.J.SteinorMJStein).
Twoletterstogether(suchasMJStein)willnotbeinterpretedastwoinitials,butinsteadasatwo-letterfirstname.
NameFormat-ShortForm
ThereisanAuthorNamespanelfordisplayingfootnotesinshortform.
FirstAuthor/OtherAuthors:UsingthelistforFirstAuthorandOtherAuthors,youcanhavethefirstauthorappeardifferently
fromtheotherauthorsinafootnote.Fromtheselists,selecttheexamplethatshowsthenameintheorderthatyouwantinthe
footnote.
l
JaneSmith
l
Smith,Jane
l
SmithJane
Capitalization:Specifyhowauthornamesshouldappear.Forexample:
l
AsIs
l
Normal
l
AllUppercase
l
SmallCaps
Initials:Selectfromtheavailableoptionsinthelisttospecifyhowtheinitialsshouldappearintheformattedfootnote.Forexam-
ple:
l
FullName
l
LastName
l
A.B.
l
A.B.
l
AB
l
AB
WhenyouarefinisheddefiningyourshortformAuthorNamefootnotestyles:
1.  FromtheFilemenu,selectSaveAs.
2. Giveyourupdatedsettingsaname(forexample,"MyChicago15thAuthors"),andthenclickSave.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Author
List
(Bibliography
and
Footnotes)
Citation
Author
Names
Modifying
Style
Templates
EditorListandEditorNames
Tospecifyhowtheeditors’namesaretobeformatted,selectEditorListorEditorNamefromundertheBibliographyorFootnote
heading.Inthosepanelsyouwillfindsomeofthesamesettingsthathavebeendescribedforformattingauthornames.
TheEditorListsettingsapplytothegenericSecondaryAuthor,TertiaryAuthor,andSubsidiaryAuthorfields.Thesefields
includes"Editor"intheBookSectionandConferenceProceedingsreferencetypes,and"SeriesEditor"intheBookandEdited
Bookreferencetypes.
TheinstructionsfortheEditorListpanelareidenticaltothosedescribedfortheAuthor
List
panel.Similarly,theNameFormat
optionsintheEditorNamepanelarethesameasthoseforAuthor
Names
.
"Editors"AreConsideredPrimaryAuthorsforEditedBookReferenceTypes
TheAuthorListandAuthorNamessettingsapplytotheprimaryauthorfieldofeachreferencetype.Therefore,AuthorListand
AuthorNamesapplytotheeditor’snameinanEditedBook.AndtheEditorListandEditorNamessettingsapplytotheSeries
Editor’snameinanEditedBookreferencetype.
NameFormat-ShortForm
Tospecifyhowtheeditors’namesandtheabbreviatededitors'listaretobeformattedinshortform,selectEditorListorEditor
NamefromundertheFootnoteheading.Inthosepanelsyouwillfindsomeofthesamesettingsthathavebeendescribedforfor-
mattingauthornames.
Usethemenustoselecthowyouwanttoformatthefollowinginfootnotes:
l
Firstauthor
l
Otherauthors
l
Capitalization
l
Initials
WhenyouarefinisheddefiningyourshortformEditorName/EditorListsfootnotestyles:
1.  FromtheFilemenu,selectSaveAs.
2. Giveyourupdatedsettingsaname(forexample,"MyChicago15thEditors"),andthenclickSave.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Modifying
Style
Templates
BibliographyLayout
UndertheBibliographyheadingthereisaLayoutoptionthatprovidesoptionsforinsertingtextbeforeandaftereachreferencein
abibliography,aswellasapplyinghangingindentstoyourreferences.
AddingTextBeforeEachReference
Inthe"Starteachreferencewith"section,youcanspecifywhatinformation,ifany,shouldappearbeforeeachreferenceinyour
bibliography.(Forinformationonhowtoaddaprefixbeforeacitation,seeTemporary
Citations
).
Acommonreferenceprefixisthebibliographynumber,whichisusedbyallnumberedstylestonumberthereferencesinabib-
liography.
Toaddabibliographynumberbeforeeachreference:
1. OpentheStyleManagerbyselectingOutputStylesfromtheEditmenu,andthenselectingOpenStyleManager.
2. Selectthestylethatyouwouldliketoedit,andthenclickEdit.
3. AftertheStylewindowopens,selectLayoutfromundertheBibliographyheading.
4. Clickinthetextboxbelowthe"Starteachreferencewith"section,andselectBibliographyNumberfromtheInsertField
list.
5. Typethenecessarypunctuationafterthebibliographynumber(suchasaperiodandaspace)orinsertatabfromtheInsert
Fieldlist.
Withastyleconfiguredinthisway,EndNotecreatesabibliographywithnumberedreferences,suchas:
1. Argus,M.V.NewpaleontologicalexcavationtechniquesNature19,234-237(1993).
Note:Tocreateahangingindent,wherethesecondandsubsequentlinesofareferenceareindented,seeHanging
Indents
below.
OtherReferencePrefixFields
OthercommonlyusedreferenceprefixesappearintheInsertFieldlist.
SomebibliographicstylesuseaLabelinthecitationandthebibliographytorefertoeachentrywithashortmnemoniccode,often
theauthor’snameandthelasttwodigitsoftheyear.Whenyouenterreferencesintoyourlibrary,youcantypethemnemonic
codedirectlyintotheLabelfield.WhenEndNotebuildsabibliography,itcanputthatcodebeforeeachreference.
SelectingCitationasareferenceprefixallowsyoutolabelthereferencesinthebibliographywiththein-textcitation.
ReferenceTypewillinsertthereferencetype(suchasJournalArticleorBook)beforeeachreference.
RecordNumberwillinserttherecordnumberbeforeeachreference.TherecordnumberisthenumberthatEndNoteassignsto
eachreferenceinthelibrary,anditisalsousedinthein-textcitations.AddRecordNumberasareferenceprefixinanystylein
ordertoprintallthereferencesinyourlibrarywiththeiruniqueEndNoterecordnumbers.
AddingTextAfterEachReference
Usethe"Endeachreferencewith"sectionoftheLayoutpaneltospecifywhatinformation,ifany,shouldfolloweachreferencein
yourbibliography.(Forinformationonhowtoaddtextafteranin-textcitationinyourdocument,seeCitation
Suffixes
).
ThiscommandcanbeusedtoaddthecontentoftheLabel,Keywords,Abstract,orNotesfield,ortheRecordNumber.Anyother
textorpunctuationcanalsobeenteredasareferencesuffixanditwillappearattheendofeachreferenceintheformattedbib-
liography.TwocommonusesfortheReferenceSuffixcommandareshownbelow.
Example:AddingNotestotheBibliography
Ifyouhavenotesthatyouwanttoprinttogetherwithyourreferences,youshouldaddtheNotesfieldasareferencesuffixinthe
stylethatyouareusingtoprintorformatthereferences.
1. OpentheStyleManagerbyselectingOutputStylesfromtheEditmenuandselectingOpenStyleManager.
2. Selectthestylethatyouwouldliketoedit,andclickEdit.
3. AftertheStylewindowopens,selectLayoutfromundertheBibliographyheading.
4. Clickinthetextboxbelowthe"Endeachreferencewith"section,andselectNotesfromtheInsertFieldlist.Thiswill
appendtheNotesfieldtoeveryreferenceinthebibliographywhenyouformatapaperwiththestyle.
Ifyouwantthenotestobeginonanewlineafterthereference,insertaparagraphmarkfromtheInsertFieldlistbefore"Notes."If
youwantthenotestobeindented,likethestartofanewparagraph,insertaTabbeforetheword"Notes."
AddingorRemovingBlankLinesBetweenReferences
AnothercommonusefortheLayoutoptionsistoaddablanklinebetweenreferences.Todothis,editthestyleasdescribed
above,andinsertaparagraphmark(usingtheInsertFieldlist)intothe"Endeachreferencewith"section.
Totightenupthebibliographyandgetridoftheblanklineaftereachreference,editthestyle,clickontheLayoutpanel,and
selectanddeletetheparagraphmark(¶)togetridoftheblankline.
HangingIndents
Manynumberedbibliographicstylesrequireahangingindent,asshowninthisexample:
1. Postma,
2. Nyamweru,
EndNoteprovidesafewhangingindentoptions.Normally,eachreferenceisoneparagraph,sosomeoftheseoptionswouldnot
apply.Butifyouhaveareferencethatincludesmorethanoneparagraph,EndNotegivesyouoptionsforwhichparagraphwithin
areferencethehangingindentsshouldapply.Examplesofmulti-paragraphreferencesincludeannotatedbibliographieswherethe
abstractsfolloweachreference,orastylesuchasthosecommoninanthropologyjournalswheretheauthorsareonalineoftheir
own
Hangingindentoptionsinclude:None,AllParagraphs,FirstParagraphOnly,SecondParagraphOnly,andAllParagraphsbutthe
First.ThefollowingisanexampleofwhenyouwoulduseSecondParagraphOnly.Thestylerequiresthatauthorsbeginonthe
leftmargin,andthentheyear(andtherestofthereference)startsonanewlineandisindented.Thestyleappliesahanging
indenttothesecondparagraphonly,andinsertsatabbeforeandaftertheyear.Inthewordprocessingdocument,thespacingfor
thehangingindentshouldbealignedwiththesecondtabstop.
Curtis,
Thespacingusedfortabsandindentsisdeterminedbytherulersettingsinyourwordprocessor.
Note:Ifyouarecreatinganumberedbibliography,asshowninthepreviousexample,insertatabafterthebibliographynumber
tohavethereferenceslineupcorrectly.
Tabs
TabsmaybeinsertedfromtheInsertFieldlist.Atabenteredintoastylewillappearasatabintheformattedbibliography.The
tabappearsasanarrowonthescreen.Thewidthofthetabasitappearsinthebibliographyisdeterminedbythetabsettingsin
yourwordprocessor.
TabsareoftenenteredafterthebibliographynumberaspartoftheLayoutsettings.Thishelpstoalignthestartofeachreference
afterthenumber,whichisespeciallyimportantifthebibliographyentriesuseahangingindent.
RelatedTopics:
Additional
Style
Formatting
Options
Modifying
Style
Templates
SortOrder:BibliographiesandMultipleCitations
Eachstylehasinstructionsforsortingreferencesinthebibliography,andhowtosortformattedmultiplecitationsinthetextof
yourpaper.SelectSortOrderfromundereithertheCitationsorBibliographiesheadings.
MultipleCitationSort
TheSortpanelundertheCitationheadingallowsyoutosettheorderthatthestyleusestosortmultiplein-textcitations.For
example,anunformattedmultiplecitationlookslikethis:
{Lee,1990#5;Jacob,1994#22;Zoler,1983#19}
FormattedwiththeAuthor-Datestyle,thecitationsaresortedchronologicallyandtheformattedcitationlookslikethis:
(Zoler1983;Lee1990;Jacob1994)
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested