12 February 2010
Length, depth, and type of involvement during the conflict.
Previous or current occupation.
Standard of living and financial state.
Previous military training.
Political and military indoctrination.
PSYOP vulnerability and susceptibility.
K-15. The initial interview, conducted on arrival at the I/R facility, should include a numerical score or
code that indicates the desirability to conduct a follow-up interview as time and the situation permit.
Detainees and DCs who are cooperative or possess information, skills, or characteristics of interest to the
tactical PSYOP detachment should be interviewed in depth. The interview team specifically looks for—
Malcontents, rabble-rousers, trained agitators, and political officers who may attempt to organize
resistance or create disturbances within the I/R facility. Once these individuals are identified,
guards will normally confine them in isolated enclosures to deny them access to the general
Detainees and DCs willing to cooperate in setting up informant networks. These detainees and
DCs should be referred to MI counterintelligence personnel, since as it is their responsibility to
run informant networks within the I/R facility.
Detainees and DCs with special skills who can assist with I/R facility operations. Such skills
include language; construction; engineering; and training in medicine, education, and
entertainment. Other skills may be useful based on the facility location and conditions.
Detainees and DCs willing to assist with product development, such as taping audio surrender
Detainees and DCs willing to participate in PSYOP product testing.
K-16. Access to members and former members of the designated PSYOP target audiences allows the
interview team to conduct product testing that provides accurate, meaningful feedback to the PSYOP task
force and product development company. Data collected during the surveys is passed to the PSYOP task
force through the tactical PSYOP detachment and the PSYOP support element. The interview team must
maintain secure, reliable communications with higher headquarters and ensure the timely, secure transport
of product prototypes and testing results.
K-17. The interview team, along with other facility personnel, must take precautions to safeguard the
identities of cooperative detainees and DCs to protect them from reprisals. PSYOP personnel must always
exercise discretion when dealing with cooperative detainees and DCs. Guards must be thoroughly briefed
on proper handling procedures.
K-18. Discovering detainees and DCs with false identities is an important security measure that can reduce
potential problems and ensure smooth I/R facility operations. The interview team can discover false
identities during initial processing or subsequent interviews. The team should look for—
Documents that do not match.
Interview responses that do not match those given during an earlier interview.
Identification cards or tags that contradict other documents or information.
Slow verbal responses to simple questions, such as a date of birth. The detainee or DC may be
making up responses or trying to remember false information.
Detainees and DCs without documentation. This situation requires careful investigation. For
example, the detainee or DC may have thrown away their identification to avoid discovery.
Psychological Operations Support to Internment and Resettlement Operations
12 February 2010
Detainees and DCs who suddenly refuse to cooperate at any point during processing.
Names that appear in the list of sought after persons (sometimes called the “black list”).
K-19. The tactical PSYOP detachment assigned as an enclosure team conducts face-to-face PSYOP and
collects vital information within the I/R facility. To perform its mission, members of the enclosure team
must have unrestricted access to the I/R population. The enclosure team conducts close coordination with
the guard force commander to ensure that its activities do not jeopardize the safe operation of the I/R
facility and to ensure that they are safe.
K-20. The enclosure team builds a rapport with detainees and DCs by distributing recreational equipment,
conducting morale support activities, and performing other actions designed to gain the trust of detainees or
DCs. Although it is important for the enclosure team to maintain close communication with other PSYOP
team elements, such communication should be discreet and conducted away from the view of the I/R
population. The enclosure team will usually enjoy a greater rapport with the I/R population if it is not
identified with the authoritarian elements of the facility administration.
K-21. The enclosure team capitalizes on its access to the I/R population to collect information about
individuals and to watch for potential problems. The enclosure team should look for—
Formal and informal leaders.
Individuals who are the center of attention in a group.
Items passed from one person to another.
Contrasting soil in the compound.
Signals and codes.
Individuals who move from one group, to another and whose presence forces the topic of
conversation to change.
Individuals who speak for a group but maintain eye contact with another person in that group.
Individuals who immediately make friends with military police guards.
Detainees and DCs who express interest in I/R facility construction or materials and equipment
used in facility construction.
K-22. In addition to providing loudspeaker support inside the facility, the tactical PSYOP detachment
commander and quick-reaction force support team coordinate with enclosure commanders to include
loudspeaker support to PSYOP as part of the I/R facility response capability. The quick-reaction force
support team is a predesignated element that serves as an emergency tactical response force for the
compounds or other locations determined by the facility commander.
K-23. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander maintains contact with the quick-reaction support force
team through the supported unit’s communications network or by other means. The team designated to
support the quick-reaction support force team must be prepared to support the quick-reaction force mission
and should remain physically located with the quick-reaction support force team to facilitate a rapid
response. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander or quick-reaction force support team leader must
accomplish the following premission tasks:
Brief the quick-reaction force commander on PSYOP capabilities and employment.
Coordinate a reaction plan and preplanned routes with the quick-reaction force team.
Rehearse operational procedures with each new quick-reaction force team.
Rehearse likely emergency scenarios and perform reconnaissance of the sites.
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12 February 2010
Prepare audio products and scripts to be used during likely scenarios.
Ensure that translators are briefed and available if a translator is not attached to the quick-
reaction force team.
K-24. The audiovisual team can support three or more tactical PSYOP detachments when supporting I/R
operations. The audiovisual team uses organic equipment to produce and disseminate products to the I/R
facility population. The team supports the facility PSYOP program by disseminating entertainment
products, such as videos and music. This team gives the tactical PSYOP detachment the ability to influence
detainee and DC behavior by providing or withholding something of value to the population. When
directed, the team disseminates products that support other PSYOP task force programs (reeducation,
reorientation, posthostility themes).
K-25. At a minimum, the audiovisual team should have the capability to edit audio and video products in
digital formats, provide edited audio products in compact disc and minidisc formats, disseminate video
products in video home system and digital video disc formats, project video with sound to large audiences
within the facility, record and edit digital still photographs, and print limited numbers of PSYOP products
in various sizes for use within the internment facility.
12 February 2010
Guidelines for Handling Evidence
This appendix provides general guidelines for handling captured materiel and
documents that could be used as evidence in legal proceedings against captured
persons suspected of crimes against humanity, terrorism, war crimes, and/or other
crimes. Detailed procedures for identifying, handling, storing, transferring, releasing,
and disposing of captured materiel and documents should follow accepted legal
standards and should be documented in local regulations or SOPs.
L-1. Capturing units should report captured material and documents constituting evidence as soon as
possible to military police or other personnel specially trained and authorized to handle evidence to ensure
L-2. It is the responsibility of all military police Soldiers or other law enforcement personnel to take every
precaution to preserve the integrity of evidence in its original condition. Evidence must be entered into the
custodial system as soon as possible after its collection, seizure, or surrender.
L-3. The PM should establish and operate an evidence custodial system consisting of—
Primary and alternate evidence custodian (designated, in writing by the PM).
Evidence storage facilities.
Active evidence custody record or file.
Final evidence disposition record or file.
L-4. Evidence custodian responsibilities cannot be further delegated. The evidence custodians should—
Ensure that evidence is properly inventoried, tagged, packaged, and marked before acceptance
for storage. DA Form 4137 should include the associated detainee’s name, date of birth, rank
and service number (if applicable), and an identifying number that connects the evidence to the
Ensure that military police personnel who deliver the evidence for safekeeping properly
complete DA Form 4137 before acceptance for storage.
Properly safeguard evidence.
Properly maintain the evidence log, active evidence custody record, and final evidence
Conduct inventories of evidence holdings regularly.
Properly dispose of evidence.
L-5. The capturing unit completes DA Form 4137 and attaches it to captured materiel and documents.
Required information provided on that form includes—
National identifying letters of the capturing unit.
Designation of the capturing unit, to include the branch of Service.
Date-time group of capture.
12 February 2010
Location of capture, to include the eight-digit grid coordinates.
Unit captured from (enemy or warring faction), to include national identifying letters as
Summary of capture circumstances.
Associated captured person, if any.
L-6. The law enforcement person first assuming custody of evidence will subsequently mark it for future
identification as evidence. If it is not possible to mark the evidence, it is put in a container that can be
marked. The evidence is marked with the date-time group of acquisition and the rank and name of the
person who assumed custody of it. When any person submits evidence to the evidence custodian, it will be
properly tagged and placed in appropriate containers as necessary.
L-7. The evidence custodian will carefully examine, count, and weigh (as appropriate) all evidence being
submitted. The submitting person must ensure that items being retained have some evidentiary value. The
submitting person will promptly return or dispose of any items that do not have evidentiary value, according
to authorized procedures.
L-8. The evidence custodian should not accept items that are not evidence nor accept evidence that is not
properly tagged and accompanied by the stipulated documentation, such as DA Form 4137. Each item of
evidence should have a case control number or an equivalent designator identifying the police report that
pertains to the seized evidence.
L-9. Physically safeguard and store all evidence received in a separate, and distinct evidence room. The
evidence room should be large enough for handling, storing, and processing volumes of evidence, consistent
with the size of the law enforcement operation. It must also provide for the secure storage of evidence.
When a room has been designated as an evidence room, other equipment and property (personal or official)
will not be stored in it under any circumstances.
L-10. When evidence is first received into custody by law enforcement personnel, whether confiscated
during an investigation or received from a unit or command representative, the evidence custodian must
personally inventory the evidence. Subsequently, when evidence is transferred between custodians for any
reason, the evidence custodians must verify the inventory unless it has been placed in a sealed container by
law enforcement personnel. Verify money and controlled substances even if they are in a sealed container.
The evidence custodian and a disinterested officer (outside the PM office) will conduct the inventory. An
entry is made in the evidence log reflecting the inventory and participating personnel.
L-11. When physical evidence in the possession of military law enforcement personnel is transferred or
shipped to another agency, the chain of custody must be maintained. Ship by reliable and secure means, and
maintain documentation to prove an unbroken chain of custody.
L-12. The evidence custodian will obtain approval for the final disposal of evidence from the proper
authority and enter it on DA Form 4137.
L-13. Any evidence used in any court action will be retained until the initial trial and subsequent appeals are
complete. Obtain authorization for disposal from the commander, appropriate legal officer, or a
representative of either. Any evidence entered into the evidence custodial system that is not used in a
judicial or administrative action may be disposed of upon authorization from the PM or a designated
Guidelines for Handling Evidence
12 February 2010
L-14. Evidence obtained during the course of an investigation that is the personal property of an individual
will, when possible, be returned to that individual, with the exception of unlawful items. Examples of
unlawful items include narcotics, unlawfully obtained drugs, illegal firearms, explosives, counterfeit
currency, or counterfeit identification papers cards. When personal property is returned to the owner or an
authorized representative, the individual receiving the property will be required to sign for it on DA Form
L-15. Evidence which, by its nature, cannot be returned to the owner or entered into a national supply
system for disposal (narcotics, illegal firearms, other contraband) will be destroyed. This evidence will be
destroyed by, or in the presence of, the evidence custodian and a staff NCO or commissioned officer
assigned to the PM office. Destruction will be of a nature so as to make the evidence unusable for any
lawful or unlawful purpose other than residual scrap.
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