Supply Chain Simulations and Poverty Analysis
189
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.8
0.4
0
Basic
model
CP:
farmers
CP:
firms
CP:
both
Cote d'Ivoire 
ˆ
Rwanda
Uganda
Cote d'Ivoire 
ˆ
Rwanda
Uganda
0
0.4
0.8
−0.4
(a)
Basic
model
CP:
farmers
CP:
firms
CP:
both
(b)
(c)
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Cote d'Ivoire 
ˆ
Rwanda
Uganda
Current
configuration
Leaders
merge
Equal
market
shares
Figure A5.16: Income effects for coffee producer households under (a) leader split,
(b) leaders merge, and (c) increasedinternational price.
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190
Supply Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Cote d'Ivoire 
ˆ
Rwanda
Uganda
Poor
Nonpoor
Figure A5.17: Equal market shares income effects in coffee
for poor and nonpoor producer households.
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Cote d'Ivoire 
ˆ
Rwanda
Uganda
Male
Female
Figure A5.18: Perfect competition income effects in coffee
for male-headed and female-headed producer households.
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Supply Chain Simulations and Poverty Analysis
191
4
2
0
−2
−4
−6
6
Basic
model
CP: 
farmers
CP:
firms
CP:
both
International
price
Basic
model
CP: 
farmers
CP:
firms
CP:
both
International
price
Malawi
Zambia
(a)
Malawi
Zambia
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
(b)
Figure A5.19: Income effects in tobacco for producer households
under (a)exit of the largest and (b) equal market shares.
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192
Supply Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Malawi
Zambia
Poor
Nonpoor
Figure A5.20: Perfect competition income effects in tobacco
for poor and nonpoor producer households.
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
Malawi
Zambia
Male
Female
Figure A5.21: Leader split income effects in tobacco for
male-headedand female-headed producer households.
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Basic
model
CP:
farmers
CP:
firms
CP:
both
International
price
Without outgrower contracts
With outgrower contracts
−44.8%
−35.1%
−35.1%
−29.4%
−10.4%
Figure A5.22: Scenarios under leader split with and
without outgrower contracts in tobacco–Malawi.
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Supply Chain Simulations and Poverty Analysis
193
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