Appendix A Accessibility
The iPad FaceTime camera: Move your head to trigger the switch. You can use the camera as
two switches: one when you move your head to the left, and the other when you move your
head to the right.
Add a switch and choose its action. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control >
Switches. If you use only one switch, it is your Select Item switch by default.
If you’re adding an external switch, you need to connect it to iPad before it will appear in the
list of available switches. Follow the instructions that came with the switch. If it connects using
Bluetooth, you need to pair it with iPad—turn on the switch, go to Settings > Bluetooth, tap the
switch, then follow the onscreen instructions. For more information, see Bluetooth devices on
Turn on Switch Control. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control, or use the
Accessibility Shortcut. See Accessibility Shortcut on page 130.
Turn oﬀ Switch Control. Use any scanning method to select and tap Settings > General >
Accessibility > Switch Control. Or triple-click the Home button.
Whether you use item scanning or point scanning, the Switch Control basics are the same.
Select an item. Trigger your Select Item switch when the item is highlighted (item scanning) or
under the crosshairs (point scanning).
Perform an action on the selected item. Choose a command from the control menu that
appears when you select the item. The layout of the menu depends on whether you use
With Auto Tap oﬀ: The control menu includes only the Tap button and the More button (two
dots at the bottom). If you’re in a scrollable area of the screen, a Scroll button also appears.
To tap the highlighted item, trigger your Select Item button when Tap is highlighted. To see
additional action buttons, choose More at the bottom of the menu. If you have multiple
switches, you can set one up speciﬁcally for tapping.
With Auto Tap on: To tap the item, do nothing—the item is automatically tapped when the
Auto Tap interval expires (0.75 seconds if you haven’t changed it). To see the control menu,
trigger your Select Item button before the Auto Tap interval expires. The control menu skips
the Tap button and goes right to the full set of action buttons.
Turn on Auto Tap. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control > Auto Tap. To tap an
item with Auto Tap on, just wait for the Auto Tap interval to pass.
Dismiss the control menu without choosing an action. Tap while the original item is
highlighted and all the icons in the control menu are dimmed. Or choose Escape from the
control menu. The menu goes away after cycling the number of times you specify at Settings >
General > Accessibility > Switch Control > Loops.
Perform screen gestures. Choose Gestures from the control menu.
Scroll the screen. Select an item in a scrollable part of the screen, then:
With Auto Tap oﬀ: Choose the Scroll Down button (next to the Tap button) in the control menu.
Or, for more scrolling options, choose More, then choose Scroll.
With Auto Tap on: Choose Scroll from the control menu. If many actions are available, you
might have to choose More ﬁrst.
Tap the Home button. Choose Home in the control menu.
Appendix A Accessibility
Perform other hardware actions. Select any item, then choose Device from the menu that
appears. Use the menu to mimic these actions:
Double-click the Home button for multitasking
Open Notiﬁcation Center or Control Center
Press the Sleep/Wake button to lock iPad
Flip the Side Switch to mute iPad volume
Press the volume buttons
Hold down the Home button to open Siri
Triple-click the Home button
Press the Home and Sleep/Wake buttons simultaneously to take a screenshot
Swipe down from the top with two ﬁngers to speak the screen (if you have Speak Screen
Item scanning alternately highlights each item or group of items on the entire screen until
you trigger your Select Item switch. If there are many items, Switch Control highlights them in
groups. When you select a group, highlighting continues with the items in the group. When you
select a unique item, scanning stops and the control menu appears. Item scanning is the default
when you ﬁrst turn on Switch Control.
Select an item or enter a group. Watch (or listen) as items are highlighted. When the item
you want to control (or the group containing the item) is highlighted, trigger your Select Item
switch. Work your way down the hierarchy of items until you select the individual item you want
Back out of a group. Trigger your Select Item switch when the dashed highlight around the
group or item appears.
Dismiss the control menu without performing an action. Trigger your Select Item switch when
the item itself is highlighted. Or choose Escape from the control menu.
Hear the names of items as they are highlighted. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility >
Switch Control, then turn on Speech. Or choose Settings from the control menu, then choose
Slow down the scanning. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control > Auto
Point scanning lets you select an item on the screen by pinpointing it with scanning crosshairs.
Switch to point scanning. Use item scanning to choose Point Mode from the control menu. The
vertical crosshair appears when you close the menu.
Select an item. Trigger your Select Item switch when the item you want is within the broad,
horizontal scanning band, then trigger again when the ﬁne scanning line is on the item. Repeat
for vertical scanning.
Reﬁne your selection point. Choose Reﬁne Selection from the control menu.
Return to item scanning. Choose Item Mode from the control menu.
Appendix A Accessibility
You can select a screen item directly using dedicated switches instead of having iPad alternately
highlight every item.
Stop scanning and highlight items yourself. Add switches in addition to your Select Item switch
to perform the Move To Next Item and Move To Previous Item actions. (You can use the iPad
FaceTime camera with head-left and head-right movements for these switches.) When you’ve
added the switches, turn oﬀ Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control > Auto Scanning.
Important: Don’t turn oﬀ Auto Scanning if you use only one switch. You need at least two: one to
move to an item and a second to select the item.
Settings and adjustments
Adjust basic settings. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Switch Control, where you can:
Add switches and specify their function
Turn oﬀ auto scanning (only if you’ve added a Move to Next Item switch)
Adjust how rapidly items are scanned
Set scanning to pause on the ﬁrst item in a group
Choose how many times to cycle through the screen before hiding Switch Control
Turn Auto Tap on or oﬀ and set the interval for performing a second switch action to show the
Set whether a movement action is repeated when you hold down a switch, and how long to
wait before repeating
Set whether and how long you need to hold a switch down before it’s accepted as a switch
Have Switch Control ignore accidental repeated switch triggers
Adjust the point scanning speed
Turn on sound eﬀects or have items read aloud as they are scanned
Choose what to include in the Switch Control menu
Set whether items should be grouped while item scanning
Make the selection cursor larger or a diﬀerent color
Save custom gestures to the control menu (in Gestures > Saved)
Fine-tune Switch Control. Choose Settings from the control menu to:
Adjust scanning speed
Change the location of the control menu
Switch between item scan mode and point scan mode
Choose whether point scan mode displays crosshairs or a grid
Reverse the scanning direction
Turn sound or speech accompaniment on or oﬀ
Turn oﬀ groups to scan items one at a time
Appendix A Accessibility
AssistiveTouch helps you use iPad if you have diﬃculty touching the screen or pressing the
buttons. You can use AssistiveTouch without any accessory to perform gestures that are diﬃcult
for you. You also can use a compatible adaptive accessory (such as a joystick) together with
AssistiveTouch to control iPad.
The AssistiveTouch menu lets you perform actions such as these by just tapping (or the
equivalent on your accessory):
Press the Home button
Perform multi-ﬁnger gestures
Access Control Center or Notiﬁcation Center
Adjust iPad volume
Capture a screenshot
Turn on AssistiveTouch. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility > AssistiveTouch, or use the
Accessibility Shortcut. See Accessibility Shortcut on page 130. When AssistiveTouch is on, the
ﬂoating menu button appears on the screen.
Show or hide the menu. Tap the ﬂoating menu button, or click the secondary button on
Simulate pressing the Home button. Tap the menu button, then tap Home.
Lock or rotate the screen, adjust iPad volume, or simulate shaking iPad. Tap the menu button,
then tap Device.
Perform a swipe or drag that uses 2, 3, 4, or 5 ﬁngers. Tap the menu button, tap Device >
More > Gestures, then tap the number of digits needed for the gesture. When the corresponding
circles appear on the screen, swipe or drag in the direction required by the gesture. When you
ﬁnish, tap the menu button.
Perform a pinch gesture. Tap the menu button, tap Favorites, then tap Pinch. When the pinch
circles appear, touch anywhere on the screen to move the pinch circles, then drag the pinch
circles in or out to perform a pinch gesture. When you ﬁnish, tap the menu button.
Create your own gesture. You can add your own favorite gestures to the control menu (for
example, tap and hold or two-ﬁnger rotation). Tap the menu button, tap Favorites, then tap an
empty gesture placeholder. Or go to Settings > General > Accessibility > AssistiveTouch > Create
Example 1: To create the rotation gesture, go to Settings > General > Accessibility >
AssistiveTouch > Create New Gesture. On the gesture recording screen that prompts you to
touch to create a gesture, rotate two ﬁngers on the iPad screen around a point between them.
(You can do this with a single ﬁnger or stylus—just create each arc separately, one after the
other.) If it doesn’t turn out quite right, tap Cancel, then try again. When it looks right, tap Save,
then give the gesture a name—maybe “Rotate 90.” Then, to rotate the view in Maps, for example,
open Maps, tap the AssistiveTouch menu button, and choose Rotate 90 from Favorites. When
the blue circles representing the starting ﬁnger positions appear, drag them to the point around
which you want to rotate the map, then release. You might want to create several gestures with
diﬀerent degrees of rotation.
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested