Rev. November 2014, AD
Guidelines for In-Text Citations & Reference Lists
Include the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page number (for quotes),
either as part of the text of your paper or in parentheses. For example: (Smith, 2011, p. 17).
If a source has no author or editor, use a few words of the title instead.
Each in-text citation must lead to the full reference list entry for that source.
The references page is usually located at the end of your written document. However, tables
and/or appendices, if used, come after the references page.
The references page lists only the sources you cited in your paper. Every reference list entry
should have at least one corresponding in-text citation.
Center the heading, References, at the top of the page.
Alphabetize entries in the References list by the authors' last names.
Author's first names are NOT included in the entries; include only the initials of given
name(s). For example: Wells, A.
If a work has no author, place the title first and use that to alphabetize it within reference list.
If there is no date, use (n.d.). For a full template explaining how to format your citation when
information is missing, visit APA’s reference template PDF
The date of publication appears immediately after the first element of the citation (usually the
author’s name). For example, Wells, A. (2005).
The references list is double-spaced within AND between citation entries.
Use the hanging indent format: each entry begins flush left, and any additional lines are
indented one-half inch (or five spaces).
Capitalization matters; only the first word of titles and subtitles is capitalized, in addition to
proper names. However, each significant word in the titles of journals, newspapers and
magazines (for example, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences) is capitalized and italicized.
Titles of articles from journals are NOT italicized.
Use only the name of the publishing company (do not include "Company" or "Inc." etc.).
Do NOT insert a hyphen when dividing a web address (URL) at the end of a link.
URLs/web addresses should NOT be hyperlinks. Use plain black text.