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DeletingaReferencefromtheLibrary(Pages'09)(Mac)
IfareferenceiscitedinPages,andyouthendeletethereferencefromyourEndNotelibrary,thechangeisnotreflectedinPages.
Thecitationremainsuntilyouspecificallydeleteit.
RelatedTopics:
CWYW
Commands
Deleting
Citations
Editing
a
Reference
in
the
Library
Editing
Citations
Finding
and
Inserting
Citations
Reformatting
with
a
Different
Style
SharingYourPagesDocuments
WorkingonDifferentComputers(Pages'09)(Mac)
YoucandirectlyshareyouriWorkPages.pagefileswithcolleagues.
ThecorrespondingEndNotelibrary(orlibraries)mustbeavailableandopeninordertoaddcitations.
Ifyouareworkingonasinglepaperandmovingbetweendifferentcomputers,keepacopyofyourreferencelibrarywithyour
paper.Thatwayyouwillalwaysaccessthesamelibrarywheninsertingcitations.
Ifyouareinsertingcitationsononlyonemachine,itisfinetomovethedocumentitselftoothermachines—aslongasyouwillbe
accessingthedocumentwiththesameversionofPages.
YoucannotinsertcitationsinyourPages‘09documentunlesstheassociatedEndNotelibraryisopen.
RelatedTopics:
CWYW
Commands
Finding
and
Inserting
Citations
Moving
Documents
between
Word
and
Pages
MovingDocumentsbetweenWordandPages
ThePages‘09EndNotecitingfeatureisfundamentallydifferentfromtheCWYWtoolsinWord,andtheyarenotdirectlycom-
patible.
MicrosoftWordtoPages‘09
ItisnotcurrentlypossibletomovedocumentsfromMicrosoftWordtoPages09inawaythatmaintainsthelinktoEndNote. All
citationsandthebibliographywillappearasplaintext,withnolinksatall.Ifyouwantedtochangetheformattingstyle,youwould
needtodeletetheexistingtextbibliographyandreplaceeachandeverycitation.
Pages‘09toMicrosoftWord
YoucanuseanoutputstyleinPages09thatsimulatesunformattedcitationsinWord,whichwouldallowyoutoformatthefilein
PagesthentransferittoWord.Thisisaone-waytransfer.
ToconvertaPagesdocumentforusewithMicrosoftWord:
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1. GetacopyofthePagesToWordoutputstyle.
2. Unzipthedownloadedstyleifyourbrowserisnotsettoautomaticallyunzipit.
3. Double-clickonthePagesToWordoutputstyleyoudownloadedtoopenitinEndNote.
4. FromtheFilemenu,selectSaveAs.
5. Remove"Copy"fromthe"PagesToWordCopy"filenameandSave.
6. FromtheEditmenu,selectOutputStyles,andthenselectOpenStyleManager.
7. Inthelistofstylesfindthe"PagesToWord"styleandcheckthefavoritesbox.ClosetheStyleManager.
8. ClosebothPagesandEndNoteandreopenthemtosetthefavorites.
9. InPages,openthedocumenttobesenttoWord,andfromtheEditmenuselectEndNoteCitations>BibliographyFormat
andselectthePagestoWordoutputstyle.
10. ExportthedocumenttoWordasyounormallywould.
11. InWord,withthesameEndNotelibraryopen,selectFormatBibliographytoformatthecitationsinthestyleofyour
choice.
RelatedTopics:
CWYW
Commands
in
Pages
CWYW
Commands
in
Word
Finding
and
Inserting
Citations
in
Pages
Finding
and
Inserting
Citations
in
Word
Working
on
Different
Computers
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RTFFiles/ScanningandFormatting
WordProcessorCompatibility(FormatPaper)
YoucancreateformattedcitationsandbibliographiesforyourpaperswithoutusingCiteWhileYouWrite™forMicrosoft®Word
orPages'09.UseFormat
Paper
tocitereferencesandcreatebibliographiesfordocumentsthatcanbesavedasRTF,including
documentscreatedwith:
l
Microsoft®Word
l
WordPerfect®
l
OpenOffice.org™Writer
l
NisusWriter
l
AppleiWorkPages
l
TextEdit
l
Mellel
l
AlmostanyapplicationthatcansaveasRTF(RichTextFormat)
Note:EndNoteusesUnicode
1
toappropriatelydisplaydiacritics
2
andotherextendedcharacters.Ifthesecharactersdonot
displaycorrectlywhenyouformatEndNotecitationsandreferencesinyourwordprocessordocument,itmaybebecauseyour
wordprocessorlacksUnicodesupport.Pleaserefertoyourwordprocessor'sdocumentation.
Toformatreferencesandcreateabibliography(CiteWhileYouWrite)withMicrosoftWord2008or2011,seeHow
to
Cite
While
You
Write
with
Microsoft
Word
.
Toformatreferencesandcreateabibliography(CiteWhileYouWrite)withPages'09,seeHow
to
Cite
While
You
Write
with
Pages
09
.
WhileyoucanusetheFormatPaperfeaturetoformatWordfilessavedasRTFODT,itismucheasierandmoreefficienttouse
CiteWhileYouWrite.
Tocreateastand-alonebibliographythatisnotbasedonthecitationsinapaper,seeIndependent
Bibliographies
.
Forup-to-datecompatibilityinformation,seeourWebsiteathttp://www.endnote.com
.
BasicInstructions(FormatPaper)
ThistopicdescribeshowtocreateformattedcitationsandbibliographiesforyourpaperswithoutusingCiteWhileYouWrite
for
Microsoft
®
WordorAppleiWorksPages.
Thebasicstepsrequiredtocitereferencesinapaperand"format"thatpaperusingEndNotearecoveredhere.Moredetailsabout
howtoswitchbetweenprogramsandvarioustipsforcitingreferencesaredescribedinthesectionsfollowingthesebasicinstruc-
tions.
1
TheUnicodeWorldwideCharacterStandardisacharacterencodingsystem.Unicodeprovidesauniquenumberforeverycharacter
usedbytheprincipalwrittenlanguagesintheworld,alongwithcodesforafullrangeofpunctuation,symbols,andcontrolcharacters.
Thesecodesareconstant,nomatterwhattheplatform,theprogram,orthelanguage.Itallowsdatatobetransportedthroughmany
differentsystemswithoutcorruptionofextendedcharacters.
2
Diacriticsarephoneticvariations,suchasaccents,associatedwithaletter.WhenusingtheSortReferencescommandorfor-
mattingabibliography,EndNotesortsdiacriticalcharactersaccordingtotherulesofthelanguagethatisselectedontheSortRef-
erencesdialog.CharacterswithdiacriticsaresorteddifferentlyinEnglish,Spanish,Swedish,andothersystems.Diacriticalmarks
canbesignificantinsearches.Usethe“MatchCase”searchoptiontoexactlymatchletterssuchasé,üandî.
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Citingreferencesisastraight-forwardprocessofcopyingtemporarycitationsfromEndNoteandpastingthemintoyourword
processingdocument.Whilewritingapaperinyourwordprocessor,youcanhaveEndNoterunninginthebackgroundsothatit’s
easytoswitchbetweenthetwoprogramswhenyouneedtociteasource.AlthoughyoucanentertheEndNotetemporarycita-
tionsintoapaperatanytime,mostwritersfinditconvenienttoenterthecitationsastheyarewritingthepaperinsteadofwaiting
toinsertthemafterthetextiswritten.
Note:TheFormatPapercommandworksonRTF
documents
or
OpenOffice.org
Writer
documents
.Youcreateyourpaperand
insertcitationswithyourwordprocessor.YoucanscanOpenOffice.orgWriterdocumentsdirectly.Whenyouarereadytoscan
andformatcitationsforotherdocumenttypes,youmustfirstsaveacopyofyourpaperasRTF,andthenscanthatcopyofthe
paper..
TopracticeusingtheFormatPaperfeature,youcanfollowthisprocedureusingoneoftheexampledocumentsfoundintheEnd-
NoteX/Examplesfolder.WerecommendexperimentingwiththeSample_RichText.RTForSample_OpenDocType.ODTfile
alongwiththeSample_Library_X6.
Tociteareferenceinapaper:
1. Startyourwordprocessorandopenthepaperyouarewriting.
Asanexample,youcanlocateandopenSample_RichText.RTFfoundintheEndNoteX6/Examplesfolder.Ifyouuse
OpenOffice.orgWriter,youcanuseSample_OpenDocType.ODTasanexample.
2. Whenyouarereadytociteasource,positionthecursorinthetextwhereyouwouldliketoputthecitation.
...acommonlydocumentedphenomena|.
3. StartEndNoteandopenyourlibrary(ifitisnotalreadyopen).SeeOpening
a
Library
ifyouneedhelpwiththisstep.
4. Selectthereference(s)inyourEndNotelibrarythatyouwanttocite.PresstheCommandkey(
)whileclickingontheref-
erencestoselectmultiplereferences;presstheShiftkeytoselectarangeofreferences.
5. SelectCopy(
+C)fromtheEditmenu,thenreturntoyourwordprocessorandPaste(
+V)thetemporarycitationinto
thetextofyourdocument.
OR
Drag-and-droptheselectedcitationsintoyourpaper.
ThepastedcitationappearsinEndNote’stemporaryformat:firstauthor’slastname,yearofpublication,andrecord
number,allenclosedincurlybraces:
{Morehouse,1993#125}
Ifmultiplereferenceswereselected,theircitationsappeartogetherwithinonesetofdelimiters
1
intheorderin
whichtheyarelistedintheLibrarywindow.
1
Delimitersarepunctuationmarksthatseparatesonetermorfield(oranypieceofdata)fromanother.Delimitersareusedinthecon-
textoftemporarycitationmarkers(thecurlybracesaredefaultdelimitersthatidentifythetemporarycitationsinthebodyofyourtext)
andtermlists.
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{Hall,1999#90;Baker,1988#38}
Thiscitationisnotthefinalcitation,butratheratemporarycitationthatwillbeformattedlater.Thenumberinthe
temporarycitationisnotabibliographynumberbutauniquerecordnumber.Whenyouformatthispaper,EndNote
buildsabibliographybasedonthetemporarycitationsthatitfindsinthepaper,andreformatsthemaccordingtothe
selectedstyle.
Continuefollowingsteps2-5toinsertcitationsasyouwriteyourpaper.
Tosaveyourdocument:
6. Whenyouhavefinishedaddingcitations,selectSavefromyourwordprocessor’sFilemenutosaveallchangestoyour
document.
7. IfthefileyoucreatedisnotanOpenOffice.orgWriterdocumentoranRTFdocument,saveacopyofthefileasRTF.From
theFilemenu,selectSaveAs.Inthefiledialog,setthetypeoffileasRTF.RTFretainsmoststylesandformatting.
8. CloseyourdocumentbyselectingClosefromtheFilemenu.Youcanleaveyourwordprocessorrunning.
Togeneratethebibliography:
1. ReturntoEndNote.
2. NavigatethefiledialogtolocateandselecttheRTFdocumentorODTdocument.ThenexttimeyouselectFormatPaperyou
willseeyourrecentlyusedfileslistedforeasyaccess.
3. ChecktheCitations
window
tomakesurethatEndNotewasabletofindmatchingreferencesforallofthecitations.
Duringthescanningprocess,EndNotelocatestemporarycitationsinthepaper,andsearchesthelibrarytofindreferencesthat
matcheachofthecitations.Whenscanningiscomplete,EndNotedisplaystheCitationswindow.TheCitationswindowlists
thecitationsfoundinthepapertogetherwiththenumberofmatchingreferencesintheopenlibraries.
ThecitationsintheCitationswindowappearintheordertheyarecitedinthepaper.Ifareferenceiscitedmorethanonceina
paper,itislistedmorethanonceinthiswindow;howeverthereferencewillappearonlyonceinthebibliography.
EverycitationlistedintheCitationswindowshouldhavea"1"nexttoitintheMatchescolumn,meaningthatEndNotefound
exactlyonereferenceinthelibrarytomatchthecitationinthepaper.Whenallofthecitationsinthewindowhavea"1"nextto
them,youarereadytogoontothenextstepofformattingapaper.Ifa"0"oranumbergreaterthanoneappearsintheMatches
column,youmayneedtoresolvemismatchedcitations.
4. SelectastylefromtheOutputStyleslistontheCitationwindow.Enterastartingbibliographynumberifyouwish.
Theindividualstyleslistedarethestylesthatarecurrentlyselectedasyour"favorites"intheStyleManager.Ifyouneedto
chooseastylethatisnotinthelist,chooseSelectAnotherStyletoopentheStyleManager.Markyourfavoritestylesthere,
andstartthisstepagain.SeeAdding
Styles
to
the
Output
Styles
List
.
5. ClickFormattohaveEndNotecreateacopyofyourpapercompletewithformattedcitationsandabibliography.
6. Youarethenpromptedtonameandsavetheformattedcopyofthepaper.
EndNoteautomaticallyaddsthenameoftheoutputstyletoyourexistingfilename.Youcanchangethenameoftheformatted
documentifnecessarybytypinganewnameinthetextbox.YoucanalsousetheFoldermenuatthetopofthewindowto
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changethelocationwhereEndNotesavesthefile.BydefaultEndNotesavestheformattedfileinthesamelocationasthe
unformattedfile.
Important!Neversavetheformattedpaperwiththesamenameastheoriginalunformatteddocument.Youmusthavethe
unformatteddocumentifyoueverwanttoformatthepaperagain.
WhileEndNoteisformatting,thecursorchangestoawaitcursor.Whentheformattinghasfinished,thecursorreturnstoan
arrowandtheCitationswindowremainsopen.NowthatEndNotehasgeneratedaformattedcopyofthepaper,youcanopen
thatpaperinyourwordprocessor.
7. Switchtoyourwordprocessor(seeSwitching
Between
EndNote
and
a
Word
Processor
).
8. SelectOpenfromthewordprocessor’sFilemenu,andthenselectandopentheformattedversionofthepaper.Remember
thatyouwanttoopenthefilethathasthenameofthestyleappendedtothefilename.
Intheformattedpaper,EndNotehasreplacedthetemporarycitationswithformattedcitationsandinsertedabibliography.The
paperisreadytobeprintedandsubmitted!
MakingChangestothePaper
Ifyouneedtomakechangestothepaper(suchaschangeacitation,addmoretext,orchangethebibliographicstyle),you
shouldedittheoriginalunformatteddocument,andthenformatitagain.EndNotewillgenerateanewformattedcopyofthepaper.
SeeReformatting
a
Paper
.
RelatedTopics:
Citing
References
in
Footnotes
Multiple
References
in
One
Citation
Switching
Between
EndNote
and
a
Word
Processor
Temporary
vs.
Formatted
Citations
The
Citations
Window
Typing
Citations
into
Your
Paper
Word
Processor
Compatibility
UsingMacintoshServices
EndNotesupportsMacintoshOSXServicesbymakingFormatPapercommandsavailablewithinotherapplications,soyoucan
runFormatPapereitherfromEndNoteorfromwithinyourwordprocessor.
Note:InordertouseMacintoshServices,theEndNoteX6foldermustbeinstalledintheApplicationsfolderonyourcomputer.
EndNotesupportsMacintoshOSXServicesforanyapplicationthatincludestheServicesfeature.AfterinstallingEndNote,you
shouldLogOutandLogIn(orRestartyourcomputer)inordertoregisterServices.Inanapplication,suchasawordprocessor,
lookunderthemenunamedaftertheapplicationforaServices>EndNotesubmenu.(IfanapplicationdoesnotsupportMac-
intoshOSXServices,theEndNotecommandswillbedimmedandnotavailable.)
ThreeEndNoteFormatPapercommandsareavailableinmostwordprocessorsontheApplicationName>Services>EndNote
menu.UsetheFindCitation(s)andInsertCitationcommandstoinserttemporarycitationsinyourwordprocessordocument.
Then,highlightthetextyouwishtoscan(typicallytheentiredocument),anduseFormatPapertoscanthefile,formatcitations
andabibliography,andsavethetexttoanRTFfile.
Note:MicrosoftWorddoesnotsupportMacintoshServices.SeeHow
to
Cite
While
You
Write
fortheeasiestwaytoinsertand
formatcitationsinaWorddocument.TouseFormatPaperwithWord,seeBasic
Instructions
(Format
Paper)
.
FindCitation(s)
ThiscommandisavailablewhenanEndNotelibraryisopenandtextisselectedinthedocument.Useittolocateandinserttem-
porarycitations:
1. Inyourdocument,putthecursorwhereyouwanttociteareference.
2. TypeinthetextyouwanttousetolocatethereferenceinEndNote,andthenhighlightthetext.
3. FromtheApplicationName>Services>EndNotemenu,selectFindCitation(s).EndNoteusesthehighlightedtextto
searchformatchingreferencesintheopenlibrary,anddisplaysthematchingreferencesinalist.
4. Selectthereference(ormultiplereferences)youwanttocite,andclickInsert.
TheEndNotereferenceisinsertedintothedocumentasatemporarycitation,replacingthehighlightedsearchtext.
InsertCitation
ThiscommandisavailablewhenanEndNotelibraryisopen.UseittoinsertreferencesthatareselectedinEndNoteastem-
porarycitations:
1. Highlightareference(ormultiplereferences)inyourEndNotelibrary.
2. Switchtoyourdocumentandputthecursorwhereyouwanttoinsertthecitation.
3. FromtheApplicationName>Services>EndNotemenu,selectInsertCitation.
TheEndNotereferenceisinsertedintothedocumentasatemporarycitation.Ifanytextwasselectedinyourdocument,the
insertionwillreplacethattext.
FormatPaper
ThiscommandisavailablewhenanEndNotelibraryisopenandtextisselectedinthedocument.
YoushouldfirstusetheFindCitation(s)and/ortheInsertCitationcommandstoinserttemporarycitations.Then,usethiscom-
mandtorunEndNote'sFormatPaperontheselectedtext:
1. Highlightthetextyouwishtoscan.Inmostcases,youwillSelectAlltoselecttheentiredocument t (thefulltextofyour
paperthatcontainstemporarycitationsthatyouwishtoformatandusetocreateabibliography).
2. FromtheApplicationName>Services>EndNotemenu,selectFormatPaper.
EndNotescansthehighlightedtextfortemporarycitationdelimitersanddisplaysaCitationMatcheswindowlistingthe
matchingEndNotereferencesplusanyunmatchedorambiguouscitations.
3. (optional)Ifthereareanyunmatchedorambiguouscitations,youcanmakechangestoyourdocumentandthenclickRes-
canontheCitationMatcheswindow.
4. OntheCitation
Matches
window
,selectanoutputstyleandclickFormat.
5. Onthefiledialog,nameandsavethenewRTFdocumentthatcontainscitationsandabibliographyformattedaccordingto
theselectedoutputstyle.
RelatedTopics:
Citing
References
in
Footnotes
Multiple
References
in
One
Citation
Temporary
vs.
Formatted
Citations
The
Citations
Window
Typing
Citations
into
Your
Paper
TipsonCitingSources
Temporaryvs.FormattedCitations
A"citation"isthebibliographicinformationinthebodyofapaperthatrefersthereadertoacompletereferenceinthebib-
liography.Normallyacitationconsistsofabibliographynumberortheauthorandyearinparentheses:
 ...ofthespeciesathand
1
.
 ...ofthespeciesathand(Argus,1991).
WhenyoufirstcopyanEndNotecitationandpasteitintoyourpaper,itappearsinEndNote’stemporarycitationformat.Thisfor-
matconsistsofthefirstauthor’slastname,year,andtheEndNoterecordnumber,withcitationdelimiters
1
ateachend.
 {Author,Year#RecordNumber}
WhenEndNoteformatsthispaperitreplacesthetemporarycitationswithformattedcitations.
 TemporaryCitation:  {Argus,1991#11}
 FormattedCitation(inAPA):(Argus&Matthews,1991)
EndNotereliesonthetemporarycitationstodeterminewhichreferencestoincludeinthebibliography.Duringformatting,End-
Notescansyourwordprocessingdocumentfortemporarycitations,findstheirmatchingreferencesintheEndNotelibrary,and
createsaduplicateofyourdocumentcompletewith"formatted"in-textcitationsandabibliographyattheend.Thisnewdoc-
umentiscalledyour"formatted"paper.
Note:Bydefault,citationdelimitersarecurlybraces.Ifyouhaveothertextwithincurlybraces,youmaywanttochangeyour
citationdelimiters.
SwitchingBetweenEndNoteandaWordProcessor
WithyourEndNotelibraryandwordprocessingdocumentbothopen,youcanswitchbetweenthetwofileswithoutclosingeither
program.
IfanEndNoteiconandyourwordprocessoriconappearontheDockalongtheedgeofthescreen,simplyclickontheappro-
priateicontostartorswitchtothatprogram.
TostartEndNoteandopenyourEndNotelibrarywhileworkinginyourwordprocessor:
1
Delimitersarepunctuationmarksthatseparatesonetermorfield(oranypieceofdata)fromanother.Delimitersareusedinthecon-
textoftemporarycitationmarkers(thecurlybracesaredefaultdelimitersthatidentifythetemporarycitationsinthebodyofyourtext)
andtermlists.
1. SwitchfromyourwordprocessortotheFinder.
l
Iftheiconofyourharddriveisvisibleontherightsideofthescreen,simplyclickonceonyourharddrivetoreturntothe
Macintoshfinder.
l
Or,clickontheFindericonfoundonthedockalongtheedgeofthescreen.
2. NowthatyouarebackintheFinder,locateyourEndNotelibraryanddouble-clickittoopenitintheEndNoteprogram.Your
EndNotelibraryisprobablyinyourEndNotefolder,althoughitcanbeanywherethatyouchosetoputit.
Atthispoint,youshouldhavebothyourlibraryandyourwordprocessingdocumentopen.Youarenowreadytocopyandpaste
referencesfromyourEndNotelibraryintoyourwordprocessingdocument.
ToswitchbetweenyourwordprocessorandEndNotewhenbotharerunning:
l
Oncebothprogramsarerunning,anEndNoteiconandyourwordprocessoriconappearontheDockalongtheedgeofthe
screen.Clickontheappropriateicontoswitchtothatprogram.
l
Or,ifyouhaveminimizedwindows,simplyclickonthedocumentwhichmaybevisibleinthebackground.
Everytimeyouclickonyourwordprocessingdocumenttopasteatemporarycitation,theEndNotelibrarymovestotheback-
groundbehindyourpaper.YoucanrearrangeorresizethewindowsfortheEndNotelibraryandthewordprocessingdocumentso
thattheEndNotelibraryisnotcompletelyobscuredbythewordprocessingdocumenteverytimeyouswitchbacktoyourword
processor.Withthewindowssetupthisway,youcanclickonpartoftheEndNoteLibrarywindowtobringitforwardonthe
screen,andthenclickonthewordprocessingdocumentwhenyouwanttoreturntoit.
MultipleReferencesinOneCitation
Ifyouneedmultiplereferencesinonein-textcitation,youcanaccomplishthisinoneoftwoways.Oneoptionistoinsertallof
thecitationstogether:
Toinsertmultiplecitations:
1. HolddowntheCommandkeywhileclickingonthedesiredreferencesinyourlibrary(orholddowntheShiftkeytoselecta
continuousrangeofreferences).
2. FromtheEditmenu,selectCopy.
3. Positionthecursorinyourwordprocessingdocumentwhereyouwantthecitations,andselectPastefromtheEditmenu.
Thecitationsareinsertedtogetherinonesetofdelimiters
1
.Onceformatted,theyappearinonemultiplecitation,sortedasyour
bibliographicstylerequires:
Unformatted:{Hall,1999#90;Baker,1988#38}
Formatted:(Baker,1988;Hall,1999)
Theotheroptionistoaddthecitationstothepaperindividually.EndNotemergesadjacentcitationsautomaticallyduringthefor-
mattingprocess.Citationsdonotmerge,however,ifanycharacter,includingspacesorpunctuation,separatesthem.
Unformatted:{Hall,1999#90}{Baker,1988#38}
1
Delimitersarepunctuationmarksthatseparatesonetermorfield(oranypieceofdata)fromanother.Delimitersareusedinthecon-
textoftemporarycitationmarkers(thecurlybracesaredefaultdelimitersthatidentifythetemporarycitationsinthebodyofyourtext)
andtermlists.
MergedwhenFormatted:(Baker,1988;Hall,1999)
Note:Ifoneofthecitationsinamultiplecitationcannotbematchedduringformatting,theentirecitationwillremainunfor-
matted.
RelatedTopics:
Basic
Instructions
(Format
Paper)
Citing
References
in
Footnotes
Record
Numbers
Switching
Between
EndNote
and
a
Word
Processor
Temporary
vs.
Formatted
Citations
The
Citations
Window
Typing
Citations
into
Your
Paper
Word
Processor
Compatibility
Using
Macintosh
Services
CitingReferencesinFootnotes(FormatPaper)
Onceyouhavecreatedafootnoteoranendnoteinyourwordprocessingdocument,youcancitereferencesinthefootnotesor
endnotesjustlikeyoucitetheminthebodyofthetext.
Tocitereferencesinfootnotes:
1. InyourEndNotelibrary,selectthereference(s)thatyouwouldliketociteandselectCopyfromtheEditmenu.
2. Createthefootnoteorendnoteusingtheappropriatecommandinyourwordprocessor.EndNotedoesnotactuallycreate
thefootnoteorendnoteinthedocument,butitisusedtoinsertandformatthecitationsinthenotes.
3. Positionthecursorinthefootnoteorendnoteinyourpaperwhereyouwouldlikethecitation(s)toappearandselectPaste
fromtheEditmenu.
Note:Youcaneditafullreferencefootnotecitationtoexcludeauthorname,year,orauthor/year.NotethattheAuthor(Year)
optiondoesnotapplytofootnotes.
TheEndNotestylethatisselectedwhenyouselectFormatBibliographydetermineshowthecitationsinthefootnotesorend-
noteswillbeformatted.EndNotecanformatthesecitationsasbriefin-textcitationsorlikethecompletereferencesinthebib-
liography.Itcanalsocreateaspecialformatspecifictofootnotesorendnotes,includingoptionslike"Ibid."andothervariations
ofshortenedreferenceswhenacitationappearsmorethanonceinthefootnotesorendnotes.
ImportantNoteforAppleWorks(ClarisWorks)Users
Ifyouhavecitedreferencesinthefootnotesofyourdocument,theformattedpaperthatEndNotecreatesmaydisplaythefoot-
noteregionsincorrectly(forexample,bydisplayingsuperimposedtext).
Tocorrectthis,opentheformatteddocumentandselectPageSetupfromtheFilemenu.OnthePageSetupdialog,simplyclick
OK.Thismakesthefootnoteregionsreformatthemselvesproperly,sofootnoteregionswilldisplaycorrectly.
LimitationsforNisusUsers
EndNotecannotscancitationsinthefootnotesofNisusdocuments—citationsinfootnotesareignored.
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