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Export Services - Annual Review 2014 
21 
Oesterreichische 
Kontrollbank AG 
Export Financing 
Scheme 
The OeKB Export Financing Scheme offers Austrian exporters financing solutions for a broad 
spectrum of export business and cross-border investment activities. 
The credits to banks require a guarantee for the transaction or right underlying the financing. 
The guarantee must comply with the provisions of the Export Financing Guarantees Act 
(AFFG). In addition, both the rights arising from the guarantees and the underlying 
receivables (export or other receivables) must, as a rule, be assigned as security. 
The maximum repayment term for commercial export credits that fall within the scope of the 
OECD agreement is generally 10 years. Longer maximum terms are possible for conventional 
power plants (a maximum of 12 years), project finance (a maximum of 14 years) and 
renewable energy and water projects (a maximum of 18 years). 
OeKB’s Export Financing Scheme is available to domestic and foreign credit institutions as a 
refinancing source. They must meet the creditworthiness criteria of OeKB, fulfil the legal 
requirements regarding the transactions to be financed and satisfy OeKB’s conditions for 
uniform financing procedures. The latter applies particularly to collateral management. 
In issuing credits under the Export Financing Scheme, OeKB observes the applicable 
guidelines, directives and regulations of international agreements of the Organisation for 
Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the EU and the Berne Union. 
Sustainability aspects are considered mainly in connection with the issuing of the guarantees 
listed above.  
Requirements 
International environment 
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22 
Export Services – Annual Review 2014 
Credit commitments and disbursements 
under the Export Financing Scheme 
Outstandings and net changes  
under the Export Financing Scheme - lending operations
€ million
Outstanding at  
31 Dec 2011
Net change
Outstanding at  
31 Dec 2012
Net change
Outstanding at  
31 Dec 2013
Net change
Outstanding at  
31 Dec 2014
Financing contracts
31,868
-4,165
27,703
-3,326
24,377
-2,529
21,848
Conditional commitments
376
-25
351
-96
255
-16
239
Total commitments
32,244
-4,190
28,054
-3,422
24,632
-2,545
22,087
Disbursements
28,362
-3,535
24,827
-2,796
22,031
-2,445
19,587
The outstanding loan agreement with the longest repayment period expires in 2039. 
Schedule of disbursements payable
€ million
Financing  
contracts
Conditional 
commitments
Total
By end of 2015
503
104
607
By end of 2016
1,680
82
1,762
By end of 2017
74
45
119
By end of 2018
2
8
10
By end of 2019
2
-
2
After 2019
-
-
-
Disbursements
2,261
239
2,500
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Export Services - Annual Review 2014 
23 
Schedule of repayments receivable
€ million
Financing  
contracts
Conditional 
commitments
Total
By end of 2015
3,860
-
3,860
By end of 2016
3,366
-
3,366
By end of 2017
1,880
-
1,880
By end of 2018
2,476
-
2,476
By end of 2019
1,131
-
1,131
By end of 2020
752
1
753
By end of 2021
649
8
657
By end of 2022
412
14
426
By end of 2023
278
16
294
After 2023 (up to 2039)
7,044
200
7,244
Repayments
21,848
239
22,087
Business activity under the Export Financing 
Scheme 
The following table presents an analysis of the underlying movements during the year. 
In the year under review, the loan repayments received more than covered loan 
disbursements (€ 5,216 million versus € 2,771 million). 
Business activity under the Export Financing Scheme - lending operations
€ million
2011
2012
2013
2014
Financing contracts:
New contracts issued 1
5,948
7,085
5,124
3,173
Contracts withdrawn
1,115
1,803
939
486
Repayments received
6,093
10,381
7,520
5,216
Of which on revolving credits
186
935
8
-
Loan funds disbursed
5,026
6,846
4,724
2,771
Conditional commitments (CC):
New conditional commitments issued
281
638
177
158
CC converted into contracts
169
396
185
115
CC withdrawn
39
267
87
59
1 Including conversions of conditional commitments into financing contracts, and including rescheduled 
debt.
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24 
Export Services – Annual Review 2014 
Export financing business by region 
and country 
Commitments and disbursements outstanding  
under the Export Financing Scheme, by region
Outstanding at 31 December 2013
Outstanding at 31 December 2014
Commitments
Disbursements
Commitments
Disbursements
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
Europe (incl. Turkey, CIS)
3,685
15.1%
3,391
15.4%
3,202
14.7%
2,955
15.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
3,748
15.2%
3,215
14.6%
EU
777
3.2%
636
2.9%
590
2.7%
541
2.8%
North America
102
0.4%
102
0.4%
107
0.5%
104
0.5%
Incl. conditional commitments
102
0.4%
107
0.5%
Latin America
349
1.4%
216
1.0%
410
1.9%
265
1.4%
Incl. conditional commitments
374
1.5%
441
2.0%
Asia
3,056
12.4%
2,785
12.6%
2,757
12.6%
2,563
13.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
3,178
12.9%
2,903
13.1%
Australia and Oceania
2
0.0%
2
0.0%
1
0.0%
1
0.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
2
0.0%
1
0.0%
Africa
738
3.0%
552
2.5%
658
3.0%
588
3.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
782
3.2%
707
3.2%
Comprehensive policies (CP) 1
11
0.1%
11
0.1%
10
0.0%
10
0.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
11
0.1%
10
0.0%
Subtotal
7,942
32.6%
7,059
32.0%
7,145
32.7%
6,485
33.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
8,197
33.3%
7,383
33.4%
Aval endorsements (AE) 2
16,435
67.4%
14,972
68.0%
14,704
67.3%
13,102
66.9%
Incl. conditional commitments
16,435
66.7%
14,704
66.6%
Total
24,377
100.0%
22,031
100.0%
21,848
100.0%
19,587
100.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
24,632
100.0%
22,087
100.0%
Of which (excl. CP and AE):
OECD
1,025
4.2%
869
3.9%
892
4.1%
844
4.3%
Non-European developing countries
4,002
16.4%
3,428
15.6%
3,664
16.8%
3,274
16.7%
OPEC
863
3.5%
778
3.5%
706
3.2%
631
3.2%
1 Financed export contracts covered by revolving comprehensive and reinsurance guarantees (CP).
2 Financed export contracts and short-term export credit lines covered by aval endorsements (AE).
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Export Services - Annual Review 2014 
25 
New commitments and disbursements   
under the Export Financing Scheme, by Region
Movements in 2013
Movements in 2014
New commitments 
issued
Loan funds 
disbursed
New commitments 
issued
Loan funds disbursed
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
Europe (incl. Turkey, CIS)
884
17.3%
837
17.7%
779
24.6%
778
28.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
909
17.2%
789
23.7%
EU
218
4.3%
172
3.6%
112
3.5%
156
5.6%
North America
-
-
8
0.2%
19
0.6%
16
0.6%
Incl. conditional commitments
-
-
19
0.6%
Latin America
104
2.0%
119
2.5%
96
3.0%
83
3.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
129
2.4%
127
3.8%
Asia
845
15.9%
977
20.7%
222
7.0%
236
8.5%
Incl. conditional commitments
931
17.6%
312
9.4%
Australia and Oceania
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
-
-
-
-
Incl. conditional commitments
0
0.0%
-
-
Africa
138
2.7%
135
2.9%
23
0.7%
133
4.8%
Incl. conditional commitments
180
3.4%
48
1.4%
Comprehensive policies (CP)
1
0.0%
1
0.0%
2
0.0%
2
0.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
1
0.0%
2
0.0%
Subtotal
1,973
38.5%
2,077
44.0%
1,140
35.9%
1,248
45.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
2,150
40.6%
1,298
39.0%
Aval endorsements (AE) 
3,151
61.5%
2,647
56.0%
2,033
64.1%
1,524
55.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
3,151
59.4%
2,033
61.0%
Total
5,124
100.0%
4,724
100.0%
3,173
100.0%
2,771
100.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
5,301
100.0%
3,331
100.0%
Of which (excl. CP and AE):
OECD
90
1.8%
100
2.1%
82
2.6%
141
5.1%
Non-European
498
9.7%
652
13.8%
275
8.7%
404
14.6%
OPEC
23
0.4%
56
1.2%
35
1.1%
32
1.2%
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26 
Export Services – Annual Review 2014 
Movements and outstandings under the Export Financing Scheme, by region and country
€ thousand
Movements in 2014
Outstanding at 31 December 2014
New commitments issued
Loan funds disbursed
Commitments
Disbursements
Total
3,173,206
2,771,431
21,848,098
19,586,894
Europe
779,410
778,098
3,201,779
2,954,794
Albania
23,495
14,454
67,418
47,705
Belarus
15,129
30,457
60,656
58,073
Belgium
403
6,109
49,988
24,428
Bosnia and Herzegovina
18,056
11,303
180,193
169,305
Bulgaria
488
9,755
81,213
81,213
Croatia
45,480
45,511
152,997
152,966
Greece
-
30,000
30,000
30,000
Luxembourg
33,945
28,693
84,812
77,082
Romania
9,784
10,637
121,667
117,065
Russia
433,672
378,173
1,442,101
1,280,492
Switzerland
-
-
69,730
69,730
Serbia
3,771
9,771
58,663
58,663
Turkey
4,410
8,217
177,922
177,403
Ukraine
164,059
164,059
515,575
515,575
North America
19,040
16,237
106,560
104,425
USA
1,520
855
89,233
89,233
Latin America
95,975
82,752
410,164
264,518
Brazil
5,487
9,030
30,045
29,890
Cuba
-
-
80,441
6,583
Honduras
15,690
23,474
102,168
102,160
Panama
34,423
20,068
39,535
25,509
Trinidad and Tobago
-
10,026
32,078
32,078
Venezuela
9,713
6,070
72,676
31,983
Asia
221,565
235,644
2,757,356
2,562,620
Armenia
11,840
7,026
39,635
31,305
Azerbaijan
29,530
17,175
30,381
18,026
Bahrain
7,503
7,221
44,697
22,523
Bhutan
-
5,099
60,000
60,000
China (inkl. Hong Kong)
6,191
47,939
899,563
875,644
India
35,876
876
74,559
39,559
Indonesien
-
-
596,366
562,016
Kazakhstan
7,190
7,190
29,040
29,040
Laos
9,480
8,818
25,138
17,708
Pakistan
838
838
34,163
34,163
Philippines
-
189
151,398
151,398
Sri Lanka
22,855
18,207
109,448
96,840
South Korea
-
25,170
293,149
293,149
Vietnam
34,740
25,544
291,074
254,230
Africa
22,815
133,188
657,674
587,943
Egypt
-22,334
-22,334
141,531
128,165
Gabon
6,868
80,979
204,449
164,760
Ghana
-
23,575
135,403
128,593
South Africa
-
-
35,000
35,000
Aval endorsements (AE)
2,032,762
1,523,874
14,703,502
13,101,530
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Export Services - Annual Review 2014 
27 
Tied financial credits, purchases of accounts 
receivable and other types of financing 
The following tables show the individual share which tied financial credits and purchases of 
accounts receivable have in the total volume of export-credit refinancing administered by 
OeKB. 
Export sales made on credit terms can be financed by having the exporter allow deferred 
payment or as a loan extended to a foreign buyer. The exporter granting a supplier credit to a 
foreign buyer can obtain funding for this from a credit institution. When a bank extends a tied 
financial credit or purchases accounts receivable, this leads to a reduction in the exporter’s 
balance sheet. 
Commitments and disbursements outstanding   
under the Export Financing Scheme, by type of financing
Outstanding at 31 December 2013
Outstanding at 31 December 2014
Commitments
Disbursements
Commitments
Disbursements
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
Tied financial credits
4,069
16.7%
3,574
16.2%
3,885
17.8%
3,581
18.3%
Incl. conditional commitments
4,324
17.6%
4,123
18.7%
Foreign investments
2,192
9.0%
2,185
9.9%
1,759
8.1%
1,659
8.5%
Incl. conditional commitments
2,192
8.9%
1,759
8.0%
Purchases of accounts receivable
175
0.7%
92
0.4%
172
0.8%
90
0.5%
Incl. conditional commitments
175
0.7%
172
0.8%
Other financing contracts
1,506
6.2%
1,208
5.5%
1,328
6.1%
1,155
5.9%
Incl. conditional commitments
1,506
6.1%
1,328
6.0%
Subtotal
7,942
32.6%
7,059
32.0%
7,145
32.7%
6,485
33.1%
Incl. conditional commitments
8,197
33.3%
7,383
33.4%
Aval endorsements
16,435
67.4%
14,972
68.0%
14,704
67.3%
13,102
66.9%
Incl. conditional commitments
16,435
66.7%
14,704
66.6%
Total
24,377
100.0%
22,031
100.0%
21,848
100.0%
19,587
100.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
24,632
100.0%
22,087
100.0%
28 
Export Services – Annual Review 2014 
New contracts issued and amounts disbursed   
under the Export Financing Scheme, by type of financing
Movements in 2013
Movements in 2014
New 
commitments 
issued
Loan funds 
disbursed
New commitments 
issued
Loan funds 
disbursed
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
€ million
%
Tied financial credits
393
7.7%
491
10.4%
184
5.8%
361
13.0%
Incl. conditional 
commitments
570
10.8%
341
10.2%
Foreign investments
1,158
22.6%
1,188
25.2%
653
20.6%
559
20.2%
Incl. conditional 
commitments
1,158
21.9%
653
19.6%
Purchases of accounts 
receivable
35
0.7%
36
0.8%
40
1.3%
40
1.4%
Incl. conditional 
commitments
35
0.7%
40
1.2%
Other financing contracts
387
7.6%
362
7.7%
264
8.3%
287
10.4%
Incl. conditional 
commitments
387
7.3%
264
7.9%
Subtotal
1,973
38.5%
2,077
44.0%
1,140
35.9%
1,248
45.0%
Incl. conditional 
commitments
2,150
40.6%
1,298
39.0%
Aval endorsements
3,151
61.5%
2,647
56.0%
2,033
64.1%
1,524
55.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
3,151
59.4%
2,033
61.0%
Total
5,124
100.0%
4,724
100.0%
3,173
100.0%
2,771
100.0%
Incl. conditional commitments
5,301
100.0%
3,331
100.0%
Interest rates in the Export Financing 
Scheme 
Financing on commercial terms 
Financing based on combined floating and fixed interest rates 
The financing for supplier and buyer credits and investment loans is extended at variable and 
fixed interest rates. The floating rate is determined by OeKB for the following quarter. It is 
based on the average cost for OeKB of funding itself in the market. The floating-rate portion 
of the credit is repaid first; the financing of the longer-term part is at a fixed interest rate. 
Financing based on EURIBOR 
OeKB also offers financing of supplier and buyer credits and investments purely at a floating-
rate. The financing is based on the 3 or 6-month EURIBOR plus a margin dependent on the 
duration. 
Export Services - Annual Review 2014 
29 
Kontrollbank Credit Line for short-term export contracts 
The Kontrollbank Credit Line (KRR) is available for large enterprises to finance short-term, 
revolving export business. The financing is based on avals guaranteed by the Republic. OeKB 
publishes its interest rate for this type of financing quarterly.  
Small and medium-sized enterprises are serviced by "Österreichischer Exportfonds" GmbH. 
Financing in foreign currencies 
Financing of export business and investments in foreign currencies is also offered at floating 
or fixed interest rates which are quoted separately for each contract. 
Fixed rate financing based on CIRR can be offered on demand. 
The current interest rates of the Export Financing Scheme can be viewed on the Internet at 
www.oekb.at/en/export-services/financing/interest-rates
Soft Loans 
In addition to export finance facilities on commercial terms, the Austrian export industry can 
benefit from financing on concessional terms. Soft loans adhere to the soft-loan policy 
pursued by the Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF) within the framework of the OECD 
agreement; they support Austrian exporters in the face of international competition and aim 
to contribute to the sustainable development of receiver countries. 
Conditions for soft-loan financing depend on the receiver country and are, as a rule, set 
annually.  
Austria’s Export Financing Scheme is also described in the so-called Yellow Book published 
by the OECD. 
Sources and uses of funds (flow-of-funds 
statement) 
The total of all positions used under the Export Financing Scheme in the financial year was 
€ 34,882 billion. Of this amount, € 2,771 billion represented loan disbursements. € 32,111 
billion was used largely for the repayment of loan liabilities. In the reporting period, € 5,216 
billion (15 %) of the funds used came from debt service payments received on export credits. 
New borrowing amounted to € 29,666 billion. Of this sum € 3,220 billion in Euros and various 
foreign currencies was raised in Austria and € 26,446 billion was sourced abroad. 
The financing volume under the Export Financing Scheme decreased by 13 % compared to 
2013.  
For further details see 
Glossary 
www.oekb.at/en/ 
export-services/ 
Financing/ 
interest-rates/Pages/ 
soft-loans.aspx 
30 
Export Services – Annual Review 2014 
Guarantees of the 
Republic of Austria 
under the Export 
Financing Guarantees 
Act (AFFG)
OeKB funds itself on the international and domestic financial markets through the issue of  
 global bonds 
 liquid benchmark-transactions 
 private placements 
 structured medium-term notes and 
 short-term money market instruments. 
In 2014, long-term transactions totalling € 2.5 billion were placed in Austria and abroad. 
Notable issues were two US dollar global bonds totalling $ 2.25 billion and one GB pound-
euroshelf placement totalling £ 350 million including an increase of capital stock. In addition 
GB pound and swiss franc bonds as well as a US dollar private placement were issued. 
OeKB bonds are guaranteed unconditionally and explicitly by the Republic of Austria and are 
rated Aaa/AA+ by Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s, with short-term debt rated P1 and A1+ 
respectively 
The AFFG regulates the granting of guarantees by the Federal Minister of Finance in favour of 
the creditors of OeKB in all export-financing related matters. The Federal Minister of Finance 
is also authorised to guarantee repayment to OeKB of possible foreign exchange losses 
incurred by credit operations. 
For further details see  
Laws and 
Regulations -  AFFG 
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