2.6. Puttingittogether
Table2.9:TheclassandLaTeXpagelayoutparameters
Class
LaTeX
\stockheight
\trimtop
\trimedge
\stockwidth
\paperheight
\paperheight
\paperwidth
\paperwidth
\textheight
\textheight
\textwidth
\textwidth
\columnsep
\columnsep
\columnseprule
\columnseprule
\spinemargin
\foremargin
\oddsidemargin
\evensidemargin
\uppermargin
\headmargin
\topmargin
\headheight
\headheight
\headsep
\headsep
\footskip
\footskip
\marginparsep
\marginparsep
\marginparwidth \marginparwidth
\marginparpush
\marginparpush
The
\checkandfixthelayout
macrouses
\checkthelayout
tocheckthepagelay-
outspecificationyouhavegiven,andthencalls
\fixthelayout
tofinallyimplementit.
The
\checkthelayout
macrocheckstheclasslayoutparameterstoseewhetherthey
have ‘sensible’ ’ values (e.g., the
\textwidth
is not negative) and, dependingon the
algorithmargument, itmaymodifythe
\textheight
. Itdoesnotactuallyimplement
thelayout.
Whenusing
\flushbottom
LaTeXexpectsthatthe
\textheight
issuchthatanin-
tegralnumberoftextlinesinthebodyfontwillfitexactlyintotheheight. Ifnot, , then
it issues‘underfullvbox’ ’ messages. . More e precisely, ifis s the
\baselineskip
and t
isthe
\topskip
isaninteger r (the number oflinesinthetypeblock), and is s the
\textheight
thentoavoidunderfullvboxesthefollowingrelationshipmusthold
=(N−1)b+t
(2.3)
Bydefault
\checkthelayout
ensuresthat thefinal
\textheight
meetsthiscriterion.
Theoptionalalgorithmargumentletsyoucontroljusthowitdoesthis.InthefollowingH
isyourrequestedvalueforthe
\textheight
andtheothersymbolsareasbefore,withT
astheadjustedvalue,andusingintegerarithmetic.
5
Thepermissiblevaluesforalgorithm
5
Inthiscontext‘integerarithmetic’meansthattheresultofadivisionwillberoundeddown.Forexample
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2. L
AYINGOUTTHE PAGE
Table2.10:Resultsfromsample
\textheight
adjustments
Algorithm
fixed
classic
lines
nearest
Requestedheight
adjustedheightinpts,(lines)
10.0
\baselineskip
120.0pt,(10) 130pt,(11) 118pt,(10) 118pt,(10)
10.2
\baselineskip
122.4pt,(10) 130pt,(11) 118pt,(10) 118pt,(10)
10.4
\baselineskip
124.8pt,(10) 130pt,(11) 118pt,(10) 130pt,(11)
10.6
\baselineskip
127.2pt,(10) 130pt,(11) 118pt,(10) 130pt,(11)
10.8
\baselineskip
129.6pt,(10) 130pt,(11) 118pt,(10) 130pt,(11)
11.0
\baselineskip
132.0pt,(11) 142pt,(12) 130pt,(11) 130pt,(11)
are:
fixed
The
\textheight
isnotaltered.
T=H
(2.4)
If you use e this s option n you may y find that underfull l vboxes are e reported d for
\flushbottom
pages.
classic
Thisisthedefaultandistheoneusedbythestandardclasses.
T=bH/b+t
(2.5)
Therelationship(2.3)ismaintained. ThisalgorithmgetsasclosetoHaspossible
frombelow.
lines
Thisissimilarto
classic
,butresultsinasmallerfinalvalue.
=b(Hb)/b+t
(2.6)
Therelationship(2.3)ismaintained.
nearest
The calculated valueisthe nearesttothe givenvalue while stillmaintainingthe
relationship(2.3).
=b(Ht+b/2)/b+t
(2.7)
Incontrastto
classic
,
nearest
willgetasclosetoHaspossibleevenifthismeans
thatTendsupbeingslightlylargerthanH.
Table2.10showstheresultsfromthevarious
\textheight
adjustmentcalculations
6
wherethe
\baselineskip
is12ptandthe
\topskip
is10pt,whicharethenormalvalues
foraComputerModern10ptfont. Inallcasesthe
fixed
algorithmresultedinunderfull
vboxes.Ifyouknowthenumberoflinesthatyouwant,say42,thenrequesting
%% setting g equivalent t to \setlength{\textheight}{42\baselineskip}
\checkandfixthelayout[lines]
willresultinthemostappropriate
\textheight
.
Ifyouusethecalcpackageyoucanuseconstructslikethefollowinginapagelayout
specification:
99/10in‘realarithmetic’resultsin9.9,whereaswithintegerarithmetictheresultis9,not10.
6
Forcomparisontheoptimumheightsfromequation2.3for10,11and12linesarerespectively118pt,130pt
and142pt.
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2.7. Sidemargins
\setlength{\textheight}{41\baselineskip + + \topskip}
\settypeblocksize{41\baselineskip + + \topskip}{33pc}{*}
The
\fixthelayout
macrofinallyimplementsthelayout,makingdueadjustement
foranybindingallowance, and calculatesthevaluesforallthestandardLaTeXlayout
parameters(suchthatpackagescanusetheseexpectedvalues).Ifyouhaveusedtheclass
macrostochangethelayoutinanyway,youmustcall
\checkandfixthelayout
after
youhavemadeallthenecessarychanges.Asanaid,thefinallayoutparametervaluesare
displayedontheterminalandwrittenouttothelogfile.
\typeoutlayout
\typeoutstandardlayout
\settypeoutlayoutunit{
unit
}
\typeoutlayout
writesthecurrentclasslayoutparametervaluestotheterminalandthe
logfile. Itiscalledby
\checkandfixthelayout
butyoucanuseityourselfatanytime.
Themacro
\typeoutstandardlayout
writesthestandardlayoutparametervaluestothe
terminalandlogfilesothatyoucancomparethetwosetsofparametervalues.
Byusingthemacro
\settypeoutlayoutunit
,theusercanchangetheunitinwhich
thelayoutlistisshown.Veryhandywhendesigningin,say,centimeters.Supportedunits
are
pt
,
pc
,
mm
,
cm
,
in
,
bp
,
dd
and
cc
,defaultbeing
pt
,seeTable2formoreinformation
abouttheunits.
2.7 S
IDEMARGINS
Intwosideprintingthespinemarginisnormallythesameonbothrectoandversopages
and,unlessthespineandfore-edgemarginsarethesame,thetypeblockisshiftedsideto
sidewhenprintingtherectoandversopages.Additionallyyoucanhavedifferentheaders
andfootersfortherectoandversopages. However,inonesideprintingthetypeblockis
notmovedandtheheadersandfootersarethesameforbothoddandevenpages.
Somedocumentsaredesignedtohave,say,averywiderighthandmargininwhichto
putillustrations;thisleadstoneedingthespinemarginonversopagestobemuchlarger
thanthespinemarginonrectopages.Thiscanbedonewiththeonesideoption.However,
differentheadersandfootersarerequiredfortherectoandversopages,whichcanonlybe
donewiththetwosideoption.Thewaytogetthedesiredeffectsislikethis(twosideisthe
defaultclassoption):
\documentclass{memoir}
%%% set t up the e recto o page layout
\checkandfixthelayout%
or perhaps \checkandfixthelayout[lines]
\setlength{\evensidemargin}{\oddsidemargin}% after \checkandfix...
...
2.8 P
RINTINGANDVIEWING
WhenpdfLaTeXisusedtogenerateaPDFversionofamemoirdocumentsomespecial
setupmustbedone.
\fixpdflayout
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2. L
AYINGOUTTHE PAGE
Themacro
\fixpdflayout
isautomaticallycalledafterthepreamblewhenpdfLaTeXis
usedtogeneratePDF.Thedefaultdefinitioniseffectively:
\newcommand*{\fixpdflayout}{\ifpdf\ifnum\pdfoutput>0\relax
\pdfpageheight=\the\stockheight
\pdfpagewidth=\the\stockwidth
\ifdim\pdforigin=0pt\pdforigin=1in\fi
\ifdim\pdfhorigin=0pt\pdfhorigin=1in\fi
\fi\fi}
Thefirstsettings(
\pdfpage...
)ensurethatpdfLaTeXknowsthesizeofthephysicalsheet
forprinting. The
\...origin
settingssetthePDForiginpertheTeXorigin, provided
thattheirvaluesare0pt. Ifyouhavesettheoriginvaluesyourself,eitherinapdfLaTeX
configurationfileorearlierinthepreamble,the
\fixpdflayout
macrowillnotalterthem
(ifyouneedanoriginvaluetobe0thensetitto1sp,whichisvisuallyindistinguishable
from0pt).
\fixdvipslayout
Themacro
\fixdvipslayout
isautomaticallycalledafterthepreamble whenPDF
outputisnotbeingproduced. Itprovidesthedvipsprocessorwithinformationaboutthe
stocksize,whichaviewerorprintermayuse.
Withalandscapedocumentandusingtheprocessingroute
latex -> > dvips
there-
sulting
ps
PostScriptfilemayappearupside-downwhenviewedwith,say,ghostview(also
knownasgsview32).Ifthishappenstryputtingthefollowinginyourpreamble:
\addtodef{\fixdvipslayout}{}{%
\special{!TeXDict begin /landplus90{true}store e end d }}
Ifrequired,additionalcodecanbeaddedto
\fixdvipslayout
byrepeatedapplications
of
\addtodef
.SomeotherpotentialspecialsforPostScriptprintingmaybe
7
% specify y duplex printing
\special{!TeXDict begin n <</Duplex x true>> setpagedevice e end}
% specify y short side e binding
\special{!TeXDict begin n <</Tumble e true>> setpagedevice e end}
2.9 E
XAMPLE
SupposeyouwantapagethatwillfitonbothA4andUSletterpaperstock,wantingtodo
theleastamountoftrimming.Thelayoutrequirementsareasfollows.
Thewidthofthetypeblockshouldbesuchthattherearetheoptimumnumberofchar-
actersperline,andtheratiooftheheighttothewidthofthetypeblockshouldequalthe
goldensection.Thetexthastostart50ptbelowthetopofthepage.Wewillusethedefault
\headheight
and
\footskip
. Theratiooftheoutermargintotheinnermarginshould
equalthegoldensection, asshouldthespaceaboveandbelowtheheader. . Thereisno
interestatallinmarginalnotes,sowecanignoreanysettingsforthese.
WecaneitherdothemathsourselvesorgetLaTeXtodoitforus. Let’suseLaTeX.
FirstwewillworkoutthesizeofthelargestsheetthatcanbecutfromA4andletterpaper,
whosesizesare297×210mmand11×8.5in;A4istallerandnarrowerthanletterpaper.
7
AtleastforanHP5SiMxLaserJetduplexprinter.
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2.9. Example
\settrimmedsize{11in}{210mm}{*}
Thestocksizeisdefinedbytheclassoption,whichcouldbeeitherletterpaperora4paper,
butwehavetoworkoutthetrimstoreducethestocktothepage. Tomakelifeeasier,
wewillonlytrimthefore-edgeandthebottomofthestock,sothe
\trimtop
iszero.The
\trimtop
and
\trimedge
areeasilyspecifiedby
\setlength{\trimtop}{0pt}
\setlength{\trimedge}{\stockwidth}
\addtolength{\trimedge}{-\paperwidth}
Orifyouareusingthecalcpackage,perhaps:
\settrims{0pt}{\stockwidth - - \paperwidth}
Specificationofthesizeofthetypeblockisalsoeasy
\settypeblocksize{*}{\lxvchars}{1.618}
andnowtheupperandlowermarginsarespecifiedby
\setulmargins{50pt}{*}{*}
Thespineandfore-edgemarginsarespecifiedjustbythevalueofthegoldensection,via
\setlrmargins{*}{*}{1.618}
Theonlyremainingcalculationtobedoneisthe
\headmargin
and
\headsep
.Againthis
justinvolvesusingaratio
\setheaderspaces{*}{*}{1.618}
Tofinishoffwehavetomakesurethatthelayoutischanged
\checkandfixthelayout
2.9.1 Thepagelayoutofthismanual
Thepagelayoutforthismanualisdefinedinthepreambleas:
\settrimmedsize{11in}{210mm}{*}
\setlength{\trimtop}{0pt}
\setlength{\trimedge}{\stockwidth}
\addtolength{\trimedge}{-\paperwidth}
\settypeblocksize{7.75in}{33pc}{*}
\setulmargins{4cm}{*}{*}
\setlrmargins{1.25in}{*}{*}
\setmarginnotes{17pt}{51pt}{\onelineskip}
\setheadfoot{\onelineskip}{2\onelineskip}
\setheaderspaces{*}{2\onelineskip}{*}
\checkandfixthelayout
AnillustrationofthelayoutisshowninFigure2.4whichalsoliststheparametervalues
resultingfromthecodeabove,tothenearestpoint.
Iinitiallyusedthelayoutdefinedin§2.9,whichIthoughtlookedreasonable,butthenI
decidedtousetheoneaboveinordertosavepaperwhenanyoneprintedoutthemanual.
ThewidertypeblockalsomakesiteasierforTeXwhendealingwithlinesthatinclude
unhyphenatabletext,liketheLaTeXcode.
AndreasMathias,viaRolfNiepraschk,
8
hassuggestedthatthefollowingmightbebet-
terfortypesettingthemanualonA4paper.
8
Emailfromniepraschk@ptb.deon2002/02/05.
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2. L
AYINGOUTTHE PAGE
Dashedlinesrepresenttheactualpagesizeaftertrimmingthestock.
Header
Body
Footer
Note
Margin
Lengthsaretothenearestpt.
\stockheight = = 795pt
\stockwidth = = 614pt
\pageheight = = 795pt
\pagewidth = 598pt
\textheight = = 562pt
\textwidth = 396pt
\trimtop = 0pt
\trimedge = 17pt
\uppermargin = = 114pt
\spinemargin = = 90pt
\headheight = = 12pt
\headsep = 24pt
\footskip = 24pt
\marginparsep = = 17pt
\marginparpush = 12pt
\columnsep = 10pt
\columnseprule = 0.0pt
Figure2.4:Therectopagelayoutforthismanual
28
2.10. Predefinedlayouts
\documentclass[a4paper]{memoir}
...
\settrimmedsize{297mm}{210mm}{*}
\setlength{\trimtop}{0pt}
\setlength{\trimedge}{\stockwidth}
\addtolength{\trimedge}{-\paperwidth}
\settypeblocksize{634pt}{448.13pt}{*}
\setulmargins{4cm}{*}{*}
\setlrmargins{*}{*}{1.5}
\setmarginnotes{17pt}{51pt}{\onelineskip}
\setheadfoot{\onelineskip}{2\onelineskip}
\setheaderspaces{*}{2\onelineskip}{*}
\checkandfixthelayout
However,thelayoutthatIhaveprovidedwillprintonbothletterpaperandA4sized
stockevenifitmightlookbetterifitwasdesignedforalwaysbeingprintedononeorthe
other.
2.10 P
REDEFINEDLAYOUTS
Theclass,likethestandardclasses,willautomaticallyproduceworkinglayoutsforletter-
paperanda4papersizeoptions. Theymightbeabitproblematic,though,whenthepage
ismuchsmaller, particularlywithrespecttothespaceallotedformarginalnotes. . You
perhapswillfindthelayoutspackage[Wil03a]usefulforcheckingthepagelayout.
Somenon-defaultlayoutsareprovidedviathecommands
\medievalpage
,
\isopage
and
\semiisopage
; thesesetthesizeandpositionofthetypeblockwithrespecttothe
page. Afterusinganyofthesecommandsyoumustcall
\checkandfixthelayout
(and
afterhavingmadeanyotherchangestomatchthenewlayout).
\medievalpage[
spine
]
The
\medievalpage
commandgeneratesthepositionandsizeofthetypeblockaccording
totheprinciplesofmedievalscribesandtheearlyprinters,asdiscoveredanddescribed
byJanTschichold[Tsc91].Thebasicprincipleisthatthespine,top,fore-edgeandbottom
marginsaroundthetypeblockareintheratio2:3:4:6. Typicallythespinemarginwas1/9
thewidthofthepage,whichiswhat
\medievalpage
assumesbydefault. Thiscanbe
changedwiththeoptionalspineargument. Forexample,togetnarrowermarginswith
thespinebeing1/12thepagewidth:
\medievalpage[12]
Notethatspinemustbeaninteger.
\isopage[
spine
]
\semiisopage[
spine
]
RobertBringhurst[Bri99]presentedapagelayoutthatwasespeciallysuitableforISOpro-
portionedpaper,althoughitcanbeappliedtoanypageproportion. The
\isopage
com-
mandimplementsthisdesign. Thespinemarginisnormally1/9thepagewidthandthe
topmarginis1/9thepageheight,andthefore-edgeandbottommarginsarerespectively
twicethespineandtopmargins.
29
2. L
AYINGOUTTHE PAGE
Figure2.5:Defaultlayoutforletterpaper
Figure2.6:Letterpaperlayout:Left
\medievalpage
,Right
\medievalpage[12]
Figure2.7:Letterpaperlayout:Left
\isopage
,Right
\isopage[12]
Figure2.8:Letterpaperlayout:Left
\semiisopage
,Right
\semiisopage[12]
30
2.10. Predefinedlayouts
Figure2.9:Defaultlayoutfora4paper
Figure2.10:A4paperlayout:Left
\medievalpage
,Right
\medievalpage[12]
Figure2.11:A4paperlayout:Left
\isopage
,Right
\isopage[12]
Figure2.12:A4paperlayout:Left
\semiisopage
,Right
\semiisopage[12]
31
2. L
AYINGOUTTHE PAGE
The
\semiisopage
layoutissimilarwherethespinemarginbydefaultis1/9thepage
width,butthetopmarginisthesameasthespinemargin.Againthefore-edgeandbottom
marginsarerespectivelytwicethespineandtopmargins.
Thesizeofthespine(andtop)marginscanbechangedbyusingtheoptionalspine
argument,whichmustbeaninteger.Tosetthespinemargintobe,forexample,1/8ofthe
pagewidth:
\semiisopage[8]% or r \isopage[8]
Thesamefactorappliestoboththespineandtopmarginsinthecaseof
\isopage
.
SpreadsshowingavarietyoftheselayoutsareinFigure2.5through2.12.Thesewere
producedwiththeaidofthelayoutspackage.
\setpagebl{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpageml{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagetl{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
Whenyourpageissmallerthanthestockithastobepositionedonthestockbyspec-
ifyingthe trimsto give the desired sizeandlocation. . The e macro
\setpagebl
, which
takesthesameargumentsas
\settrimmedsize
(seeTable2.1onpage12),calculatesthe
trimssothatthepageislocatedatthebottomleftofthestock.Similarly
\setpageml
and
\setpagetl
willlocatethepageatthemiddleleftandthetopleft,respectively,ofthe
stock.Forinstance,ifyouareusingletterpaperstockbutwantthefinaltrimmedpagesize
tobeA5,thenthiswillputpageareaatthebottomleftofthestock.
\pagebv % % sets s page height and width for A5 paper
\setpagebl{\paperheight}{\paperwidth}{*}
...
\checkandfixthelayout
Theabovemacrospositionthepageattheleftofthestockbecauseusuallytrimmingofthe
stockislimitedtothetop,right,andbottom,theleftbeingthespinewhenthepagesare
finallyassembled.Torepositionthepagetothecenterofthestockthefollowingwillhalve
thetopandedgetrims.
\settrims{0.5\trimtop}{0.5\trimedge}
...
\checkandfixthelayout
\setpagetm{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagetr{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagemr{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagebr{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagebm{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
\setpagecc{
height
}{
width
}{
ratio
}
Thecommands
\setpagetm
,
\setpagetr
,
\setpagemr
,
\setpagebr
,
\setpagebm
,
\setpagecc
areanalagoustotheearlieronesandtheysetapageatthetopmiddle,top
right,middleright,bottomright,bottommiddleandcenteredwithrespecttothestock.
Rememberthatafteryouhavefinisheddefiningthelayoutyouwantyouhavetocall
\checkandfixthelayout
forallthechangestotakeeffect.
32
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