12 February 2010
Coordination is made with the base commander, JIDC commander, and medical and other assets
regarding facility protection.
3-14. When operating in detention facilities, HUMINT collectors and medical personnel are under the
direction of the detention facility commander for actions involving the humane treatment, custody, and
evacuation of detainees and for facility protection. Tactical control does not include the prioritization of
interrogations by HUMINT personnel or intelligence and medical operations within the facility. MI and
medical units or personnel will retain technical authority for their activities from the MI and medical higher
headquarters, respectively. For instance, MI personnel will receive operational guidance through the MI
technical chain of command for interrogation activities and intelligence reporting. Guidance obtained
through technical channels for intelligence and medical personnel may include—
Ensuring that applicable U.S. laws and regulations, international laws, execution orders,
FRAGOs, and other operationally specific guidelines (for example, DOD policies) are followed.
Ensuring that approved doctrinal approaches and techniques are used properly.
Providing technical guidance for interrogation activities.
3-15. The detention facility commander coordinates closely with MI personnel to permit the effective
accomplishment of military police and MI missions at the facility by—
Conducting regular coordination meetings with the interrogation element.
Developing an SOP (in conjunction with the JIDC commander and/or senior interrogator) to
deconflict the internment and interrogation missions. Considerations include—
The need for military police and MI personnel to use incentives for different purposes and at
different times. The proper coordination between military police and MI personnel is
necessary so that, when interrogators promise an approved incentive to a detainee, the
military police ensure that the detainee receives the incentive and is allowed to retain it. The
use of incentives must be coordinated with, and approved by, the detention facility
commander. The provision and withdrawal of incentives may not affect the baseline
standards of humane treatment. For example, military police may provide incentives such
as special food items. When those incentives are withdrawn, however, military police must
still provide the normal rations. Failure to cooperate in an intelligence interrogation cannot
result in disadvantageous treatment. The withdrawal of incentives provided to similarly
situated detainees must be based on disciplinary reasons or reasons of security, not failure
to cooperate with HUMINT interrogations.
A system of information exchange between the military police and interrogators about the
actions and behaviors of detainees and other significant events associated with detainees.
The interrogation chain of command’s coordination on the interrogation plan with the CDO.
The CDO (in conjunction with the MI commander) may convene a multidiscipline custody
and control oversight team including, but not limited to, military police personnel, MI
personnel, a behavioral science consultant (if available), and legal representatives. The team
can advise and provide measures to ensure that effective custody and control is used and
compliant with the requirements of applicable U.S. laws and regulations, international laws,
execution orders, FRAGOs, and other operationally specific guidelines. Guards do not
conduct intelligence interrogations and will not set the conditions for interrogations. Guards
may support interrogators as additional security (for example, for combative detainees)
according to JP 3-63, FM 2-22.3, and the approved interrogation plan.
The maintenance of an effective, two-way communications system between military police
and MI elements.
Training personnel at the internment facility for the mutual understanding of military police and
MI missions. Interrogation operations familiarization training for military police.
Providing suitable interrogation space and resources within the internment facility to facilitate
the intelligence collection mission.
Authorizing outside access to MI-held detainees only when coordinated with the interrogation
element and G-2X and/or J-2X.
Command and Staff Roles and Responsibilities
12 February 2010
3-16. With specific regard to detainees, the detention facility commander—
Is responsible for the administrative processing of each detainee. (When processing is complete,
DA Form 2674-R [Enemy Prisoner of War/Civilian Internee Strength Report] is transmitted to
Ensures that detainees are treated humanely. (The detention facility commander will have
unfettered access to all areas and operations.)
Immediately reports allegations of detainee mistreatment immediately through the appropriate
chain of command.
Ensures that cadre and support personnel understand the different rules and procedures
applicable to each category of detainee. (Military police leaders and Soldiers must be constantly
aware of the category of personnel they are handling and enforce the applicable rules and
Ensures that the following items are posted in each facility in English and the language of the
detainees housed there, and makes them available to those without access to the posted copies:
Facility regulations, orders, and notices (printed in the languages of detainees and/or
depicted in such a manner as to ensure understanding by all detainees in the facility)
relating to the conduct and activities of detainees.
3-17. The detention facility commander maintains a copy of, and strictly accounts for, all documents
(including photographs) on file as designated by the SOP or by command policies. Commanders provide
copies to all DOD and Army assessment or investigative authorities as requested, ensure safe and proper
storage, and account for records in archives.
3-18. Regulations and other guidance relative to the administration, employment, and compensation of
detainees are prescribed in detail in AR 190-8, Department of Finance and Accounting Service–
Indianapolis (DFAS-IN) 37-1, FM 1-06, FM 4-02, and FM 27-10.
JOINT INTERROGATION AND DEBRIEFING CENTER
COMMANDER/MILITARY INTELLIGENCE BATTALION
3-19. The JIDC commander is responsible for matters relating to interrogations, intelligence collection and
reporting, and interaction with other agencies involved in the intelligence and/or evidence-gathering
process. The JIDC is normally commanded by an MI officer, who is operational control to the CDO and
tactical control to the TIF commander for humane treatment, evacuation, and custody and control
(reception, processing, administration, internment, and safety) of detainees; protection measures; and
operation of the internment facility. The JIDC commander is responsible for the conduct of interrogation
operations, to include the prioritization of effort and control of interrogation or other intelligence
operations. The JIDC maintains a technical direction relationship through MI channels for interrogation
functions and intelligence reporting. Other responsibilities may include, but are not limited to, the
Developing and implementing synchronized tactics, techniques, and procedures that comply
with applicable U.S. laws and regulations, international laws, execution orders, FRAGOs, and
other operationally specific guidelines (DOD policies).
Coordinating with the detention facility commander to ensure that the roles and responsibilities
of HUMINT collectors and military police are understood and applied throughout all phases of
Coordinating with the detention facility commander for MI personnel participation in base
operations support, to include tenant unit security, interpreter support, sustainment support, and
Keeping the CDO informed of interrogation operations.
Establishing and maintaining technical guidance channels to G-2X and/or J-2X assets.
12 February 2010
Executing interrogation and debriefing operations according to the priorities and guidance
outlined by the G-2X and/or J-2X (as the asset manager for interrogation operations at the
Coordinating with the military criminal investigative organization and legal agencies for
evidentiary measures and resolutions as required.
3-20. The JIDC normally operates within a permanent or semipermanent facility, is administratively and
operationally self-sufficient, and develops a logistical relationship with the parent unit manning the
internment facility. The JIDC—
Normally consists of a facility headquarters and operations, analysis, interrogation, and
Is located within the TIF.
Is structured to meet mission variable requirements within the theater.
Includes HUMINT collectors who are trained in interrogation operations; counterintelligence
personnel; personnel for captured enemy documents; and intelligence analysts (as applicable)
from the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Navy, and other government agencies.
Maintains the capability to deploy HUMINT collection teams forward as needed to conduct
interrogations or debriefings to sources of interest that cannot be readily evacuated to the JIDC.
Often establishes a combined interrogation facility with multinational HUMINT collectors or
interrogators if operating as part of a multinational operation.
3-21. Research analysts perform the following duties:
Research the background of detainees utilizing the source analysis of available data to place the
detainee into context for collectors.
Analyze, combine, and report intelligence information collected through the interrogation and/or
debriefing process for the purpose of validating collected information and identifying related
Develop indicators for each intelligence requirement to support screening operations; develop
detainee-specific collection requirements for collectors.
Develop and maintain the database and organize collected information for local and customer
Make recommendations to the detention facility commander for release/transfer of detainees.
HUMAN INTELLIGENCE COLLECTORS
3-22. HUMINT collectors perform the following duties:
Develop indicators for each intelligence requirement to support screening operations.
Make recommendations to the detention facility commander for the release/transfer of detainees.
Provide recommendations to the detention facility commander concerning the segregation of
detainees. (See FM 2-22.3.) (HUMINT collectors must request approval to employ the restricted
interrogation technique of separation. The combatant commander must approve the use of
separation. The first general/flag officer in their chain of command must approve each
interrogation plan that uses separation. FM 2-22.3, appendix M, must be followed.
Report information collected through the interrogation process.
Conduct intelligence interrogations, debriefings, or tactical questioning to gain intelligence from
captured or detained personnel humanely, according to applicable law and policies.
Ensure that interrogation techniques are implemented according to applicable laws and policies.
Develop interrogation plans according to the unit SOP before conducting an interrogation.
Disseminate screening reports to potential users on a timely basis.
Command and Staff Roles and Responsibilities
12 February 2010
INTERPRETERS AND TRANSLATORS
3-23. Unless otherwise authorized by the joint force commander, only individuals with the proper training
and appropriate security level are allowed within the confines of the facility to perform
interpreter/translator duties (for example, multinational members). Categories of contract interpreters
Category I linguists. Category I linguists are locally hired personnel who have an
understanding of the English language. They undergo a limited screening and are hired in the
theater. They do not possess a security clearance and are used for unclassified work. During
most operations, Category I linguists require rescreening on a scheduled basis. Category I
linguists should not be used for HUMINT collection operations.
Category II linguists. Category II linguists are U.S. citizens who have a native command of the
target language and a near-native command of the English language. They undergo a screening
process, which includes a national agency check. Upon favorable findings, they are granted an
equivalent of a Secret collateral clearance. This is the category of linguist most used by
Category III linguists. Category III linguists are U.S. citizens who have native command of the
target language and native command of the English language. These personnel undergo a
screening process, which includes a special background investigation. Upon favorable findings,
they are granted an equivalent of a top secret clearance. Category III linguists are normally used
for high-ranking official meetings and strategic collectors.
3-24. The theater Army Surgeon for the Army Service component command designates a detainee
operations medical director to oversee the aspects of medical care provided to detainees. This director
establishes and maintains technical guidance and supervision over medical personnel who are engaged in
providing health care to detainees, regardless of unit assignment. The detainee operations medical
Advises the CDO and theater commander on the health of detainees.
Provides guidance, in conjunction with the command judge advocate, on the ethical and legal
aspects of providing medical care to detainees.
Recommends the task organization of medical resources to satisfy mission requirements.
Recommends policies concerning the medical support for detainee operations.
Develops, coordinates, and synchronizes health consultation services for detainees.
Evaluates and interprets medical statistical data.
Recommends policies and determines requirements and priorities for medical logistics
operations in support of detainee health care, to include blood and blood products, medical
supply and resupply, medical equipment, medical equipment maintenance and repair services,
formulary development, optometric support, single vision and multivision optical lens
fabrication, and spectacle repair.
Strictly accounts for and maintains medical records (to include photographs) on detainees
according to AR 40-66 and AR 40-400.
Recommends medical evacuation policies and procedures and monitors medical evacuation
support to detainees.
Recommends policies, protocols, and procedures pertaining to the medical and dental treatment
of detainees. (These policies, protocols, and procedures provide the same standard of care
provided to U.S. armed forces in the same area.)
Ensures that monthly weigh-ins are conducted and reported for detainees who are held in
medical facilities as required by regulations.
Plans and implements preventive medicine operations and facilitates health risk
communications, to include implementing preventive medicine programs and initiating
preventive medicine measures to counter the medical threat.
12 February 2010
Ensures that medical personnel are trained in the medical aspects of the Geneva Conventions.
Ensures that health care providers are appropriately credentialed and that their scope of practice
Ensures that detainee medical history is recorded in the Detainee Reporting System per
AR 190-8. The minimum required data is—
Initial medical assessment.
Prerelease/repatriation medical assessment.
Upon the death of a detainee, coordinates with the Armed Forces Medical Examiner who will
determine if an autopsy is required. (The remains are not released from U.S. custody without
authorization from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner and the responsible commander except
by waiver from the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affairs or his designated
MILITARY POLICE ORGANIZATIONS IN SUPPORT OF
INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS
3-25. The type and quantity of units conducting I/R operations vary from echelon to echelon based on
mission variables, higher directives, and the scope and nature of the mission. The types of military police
units that may be involved in I/R operations are discussed in the following paragraphs. (See appendix B
and FM 3-39.)
3-26. The MPC is a theater level organization that is responsible for military police functions performed at
echelons above corps. Military police organizations performing military police functions at echelons above
corps will typically be task-organized under the MPC. The MPC commander (usually a general officer) is
normally designated as the CDO for the entire theater of operations and reports directly to the theater
commander or a designated representative. The MPC is responsible for implementing theater-wide
standards and ensuring compliance with established DOD and DA detainee policies. In addition, the MPC
provides policy oversight to ensure compliance with theater-specific I/R policies and procedures. As
required, exercises tactical/operational control of tactical combat forces that are conducting theater level
response force operations.
3-27. Military police brigades are task-organized under an MPC or under a division or corps headquarters.
Military police brigades provide C2 to two to five military police battalions that are performing military
police functions, to include I/R operations. With organic or appropriate organizational augmentation,
military police brigades can provide C2 for long-term detention operations at theater, corps, or division
levels. In the absence of an MPC, a military police brigade commander may serve as the CDO for a theater
or specific AO.
3-28. There are three categories of battalions within the Military Police Corps Regiment that are involved
with I/R operations—military police, I/R, and CID—and each type of battalion has a specific role.
Military police battalions, with the appropriate organizational augmentation, can provide C2 for
short- and long-term I/R operations.
I/R battalions are specifically designed to establish and provide C2 for long-term I/R operations.
I/R battalions are normally employed at the TIF level or higher, with the I/R battalion
commander serving as the TIF commander.
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested