﻿

# asp net open pdf file in web browser using c# : Break password pdf Library application class asp.net windows web page ajax Paradis-rdebuts_en2-part1426

torsorfactorsgivenasarguments:
> expand.grid(h=c(60,80), w=c(100, , 300), , sex=c("Male", "Female"))
h
w
sex
1 60 0 100
Male
2 80 0 100
Male
3 60 0 300
Male
4 80 0 300
Male
5 60 0 100 0 Female
6 80 0 100 0 Female
7 60 0 300 0 Female
8 80 0 300 0 Female
3.4.2
Randomsequences
law
function
Gaussian(normal)
rnorm(n, mean=0, sd=1)
exponential
rexp(n, rate=1)
gamma
rgamma(n, shape, , scale=1)
Poisson
rpois(n, lambda)
Weibull
rweibull(n, shape, scale=1)
Cauchy
rcauchy(n, location=0, scale=1)
beta
rbeta(n, shape1, shape2)
‘Student’(t)
rt(n, df)
Fisher{Snedecor(F) rf(n, , df1, df2)
Pearson(
2
)
rchisq(n, df)
binomial
rbinom(n, size, prob)
multinomial
rmultinom(n, size, prob)
geometric
rgeom(n, prob)
hypergeometric
rhyper(nn, m, n, , k)
logistic
rlogis(n, location=0, scale=1)
lognormal
rlnorm(n, meanlog=0, sdlog=1)
negativebinomial
rnbinom(n, size, prob)
uniform
runif(n, min=0, max=1)
Wilcoxon’sstatistics rwilcox(nn, , m, n),rsignrank(nn, n)
It is usefulinstatistics tobeabletogenerate randomdata, , andR R can
doitforalargenumberofprobabilitydensityfunctions.Thesefunctionsare
ofthe formrfunc(n, p1, , p2, ...),where e func c indicatesthe e probability
distribution,nthenumberofdatagenerated,andp1,p2,... arethevaluesof
theparametersofthedistribution.Theabovetablegivesthedetailsforeach
distribution,andthepossibledefaultvalues(ifnonedefaultvalueisindicated,
thismeansthattheparametermustbespeciedbytheuser).
Mostofthesefunctionshavecounterpartsobtainedbyreplacingtheletter
rwithd,porqtoget,respectively,theprobabilitydensity(dfunc(x, ...)),
17
Break password pdf - Split, seperate PDF into multiple files in C#.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
Explain How to Split PDF Document in Visual C#.NET Application
break apart pdf pages; pdf specification
Break password pdf - VB.NET PDF File Split Library: Split, seperate PDF into multiple files in vb.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
VB.NET PDF Document Splitter Control to Disassemble PDF Document
break pdf documents; pdf no pages selected to print
thecumulativeprobabilitydensity(pfunc(x, ...)),andthevalueofquantile
(qfunc(p, ...),with0 0 <p< 1). . Thelast t twoseries of functions canbe
usedtondcriticalvaluesorP-values ofstatisticaltests. . Forinstance,the
criticalvaluesforatwo-tailedtestfollowinganormaldistributionatthe5%
thresholdare:
> qnorm(0.025)
[1] -1.959964
> qnorm(0.975)
[1] 1.959964
Fortheone-tailedversionofthesametest,eitherqnorm(0.05)or1 -
qnorm(0.95)willbeuseddependingontheformofthealternativehypothesis.
TheP-valueofatest,say
2
=3:84withdf=1,is:
> 1 - pchisq(3.84, 1)
[1] 0.05004352
3.5 Manipulatingobjects
3.5.1
Creating objects
Wehaveseenpreviouslydierentwaystocreateobjectsusingtheassignop-
erator;themodeandthetypeofobjectssocreatedaregenerallydetermined
implicitly. Itispossibletocreateanobject t andspecifyingits mode,length,
type,etc.Thisapproachisinterestingintheperspectiveofmanipulatingob-
jects. One e can, for instance, create an‘empty’object and thenmodify its
elementssuccessivelywhichismoreecientthanputtingallitselementsto-
getherwithc().Theindexingsystemcouldbeusedhere,aswewillseelater
(p.26).
Itcanalsobeveryconvenienttocreateobjectsfromothers.Forexample,
ifonewantstotaseriesofmodels,itissimpletoputtheformulaeinalist,
andthentoextracttheelementssuccessively toinsert theminthefunction
lm.
Atthis stageofourlearningof R,the interest inlearningthe following
functionalitiesisnotonlypracticalbutalsodidactic.Theexplicitconstruction
ofobjectsgivesabetterunderstandingoftheirstructure,andallowsustogo
furtherinsomenotionspreviouslymentioned.
Vector. The e functionvector, whichhastwo arguments mode andlength,
creates a a vector which elements have avalue depending onthe mode
speciedas argument: : 0 0 ifnumeric, FALSE if logical, or r "" ifcharac-
ter. Thefollowingfunctionshaveexactlythesameeectandhavefor
singleargumentthelengthofthevector: numeric(),logical(),and
character().
18
C# PDF Convert: How to Convert Jpeg, Png, Bmp, & Gif Raster Images
Success"); break; case ConvertResult.FILE_TYPE_UNSUPPORT: Console.WriteLine("Fail: can not convert to PDF, file type unsupport"); break; case ConvertResult
cannot select text in pdf file; add page break to pdf
C# Image Convert: How to Convert Word to Jpeg, Png, Bmp, and Gif
RasterEdge.XDoc.PDF.dll. FileType.IMG_JPEG); switch (result) { case ConvertResult. NO_ERROR: Console.WriteLine("Success"); break; case ConvertResult
can print pdf no pages selected; break pdf into single pages
Factor. Afactorincludesnotonlythevaluesofthecorrespondingcategorical
variable,butalsothedierentpossiblelevelsofthatvariable(evenifthey
arenotpresentinthedata). Thefunctionfactorcreatesafactorwith
thefollowingoptions:
factor(x, levels s = = sort(unique(x), na.last = TRUE),
labels = levels, exclude = NA, ordered = is.ordered(x))
levelsspeciesthepossiblelevelsofthefactor(bydefaulttheunique
valuesofthevectorx),labelsdenesthenamesofthelevels,exclude
the values s of f x x to o exclude from m the e levels, and d ordered is a a logical
argumentspecifyingwhetherthelevelsofthefactorareordered.Recall
thatxisofmodenumericorcharacter.Someexamplesfollow.
> factor(1:3)
[1] 1 1 2 2 3
Levels: 1 1 2 3
> factor(1:3, levels=1:5)
[1] 1 1 2 2 3
Levels: 1 1 2 3 4 4 5
> factor(1:3, labels=c("A", , "B", , "C"))
[1] A A B B C
Levels: A A B C
> factor(1:5, exclude=4)
[1] 1 1 2 3 NA A 5
Levels: 1 1 2 3 5
Thefunctionlevelsextractsthepossiblelevelsofafactor:
> ff <- factor(c(2, 4), levels=2:5)
> ff
[1] 2 2 4
Levels: 2 2 3 4 5
> levels(ff)
[1] "2" "3" " "4" " "5"
Matrix. A matrix x is s actually y a a vector r with an additional attribute (dim)
whichisitselfanumericvectorwithlength2,anddenesthenumbers
ofrows andcolumnsofthematrix. . Amatrix x canbecreatedwiththe
functionmatrix:
matrix(data = = NA, , nrow = = 1, , ncol l = = 1, byrow = = FALSE,
dimnames = NULL)
19
VB.NET PDF Page Insert Library: insert pages into PDF file in vb.
Forms. Support adding PDF page number. Offer PDF page break inserting function. Free SDK library for Visual Studio .NET. Independent
pdf split pages in half; break pdf password online
C# PDF Page Insert Library: insert pages into PDF file in C#.net
Ability to add PDF page number in preview. Offer PDF page break inserting function. Free components and online source codes for .NET framework 2.0+.
pdf splitter; acrobat separate pdf pages
Theoptionbyrowindicates whetherthevaluesgivenby datamustll
successivelythecolumns(thedefault)ortherows(ifTRUE).Theoption
dimnamesallowstogivenamestotherowsandcolumns.
> matrix(data=5, nr=2, nc=2)
[,1] [,2]
[1,]
5
5
[2,]
5
5
> matrix(1:6, 2, , 3)
[,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,]
1
3
5
[2,]
2
4
6
> matrix(1:6, 2, , 3, byrow=TRUE)
[,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,]
1
2
3
[2,]
4
5
6
Anotherwaytocreateamatrixistogivetheappropriatevaluestothe
dimattribute(whichisinitiallyNULL):
> x <- 1:15
> x
[1] 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 10 11 12 13 3 14 15
> dim(x)
NULL
> dim(x) <- - c(5, , 3)
> x
[,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,]
1
6
11
[2,]
2
7
12
[3,]
3
8
13
[4,]
4
9
14
[5,]
5
10
15
Dataframe. We e have seenthat a data frame is created implicitly by the
functiondata.frame. Thevectors s soincludedinthedataframemust
beofthesamelength,orifoneofthethemisshorter,itis\recycled"a
wholenumberoftimes:
> x <- 1:4; ; n n <- - 10; ; M <- c(10, 35); y <- 2:4
> data.frame(x, n)
x n
1 1 10
2 2 10
20
C# TWAIN - Query & Set Device Abilities in C#
device.TwainTransferMode = method; break; } if (method == TwainTransferMethod.TWSX_FILE) device.TransferMethod = method; } // If it's not supported tell stop.
cannot print pdf file no pages selected; break a pdf password
C# TWAIN - Install, Deploy and Distribute XImage.Twain Control
RasterEdge.XDoc.PDF.dll. device.TwainTransferMode = method; break; } if (method == TwainTransferMethod.TWSX_FILE) device.TransferMethod = method; } // If it's
break pdf into pages; break apart a pdf file
3 3 10
4 4 10
> data.frame(x, M)
x M
1 1 10
2 2 35
3 3 10
4 4 35
> data.frame(x, y)
Error in n data.frame(x, , y) ) :
arguments imply y differing g number of rows: 4, , 3
thevector(s). Itis s possibletochangethenamesof thecolumns with,
forinstance,data.frame(A1=x, A2=n).Onecanalsogivenamestothe
rowswiththeoptionrow.nameswhichmust be,of course,avectorof
modecharacter andoflengthequaltothenumberoflinesofthedata
frame.Finally,notethatdataframeshaveanattributedimsimilarlyto
matrices.
List. Alistiscreatedinawaysimilartodataframeswiththefunctionlist.
Thereisnoconstraintontheobjectsthatcanbeincluded. Incontrast
todata.frame(), the names s of the objects are not takenby default;
takingthevectorsxandyofthepreviousexample:
> L1 <- list(x, y); ; L2 2 <- list(A=x, , B=y)
> L1
[[1]]
[1] 1 1 2 2 3 4
[[2]]
[1] 2 2 3 3 4
> L2
\$A
[1] 1 1 2 2 3 4
\$B
[1] 2 2 3 3 4
> names(L1)
NULL
> names(L2)
[1] "A" "B"
Time-series. Thefunctiontscreatesanobjectofclass"ts"fromavector
(singletime-series)oramatrix(multivariatetime-series),andsomeop-
21
C# TWAIN - Specify Size and Location to Scan
foreach (TwainStaticFrameSizeType frame in frames) { if (frame == TwainStaticFrameSizeType.LetterUS) { this.device.FrameSize = frame; break; } } }.
cannot print pdf no pages selected; acrobat split pdf pages
C# TWAIN - Acquire or Save Image to File
RasterEdge.XDoc.PDF.dll. if (device.Compression != TwainCompressionMode.Group4) device.Compression = TwainCompressionMode.Group3; break; } } acq.FileTranfer
split pdf files; break apart a pdf
tionswhichcharacterizetheseries. Theoptions,withthedefaultvalues,
are:
ts(data = NA, , start = = 1, , end d = numeric(0), frequency = 1,
deltat = = 1, , ts.eps = getOption("ts.eps"), , class, , names)
data
avectororamatrix
start
the time of the rst observation, either anumber, or a
vectoroftwointegers(seetheexamplesbelow)
end
thetimeofthelastobservationspeciedinthesameway
thanstart
frequency thenumberofobservationspertimeunit
deltat
the fraction of the sampling period between successive
observations (ex. . 1/12 2 for monthly data); ; only y one of
frequencyordeltatmustbegiven
ts.eps
tolerance for the comparisonof series. . Thefrequencies
areconsideredequaliftheirdierenceislessthants.eps
class
classtogivetotheobject;thedefaultis"ts"forasingle
series,andc("mts", "ts")foramultivariateseries
names
avectorofmodecharacterwiththenamesoftheindivid-
ualseriesinthecaseofamultivariateseries;bydefault
thenamesofthecolumnsofdata,orSeries 1,Series
2,...
Afewexamplesoftime-seriescreatedwithts:
> ts(1:10, start t = = 1959)
Time Series:
Start = 1959
End = = 1968
Frequency = 1
[1] 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 10
> ts(1:47, frequency = 12, start = c(1959, 2))
Jan Feb Mar Apr May y Jun n Jul l Aug g Sep p Oct t Nov Dec
1959
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 0 11
1960 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 8 19 9 20 0 21 1 22 2 23
1961 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0 31 1 32 2 33 3 34 4 35
1962 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 2 43 3 44 4 45 5 46 6 47
> ts(1:10, frequency = 4, start = c(1959, 2))
Qtr1 Qtr2 Qtr3 3 Qtr4
1959
1
2
3
1960
4
5
6
7
1961
8
9
10
> ts(matrix(rpois(36, 5), 12, 3), start=c(1961, 1), frequency=12)
Series 1 Series 2 Series 3
22
Jan 1961
8
5
4
Feb 1961
6
6
9
Mar 1961
2
3
3
Apr 1961
8
5
4
May 1961
4
9
3
Jun 1961
4
6
13
Jul 1961
4
2
6
Aug 1961
11
6
4
Sep 1961
6
5
7
Oct 1961
6
5
7
Nov 1961
5
5
7
Dec 1961
8
5
2
Expression. TheobjectsofmodeexpressionhaveafundamentalroleinR.
AnexpressionisaseriesofcharacterswhichmakessenseforR.Allvalid
commandsareexpressions. Whenacommandistypeddirectlyonthe
keyboard,itisthenevaluated byRandexecutedifitisvalid.Inmany
circumstances,itisusefultoconstructanexpressionwithoutevaluating
it: thisis s whatthefunctionexpressionis madefor. . Itis,ofcourse,
possibletoevaluatetheexpressionsubsequentlywitheval().
> x <- 3; y y <- - 2.5; ; z z <- - 1
> exp1 <- expression(x / / (y y + + exp(z)))
> exp1
expression(x/(y + exp(z)))
> eval(exp1)
[1] 0.5749019
Expressionscanbeused,among other r things,toinclude equations in
graphs (p.42). . Anexpressioncanbecreatedfromavariable e ofmode
character. Somefunctionstakeexpressionsasarguments,forexampleD
whichreturnspartialderivatives:
> D(exp1, "x")
1/(y + exp(z))
> D(exp1, "y")
-x/(y + exp(z))^2
> D(exp1, "z")
-x * exp(z)/(y + + exp(z))^2
3.5.2
Converting objects
The reader r has s surely y realized d that t the e dierences between n some e types s of
objectsaresmall;itisthuslogicalthatitispossibletoconvertanobjectfrom
atypetoanotherbychangingsomeofitsattributes. Suchaconversionwillbe
donewithafunctionofthetypeas.something.R(version2.1.0)has,inthe
23
packagesbaseandutils,98ofsuchfunctions,sowewillnotgointhedeepest
detailshere.
Theresultofaconversiondependsobviouslyoftheattributesofthecon-
vertedobject. Genrally,conversionfollowsintuitiverules. Fortheconversion
ofmodes,thefollowingtablesummarizesthesituation.
Conversionto Function
Rules
numeric
as.numeric
FALSE!0
TRUE!1
"1","2",... !1,2,...
"A",... !NA
logical
as.logical
0!FALSE
othernumbers!TRUE
"FALSE","F"!FALSE
"TRUE","T"!TRUE
othercharacters!NA
character
as.character
1,2,... !"1","2",...
FALSE!"FALSE"
TRUE!"TRUE"
There arefunctions to convert the types of objects (as.matrix,as.ts,
as.data.frame,as.expression,...). Thesefunctionswillaect t attributes
otherthanthemodesduringtheconversion. Theresultsare,again,generally
intuitive. Asituationfrequentlyencounteredistheconversionoffactorsinto
numericvalues. Inthiscase,Rdoestheconversionwiththenumericcoding
ofthelevelsofthefactor:
> fac <- factor(c(1, 10))
> fac
[1] 1 10
Levels: 1 1 10
> as.numeric(fac)
[1] 1 2
Thismakessensewhenconsideringafactorofmodecharacter:
> fac2 <- factor(c("Male", , "Female"))
> fac2
[1] Male
Female
Levels: Female Male
> as.numeric(fac2)
[1] 2 1
NotethattheresultisnotNAas mayhavebeenexpectedfromthetable
above.
24
Toconvertafactorofmodenumericintoanumericvectorbutkeepingthe
levels as they areoriginally specied, , one must t rstconvert intocharacter,
thenintonumeric.
> as.numeric(as.character(fac))
[1] 1 10
Thisprocedureisvery usefulifinaleanumericvariablehasalsonon-
3.5.3
Operators
WehaveseenpreviouslythattherearethreemaintypesofoperatorsinR
10
.
Hereisthelist.
Operators
Arithmetic
Comparison
Logical
+
<
lesserthan
! x
logicalNOT
-
subtraction
>
greaterthan
x & & y
logicalAND
*
multiplication
<=
lesserthanorequalto
x && y
id.
/
division
>=
greaterthanorequalto
x j j y
logicalOR
^
power
==
equal
x jj j y
id.
%%
modulo
!=
dierent
xor(x, y)
exclusiveOR
%/%
integerdivision
Thearithmetic andcomparisonoperatorsactontwoelements (x x + y,a
< b). Thearithmeticoperatorsactnotonlyonvariablesofmodenumericor
complex,but alsoon logicalvariables; ; inthis s latter case, , thelogical values
arecoercedintonumeric. Thecomparisonoperatorsmay y beappliedtoany
mode:theyreturnoneorseverallogicalvalues.
Thelogicaloperatorsareappliedtoone(!) ortwoobjectsofmodelogical,
andreturnone(orseveral)logicalvalues. Theoperators s \AND"and\OR"
existintwoforms:thesingleoneoperatesoneachelementsoftheobjectsand
returnsasmanylogicalvaluesascomparisonsdone;thedoubleoneoperates
ontherstelementoftheobjects.
Itisnecessarytousetheoperator\AND"tospecifyaninequalityofthe
type0<x<1whichwillbecodedwith: 0 < x x & & x < 1. Theexpression0
< x < 1isvalid,butwillnotreturntheexpectedresult:sincebothoperators
arethesame,theyareexecutedsuccessivelyfromlefttoright.Thecomparison
0 < x x isrstdoneandreturns alogicalvaluewhichis thencomparedto1
(TRUEorFALSE< 1): inthissituation,thelogicalvalueisimplicitlycoerced
intonumeric(1or0< 1).
10
The following characters arealso operators for R:\$, @, [,[[,:,?, <-,<<-, =,::. . A
tableofoperators describingprecedencerulescanbefoundwith?Syntax.
25