The last problem that occurred was quizzes created in Adobe Captivate software.
When published from the Captivate software, default publish preferences have to be changed.
Under the Quiz category, reporting of the project should be disabled. In contrary, quiz that is
created will try to connect to LMS (Learning Management System) when the book is
published, and when it fails to do so the quiz will be unable to run. Another big flaw of
creating the electronic book using InDesign is creation of the table of content. The process is
complicated and takes a lot of time.
There are also some flaws when publishing the book.
Acrobat’s Digital Publishing
Suite web page allows the users with free accounts to upload only one folio without having to
pay the fee. If user wants to publish another folio, first it has to unpublish the existing folio.
Users with this account cannot publish public folios. If they want other users to see the folio,
they have to share it with them via email. There is also option to publish the folio at exact
time, but this feature is unavailable to users with free accounts.
The work resulted in functional interactive electronic textbook of physics that can be
viewed on any device that has Adobe Content Viewer installed. However, considering all
problems that occurred during the process, and also amount and the price of the software
required to create the book content, it is good to research alternative ways to create interactive
ook. Good alternative is Apple’s software iBook
s Author (Apple: iBooks
. It is free and it offers a lot of features that make the book interactive. It can create
regular textbooks with just plain text, but users can also add images, videos, interactive
diagrams, 3D objects, mathematical expressions and animations. This software has one useful
feature where it offers pre-defined templates with various page layouts, so that user does not
have to spend much time on designing the book. Adding text is much easier than in InDesign
document. It is enough to drag and drop Microsoft Word document to the stage to add it as a
new section. When the images are dragged and dropped to the stage that contains the text, the
text will automatically flow around the images. Shapes, charts, tablets, text and widgets can
be easily added to the stage with just o one click. Mathematical expressions can be written by
using integrated plug-ins LaTeX or MathML. Widget is the feature that is used to add photo
galleries that can be swiped, animations with various effects and 3D objects that can be
interacted with. iBooks author has built-in feature that automatically creates table of contents,
much easier than in InDesign. The work can be previewed at any moment on iPad or Mac and
no additional software is needed to do that, like Adobe Content Viewer in this work. When
the work is done, the book can be submitted to Apple’s platform iBooks for purchase or free
download. iBooks automatically notifies reader of the book if there is a new version of the
book available for download. Book can also be exported in iBooks format to share on iTunes
U or to give it to anyone who has device to read it. Compared to method used in this work,
iBooks Author has a lot of useful features that can automatically do a lot of work.
One of the flaws of this software is that it can only be used on Macintosh operating
systems and therefore it was not used in this work. However, it will be used in the future work
in order to compare it to the method used in this work, to find advantages and disadvantages
of each method and conclude which one is more suitable to create an interactive electronic
Although Adobe software used to create this book has some flaws, they have a lot of
useful features and options. If user has sufficient knowledge of that software, it can create
animations by adding any kind of interactivity to it. Adobe Captivate is software that can be
used to create a lot of diverse interactive content. Aside from quizzes, it can be used to make
drag and drop interactive animations, simulations and other interactive e-learning content.
InDesign is one of the best software to design books. User can design its book any way it
wants with a lot of useful tools and options. Although iBook Author has page layout
templates and is more suitable for beginner users of the software, InDesign gives complete
freedom to the user to design the pages of the book.
The flaw of this method is that it requires knowledge about Adobe software used to
create the book, while iBook Author is user-friendly software that has a lot of automatic
features at requires minimum knowledge about itself. Adobe software is more complicated
and it requires time and practice in order to understand and learn it. Positive side is that all
Adobe Creative Suite software is alike and they work in similar way. Therefore, is user
already possesses the knowledge about some of Creative Suite software, it will probably learn
other software much easier. Unlike iBook Author these are not free software, but they do have
30 day free trial versions.
7 Conclusion and future work
The process of creating this interactive electronic book was durable and sometimes
complicated due to flaws of some software used in the creation. However, interactive
electronic books are field that is developing fast so there is no doubt that in the near future
there will be more software developed, hopefully software that does not require a lot of
computing knowledge so that user with any level of computer literacy can create its own
interactive electronic book. This could be very useful for teachers who want to enrich their
classes with interactive multimedia materials.
Nowadays children grow up in computing environment and interactive electronic
books are good way to help them learn. Growing up in such an environment makes them
computer literate at very young age so they would have no problem in using this kind of
books. Electronic book will probably never replace the printed book, but it can be extremely
useful in learning with all the multimedia that can be embedded. Students see its great
advantage in its small weight, because they do not have to carry heavy books on their backs in
and out of school.
Although printed book will probably never be replaced, electronic book definitely has
a bright future. Every day more and more electronic publications are sold, new reading
devices are developed, electronic libraries get bigger and bigger, publishers tend to convert
their publications into the digital format. In the future, electronic books will probably be
available in parallel with printed books, letting the user to choose his preferred form of the
book. More and more electronic book libraries are created every day. For example, Project
Gutenberg has a great amount of free electronic books and almost every classic title can be
In the future, development of the interactive electronic books will continue. New
software for creation will be developed and existing one will be improved. Hopefully in the
future more options and features will be available while creating the book and more simple
software for creation will be developed. Creation of an interactive electronic book will be
available to anyone. Electronic learning will also continue to develop and more and more
schools will implement it to its educational system. Some schools will completely replace
traditional educating system with electronic one, and other will use electronic learning as
supplement to their conventional classes. Either way, multimedia and interactive learning
materials will be crucial in the future of education. Unfortunately, schools will have to invest
money to add electronic learning to their educational system, to get needed devices and buy
studying materials. However, some studies have shown that educational results get higher
when electronic learning is used in the process.
Most of the tools used in this process sowed up to be very useful and with an awful lot
of options. With these software electronic book designer can make any creative idea real and
functional. Latest versions of InDesign software have a lot of new features that are useful in
the process of electronic book creation. It is possible to embed videos, animations, sound, and
web content like local HTML file or hyperlink to some web content.
Nowadays there is a lot of software that can be used to create an interactive electronic
book and it can be hard for a user to decide which method to use and which file format to
create. The best way is to estimate one’s own capabilities, knowledge and available s
in order to select the method.
In the future work another interactive electronic book will be created, but using iBook
Author software in order to compare it to this method of creation. There will also be done
research on software that could be used to substitute Adobe Edge Animate, the software that
showed out to be at least suitable for this process. The reason that it is used in creating
animations is that it can publish animation in OAM format that can be imported into the
InDesign document. Ado
be’s software that is most suitable to create animations is Adobe
Flash software, but it publishes animations in SWF format that cannot be imported into the
InDesign document, and it cannot export animations into the OAM format. Still, Adobe Flash
can be used to create animations for electronic books that will be published in PDF format.
Once the PDF is created, SWF animation can be added to the document. There will also be
done the research on the software to conclude why some animations do not work when
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