73
Renewable energy - Wind
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Wind power
Capacity by province, 2013
Largest wind farms in Canada
Facility
Province
Capacity (MW)
Lac Alfred (I and II)
QC
300
Wolfe Island
ON
198
Prince Project
ON
189
Kincardine 
ON
182
Comber 
ON
166
Massif du Sud 
QC
150
Halkirk Wind Park
AB
149
Dokie Ridge 
BC
144
Quality Wind
BC
142
Le Plateau
QC 
139
St. Joseph
MB
138
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74
Renewable energy - Solar
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Solar photovoltaic 
International context
World capacity of solar PV – 139,000 
MW (2013)
1)Germany ........................................................................ 26%
2)China 
14%
3)Italy 
13%
4)Japan 
10%
5)United States ................................................................... 9%
...
Canada ....................................................................... 0.9%
Solar PV in Canada 
Capacity – 1,210 MW (end of 2013)
Installed capacity
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Renewable energy - Solar
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Solar photovoltaic
Largest solar PV farms in Canada
Facility
Province
Capacity (MW)
Sarnia Solar Project 2
ON
60
Sault Ste. Marie 2
ON
34
Stardale
ON
27
Sault Ste. Marie 1  
ON
24
Arnprior
ON
23
Sarnia Solar Project 1
ON
20
St Isidore A
ON
12
St Isidore B
ON
12
Sault Ste. Marie 3 
ON
11
Lily Lake Solar Farm
ON
10
Rutley Solar
ON
10
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76
Renewable energy - Biofuels
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Biofuels 
International context
World production of biofuels – 116.1 billion litres 
(2013)
1) United States  ................................................................49%
2) Brazil 
23%
3) European Union .............................................................10%
4) China 
7%
5) Canada 
2%
World biofuels production
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77
Renewable energy - Biofuels
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Biofuels
Canadian supply and demand
Ethanol 
(2013)
Biodiesel 
(2013)
(million litres)
Canadian production
1,706
124
Imports
1,080
546
Exports
N/A
123
Domestic use
2,786
547
CBOT ethanol futures prices
CBOT: Chicago Board of Trade
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Renewable energy - Biofuels
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Biofuels
Regulations
Gasoline
Diesel
(% of renewable fuels content)
Canada
2
BC
4
AB
5
2
SK
7.5 
MB
8.5 
2
ON
5
2**
QC
5*
* Not regulated, target only 
** Starting April 1, 2014
79
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Canadian industry structure
The electricity industry performs three main activities:
y
y
y
generating electricity by using various energy sources and 
technologies
high-voltage transmission of electricity, usually over long 
distances, from power plants to end-use markets
distributing electricity to end-users, usually through low-
voltage, local power distribution lines
In some provinces, electricity is provided by vertically integrated 
electric utilities that are often provincial Crown corporations.
Major associations
y
y
y
Canadian Electricity Association
several provincially focused independent power producers’ 
societies
several source-specific associations (e.g. Canadian Hydropower 
Association and Canadian Wind Energy Association)
Regulatory authority
y
y
y
primarily under provincial jurisdiction
Provincial governments exercise their jurisdiction through 
provincial Crown utilities and regulatory agencies.
NEB regulates international power lines and electricity exports.
Electricity
80
Electricity
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
International context
World generation - 22 752 TWh  
(2012)
1) China. 
22%
2) United States ..................................................................19%
3) India 
5%
4) Russia 
5%
5) Japan 
5%
6) Canada 
3%
7) Germany 
3%
8) France 
3%
World exports - 677 TWh  
(2012)
1) Germany ........................................................................ 10%
2) Canada 
9%
3) France 
8%
4) Paraguay 
7%
5) Switzerland .......................................................................5%
6) Sweden 
5%
81
Electricity
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Canadian supply
Generation in Canada - 616 TWh (2012)
Generation by source, 2012
Generation from renewable sources:  
64.5%, first in the G7
Generation from non-GHG emitting sources:  
79%, second in the G7 after France
Provincial characteristics
y
y
y
y
QC, NL, BC and MB – mostly hydro
AB, NS and SK – more than half from coal
ON and NB – diversified mix (nuclear, hydro and fossil fuels)
PE – electricity mostly from NB
82
Electricity
Energy Markets Fact Book — 2014–2015
Trade (2013)
Canada’s electricity trade with the U.S.*
* includes only electricity traded under purchased contracts; excludes electricity 
transferred under non-financial agreements (e.g. under treaty obligations)
Exports ...................................................63 TWh
Imports ...................................................11 TWh
Key facts (2013)
y
y
All Canadian electricity trade is with the U.S.
Canada exports about 10% of its electricity to the U.S., which 
meets 2% of U.S. consumption.
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