c# pdf viewer itextsharp : Reordering pages in pdf application SDK tool html winforms asp.net online userguide200813-part162

B
L(1- 
α
=.95,B)
U(1- 
α
=.95,B)
L(1- 
α
=.96,B)
U(1-
α
=.96,B)
1
0.02532
5.57164
0.02020
5.83392
2
0.12110
3.61234
0.10735
3.75830
3
0.20622
2.92242
0.18907
3.02804
4
0.27247
2.56040
0.25406
2.64510
5
0.32470
2.33367
0.30591
2.40540
6
0.36698
2.17658
0.34819
2.23940
7
0.40205
2.06038
0.38344
2.11666
8
0.43173
1.97040
0.41339
2.02164
9
0.45726
1.89831
0.43923
1.94553
10
0.47954
1.83904
0.46183
1.88297
11
0.49920
1.78928
0.48182
1.83047
12
0.51671
1.74680
0.49966
1.78566
13
0.53246
1.71003
0.51571
1.74688
14
0.54671
1.67783
0.53027
1.71292
15
0.55969
1.64935
0.54354
1.68289
16
0.57159
1.62394
0.55571
1.65610
17
0.58254
1.60110
0.56692
1.63203
18
0.59266
1.58043
0.57730
1.61024
19
0.60207
1.56162
0.58695
1.59042
20
0.61083
1.54442
0.59594
1.57230
21
0.61902
1.52861
0.60435
1.55563
22
0.62669
1.51401
0.61224
1.54026
23
0.63391
1.50049
0.61966
1.52602
24
0.64072
1.48792
0.62666
1.51278
25
0.64715
1.47620
0.63328
1.50043
26
0.65323
1.46523
0.63954
1.48888
27
0.65901
1.45495
0.64549
1.47805
28
0.66449
1.44528
0.65114
1.46787
29
0.66972
1.43617
0.65652
1.45827
30
0.67470
1.42756
0.66166
1.44922
31
0.67945
1.41942
0.66656
1.44064
32
0.68400
1.41170
0.67125
1.43252
33
0.68835
1.40437
0.67575
1.42480
34
0.69253
1.39740
0.68005
1.41746
35
0.69654
1.39076
0.68419
1.41047
36
0.70039
1.38442
0.68817
1.40380
37
0.70409
1.37837
0.69199
1.39743
38
0.70766
1.37258
0.69568
1.39134
39
0.71110
1.36703
0.69923
1.38550
40
0.71441
1.36172
0.70266
1.37991
41
0.71762
1.35661
0.70597
1.37454
42
0.72071
1.35171
0.70917
1.36938
43
0.72370
1.34699
0.71227
1.36442
44
0.72660
1.34245
0.71526
1.35964
45
0.72941
1.33808
0.71816
1.35504
46
0.73213
1.33386
0.72098
1.35060
47
0.73476
1.32979
0.72370
1.34632
48
0.73732
1.32585
0.72635
1.34218
49
0.73981
1.32205
0.72892
1.33818
50
0.74222
1.31838
0.73142
1.33431
Table G. Lower and upper 95 percent and 96 percent confidence limit factors for a 
birth rate based on a Poisson variable of 1 through 99 births, B
Reordering pages in pdf - re-order PDF pages in C#.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
Support Customizing Page Order of PDF Document in C# Project
change page order pdf; reorder pdf page
Reordering pages in pdf - VB.NET PDF Page Move Library: re-order PDF pages in vb.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
Sort PDF Document Pages Using VB.NET Demo Code
change pdf page order preview; how to rearrange pages in pdf using reader
B
L(1- 
α
=.95,B)
U(1- 
α
=.95,B)
L(1- 
α
=.96,B)
U(1- 
α
=.96,B)
51
0.74457
1.31482
0.73385
1.33057
52
0.74685
1.31137
0.73621
1.32694
53
0.74907
1.30802
0.73851
1.32342
54
0.75123
1.30478
0.74075
1.32002
55
0.75334
1.30164
0.74293
1.31671
56
0.75539
1.29858
0.74506
1.31349
57
0.75739
1.29562
0.74713
1.31037
58
0.75934
1.29273
0.74916
1.30734
59
0.76125
1.28993
0.75113
1.30439
60
0.76311
1.28720
0.75306
1.30152
61
0.76492
1.28454
0.75494
1.29873
62
0.76669
1.28195
0.75678
1.29601
63
0.76843
1.27943
0.75857
1.29336
64
0.77012
1.27698
0.76033
1.29077
65
0.77178
1.27458
0.76205
1.28826
66
0.77340
1.27225
0.76373
1.28580
67
0.77499
1.26996
0.76537
1.28340
68
0.77654
1.26774
0.76698
1.28106
69
0.77806
1.26556
0.76856
1.27877
70
0.77955
1.26344
0.77011
1.27654
71
0.78101
1.26136
0.77162
1.27436
72
0.78244
1.25933
0.77310
1.27223
73
0.78384
1.25735
0.77456
1.27014
74
0.78522
1.25541
0.77598
1.26810
75
0.78656
1.25351
0.77738
1.26610
76
0.78789
1.25165
0.77876
1.26415
77
0.78918
1.24983
0.78010
1.26223
78
0.79046
1.24805
0.78143
1.26036
79
0.79171
1.24630
0.78272
1.25852
80
0.79294
1.24459
0.78400
1.25672
81
0.79414
1.24291
0.78525
1.25496
82
0.79533
1.24126
0.78648
1.25323
83
0.79649
1.23965
0.78769
1.25153
84
0.79764
1.23807
0.78888
1.24987
85
0.79876
1.23652
0.79005
1.24824
86
0.79987
1.23499
0.79120
1.24664
87
0.80096
1.23350
0.79233
1.24507
88
0.80203
1.23203
0.79344
1.24352
89
0.80308
1.23059
0.79453
1.24201
90
0.80412
1.22917
0.79561
1.24052
91
0.80514
1.22778
0.79667
1.23906
92
0.80614
1.22641
0.79771
1.23762
93
0.80713
1.22507
0.79874
1.23621
94
0.80810
1.22375
0.79975
1.23482
95
0.80906
1.22245
0.80074
1.23345
96
0.81000
1.22117
0.80172
1.23211
97
0.81093
1.21992
0.80269
1.23079
98
0.81185
1.21868
0.80364
1.22949
99
0.81275
1.21746
0.80458
1.22822
Table G. Lower and upper 95 percent and 96 percent confidence limit factors for a 
birth rate based on a Poisson variable of 1 through 99 births, B --Con.
n.
C# PDF Page Delete Library: remove PDF pages in C#.net, ASP.NET
rotating function, PDF page inserting function, PDF page reordering function and single page, a series of pages, and random pages to be removed from PDF file
change page order in pdf reader; how to rearrange pdf pages
VB.NET TIFF: VB.NET Sample Codes to Sort TIFF File with .NET
& manipulating multi-page TIFF (Tagged Image File), PDF, Microsoft Office it with our RasterEdge TIFF decoder, and then start reordering the pages for the
how to rearrange pdf pages online; how to reorder pages in pdf online
Race
Number
Percentage
All races 
1
2,895,841
100.0
One race
2,828,119
98.2
White
2,236,839
77.7
Black
392,126
13.6
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN)
23,597
0.8
Asian
165,920
5.8
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI)
9,637
0.3
More than one race
51,542
1.8
Two races
45,282
1.6
Black and White
14,680
0.5
Black and AIAN
1,662
0.1
Black and Asian
1,513
0.1
Black and NHOPI
337
0.0
AIAN and White
10,743
0.4
AIAN and Asian
237
0.0
AIAN and NHOPI
94
0.0
Asian and White
11,375
0.4
Asian and NHOPI
2,246
0.1
NHOPI and White
2,395
0.1
Three races
5,832
0.2
Black, AIAN and White
1,706
0.1
Black AIAN and Asian
78
0.0
Black, AIAN and NHOPI
24
0.0
Black, Asian and White
342
0.0
Black, Asian and NHOPI
57
0.0
Black, NHOPI, and White
70
0.0
AIAN, Asian and White
371
0.0
AIAN, NHOPI and White
120
0.0
AIAN, Asian and NHOPI
64
0.0
Asian, NHOPI and White
3,000
0.1
Four races
412
0.0
Black, AIAN, Asian and White
70
0.0
Black, AIAN, Asian, and NHOPI
20
0.0
Black, AIAN, NHOPI and White
6
*
Black, Asian, NHOPI and White
30
0.0
AIAN, Asian, NHOPI and White
286
0.0
Five races
Black, AIAN, Asian, NHOPI and White
16
*
Documentation Table 1. Live births by race of mother: 30 states, 2008
0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.5.
* Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision: based on fewer than 
20 births in the numerator.
1  
Includes all births to residents of the states that reported multiple-race for 
the entire year.  Percentages are based on the number of births occurring in the 
states that reported multiple-race for the entire year to residents of the 
states.  Births that occurred in states that did not report multiple race to 
residents of the multiple-race reporting states are not shown separately but are 
included in the total.  
NOTES:  Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on birth certificates. 
Race categories are consistent with the 1997 Office of Management and Budget 
standards.  Thirty states reported multiple race data for 2008.  In this table 
all women (including Hispanic women) are classified only according to their race. 
C# Excel - Sort Excel Pages Order in C#.NET
C#.NET Excel document page reordering control SDK (XDoc.Excel) is a thread-safe .NET library that can be used to adjust the Excel document pages order.
how to reverse pages in pdf; how to reorder pages in pdf file
C# TIFF: C#.NET TIFF Document Viewer, View & Display TIFF Using C#
Support most common TIFF file page processing, like adding, deleting and reordering pages; Free to convert TIFF document to PDF document for management purpose;
pdf change page order acrobat; how to reorder pdf pages in reader
Item
N
Percent
Educational attainment
High school diploma (GED) or higher
2,096,132
77.8
Bachelor's degree or higher
659,109
24.5
Tobacco use 
2
Smoker 
3
215,546
9.7
Timing of prenatal care
1st trimester
1,824,340
71.0
Late or none 
4
179,797
7.0
Method of delivery
Primary cesarean
561,235
23.8
Vaginal birth after previous cesarean
29,287
8.4
Documentation Table 2. Educational attainment, smoking during 
pregnancy, timing of prenatal care, and primary cesarean and vaginal 
birth after previous cesarean (VBAC): Total of 27 reporting areas, 2008
Data are based on the 2003 Revision of the U.S. Certificate of Live 
Birth.  Includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Florida, Idaho, 
Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New 
Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, 
Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, 
Vermont, Washington and Wyoming. 
2  
Excludes data for Florida, Georgia, and Michigan.  Florida and Michigan 
smoking data are not comparable with the 2003 revision of the U.S. 
Standard Certificate of Live Birth.  Georgia data are not reliable.
3
A smoker is defined as a woman reporting smoking at any time during 
pregnancy.
4
Late or none is defined as care beginning in the third trimester or no 
care at all.
C# PDF File Merge Library: Merge, append PDF files in C#.net, ASP.
online C#.NET source code for combining multiple PDF pages together in insertion, PDF page deleting, PDF document splitting, PDF page reordering and PDF
rearrange pdf pages reader; reorder pages in pdf reader
VB.NET Word: Change Word Page Order & Sort Word Document Pages
in following VB.NET Word page reordering API is Apart from this VB.NET Word pages sorting function powerful & profession imaging controls, PDF document, image
how to move pages around in pdf; how to move pages in a pdf
Documentation Table 3.  Pregnancy risk factors, by age and race and Hispanic origin of mother:  Total of 27 reporting states, 2008
[Rates are number of live births with specified risk factor per 1,000 live births in specified group]
Risk factor and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
race and Hispanic origin of mother 
All                  
births 
1
Factor                                                                                
reported
All 
ages
Under 20   
years
20-24                 
years
25-29          
years
30-34                     
years
35-39                             
years
40-54                       
years
Not          
stated 
2
All races 
3
Diabetes
Prepregnancy (Diagnosis prior to this pregnancy)
2,748,302
17,688
6.5
2.3
4.2
6.1
8.3
11.3
14.9
38,770
Gestational (Diagnosis in this pregnancy)
2,748,302
110,140
40.6
12.7
23.7
38.5
54.2
70.6
88.6
38,770
Hypertension
Prepregnancy (Chronic)
2,748,302
29,989
11.1
4.5
6.8
10.0
13.6
19.4
30.6
38,770
Gestational (PIH, preeclampsia)
2,748,302
104,850
38.7
41.3
38.0
37.8
37.0
40.7
50.2
38,770
Eclampsia
4
2,128,437
3,818
1.8
2.6
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.8
2.2
30,752
Previous preterm birth
2,748,302
50,575
18.7
6.4
17.1
20.6
21.0
23.0
23.5
38,770
Other previous poor pregnancy outcome 
2,748,302
50,811
18.8
6.7
15.1
19.2
22.1
27.0
32.5
38,770
Mother had a previous cesarean delivery 
5
1,782,194
346,180
196.4
117.8
163.4
184.0
214.8
247.5
254.7
19,811
Non-Hispanic white 
6
Diabetes
Prepregnancy (Diagnosis prior to this pregnancy)
1,366,527
7,979
5.9
2.3
4.3
5.6
6.9
8.5
10.4
8,697
Gestational (Diagnosis in this pregnancy)
1,366,527
53,107
39.1
15.0
25.3
36.6
47.3
60.7
74.6
8,697
Hypertension
Prepregnancy (Chronic)
1,366,527
15,902
11.7
5.1
7.5
10.7
13.8
18.3
27.0
8,697
Gestational (PIH, preeclampsia)
1,366,527
59,692
44.0
47.2
45.0
44.6
40.7
43.2
52.5
8,697
Eclampsia
4
947,743
1,905
2.0
2.7
2.2
1.9
1.8
2.0
2.4
6,995
Previous preterm birth
1,366,527
28,742
21.2
7.0
19.2
22.3
23.1
25.6
26.6
8,697
Other previous poor pregnancy outcome 
1,366,527
31,636
23.3
8.5
18.4
22.6
26.3
32.9
40.5
8,697
Mother had a previous cesarean delivery 
5
871,960
165,349
190.4
105.2
153.0
172.2
206.3
242.8
252.6
3,396
Non-Hispanic black 
6
Diabetes
Prepregnancy (Diagnosis prior to this pregnancy)
349,243
3,139
9.2
2.8
5.5
9.2
14.0
21.9
26.4
8,702
Gestational (Diagnosis in this pregnancy)
349,243
11,892
34.9
11.5
20.9
37.7
54.9
72.2
88.1
8,702
Hypertension
Prepregnancy (Chronic)
349,243
7,749
22.8
7.5
11.8
22.2
36.0
54.2
81.3
8,702
Gestational (PIH, preeclampsia)
349,243
16,738
49.2
48.9
44.7
47.5
54.1
57.5
64.9
8,702
Eclampsia
4
259,004
761
3.0
3.9
2.9
2.6
2.8
3.5
3.8
8,292
Previous preterm birth
349,243
9,599
28.2
9.0
24.7
35.2
36.6
39.4
35.4
8,702
Other previous poor pregnancy outcome 
349,243
8,064
23.7
9.0
20.6
27.8
31.5
33.6
35.2
8,702
Mother had a previous cesarean delivery 
5
228,425
44,549
198.1
125.4
176.4
198.8
219.0
249.6
248.8
3,523
Per 1,000
C# Word - Delete Word Document Page in C#.NET
page rotating function, Word page inserting function, Word page reordering function and options, including setting a single page, a series of pages, and random
how to reorder pages in pdf; how to move pages in pdf files
C# PowerPoint - Delete PowerPoint Document Page in C#.NET
page rotating function, PowerPoint page insert function, PowerPoint page reordering function and including setting a single page, a series of pages, and random
move pages in a pdf; how to rearrange pages in a pdf document
Hispanic 
7
Diabetes
Prepregnancy (Diagnosis prior to this pregnancy)
787,484
5,003
6.4
1.8
3.3
5.7
10.0
14.0
20.4
5,195
Gestational (Diagnosis in this pregnancy)
787,484
31,442
40.2
11.1
22.0
38.6
61.4
84.1
110.2
5,195
Hypertension
Prepregnancy (Chronic)
787,484
4,588
5.9
2.6
3.6
4.9
8.1
12.0
22.2
5,195
Gestational (PIH, preeclampsia)
787,484
22,350
28.6
32.3
26.5
24.9
28.7
34.9
46.2
5,195
Eclampsia
4
721,835
942
1.3
2.0
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.5
1.5
4,736
Previous preterm birth
787,484
9,136
11.7
4.4
10.7
13.4
14.3
14.8
15.4
5,195
Other previous poor pregnancy outcome 
787,484
7,933
10.1
3.7
8.1
11.0
13.0
16.1
17.4
5,195
Mother had a previous cesarean delivery 
5
533,199
109,848
207.0
127.0
174.2
201.2
233.6
260.7
266.2
2,618
 Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator.
1
Total number of births to residents of areas reporting specified pregnancy risk factor.
3
Includes other races not shown and origin not stated.
4
Excludes data for Idaho, Kentucky, Michigan, Nebraska, New York City, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Washington.
5  
Excludes women who have not had a previous pregnancy and for whom total birth order is unknown.
7
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.
2
No response reported for pregnancy risk factor item; includes births to residents of states using the 2003 Standard 
Certificate of Live Birth occurring in states using the 1989 Standard Certificate of Live Birth.
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the birth certificate.  Race categories are consistent with the 1997 Office of Managmenet and 
Budget standards; see "Technical Notes."
NOTE: Includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, 
New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming.
C# TIFF: How to Insert & Add Page(s) to TIFF Document Using C#
SDK still empowers developers and end users to do Tiff image rotating, deleting, reordering, extracting, etc. C# Tiff processing application - sort Tiff pages.
how to reorder pdf pages in; reverse page order pdf online
Documentation Table 4. Obstetric procedures by age and race and Hispanic origin of mother: Total of 27 reporting states, 2008
[Rates are number of live births with specified obstetric procedure per 1,000 live births in specified group]
Obstetric procedure and  race and Hispanic 
origin of mother                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
All  births 
1
Procedure                                               
reported
All           
ages
Under 20            
years
20-24    
years
25-29    
years
30-34    
years
35-39    
years
40-54    
years
Not  stated 
2  
All races  
3
Cervical cerclage
2,748,302
8,201
3.0
1.5
2.2
3.0
3.6
4.8
5.1
50,668
Tocolysis
2,748,302
28,482
10.6
11.2
10.7
10.3
10.5
10.4
10.7
50,668
External cephalic version  
2,748,302
10,910
4.0
3.8
3.9
4.1
4.2
4.1
4.6
50,668
             Percent successful 4
4
2,748,302
8,206
75.2
80.4
78.5
75.4
72.7
70.2
68.0
50,668
Non-Hispanic white 
5
Cervical cerclage
1,366,527
3,985
2.9
1.5
2.1
2.8
3.3
4.8
4.7
14,020
Tocolysis
1,366,527
16,773
12.4
14.6
13.0
12.1
12.0
11.5
12.1
14,020
External cephalic version  
1,366,527
5,699
4.2
3.1
3.7
4.3
4.6
4.5
5.2
14,020
             Percent successful 4
4
1,366,527
4,075
71.5
72.7
72.0
71.5
71.8
70.5
68.0
14,020
Non-Hispanic black 
5
Cervical cerclage
349,243
2,295
6.8
3.0
4.4
7.4
10.3
13.5
12.7
12,200
Tocolysis
349,243
4,441
13.2
14.3
13.1
12.8
12.9
13.2
12.9
12,200
External cephalic version 
349,243
1,649
4.9
5.9
4.8
4.6
4.8
4.2
5.9
12,200
             Percent successful 4
4
349,243
1,330
80.7
84.5
81.4
78.8
77.4
78.8
84.1
12,200
Hispanic 
6
Cervical cerclage
787,484
1,344
1.7
0.9
1.4
1.8
2.2
2.5
2.7
7,461
Tocolysis
787,484
4,903
6.3
6.5
6.0
6.1
6.4
6.9
6.4
7,461
External cephalic version 
787,484
1,781
2.3
1.9
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.9
7,461
             Percent successful 4
4
787,484
1,284
72.1
71.0
75.4
73.9
69.4
68.3
59.2
7,461
* Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator.
1   
Total number of births to residents of areas reporting specified obstetric procedure.
3   
Includes other races not shown and origin not stated.
6  
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.
Per 1,000
2   
No response reported for obstetric procedure item; includes births to residents of states using the 2003 Standard Certificate of Live Birth occurring 
in states using the 1989 Standard Certificate of Live Birth.
4   
Percent successful external cephalic version (ECV) is the number of successful ECVs per 100 live births to women with 
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the birth certificate.  Race categories are consistent with the 1997 Office of Managmenet and 
Budget standards; see "Technical Notes."
NOTE: Includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New 
Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming.
Documentation Table 5. Characteristics of labor and delivery, by age and race and Hispanic origin of mother: Total of 27 reporting states, 2008
[Rates are number of live births with specified characteristic per 1,000 live births in specified group]
Labor and delivery characteristic and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
race and Hispanic origin of mother
All                 
births 
1
Characteristic                                               
reported
All               
ages
Under 20   
years
20-24    
years
25-29    
years
30-34    
years
35-39    
years
40-54    
years
Not     
stated 
All races 
3
Induction of labor
2,748,302
625,402
230.5
249.7
243.2
237.4
217.8
202.2
191.6
34,786
Augmentation of labor
2,748,302
547,253
201.7
254.0
224.3
203.2
180.0
157.7
139.2
34,786
Non-vertex presentation
2,748,302
38,101
14.0
9.0
10.6
13.4
16.4
20.2
26.8
34,786
Steroids (glucocorticoids) for fetal lung maturation 
2,748,302
25,798
9.5
10.1
9.1
9.2
9.1
10.4
14.0
34,786
Antibiotics received by mother during labor
2,748,302
424,901
156.6
172.3
160.1
154.4
152.3
150.0
149.2
34,786
Clinical chorioamnionitis during labor
2,748,302
28,562
10.5
15.2
11.6
10.1
9.3
8.3
7.2
34,786
Moderate/heavy meconium staining of amniotic fluid
2,748,302
115,913
42.7
47.7
44.1
42.4
40.9
40.0
40.5
34,786
Fetal intolerance of labor 
2,748,302
126,188
46.5
55.1
47.5
44.9
43.9
44.7
48.7
34,786
Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor
2,748,302
1,766,290
650.9
657.0
644.6
646.6
656.8
659.2
647.1
34,786
Non-Hispanic white 
4
Induction of labor
1,366,527
377,696
277.8
326.6
304.0
287.2
256.8
233.9
215.6
7,130
Augmentation of labor
1,366,527
286,557
210.8
275.0
241.3
216.7
187.5
163.3
143.2
7,130
Non-vertex presentation
1,366,527
23,692
17.4
11.9
13.4
16.3
19.5
23.5
31.2
7,130
Steroids (glucocorticoids) for fetal lung maturation 
1,366,527
15,085
11.1
12.8
10.9
10.9
10.3
11.4
15.2
7,130
Antibiotics received by mother during labor
1,366,527
234,964
172.8
191.1
174.8
171.5
170.5
167.5
165.2
7,130
Clinical chorioamnionitis during labor
1,366,527
12,067
8.9
11.9
9.6
8.8
8.3
7.5
7.3
7,130
Moderate/heavy meconium staining of amniotic fluid
1,366,527
51,959
38.2
41.2
38.7
37.6
37.9
37.7
37.9
7,130
Fetal intolerance of labor 
1,366,527
68,267
50.2
63.5
53.1
49.1
46.5
46.7
50.3
7,130
Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor
1,366,527
961,070
707.0
741.5
709.2
702.2
705.4
702.6
680.7
7,130
Non-Hispanic black 
4
Induction of labor
349,243
72,907
213.1
228.8
217.3
213.3
203.9
188.7
194.7
7,169
Augmentation of labor
349,243
70,389
205.8
258.8
223.8
196.5
170.2
148.3
137.9
7,169
Non-vertex presentation
349,243
3,539
10.3
7.7
8.6
10.0
12.9
16.4
17.2
7,169
Steroids (glucocorticoids) for fetal lung maturation 
349,243
4,716
13.8
13.5
12.6
13.1
14.4
17.7
20.9
7,169
Antibiotics received by mother during labor
349,243
67,534
197.4
225.2
208.1
188.3
178.9
173.3
169.6
7,169
Clinical chorioamnionitis during labor
349,243
3,679
10.8
14.9
11.9
9.3
8.3
8.5
6.1
7,169
Moderate/heavy meconium staining of amniotic fluid
349,243
18,179
53.1
53.7
53.2
52.9
52.9
52.4
54.9
7,169
Fetal intolerance of labor 
349,243
19,299
56.4
66.6
56.0
52.7
53.2
55.1
56.0
7,169
Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor
349,243
232,183
678.8
694.0
684.1
671.1
668.5
672.5
674.6
7,169
Hispanic 
5
Induction of labor
787,484
133,514
170.5
194.5
177.3
166.3
158.0
155.6
152.0
4,571
Augmentation of labor
787,484
143,773
183.6
232.9
200.7
175.6
159.1
143.6
127.0
4,571
Non-vertex presentation
787,484
7,449
9.5
6.9
7.5
9.2
11.3
14.3
19.7
4,571
Steroids (glucocorticoids) for fetal lung maturation 
787,484
4,143
5.3
5.7
5.1
4.8
5.3
5.8
8.2
4,571
Antibiotics received by mother during labor
787,484
89,238
114.0
127.3
116.5
110.0
108.4
109.7
109.2
4,571
Clinical chorioamnionitis during labor
787,484
8,948
11.4
18.1
13.3
10.0
8.3
7.4
6.0
4,571
Moderate/heavy meconium staining of amniotic fluid
787,484
35,924
45.9
50.2
47.0
46.0
43.3
41.9
41.7
4,571
Fetal intolerance of labor 
787,484
28,771
36.7
41.4
36.0
33.1
37.1
39.8
44.9
4,571
Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor
787,484
423,856
541.4
564.7
538.2
527.2
541.7
552.2
554.0
4,571
1
Total number of births to residents of areas reporting specified labor and delivery characteristic.
3
Includes other races not shown and origin not stated.
 
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.
Per 1,000
2
No response reported for characteristic of labor and delivery item; includes births to residents of states using the 2003 Standard Certificate of Live Birth occurring in 
states using the 1989 Standard Certificate of Live Birth.
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the birth certificate.  Race categories are consistent with the 1997 Office of Managmenet and Budget standards; see 
"Technical Notes."
NOTE: Includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, New Mexico, North 
Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming.
Documentation Table 6. Method of delivery, by age and race and Hispanic origin of mother: Total of 27 reporting states, 2008
[Percentages are number of live births with specified method of delivery per 100 live births in specified group]
Method of delivery and race and Hispanic origin of mother
All                 
births
Method     
reported  
All          
ages
1
Under 20   
years
20-24          
years
25-29          
years
30-34                     
years
35-39                             
years
40-54                       
years
Not 
stated
2
All races
3
Attempted forceps/unsuccessful
2,748,302
6,872
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
108,934
Attempted vacuum extraction/unsuccessful
2,748,302
19,882
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
107,651
Fetal presentation at birth
Cephalic
2,748,302
2,451,079
93.4
94.6
94.3
93.7
92.8
91.6
89.6
123,924
Breech
2,748,302
92,888
3.5
2.4
2.7
3.4
4.1
4.9
6.4
123,924
Other
2,748,302
80,411
3.1
3.0
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.4
4.0
123,924
Final route and method of delivery
Vaginal/Spontaneous
2,748,302
1,733,750
63.6
71.4
67.8
64.8
60.3
54.1
47.6
20,651
Vaginal/Forceps
2,748,302
18,599
0.7
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
20,651
Vaginal/Vacuum
2,748,302
87,816
3.2
4.6
3.4
3.1
2.9
2.6
2.5
20,651
Cesarean
2,748,302
887,486
32.5
23.1
28.0
31.4
36.3
42.7
49.4
20,651
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted
4
887,486
231,584
26.8
44.6
32.3
26.8
22.5
19.6
19.3
24,495
Non-Hispanic white
5
Attempted forceps/unsuccessful
1,366,527
3,524
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
26,867
Attempted vacuum extraction/unsuccessful
1,366,527
10,129
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
26,782
Fetal presentation at birth
Cephalic
1,366,527
1,244,747
93.5
95.0
94.6
93.8
92.9
91.8
89.7
35,307
Breech
1,366,527
52,874
4.0
2.8
3.1
3.7
4.4
5.2
6.7
35,307
Other
1,366,527
33,599
2.5
2.2
2.2
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.5
35,307
Final route and method of delivery
Vaginal/Spontaneous
1,366,527
862,244
63.2
70.2
67.5
65.1
60.9
54.9
48.1
2,799
Vaginal/Forceps
1,366,527
11,726
0.9
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.6
2,799
Vaginal/Vacuum
1,366,527
48,374
3.5
5.5
4.1
3.5
3.0
2.7
2.6
2,799
Cesarean
1,366,527
441,384
32.4
23.0
27.5
30.5
35.3
41.7
48.7
2,799
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted
4
441,384
125,547
29.1
51.5
36.6
30.0
24.4
20.9
20.4
9,503
Non-Hispanic black
5
Attempted forceps/unsuccessful
349,243
735
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
*
15,373
Attempted vacuum extraction/unsuccessful
349,243
2,395
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
15,302
Fetal presentation at birth
Cephalic
349,243
309,917
93.3
94.8
94.1
93.3
92.2
90.5
89.4
17,026
Breech
349,243
10,118
3.0
2.1
2.5
3.0
3.9
5.0
5.8
17,026
Other
349,243
12,182
3.7
3.1
3.5
3.7
3.9
4.5
4.8
17,026
Final route and method of delivery
Vaginal/Spontaneous
349,243
216,592
62.1
69.7
65.3
62.0
57.1
50.1
45.5
704
Vaginal/Forceps
349,243
1,721
0.5
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
*
704
Vaginal/Vacuum
349,243
8,514
2.4
3.8
2.6
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.7
704
Cesarean
349,243
121,712
34.9
25.7
31.6
35.5
40.7
47.9
52.5
704
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted
4
121,712
34,442
30.2
47.8
33.2
27.3
24.4
22.3
22.9
7,647
Per 100
Hispanic
6
Attempted forceps/unsuccessful
787,484
1,957
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
43,184
Attempted vacuum extraction/unsuccessful
787,484
5,095
0.7
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.6
41,951
Fetal presentation at birth
Cephalic
787,484
690,143
93.2
94.0
93.9
93.3
92.6
91.6
89.4
47,090
Breech
787,484
21,705
2.9
2.1
2.4
2.8
3.5
4.3
5.7
47,090
Other
787,484
28,546
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.2
4.9
47,090
Final route and method of delivery
Vaginal/Spontaneous
787,484
511,418
65.1
73.2
69.2
65.6
59.9
54.0
47.8
2,038
Vaginal/Forceps
787,484
3,488
0.4
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
2,038
Vaginal/Vacuum
787,484
20,351
2.6
4.1
2.7
2.3
2.1
2.1
2.0
2,038
Cesarean
787,484
250,189
31.9
22.1
27.6
31.8
37.6
43.6
50.0
2,038
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted
4
250,189
52,152
21.4
35.7
25.2
19.6
17.0
15.8
15.8
6,075
 
Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator. 
 
Total number of births to residents of areas reporting the specified item.
3
Includes other races not shown and origin not stated.
 
Includes all persons of Hispanic origin of any race.
2
No response reported for characteristic of labor and delivery item; includes births to residents of states using the 2003 Standard Certificate of Live Birth 
occurring in states using the 1989 Standard Certificate of Live Birth.
 
Cesarean/trial of labor attempted is number of women who attempted a trial of labor prior to cesarean delivery per 100 cesarean births.
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on the birth certificate.  Race categories are consistent with the 1997 Office of Managmenet and Budget standards; 
see "Technical Notes."
NOTE: Includes California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New 
York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming.
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested