c# pdf reader writer : Copy page from pdf control application system azure web page windows console TeXbyTopic28-part930

Chapter36. The e GrammarofT
E
X
The main n difference e between versions s 2 2 and 3 lies s in the fact that 8-bit input has
become possible. Associated with this, , various quantities s that used d to be127or 128
havebeenraised to 255or256 respectively. Here is s ashort list. Thefulldescription
isin[20].
All ‘codes’ (\catcode, \sfcode, et cetera; see page 49) nowapply to 256
charactercodes insteadof128.
A characterwithcode \endlinechar isappendedto thelineunless s this pa-
rameterisnegativeormorethan255(thiswas127)(see page29).
Noescapecharacterisoutputby\writeandothercommandsif\escapechar
is negativeormorethan255(thiswas127)(see page35).
The^^ replacementmechanism has beenextended(seepage32).
Parameters\language,\inputlineno,\errorcontextlines,\lefthyphenmin,
\righthyphenmin,\badness,\holdinginserts,\emergencystretch,and
commands\noboundary, \setlanguage have beenadded.
Thevalueof\outputpenaltyisnolongerzeroifthepagebreakwasnotat
a penaltyitem;insteaditis 10000(seepage227).
The plain format has s also been updated, mostly with default t settings for parameters
suchas \lefthyphenmin,butalsoafewmacros have beenadded.
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Chapter37
GlossaryofT
E
XPrimitives
Thischaptergives thelistofallprimitivesofT
E
X.Aftereachcontrolsequencethe
grammaticalcategoryofthecommandorparameteris given,plus ashortdescription.
Forsomecommandsthesyntaxoftheiruseisgiven.
Forparameters theclasstowhichtheybelongisgiven. Commands thathaveno
grammaticalcategoryintheT
E
Xbookaredenotedeither‘expandablecommand’or
‘primitive command’inthislist.
Grammaticalterms suchasequals andoptionalspace areexplainedinChapter36.
\- horizontalcommandDiscretionaryhyphen;thisis s equivalentto
\discretionary””{-}{}{}. Canbeusedtoindicatehyphenatablepointsin
aword.
\char32 horizontalcommandControlspace.Insertthesameamountofspaceas s a
spacetokenwouldif\spacefactor=1000.
\char47 primitive e command Italiccorrection:insertakernspecifiedbythe
precedingcharacter.Eachcharacterhasanitaliccorrection,possiblyzero,
specifiedinthetfmfile. Forslantedfonts thiscompensates foroverhang.
\abovedimen generalizedfractioncommandFractionwithspecifiedbarwidth.
\abovedisplayshortskip glueparameter  Glue abovea displayiftheline
precedingthedisplaywas short.
\abovedisplayskip glueparameter  Glueabovea display.
\abovewithdelimsdelim
1
delim
2
dimen generalizedfractioncommand
Generalizedfractionwithdelimiters.
\accent8-bit numberoptional assignmentscharacter horizontal
command Commandtoplace accents oncharacters.
\adjdemerits integerparameter  Penaltyforadjacentnotvisuallycompatiblelines.
Default10000inplainT
E
X.
\advancenumeric variableoptional bynumber arithmeticassignment
Arithmeticcommandtoincreaseordecreasea numeric variable, thatis, a
countvariable,dimenvariable,glue variable, ormuglue variable.
\afterassignmenttoken primitive e commandSavethe nexttokenforexecution
afterthenextassignment. Onlyonetokencanbesavedthis way.
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Chapter37. GlossaryofT
E
XPrimitives
\aftergrouptoken primitivecommandSave thenexttokenforinsertionafter
thecurrentgroup. Severaltokenscanbe savedthisway.
\atopdimen generalizedfractioncommand  Placeobjects overoneanother.
\atopwithdelimsdelim
1
delim
2
 generalizedfractioncommand  Placeobjects
overoneanotherwithdelimiters.
\badness internalinteger (T
E
X3only)Badness ofthemostrecentlyconstructed
box.
\baselineskip glue parameterThe‘ideal’baselinedistancebetweenneighbouring
boxes onaverticallist;12pt inplainT
E
X.
\batchmode interactionmodeassignment T
E
Xpatcheserrorsitselfandperforms an
emergencystoponserious errors suchas missinginputfiles, butnoterminal
outputis generated.
\begingroup primitivecommand Openagroupthatmustbe closedwith
\endgroup.
\belowdisplayshortskip glueparameter  Gluebelowadisplayiftheline
precedingthe displaywasshort.
\belowdisplayskip glueparameterGluebelowadisplay.
\binoppenalty integerparameterPenaltyforbreakingaftera binaryoperatornot
enclosedinasubformula.PlainT
E
Xdefault:700.
\botmark expandablecommandThelastmarkonthe currentpage.
\box8-bit number  boxUseaboxregister,emptyingit.
\boxmaxdepth dimenparameter Maximumalloweddepthofboxes.
Default\maxdimen inplainT
E
X.
\brokenpenalty integerparameter Additionalpenaltyforbreakingapageaftera
hyphenatedline.Default100 inplainT
E
X.
\catcode8-bit number  internalinteger;thecontrolsequenceitselfis
a codename.Accesscategorycodes.
\charnumber character  Explicitdenotationofacharactertobetypeset.
\chardefcontrol sequenceequalsnumber shorthanddefinition  Define a
controlsequencetobeasynonym foracharactercode.
\cleaders leaders As \leaders, butwithboxleadersanyexcessspaceissplit
intoequal glue items beforeandaftertheleaders.
\closein4-bit number  primitivecommand Closeaninputstream.
\closeout4-bit number  primitivecommand Closeanoutputstream.
\clubpenalty integerparameterAdditionalpenaltyforbreakingapageafterthe
firstline ofaparagraph. Default150inplainT
E
X.
\copy8-bit number  boxUseaboxregisterandretainthecontents.
\count8-bit number  internal integer;thecontrolsequenceitselfis aregister
prefix.Accesscountregisters.
\countdefcontrol sequenceequals8-bit number  shorthanddefinition;
thecontrolsequenceitselfis aregisterdef. Definea controlsequence tobe
a synonymfora\count register.
\cr primitivecommandTerminateanalignmentline.
\crcr primitivecommand Terminateanalignmentlineifithas notalreadybeen
terminatedby\cr.
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\csname expandablecommand  Startformingthe nameofacontrolsequence. Has
tobe balancedwith\endcsname.
\day integerparameter  Thedayofthecurrentjob.
\deadcycles specialintegerCounterthatkeepstrackofhowmanytimesthe
outputroutinehasbeencalledwithouta\shipouttakingplace. Ifthis
numberreaches\maxdeadcyclesT
E
Xgivesanerrormessage. PlainT
E
X
default:25.
\def def  Startamacrodefinition.
\defaulthyphenchar integerparameterValueof\hyphencharwhena a fontis
loaded. DefaultvalueinplainT
E
Xis ‘\-.
\defaultskewchar integerparameterValueof\skewchar r whenafontis loaded.
DefaultvalueinplainT
E
Xis -1.
\delcode8-bit number internalinteger;thecontrolsequenceitselfis
acodename. Access the codespecifyinghowa charactershouldbeusedas
delimiterafter\leftor\right.
\delimiter27-bit number mathcharacterExplicitdenotationofadelimiter.
\delimiterfactor integerparameter1000timesthepartofa a delimitedformula
thatshouldbecoveredbya delimiter.PlainT
E
Xdefault:901.
\delimitershortfall integerparameterSize e ofthe part ofadelimitedformula
thatisallowedtogouncoveredbyadelimiter. PlainT
E
Xdefault:5pt.
\dimen8-bit number internaldimen;thecontrolsequenceitselfisaregister
prefix. Access dimenregisters.
\dimendefcontrol sequenceequals8-bit number shorthanddefinition;
the control sequence itselfis aregisterdef.Defineacontrolsequencetobe
asynonym fora\dimenregister.
\discretionary{pre-break}{post-break}{no-break} horizontalcommandSpecify
the wayacharactersequenceissplitupatalinebreak.
\displayindent dimenparameterDistancebywhichthebox,inwhichthe
displayis centred, is indentedowingtohangingindentation.Thisvalueisset
automaticallyforeachdisplay.
\displaylimits primitivecommandRestoredefaultplacementforlimits.
\displaystyle primitivecommandSelectthe e displaystyleofmathtypesetting.
\displaywidowpenalty integerparameterAdditionalpenaltyforbreakingapage
beforethelastlineabovea displayformula. Default50inplainT
E
X.
\displaywidth dimenparameter  Widthoftheboxinwhichthedisplayis centred.
This value is setautomaticallyforeachdisplay.
\dividenumeric variableoptional bynumber arithmeticassignment
Arithmeticcommandtodividea numeric variable (see\advance).
\doublehyphendemerits integerparameterPenaltyforconsecutivelinesending
withahyphen. Default10000inplainT
E
X.
\dp8-bit number  internaldimen;thecontrolsequenceitselfisabox
dimension.Depthoftheboxinaboxregister.
\dump verticalcommandDumpaformatfile;possibleonlyinIniT
E
X,notallowed
insideagroup.
\edef def  Startamacrodefinition;thereplacementtextis expandedatdefinition
time.
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Chapter37. GlossaryofT
E
XPrimitives
\else expandablecommandSelectfalsetext ofaconditionalordefaultcaseof
\ifcase.
\emergencystretch dimenparameter(T
E
X3only)Assumedextra stretchabilityin
lines ofaparagraphinthirdpassoftheline-breakingalgorithm.
\end verticalcommandEndthis run.
\endcsname expandablecommand Delimitthename ofacontrolsequencethat
wasbegunwith\csname.
\endgroup primitivecommand Endagroupthatwasopenedwith\begingroup.
\endinput expandablecommandTerminateinputtingthecurrentfileafterthe
currentline.
\endlinechar integerparameterThecharactercodeoftheend-of-line character
appendedtoinputlines. IniT
E
Xdefault:13.
\eqnomath mode material$$ $ eqno Placearightequationnumberinadisplay
formula.
\errhelp tokenparameter Tokensthatwillbedisplayediftheuserasks forhelp
afteran\errmessage.
\errmessagegeneral text  primitivecommand Reportanerrorandgivethe
useropportunitytoact.
\errorcontextlines integerparameter  (T
E
X3only)Numberofadditionalcontext
lines showninerrormessages.
\errorstopmode interactionmodeassignment Askforuserinputonthe
occurrenceofanerror.
\escapechar integerparameterNumberofthecharacterthatisusedwhencontrol
sequences arebeingconvertedintocharactertokens. IniT
E
Xdefault:92.
\everycr tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedafterevery\crornon-redundant
\crcr.
\everydisplay tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedatthestartofadisplay.
\everyhbox tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedatthestartofahorizontalbox.
\everyjob tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedatthestartofeachjob.
\everymath tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedatthestartofnon-displaymath.
\everypar tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedinfrontofparagraphtext.
\everyvbox tokenparameter Tokenlistinsertedatthestartofaverticalbox.
\exhyphenpenalty integerparameter Penaltyforbreakingahorizontallineata
discretionaryinthespecialcase wheretheprebreaktextis empty. Default50
inplainT
E
X.
\expandafter expandablecommand Take thenexttwotokensandplacethe
expansionofthesecondafterthefirst.
\fam integerparameterThenumberofthecurrentfontfamily.
\fi expandablecommandClosingdelimiterforallconditionals.
\finalhyphendemerits integerparameter  Penaltyaddedwhenthe penultimate
line ofaparagraphendswithahyphen.PlainT
E
Xdefault5000.
\firstmark expandablecommand Thefirstmarkonthe currentpage.
\floatingpenalty integerparameter Penaltyamountaddedto
\insertpenaltieswhenaninsertionissplit.
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\fontcontrol sequenceequalsfile nameat clause  simpleassignment
Associateacontrolsequencewithatfm file. Whenusedonitsown,this
controlsequenceisafont, denotingthecurrentfont.
\fontdimennumberfont internaldimenAccessvariousparameters s offonts.
\fontnamefont primitivecommand  The externalname ofafont.
\futureletcontrol sequencetoken
1
token
2
 letassignmentAssignthe
meaningoftoken
2
tothe controlsequence.
\gdef def  Synonym for\global\def.
\global prefix  Makethe nextdefinition,arithmeticstatement, orassignment
global.
\globaldefs integerparameter  Override\globalspecifications:a positivevalue
ofthis parametermakesallassignmentsglobal,anegativevalue makes them
local.
\halignbox specification{alignment material} verticalcommand
Horizontalalignment. Displayalignment:
$$\halignboxspecification{...}optionalassignments$$
\hangafter integerparameter  Ifpositive, thisdenotesthenumberoflines before
indentingstarts;ifnegative,itsabsolutevalueisthenumberofindentedlines
startingwiththe firstlineofthe paragraph.Thedefaultvalueof1isrestored
aftereveryparagraph.
\hangindent dimenparameterIfpositive,thisindicates s indentationfrom theleft
margin;ifnegative, thisisthenegativeoftheindentationfrom theright
margin. Thedefaultvalueof0ptis restoredaftereveryparagraph.
\hbadness integerparameter  ThresholdbelowwhichT
E
Xdoesnotreportan
underfulloroverfullhorizontalbox. PlainT
E
Xdefault:1000.
\hboxbox specification{horizontal l material} boxConstructa
horizontalbox.
\hfil horizontalcommandHorizontalskipequivalentto\hskip 0cm plus 1fil.
\hfill horizontalcommandHorizontalskipequivalentto
\hskip 0cm plus 1fill.
\hfilneg horizontalcommandHorizontalskipequivalentto
\hskip 0cm minus 1fil.
\hfuzz dimenparameterExcesssizethatT
E
Xtoleratesbefore itconsiders a
horizontalboxoverfull. PlainT
E
Xdefault:0.1pt.
\hoffset dimenparameterDistancebywhichthepageis s shiftedtotherightof
the referencepointwhichis atoneinchfrom theleftmargin.
\holdinginserts integerparameter  (onlyT
E
X3)Ifthis ispositive,insertionsare
notplacedintheirboxes whenthe\outputtokensareinserted.
\hrule verticalcommandRulethatspreads s inhorizontaldirection.
\hsize dimenparameterLinewidthusedfortexttypesettinginside e averticalbox.
\hskipglue horizontalcommandInsertinhorizontalmode e aglueitem.
\hss horizontalcommandHorizontalskipequivalentto
\hskip 0cm plus 1fil l minus s 1fil.
\ht8-bit number  internaldimen;thecontrolsequenceitselfisabox
dimension.Heightofthe boxina boxregister.
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XPrimitives
\hyphenationgeneral text hyphenationassignment  Definehyphenation
exceptionsforthe currentvalueof\language.
\hyphencharfont internalinteger  Numberofthe characterbehindwhicha
\discretionary{}{}{}isinserted.
\hyphenpenalty integerparameter Penaltyassociatedwithbreakatadiscretionary
inthe generalcase. Default50inplainT
E
X.
\iftoken
1
token
2
 expandable e commandTestequalityofcharactercodes.
\ifcasenumbercase
0
\or...\orcase
n
\elseother cases\fi expandable
commandEnumeratedcasestatement.
\ifcattoken
1
token
2
 expandable e commandTestwhethertwocharactershave
thesame categorycode.
\ifdimdimen
1
relationdimen
2
 expandable e command Compare two
dimensions.
\ifeof4-bit number  expandablecommandTestwhethera filehas beenfully
read, ordoes notexist.
\iffalse expandablecommandThis testis always false.
\ifhbox8-bit number  expandablecommandTestwhethera boxregister
containsahorizontalbox.
\ifhmode expandablecommandTestwhetherthecurrentmode is (possibly
restricted)horizontalmode.
\ifinner expandablecommand Testwhetherthecurrentmodeisaninternalmode.
\ifmmode expandablecommandTestwhetherthecurrentmode is (possibly
display)mathmode.
\ifnumnumber
1
relationnumber
2
 expandable e commandTestrelations
betweennumbers.
\ifoddnumber expandablecommandTestwhetheranumberis s odd.
\iftrue expandablecommandThis testis always true.
\ifvbox8-bit number  expandablecommandTestwhethera boxregister
containsaverticalbox.
\ifvmode expandablecommandTestwhetherthecurrentmode is (possibly
internal)verticalmode.
\ifvoid8-bit number  expandablecommandTestwhethera boxregisteris
empty.
\ifxtoken
1
token
2
 expandable e commandTestequalityofmacroexpansion, or
equalityofcharactercodeandcategorycode.
\ignorespaces primitivecommand Expands followingtokensuntilsomething
otherthanaspacetokenisfound.
\immediate primitivecommand Prefixtohaveoutputoperationsexecutedright
away.
\indent primitivecommand Switchtohorizontalmodeandinsertboxwithwidth
\parindent. This commandis automaticallyinsertedbeforeahorizontal
commandinverticalmode.
\inputfile name expandablecommandReadaspecifiedfileasT
E
Xinput.
\inputlineno internalinteger(T
E
X3only)Numberofthecurrentinput line.
\insert8-bit number{vertical mode material} } primitivecommand Start
aninsertionitem.
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\insertpenalties specialintegerTotalofpenaltiesforsplitinsertions. . Inside the
outputroutinethenumberofheld-overinsertions.
\interlinepenalty integerparameterPenaltyforbreakingapagebetweenlines
ofa paragraph.Default0 inplainT
E
X.
\jobname expandablecommand  Name ofthe mainT
E
Xfilebeingprocessed.
\kerndimen kernAddakernitemofthespecifieddimen  tothelist;this can
beusedbothinhorizontalandverticalmode.
\language integerparameter  (T
E
X3only)Choose asetofhyphenationpatterns
andexceptions.
\lastbox box  Registercontainingthelastelementaddedtothecurrentlist, ifthis
was abox.
\lastkern internaldimen  Ifthelastitem onthelistwas akern, thesizeofthis.
\lastpenalty internalintegerIfthelastitemonthe e listwasapenalty, the value
ofthis.
\lastskip internalglueorinternalmuglue.Ifthelastitem m onthelistwasa
skip, thesizeofthis.
\lccode8-bit number internalinteger;thecontrolsequenceitselfis
acodename. Access the charactercodethatisthelowercasevariantofa
givencode.
\leadersbox or rulevertical/horizontal/mathematical skip  leaders
Fillaspecifiedamountofspacewitharuleorcopies ofbox.
\left primitive e command Use thefollowingcharacterasanopendelimiter.
\lefthyphenmin integerparameter  (T
E
X3only)Minimum numberofcharacters
beforeahyphenation.
\leftskip glueparameter  Gluethatisplacedtothe leftofalllines.
\leqnomath mode material$$ eqnoPlacea a leftequationnumberinadisplay
formula.
\letcontrol sequenceequalstoken  letassignmentDefineacontrol
sequencetoatoken, assignitsmeaningifthetokenisacommandormacro.
\limits primitive e command Place limitsoverandunderalarge operator. This is
the defaultpositionindisplaystyle.
\linepenalty integerparameter  Penaltyvalue associatedwitheachlinebreak.
Default10inplainT
E
X.
\lineskip glueparameter  Glueaddedifdistancebetweenbottom andtopof
neighbouringboxesisless than\lineskiplimit.Default1ptinplainT
E
X.
\lineskiplimit dimenparameterDistancetobemaintainedbetweenthebottom
andtopofneighbouringboxesonaverticallist. Default0ptinplainT
E
X.
\long prefix  Indicatethatthe arguments ofthemacrotobedefinedareallowedto
contain\par tokens.
\looseness integerparameter  Numberoflinesbywhichthisparagraphhas tobe
madelonger(or, ifnegative,shorter)thanitwouldbeideally.
\lowerdimenbox primitivecommandAdjustverticalpositioningofaboxin
horizontalmode.
\lowercasegeneral text primitive e commandConverttheargumenttoits
lowercaseform.
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XPrimitives
\mag integerparameter1000timesthemagnificationofthedocument. Default
1000 inIniT
E
X.
\markgeneral text  primitivecommandSpecifyamarktext.
\mathaccent15-bit numbermath field  primitivecommand Placeanaccent
inmathmode.
\mathbinmath field  mathatom Letthefollowingmathfield functionas a
binaryoperation.
\mathchar15-bit number  primitivecommand Explicitdenotationofa
mathematicalcharacter.
\mathchardefcontrol sequenceequals15-bit number  shorthand
definition Define acontrolsequencetobeasynonymforamathcharacter
code.
\mathchoice{D}{T}{S}{SS} primitivecommand Givefourvariants ofaformula
forthefourstyles ofmathtypesetting.
\mathclosemath field  mathatomLet thefollowingmathfield functionas a
closingsymbol.
\mathcode8-bit number  internalinteger;thecontrolsequenceitselfis
a codename.Codeofacharacterdeterminingits treatmentinmathmode.
\mathinnermath field  mathatomLet thefollowingmathfield functionas
aninnerformula.
\mathopmath field  mathatom Letthefollowingmathfield functionas a
largeoperator.
\mathopenmath field  mathatom Letthefollowingmathfield functionas an
openingsymbol.
\mathordmath field  mathatom Letthefollowingmathfield functionas an
ordinaryobject.
\mathpunctmath field  mathatomLet thefollowingmathfield functionas a
punctuationsymbol.
\mathrelmath field  mathatom Letthefollowingmathfield functionas a
relation.
\mathsurround dimenparameter Kernamountplacedbeforeandafterin-line
formulas.
\maxdeadcycles integerparameter Themaximum numberoftimes thattheoutput
routineis allowedtobecalledwithouta\shipoutoccurring. IniT
E
X
default:25.
\maxdepth dimenparameter Maximumdepthofthepagebox. Default4ptin
plainT
E
X.
\meaning expandablecommandGive themeaningofacontrolsequenceasa
stringofcharacters.
\medmuskip muglue parameterMedium amountofmuglue. Defaultvalue inplain
T
E
X:4mu plus 2mu minus 4mu
\messagegeneral text  primitivecommand Writea messagetotheterminal.
\mkern primitivecommand Insertakernmeasuredinmuunits.
\month integerparameterThemonthofthecurrentjob.
\moveleftdimenbox primitivecommandAdjusthorizontalpositioningofa a box
inverticalmode.
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\moverightdimenbox primitivecommand Adjusthorizontalpositioningofa
boxinverticalmode.
\mskip mathematicalskip  Insertgluemeasuredinmuunits.
\multiplynumeric variableoptional bynumber arithmeticassignment
Arithmeticcommandtomultiplyanumericvariable (see\advance).
\muskip8-bit number internalmuglue;the e controlsequence itselfis aregister
prefix. Access skipsmeasuredinmuunits.
\muskipdefcontrol sequenceequals8-bit number shorthanddefinition;
the control sequence itselfis aregisterdef.Defineacontrolsequencetobe
asynonym fora\muskipregister.
\newlinechar integerparameter  Numberofthecharacterthattriggersa newline
in\writestatements. PlainT
E
Xdefault−1.
\noalignfiller{vertical (horizontal) mode material} } primitive
command Specifyvertical(horizontal)materialtobeplacedinbetween
rows (columns)ofan\halign(\valign).
\noboundary horizontalcommand(T
E
X3only)Omitimplicitboundarycharacter.
\noexpandtoken expandablecommand  Donotexpandthe nexttoken.
\noindent primitive e commandSwitchtohorizontalmodewithanempty
horizontallist.
\nolimits primitive e commandPlace limitsofalargeoperatorassubscriptand
superscriptexpressions. This isthe defaultpositionintextstyle.
\nonscript primitive e commandCancelthenextglueitemifitoccursin
scriptstyleorscriptscriptstyle.
\nonstopmode interactionmodeassignmentT
E
Xfixes errorsasbestitcan, and
performsanemergencystopwhenuserinteractionis needed.
\nulldelimiterspace dimenparameter  Widthtakenforemptydelimiters.
Default1.2ptinplainT
E
X.
\nullfont fontdeftoken  Name ofanemptyfontthatT
E
Xuses inemergencies.
\numbernumber expandablecommand  Convertanumber todecimal
representation.
\omit primitive e command Omitthetemplateforonealignmententry.
\openin4-bit numberequalsfilename primitivecommand  Openastream
forinput.
\openout4-bit numberequalsfilename primitivecommand  Openastream
foroutput.
\or primitivecommand  Separatorforentriesofan\ifcase.
\outer prefix  Indicatethatthe macrobeingdefinedshouldoccurontheouter
levelonly.
\output tokenparameterTokenlistwithinstructionsforshippingoutpages.
\outputpenalty integerparameter  Valueofthepenaltyatthecurrentpagebreak,
or10000ifthebreakwas notatapenalty.
\over generalizedfractioncommandFraction.
\overfullrule dimenparameterWidthoftherulethatisprintedtoindicate
overfullhorizontalboxes. PlainT
E
Xdefault:5pt.
\overlinemath field mathatomOverline e thefollowingmathfield.
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