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10-39. The most important step in the disposition of DCs is the final handling of personnel and property.
Before the DC operation is terminated, the resettlement facility commander consults with higher
headquarters, the SJA, and other pertinent agencies to determine the proper disposition of records.
MILITARY POLICE SUPPORT TO RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS
10-40. Resettlement operations typically include controlling civilian movement and providing relief to
human suffering. These operations may be performed as domestic civil support operations (due to natural
or man-made disasters), stability operations (due to noncombatant evacuation operations, humanitarian-
assistance operations), or DC operations (due to combat operations). The authority to approve resettlement
such operations within U.S. territories is at the Secretary of Defense level and may require a special
exception to Title 18, USC (Posse Comitatus Act). The Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the U.S. military
from enforcing civilian laws within the United States or its territories without specific authorization. The
U.S. Constitution and other federal, state, and local laws may directly and significantly affect operations in
the U.S. and its territories if the enforcement of civilian laws are required according to Title 10, USC. U.S.
military forces conducting law enforcement functions in such cases require an authorization through a
congressional act (for example, Title 10 USC, Sections 331 through 334 [Insurrection Statues]) or a
constitutional authorization (for example the President invoking his executive authority under Article 2 of
the Constitution). U.S. Army National Guard Soldiers operating in a nonfederal status are not restricted by
the Posse Comitatus Act. (See Title 32, USC, and JP 3-28.)
10-41. Military police support these operations predominately by decreasing civilian interference with
military operations, by protecting civilians from combat operations or other threats (including natural and
man-made disasters), and by establishing resettlement facilities in support of CA operations. When the joint
force commander determines that there is a need, a variety of military police units may be deployed to
assist in accomplishing the resettlement mission.
10-42. Once the decision is made to employ a military police unit to support resettlement operations, the
military police commander becomes the resettlement facility commander. The resettlement facility
commander and staff must have a thorough understanding of the legal considerations, the joint force
commander’s concept of operations, and how each applies to the military police mission. If time permits,
the resettlement facility commander makes contact with the joint force commander plans officer, civil
affairs staff officer, SJA, and other organizations that may have a role in the operation. Intergovernmental
agencies can provide resettlement facility personnel with expertise on factors that directly affect the
10-43. A properly configured modular I/R battalion can support, safeguard, account for, and guard 8,000
DCs while ensuring that they are treated humanely. The support of resettlement operations begins before a
military police unit arrives in the theater or is tasked with the mission. CA forces provide military police
leaders and Soldiers with expertise on factors that directly affect resettlement operations. These factors
include, but are not limited to—
Status of infrastructure that will hold DCs.
Ethnic differences and resentments.
Social structures (family and regional).
Religious and cultural systems (beliefs and behaviors).
Political systems (distribution of power).
Economic systems (sources and distribution of wealth).
Links between social, religious, political, and economic systems.
Cultural history of the area.
Attitudes toward U.S. armed forces.
10-44. Military police leaders remain in close coordination and continuous liaison with the agencies
involved in operating the resettlement facility. Responsibilities may include—
Selecting the facility location, constructing it, and setting it up.
Determining processing, screening, classification, and identification requirements.
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12 February 2010
Providing clothing, equipment, and subsistence.
Providing medical care, veterinary support, and sanitation facilities.
Maintaining discipline, control, administration, and law and order.
Determining ROI and ROE.
Determining transportation requirements.
10-45. Major sections of a resettlement facility normally include a headquarters facility, clinic, dining
facility, personal hygiene facilities, sleeping areas, and animal compounds. Sleeping areas must be
segregated for families, unaccompanied children, unattached females, and unattached males. Cultural and
religious practices may be important considerations. Efforts are made to keep families together when
assigning billets. Appendix J shows a sample DC resettlement facility. Additional facilities, fencing, and
other requirements are based on the—
Number of civilians housed.
Diversity of the population housed.
Need for a reactionary force.
Need for an animal compound.
10-46. The initial processing begins with the transport of civilians to the resettlement facility. The HN (in
coordination with NGOs, international organizations, and/or international humanitarian organizations)
normally assists in arranging transportation for DCs. The processing is done in a positive manner because
these civilians may be fearful and in a state of shock. Civilians should understand why they are being
processed and know what to expect at each station. This is accomplished by the facility commander
ensuring that all DCs, HN representatives, other officials receive an entrance briefing upon their arrival.
The briefing is provided in the native language of the DCs. If there is more than one language represented,
the briefing is provided in multiple languages to meet all language requirements.
10-47. While the processing procedures discussed in chapters 4 and 5 provide a foundation, I/R personnel
must be aware of unique aspects to consider when processing DCs. Military personnel provide training and
support, while NGOs, international humanitarian organizations, international organizations, or other U.S.
agencies typically process DCs. In the absence of NGOs, international humanitarian organizations,
international organizations, or other appropriate U.S. agencies, military personnel may perform the
functions in table 10-1. The number and type of processing stations vary from operation to operation.
Table 10-1 shows stations that are typically required during resettlement operations.
Table 10-1. Actions during inprocessing
I/R staff, MI personnel,
NGOs, IHOs, and IOs
Conduct a pat-down search to ensure that weapons
are not brought into the facility and that the facility is
not infiltrated by insurgents.
Prepare forms and records to maintain the
accountability of DCs. Use forms and records provided
by the HN or CA personnel or forms and records used
for detainee operations that may apply to DCs.
card or band
Issue an identification card or band to each DC, if
required, to ease facility administration and control.
Evaluate DCs for signs of illness or injury, and treat
them as necessary.
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12 February 2010
Table 10-1. Actions during inprocessing (continued)
Assign a sleeping area to each DC.
Issue personal-comfort items and clothing if available.
* The number of people performing these tasks depends on the number of DCs and the time available. Allow HN
authorities to conduct most of the processing when possible.
international humanitarian organization
internment and resettlement
10-48. The resettlement facility commander determines the accountability procedures and requirements
necessary for resettlement operations. Translators are present throughout processing. A senior member of
the facility staff greets new arrivals and makes them feel welcome. DCs are briefed on resettlement facility
policies and procedures and screened to identify security and medical concerns. They are offered the use of
personal hygiene facilities. Family integrity is always maintained if possible.
10-49. Searches are conducted of arriving DCs to ensure that weapons are not brought into the
resettlement facility. Same-gender searches are conducted when possible, and strip searches are never
conducted without special authority and only in unique situations. Speed and security considerations may
require mixed-gender searches. If so, perform them in a respectful manner, using all possible measures to
prevent any action that could be interpreted as sexual molestation or assault. The onsite supervisor carefully
controls Soldiers doing mixed-gender searches to prevent allegations of sexual misconduct. Using HN,
NGO, or international humanitarian organization personnel to conduct searches may prevent negative
situations from developing.
DISLOCATED CIVILIAN OPERATIONS
10-50. Resettlement operations are performed across the spectrum of operations, especially in stability
and civil support operations. Planning and conducting resettlement operations is the most basic collective
task performed by CA forces. Additional agencies (such as nonmilitary international aid organizations,
NGOs, and international humanitarian organizations) are the primary resources that CA forces use.
However, when needed, CA forces may depend on other military units (military police assets) to assist with
a particular category of civilians during resettlement operations.
10-51. Controlling DCs is essential during military operations because uncontrolled masses of people can
seriously impair the military mission. Commanders plan measures to protect DCs in the operational area or
AO to prevent their interference with the mission. Major natural and man-made disasters, large numbers of
refugees or migrants crossing international borders, and other situations resulting in significant personnel
displacement may quickly overwhelm local logistics capabilities, requiring a significant military response
to prevent human suffering. The military police commander and staff must have a clear understanding of
the OE, ROE, and legal considerations before establishing a resettlement facility in support of resettlement
10-52. During military operations, U.S. armed forces must consider two distinct categories of civilians—
Those who remain in place. This category includes individuals who are indigenous to the area
and the local population, including individuals from other countries. These persons may or may
not require assistance. If no assistance is required and the safety of the civilians is not an issue,
they should remain in place.
12 February 2010
Those who are dislocated. This category includes individuals who have left their homes for
various reasons. They are categorized as DCs, and their movement and physical presence can
hinder military operations. They probably require some degree of aid (medicine, food, clothing,
water, shelter) and may not be native to the area or the country.
Note. Categories of DCs are discussed in depth in chapter 1.
10-53. The planning scope for resettlement operations and the actual task implementation differ,
depending on the command level and the theater of operations. Before conducting resettlement operations,
military police leaders must have a basic understanding of how CA forces plan resettlement operations.
Except as specifically noted, planning considerations discussed in this manual are also applicable to tactical
10-54. Military police classify DCs during processing. They coordinate with CA personnel, NGOs,
international humanitarian organizations, and international organizations to determine proper
classifications. I/R personnel can expect a continuing need for reclassification and reassignment of DCs.
Statements made by DCs and the information on their identification papers determine their initial
classifications. Agitators, enemy plants, and individuals who may be classified as detainees are identified
by their activities. DCs may be reclassified according to their proper identity and/or ideology through a CI
review tribunal. If a DC is reclassified as a detainee, he or she will be transferred to a TIF or SIF.
10-55. Active police intelligence operations conducted within and around the resettlement facility are
critical to maintaining order and security. Through active and passive collection activities, criminals,
agitators, enemy plants, and other disruptive elements can be identified early and measures taken to
mitigate (or remove) these elements and their activities prior to significant negative impacts on the facility
and the personnel living and operating within the facility.
10-56. Identifying DCs may or may not be necessary; it depends on guidance from higher headquarters,
CA units, the HN, and other agencies. The need to identify DCs varies from operation to operation. DC
identification may be necessary for the following reasons:
To verify rosters against the actual population.
To provide timely reunification of family members.
To match DCs with their medical records in case of a medical emergency or evacuation.
To check the identities of DCs against the transfer roster.
To identify personnel being sought by HN, multinational, or U.S. forces.
10-57. The NDRC has the ability to assist commanders in establishing an automated Detainee Reporting
System to process DCs. (See chapter 1.) This portable Detainee Reporting System (jump kits) will assist in
processing identification cards, ISNs, and demographic information. An identification card is used to
facilitate the identification of a DC. It contains the DC’s name, photograph, and control number. The
control number may be an ISN or a sequenced control number specific to the DC. Identification cards or
bands permit identification by categories. (See chapter 1.) An identification band permits rapid, reliable
identification of an individual and may also be used in resettlement operations. While DCs cannot be
prevented from removing or destroying identification bands, most will accept their use for identification
purposes. When identification bands or cards deteriorate, replace them immediately.
10-58. DCs should be supplied with adequate, suitable clothing and sleeping equipment if they do not
have supplies with them. Requisition clothing and equipment through NGOs, international humanitarian
organizations, international organizations, and HN sources when possible. In a combat environment, use
available captured clothing and equipment. Ensure that DCs wear clothing until it is unserviceable, and
replace it as necessary.
12 February 2010
10-59. Ensure that food rations are sufficient in quantity, quality, and variety to maintain health and
prevent weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. Consider the habitual diet of the DC population, and be
aware that DCs may bring their own rations and cooking utensils. Allow DCs to prepare their own meals
after coordination with CA personnel, the HN, NGOs, international humanitarian organizations, and
10-60. Ensure that expectant and nursing mothers and children under the age of 15 receive additional food
in proportion to their needs. Increase the rations of workers based on the type of labor they are performing.
Provide plenty of fresh water.
10-61. Make minimal menu and feeding schedule changes to prevent unrest among the DC population.
Inform the DC leadership when changes must be made.
10-62. Dining facility requirements vary depending on the number of DCs and the availability of
equipment. If deemed necessary, the resettlement facility commander can authorize the local procurement
of cooking equipment. Consult with the SJA to determine the purchasing mechanism and the legality of
items being purchased. Coordinate with NGOs, international humanitarian organizations, and international
organizations for food service support. Train selected DCs to perform food service operations, and ensure
that they are constantly supervised by U.S. food service personnel.
10-63. The resettlement facility commander must determine whether the establishment of
self-government is required and appropriate. If responding to a natural disaster, such as an earthquake, the
civilian government may not be affected and the resettlement facility may be solely used as shelter.
However, if the civilian government cannot be established or is nonoperational, the resettlement facility
commander must determine if the implementation of self-government is appropriate.
10-64. If needed, self-government leaders can greatly assist in solving problems before they become
major events. An infrastructure of self-government also helps promote a stable environment where rapport
can be built between the facility commander, the civilian leadership, and the general civilian population.
This, in turn, will provide an effective means of communicating reliable information to the resettlement
facility population, thus reducing tension.
10-65. DCs may make complaints and requests to the resettlement facility commander, who will try to
resolve the issue. These complaints may be voiced by—
Elected civilian representatives.
A written complaint addressed to the resettlement facility commander.
A visiting representative of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees or other agencies.
10-66. Controlling of the population is key to successful facility operations. Civilians housed in
resettlement facilities during resettlement operations are not prisoners, and this affects the rules and
guidelines drafted to support these operations. Measures needed to maintain discipline and security are
established and rigidly enforced in each resettlement facility to ensure good order and discipline and
minimize the possibility of unstable conditions that would negatively affect efforts to assist the DCs. The
resettlement facility commander establishes rules that can be easily followed by everyone in the facility and
ensures that they are understood. The resettlement facility commander coordinates with the SJA and HN or
U.S. government authorities to determine how to enforce the rules and how to deal with DCs that violate
10-67. The resettlement facility commander publishes, enforces, and updates the rules of conduct as
necessary. The commander serves as the single point of contact, coordinating all matters within the
12 February 2010
resettlement facility and with outside organizations or agencies. Facility rules are brief, but clear, and kept
to a minimum. The rules in figure 10-1 are similar to those used in support of Operation New Arrivals in
August 1975 at Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania. They also parallel the rules posted in support of Panama’s
Operations Just Cause and Promote Liberty and Hurricane Katrina relief operations in New Orleans.
1. Do not move from assigned barracks without permission.
Note. Military police in an I/R facility assign individuals to designated barracks. Only the administrative
staff can change barracks assignments. Occupants desiring to change barracks must request permission
from the area office.
2. Maintain the sanitary and physical condition of the barracks.
Note. Barracks chiefs organize occupants to perform these tasks.
3. Empty and wash trash cans daily, and put the trash into the trash dumpsters in the barracks area.
4. Do not bring food or cooking utensils into the barracks. Do not take food from the dining area
(other than baby food and fruit).
5. Do not have weapons of any kind in the barracks and in the surrounding facility.
6. Do not have pets in the barracks. Pets are contained in the animal compound.
7. Observe the barracks lights-out time of 2300. Barracks indoor lights are turned out at 2300 each
night. Do not play radios or compact disc players after 2300.
8. Do not allow children to play on the fire escape because it is very dangerous.
9. Watch children carefully, and do not allow them to wander out of the residence areas.
10. Do not throw diapers or sanitary napkins in toilets. Place these items in trash cans.
11. Do not allow children to chase or play with wild animals. These animals may bite and carry
12. Obtain necessary barracks supplies from the barracks chief.
13. Do not smoke, use electrical appliances for heating or cooking, or have open fires in the barracks.
Military police should designate a location for cooking and/or heating food.
Figure 10-1. Sample facility rules
10-68. Control and discipline also apply to resettlement facility personnel. They must quickly and fairly
establish and maintain rigorous self-discipline when operating in resettlement facilities. Resettlement
Maintain a professional, but impartial, attitude.
Follow the guidelines established in the ROI and/or ROE.
Cope calmly with hostile or unruly behavior or incidents.
Take fair, yet immediate, decisive action.
10-69. The resettlement facility commander takes positive action to establish daily or periodic routines
and responses that are conducive to good discipline and control. Resettlement facility personnel—
Enforce policies and procedures that provide the control of facility residents.
Give reasonable, decisive orders to DCs in a language they understand.
Post facility rules, regulations, instructions, notices, orders, and announcements that facility
residents are expected to obey in an easily accessible area. This information is printed in a
language understood by the DCs. Those individuals who do not have access to the posted copies
will be given a copy.
Ensure that DCs obey orders, rules, and directives.
Report DCs who refuse or fail to obey an order or regulation.
Not fraternize with DCs.
Not donate gifts or receive gifts from or engage in any commercial activity with DCs.
12 February 2010
10-70. DCs should become involved in facility administration. With the large numbers of civilians
requiring control and care, it is preferred that they assist as cadre for facility administration. Civilian
personnel performing cadre functions are trained and organized by resettlement facility personnel.
Problems might arise as a result of the state of mind of the civilians. The difficulties they have experienced
may affect their acceptance of authority. The facility commander can minimize difficulties by—
Maintaining different national and cultural groups in separate facilities or sections of the facility.
Keeping families together, while separating unaccompanied adult males, adult females, and
children under the age of 18 (or abiding by the laws of the HN as to when a child becomes an
Allowing DCs to speak freely to facility officials.
Involving the DCs in facility administration, work, and recreation.
Quickly establishing contact with agencies for aid and family reunification.
10-71. Additionally, the facility commander must ensure that all DCs are treated according to the
minimum basic human standards by—
Not restricting their movement, other than those that are necessary in the interests of public
health and order.
Allowing them to enjoy the fundamental rights internationally recognized, particularly those set
out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Treating them as persons whose plight requires special understanding and sympathy. They
should receive necessary assistance and should not be subjected to cruel, inhumane, or degrading
Not discriminating against them on the grounds of race, religion, political opinion, nationality, or
country of origin.
Remembering that they are persons before the law, enjoying free access to the courts of law and
other competent administrative authorities.
Providing them with the necessities of life (food, shelter, basic sanitary and health facilities).
Maintaining them in family units when possible.
Providing them with all possible assistance for tracing lost relatives.
Establishing adequate provisions for the protection of minors and unaccompanied children.
Allowing them to send and receive mail.
Permitting friends and relatives to provide material assistance to them.
Making appropriate arrangements, where possible, for the registration of births, deaths, and
Granting the necessary means that enable them to obtain a satisfactory, durable solution.
Permitting them to transfer assets that they brought into the territory to the country where the
durable solution is obtained.
Taking steps to facilitate voluntary repatriation.
Affording them humane treatment and protecting them against acts of violence, intimidation,
insults, and public curiosity.
10-72. In the administration of any of resettlement facility, the dissemination of instructions and
information to the facility population is vital. Communication may be in the form of notices on bulletin
boards, posters, public address systems, loudspeakers, facility meetings assemblies, or a facility radio
station. CA and PSYOP units may be able to help with the information dissemination effort.
10-73. Another tool in the effective administration of a resettlement facility is the use of liaison personnel.
Liaison involves coordination with all interested agencies. U.S. government and military authorities,
multinational liaison officers, representatives of local governments, and international agencies help in relief
and assistance operations.
12 February 2010
10-74. The exact location of the military police station depends on the facility layout and needs of the
commander. Internal and external patrols are necessary; however, security for a resettlement facility should
not give the impression that the facility is a prison. Military police patrol areas and the distribution plan are
based on the size of the facility and the number of civilians housed inside each subdivision. FM 19-10 and
FM 3-19.13 provide basic guidelines for law and order operations and investigations.
10-75. Additional sources for security officers may include HN police, security forces, or other military
forces. Another potential source of security may come from the facility population itself. Police personnel
within the population might supplement security teams or constitute a special facility police force if
appropriate. When supporting civil support operations, civilian police will normally be used to conduct law
enforcement functions within a facility. National Guard Soldiers operating under Title 32, USC, may also
be used by their respective state governors to perform law enforcement functions.
10-76. Before a civilian is apprehended, the resettlement facility commander must coordinate with SJA
and HN authorities to determine the following:
Jurisdiction over the population.
Authority to detain.
Disposition and status of DCs.
Disposition of case paperwork.
Disposition of evidence, to include crime laboratory analysis results.
Disposition of recovered property.
Procedures and agreements unique to the supported HN.
10-77. The facility commander is prepared to perform operations to restore law and order by identifying a
reaction force that can be immediately deployed and employed inside the facility to bring disturbances
under control. The size of the reaction force depends on the size of the population and the available military
forces. The reaction force is well trained, organized, and knowledgeable of applicable ROE, the use of
force policy, and the use of NLWs and civil disturbance measures. (See appendix H for more information
on the use of force, NLWs, and additional civil disturbance measures; and FM 3-19.15 for more
information on civil disturbance operations.)
10-78. ROI provide Soldiers with a guide for interacting with the civilian population. ROIs include—
Treating all DCs humanely and with respect.
Avoiding discussions of politics and policies with DCs.
Avoiding promises. If cornered, reply with “I will see what I can do.”
Refraining from making obscene gestures. DCs may understand the meaning.
Avoiding derogatory remarks. DCs may understand English and the local linguists surely do.
Treating all DCs equally. DCs may become offended if they do not receive the same treatment
or resources that other DCs receive.
Respecting religious articles and materials.
Treating medical problems seriously.
Greeting DCs in their native language.
Ensuring that any phrase taught by a DC to a Soldier is cleared through a linguist to ensure that
it does not contain any obscenities.
ULES FOR THE
10-79. RUF used in resettlement operations vary from operation to operation. The combatant commander
establishes RUF, in conjunction with the SJA and upon joint staff approval, and approves special RUF
developed for use in resettlement facilities. The RUF evolve to fit the changing environment, ensuring
continued protection and safety for the DC population and U.S. military personnel. Ensure that RUF remain
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