Note:ClicktheFindReferenceUpdatesiconfromthetoolbarifyouareupdatingareferencefromtheReferencewindow.
3. AllupdatesarehighlightedinblueinboththeAvailableUpdatesandtheMyReferencepanels.Anupdateexistsforafield
intheMyReferencepanelwhenthefieldisemptyordiffersfromtheinformationinthesamefieldintheAvailableUpdates
panel.ForeachupdatethatEndNotefindsforarecord,youcan:
l
ClicktheUpdateAllFieldsbuttontoupdateallthefieldsintheMyReferencespanelwithupdatedinformationfromtheAvail-
ableUpdatespanel.
l
ClicktheUpdateEmptyFieldsbuttontoupdateeveryemptyfieldintheMyReferencepanelwiththenewinformationfrom
theAvailableUpdatespanel.
4. Ifnecessary,editanyoftheinformationinthefieldsintheMyReferencepanel.
5. ClicktheSaveUpdatesbuttontosaveyourchanges.
6. ClickYeswhentheEndNotedialogappearspromptingyoutosaveyourchanges.
Note:Ifyouhaveselectedmorethanonereference,clicktheSkipbuttontoskipaparticularreferencethatyoudonotwishto
update.
Note:AllfieldsintheMyReferencepanelwilldisplayeveniftheyareempty.
EditingaReference
YoucancopyanyoftheinformationfromaretrievedfieldandpastetheinformationintothesamefieldintheMyReference
panel.YoucanalsoeditanyofthefieldsintheMyReferencepanel.Thefollowingeditoptionsareavailable:Cut,Copy,Paste,
PastewithTextStyles,Clear,andSelectAll.
YoucannoteditanyoftheretrievedfieldsfromtheAvailableUpdatespanel.
RelatedTopics:
Creating
a
New
Reference
Entering
References
Important
Points
About
References
CreatingaNewReference
CreatingaNewReference
Toaddanewreferencetoanopenlibrary:
1. FromtheReferencesmenu,selectNewReference(
+N).ThisopensanemptyReferencewindow:
2. SelectareferencetypefromtheReference
Type
list
atthetopofthewindow.
3. Enterbibliographicdataintoeachofthefieldsinthereference.Forguidance,seeEntering
References
.Whenyouarefin-
ished,closethereferencetosaveitandaddittothelibrary.
RelatedTopics:
Changing
the
Default
Reference
Type
Choosing
a
Reference
Type
Entering
References
Pdf rotate pages separately - rotate PDF page permanently in C#.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
Empower Users to Change the Rotation Angle of PDF File Page Using C#
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Pdf rotate pages separately - VB.NET PDF Page Rotate Library: rotate PDF page permanently in vb.net, ASP.NET, MVC, Ajax, WinForms, WPF
PDF Document Page Rotation in Visual Basic .NET Class Application
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Important
Points
About
References
Saving
References
Tips
for
Choosing
the
Right
Reference
Type
Updating
References
ChangingtheDefaultReferenceType
Bydefault,newreferencesappearasJournalArticlereferences.YoumaychangethisbyselectingtheDefaultReferenceType
optioninthePreferencespanel.
1. FromtheEndNote e menu,selectPreferences.
2. ClicktheReferenceTypesoptioninthelist.
3. AtthetopofthatReferenceTypespreferencespanel,clicktheDefaultReferenceTypelist,andthenselectthereference
typethatnewreferencesshoulduse.
SeeReference
Types
Preferences
formoreinformation.
ChoosingaReferenceType
Whenyoucreateanewreference,thatreferenceisassignedthedefaultreferencetype.Ifyouwanttoaddadifferenttypeofref-
erence,clicktheReference
Type
list
atthetopoftheReferencewindow,andselectthereferencetypethatyouneed.
Normally,youshouldselectthereferencetypebeforeenteringinformationinthereference.However,youcanchangetheref-
erencetypeatanytime,andtheinformationyouhaveenteredisretainedandtransferredtothecorrespondingfieldforthenewref-
erencetype.
Inadditiontodetermininghowthereferenceisformattedinthebibliography,thereferencetypedetermineswhichfieldsappearin
theReferencewindow.Forexample,aJournalArticlereferencewouldhavefieldsforJournal,Volume,andIssue,whereasa
BookwouldhavefieldsforEditorandPublisher.
CustomizingFieldsandReferenceTypes
Fieldscanberemoved,added,orrenamed.Youcanalsorenamereferencetypes.SeeCustomizing
Reference
Types
forinstruc-
tionsonremoving,adding,ormodifyingfieldsforeachreferencetype.
TipsforChoosingtheRightReferenceType
UseBookforbookswrittenbyoneormoreauthors,anduseEditedBookforbookseditedbyoneormoreeditors(whetherthey
arebooksinaseriesornot).
UseBookSectionforreferencestopartsofeditedornon-editedbooks(achapter,forexample,oronearticleinapublishedcon-
ferenceproceedings).
TheConferencePaperreferencetypeisbestusedforunpublishedpapers.Articlesthatarepublishedaspartofthecom-
prehensiveconferenceproceedingsshouldbeenteredasConferenceProceedingsreferences.
UsetheElectronicArticle,ElectronicBook,orWebPagereferencetypeforcitingmaterialfromaWebpageorFTPsite.If
youarecitingajournalarticlethatappearsbothonlineandinprint,moststyleguidespreferthatyouusetheprintinformationand
citeitasaregularjournalarticle.EmaildiscussionsshouldbecitedasPersonalCommunications,justlikeanyothercor-
respondence.
Usethe"ChartorTable"referencetypeifyouwanttoincludeanimageandlaterinsertthatimageasatableinMicrosoftWord.
ImagesinallotherreferencetypeswillinsertintoWordasfigures,whicharelistedandnumberedseparatelyfromtables.
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View, Zoom & Rotate. NET developers to search text-based documents, like PDF, Microsoft Office One is to save annotations separately from original document as
rotate a pdf page; rotate pages in pdf
About
Reference
Types
About
the
Predefined
Reference
Types
Changing
the
Default
Reference
Type
Choosing
a
Reference
Type
Creating
a
New
Reference
Customizing
Reference
Types
Entering
References
Important
Points
About
References
List
of
Reference
Types
Reference
Types
Preferences
EnteringReferences
EnteringReferences
Bibliographicinformation(aswellaskeywords,notes,andotherrelevantinformation)isenteredintoseparatefieldsineachEnd-
Notereference.Bystoringthepiecesofbibliographicdataindifferentfields,EndNotecanlaterrearrangetheelementstocon-
formtovariousbibliographicformats(suchasAPAorMLA).
SpecialbibliographicformattingandpunctuationshouldnotbeincludedwhenyouenterreferencedataintoEndNote.Forexam-
ple,youdonotneedtoputquotesaroundtitles,italicizejournalnames,orincludetheabbreviation"Vol.alongwithvolume
numbers.Enteronlytherawdata,andleavetheformattingtoEndNote.
Note:Thereareafewexceptionstothispunctuationrule,notablyintheAuthor,Editor,andEditionfields.
Afullsetofkeycommandsisavailablesothatyoucanenterreferenceswithoutusingthemouse.SeeKeyboard
Commands
.
Fordetailsaboutenteringdataintospecificfields,seethesetopics:
l
Field
Size
Restrictions
l
Using
Term
Lists
with
Data
Entry
l
Author
and
Editor
Names
l
Year
l
Titles
l
Journal
Names
l
Pages
l
Edition
l
Date
l
Short
Title
l
Original
Publication
l
Reprint
Edition
l
Reviewed
Item
l
ISBN/ISSN
l
DOI
l
Call
Number
l
Label
l
Keywords
l
Notes
and
Abstract
C# Imaging - UPC-A Barcode Generator
A barcode can be processed separately on target Resolution = 96;// set resolution barcode.Rotate = Rotate.Rotate0;// set to document files, like PDF, TIFF, MS
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C#: How to Draw and Customize Annotation in HTML5 Document Viewer
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how to rotate all pages in pdf at once; rotate pdf page and save
l
URL
(Uniform
Resource
Locator)
l
File
Attachments
l
Figure
and
Caption
FieldSizeRestrictions
TheFigurefieldcancontainasinglegraphic.
Allotherfieldscancontainupto64KB,orapproximately16pagesofplaintext.
ChangingtheDisplayFonts
Bydefault,EndNotedisplaystherecommendedsystemfontspecifiedforyourversionofWindows.SeeDisplay
Fonts
Pref-
erences
ifyouwanttochangethefontandfontsizeonyourcomputerwhenworkinginEndNoteX6.
Toaccessthesesettings,gototheEndNotemenu,selectPreferences,andthenclickDisplayFontsinthelistofpreferences.
Youcancontrolthefollowingdisplayfontsettings:
l
Library:TheLibrarytabdeterminesthefontandsizeEndNoteappliestothereferenceslistedintheLibrarywindow.
l
General:TheGeneraltabdeterminesthefontEndNoteapplieswhenyouentertextinafieldintheReferenceandStyle
windows.ItalsodeterminesthefontEndNoteappliestotextthatyouviewinthePreviewpanelandinformationpanelsor
whenyouprintandcopybibliographicinformationfromEndNote.
l
Labels:TheLabelstabdeterminesthefontandsizeEndNoteappliestotheReferencewindowfieldlabels.
l
Search:TheSearchtabdeterminesthefontandsizeEndNoteapplieswhenyouentertextinafieldontheSearchpanel.
ChangesmadetothedisplayfontsapplytoallEndNotelibrariesopenedonthatcomputer.Theydonotaffectthefontusedwhen
youareformattingbibliographiesinawordprocessingdocument.Thenormalfontofthedocumentisusedforthat.
EndNoteusesUnicode
1
toencodespecialcharacters,sothatdatacanbeeasilytranslatedbetweenplatforms,programs,and
languages.Displaying
Extended/Special
Characters
Tochangethelibrarydisplayfont:
1. FromtheEndNotemenu,selectPreferences.
2. ClicktheDisplayFontsoptioninthelist.
3. Clickthetabtoindicatewhichdisplayfontsettingyouwanttochange:Library,General,Labels,orSearch.
4. ClicktheChangebutton,andselectadifferentdisplayfontand/orsizefromtheandlists.
5. ClickSavetosavethechanges,andthenclosethePreferenceswindowbyclickingtheredclosebuttonintheupperleft
corner.
RelatedTopics:
Creating
a
New
Reference
1
TheUnicodeWorldwideCharacterStandardisacharacterencodingsystem.Unicodeprovidesauniquenumberforeverycharacter
usedbytheprincipalwrittenlanguagesintheworld,alongwithcodesforafullrangeofpunctuation,symbols,andcontrolcharacters.
Thesecodesareconstant,nomatterwhattheplatform,theprogram,orthelanguage.Itallowsdatatobetransportedthroughmany
differentsystemswithoutcorruptionofextendedcharacters.
C# Excel: Create and Draw Linear and 2D Barcodes on Excel Page
123456789"; linearBarcode.Resolution = 96; linearBarcode.Rotate = Rotate.Rotate0; // load Excel document and you can also load document like PDF, TIFF, Word
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Page: Insert PDF pages; VB.NET Page: Delete PDF pages; PDF Generator. PDF Reader. Twain Scanning. DICOM Reading. Adjust barcode quite margin size; Rotate barcode
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Font,
Size,
and
Style
Important
Points
About
References
CopyingandPastingCompleteReferences
Inadditiontocopyingandpastingtextbetweenfields,EndNotecanCopyandPasteentirereferencesbetweenlibraries.
TousetheCopyandPastecommands:
1. SelectoneormorereferencesintheLibrarywindow(holddowntheCommand(
)keytoselectmultiplereferencesorthe
Shiftkeytoselectarangeofreferences).Donotopenthereferences.
2. SelectCopyfromtheEditmenuandthosereferencesarecopiedtotheClipboard.
3. OpenanotherEndNotelibraryandselectPastefromtheEditmenutopastedirectlytotheLibrarywindow.Thereferences
youcopiedarepastedintothelibraryandsortedcorrectlywiththeexistingreferences.
Copyingreferencesusingdrag-and-drop:
Aneasywaytocopyreferencesbetweenlibrariesistousethedrag-and-dropfunctionality.Simplyselectthereferencesyou
wanttocopy,clickonanypartoftheselection,andusethemousetodragthemtoanotheropenlibrary.Releasethemousebut-
tonwhenthecursorisoverthedestinationlibrary,andalloftheselectedreferenceswillbecopiedintothelibrary.
Ifyouneedtocopyallofthereferencesinonelibrarytoanotherlibrary,youcanalsousetheImportcommandtodirectlyimport
onelibraryintotheother.
Note:Anytimeyoucopyareferenceandpasteitintoanotherlibrary,orimportareferenceintoanotherlibrary,thereferenceis
assignedanewrecordnumberinthedestinationlibrary.
Cut,Copy,andPasteTextinReferences
TheCut,Copy,andPastecommandsintheEditmenucanbeusedtomovetextfromonefieldinareferencetoanotherfieldby
selectingandcopyingorcuttingthetextandthenpastingitinthedesiredlocation.YoucanalsoCopyandPastetextfromafield
inanEndNotereferencetoyourwordprocessor.Similarly,youcanCopytextfromawordprocessingdocumentandPasteitinto
areference.Ifitisimportanttopastethetextalongwiththefontsandtextstyles,usethePastewithTextStylescommandinthe
Editmenu.TheregularPastecommanddoesnotincludefont,size,ortextstyleinformationwhenpastingintoEndNotefrom
anotherprogram.AvoidpastingunwantedfontsandtextstylesintoEndNotereferencesbecausethosefontsandtextstyleswill
carrythroughintofuturebibliographies.
RelatedTopics:
Copying
and
Pasting
Complete
References
Using
Drag-
and-
Drop
Within
a
Reference
UsingDrag-and-DropWithinaReference
Textmaybemovedaroundwithinareferencebyselectingthetextandthendragginganddroppingitinanewlocation.Whentext
ismovedthiswaywithinareference,itismovedfromonelocationtoanother.Whenitisdraggedfromonereferencetoanother
referenceortoanotherprogram(suchasyourwordprocessor),thetextismovedtothetargetreferenceandremovedfromthe
originallocation.
Todrag-and-droptext:
Firstselectthetext.Thenclickontheselection,andkeepthemousebuttonpressedwhileyoudragthetexttoanotherlocation.
Whenthecursorispositionedintherightplace,releasethemousebuttontodropthetextintheselectedlocation.
SeeAlso:Copying
and
Pasting
Complete
References
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PreviousandNextReferenceCommands
WhenaReferencewindowisopen,usethePreviousReferenceandNextReferencecommandsintheReferencesmenuto
quicklybrowsethroughyourreferences.TheReferencewindowalsoincludesarrowbuttonstomovetothepreviousornextref-
erence.
Whenyouselectoneofthesecommands(orclickthebuttons),thecontentoftheReferenceswindowchangestodisplaythe
informationforthepreviousornextreferencelistedintheLibrarywindow.
Thiscommandhasthesameeffectasclosingthereferencethatiscurrentlydisplayedandopeninganotherreference,soany
changestothecurrentlyopenedreferencewillbesavedbeforeEndNoteswitchestodisplayanotherreference.
UsingTermListswithDataEntry
EndNoteusestermlistsfortheAuthorandEditornames,Journals,andKeywords.Termlistscanalsobecreatedforother
fields.Theselistsareupdatedautomaticallyasyouenternewtermsintothesefields.Thebenefitofthisisthatthetermlistsalso
helpwithdataentry.Ifyoubegintoenteraname,journalorkeywordthatyouhaveusedbeforeinthatlibrary,EndNotewillcom-
pletethetermforyoutospeedupdataentry.
ToacceptatermthatEndNotehassuggested,simplypressReturn,Tab,orclickinthenextfield.Termsthatarenew(thatis,
thosethatdonotalreadyappearinthecorrespondingAuthor,Journals,orKeywordtermlist)appearinredtext.
AmorecompletediscussionofEndNote’stermlistsisprovidedinIntroduction
to
Term
Lists
.
Note:Boththe"Auto-Update"and"Auto-Complete"termlistfeaturesdescribedheremaybeturnedoffusingtheTerm
Lists
set-
tingsintheEndNotepreferences.
AuthorandEditorNames
ThefollowinginformationaboutAuthorandEditorfieldsappliestothefollowing"Generic"fieldnames:Author,Secondary
Author,TertiaryAuthor,andSubsidiaryAuthor.
Alwaysenterauthorandeditornamesonenameperline.Ifanauthor’snameistoolongtofitonasingleline,letitwraptothe
nextlineasyoutypeit.
Authornamescanbeenteredeitherwiththelastnamefollowedbyacommaandthefirstname,orthefirstnamefollowedbythe
lastname.Botharecorrect.However,notethatifyouhavethe"SuggestTermsasYouType"featureofthetermliststurnedon,
EndNotesuggestsauthornamesbasedontheassumptionthatthenamesarebeingenteredwiththelastnamefirst.
EndNotecanabbreviatefirstandmiddlenames,soformaximumflexibilityenterwholenameswheneverpossible.Ifyouare
enteringinitialsinsteadoffullnames,besuretotypeaperiodoraspacebetweeninitials,(forexample"Fisher,J.O.orJO
Fisher),otherwiseEndNoteinterpretstheinitialsasasinglename:Jo.
SeeAdditional
Style
Formatting
Options
forinformationabouthowEndNotecanusestylesettingstoformatauthornamesinbib-
liographies.Formoreinformationabouttermlists,seeIntroduction
to
Term
Lists
.
Using"etal."orSimilarAbbreviations
Enterallauthornamesforaparticularreference.EndNotewilltruncatethelistofauthorswith"etal."or"andothers"asrequired
bythebibliographicstyle.Ifyoudonotknowalloftheauthors’names,thenthelastauthorshouldbe"etal."or"andothers"fol-
lowedbyacomma.
AnonymousWorks
Ifareferencehasnoauthor,youshouldleavetheAuthorfieldblank.Donotenter"Anonymous."Thestylethatyouusetoformat
thebibliographydetermineshowanonymousreferencesaretreated.
Notethatifaworkispublishedwith"Anonymous"printedonthetitlepage,moststyleguidesrequestthat"Anonymous"be
enteredasthoughitweretheauthorname.
CorporateAuthors
Whenenteringcorporateauthors,putacommaafterthename:
U.S.DepartmentofAgriculture,
AppleComputerInc.,
Thisensuresthattheentirenameistreatedasafirstname,sononamemanipulationwillbeapplied.
Ifyourcorporateauthornameincludesacommainthenameitself,usetwocommasinplaceofthefirstcomma:
California,,Irvine
EndNotetreatsthisasalastnamefollowedbyablankfirstname.Then,everythingafterthe(blank)firstnameisappended,
includingasecondcommainthename.Theformattedresultisthecorporatenamewiththecommasinplace.
ComplexAuthorNames
Formultiple-wordlastnames,likeCharlesdeGaulle,enterthenamewiththelastnamefirst,suchas:
deGaulle,Charles
Enteringanamethiswayensuresthatbothwords"de"and"Gaullewillformatasthelastname.
Enterauthorswithtitles,suchas"Jr.orIII,asLast,First,Title.Forexample,"AlfredSmithJr."mustbeenteredas:
Smith,Alfred,Jr.
Thetextafterthesecondcommawillprintexactlyasentered.
Note:SeetheSorting
sectionoftheEndNotepreferencesifyoudonotwantEndNotetoincludeprepositions(suchasde,van,
von,andsoon.)whenitalphabetizesreferencesinabibliography.
RelatedTopics:
Entering
References
Entering
Special
Characters
Font,
Size,
and
Style
Plain
Text
Using
Term
Lists
with
Data
Entry
Year
Normally,youshouldenterthefournumbersoftheyearofpublication,asin2010.Whenappropriate,youmayenter"inpress,"or
"inpreparation,"orsomeothernotation.
Note:WhenyoutransferreferencesfromanoutsidesourceintoEndNote,onlyvaliddatesareparsedandtransferred.Text
suchas"submitted"or"inprint"isignored.However,youcanmanuallytypethisinformationintothereference.
Titles
ThefollowinginformationaboutTitlefieldsappliestothe"Generic"fieldsTitle,SecondaryTitle,TertiaryTitle,andAlternateTitle.
Entertitleswithoutaperiodoranyotherpunctuationattheend.DonotpresstheReturnkeywhiletypingtitlesintoEndNote;
allowlongtitlestojustwraptothenextline.AlthoughtheEndNotestylescanchangethecapitalizationoftitles,itisbesttocap-
italizethetitleinthesamewayyouwouldlikeittobecapitalizedinyourbibliographies.
JournalNames
TheJournalfieldisautomaticallysetuptoworkwiththeJournalstermlist.ThismeansthattheJournalslistisupdatedasyou
addnewjournalnamestoyourreferences,andEndNotewillusethislisttofacilitatedataentrybysuggestingjournalnamesas
youenterthemintotheJournalfield.
TheJournalfield(intheJournalArticlereferencetype)canbeusedwiththeJournalstermlisttoallowformultipleformatsofa
journalnametobeusedinyourbibliographies,dependingontheformatrequired(seeCreating
Bibliographies
with
Journal
Abbre-
viations
).WhenthedifferentformsofthejournalnameareenteredintotheJournalstermlist,allittakestochangetheformatof
yourjournalnamesinabibliographyisonechangeinthestyleused(seeJournal
Names
).Alloftheappropriatesubstitutionsare
madewhenthebibliographyiscreated.
EndNoteincludesseveralpredefinedjournallistsintheTermsfolder.Ifyouwouldliketousetheselists,youshouldimportthem
intoyourJournalslistasdescribedinLoading
Supplied
Journal
Abbreviations
.
TheAlternateJournalField
TheAlternateJournalfieldismostusefulwhenimportingorretrievingreferencesfromanonlinesourcethatprovidestwoformsof
eachjournalname(fullandabbreviated).Byimportingboth,youcaneasilyupdatetheJournalstermlistandusethecorrectform
ofthenamewithouthavingtoenterityourself(seeUpdating
a
Journal
List
).
Ifyoudonotimportfromsourcesthatincludeanalternatejournalname,thisfieldisprobablynotnecessaryforyoutohavein
yourJournalArticlereferences.YoucanremoveitbyeditingtheReferenceTypespreference(seeCustomizing
Reference
Types
).
Pages
Pagerangescanbeenteredascomplete(1442-1449)orabbreviated(1442-9)ranges.Thestyleusedtocreatethebibliography
canchangethepagenumberstobeeitherfullorabbreviatedpageranges,orshowjustthefirstpage(seePage
Numbers
).
DonotusecommasinthePagesfieldforpagenumbersinthethousands.
Edition
ThetextoftheEditionfieldisnotmodifiedbyEndNoteforyourbibliographies,sobesuretoenter"1st,""2nd,"andsoonforthis
fieldifthatiswhatyouneedinyourbibliography.
DateandAutoDateStamp
TheDateField
IntheDatefieldofyourreferences,enterdatesasyouwouldlikethemtoappearinyourformattedlistorbibliography;EndNote
doesnotreformatdates.Theoutputstyledetermineswhichdatefieldprintsinyourbibliographicreferences.
Note:WhenyoutransferreferencesfromanoutsidesourceintoEndNote,onlyvaliddatesareparsedandtransferred.Text
suchas"submitted"or"inprint"isignored.However,youcanmanuallytypethisinformationintothereference.
TheAutoDateStampFields
TwoAutoDateStampfieldsareavailablethatyoucanaddtotheLibrarywindow.
TheAddedtoLibraryandLastUpdateddatefieldsareinsertedwhenyousaveanewreference.TheLastUpdateddateisreset
eachtimeyousavechangestoareference.ThedateformatoftheAutoDateStampfieldsmatchesyourdefaultoperatingsys-
temsettings(forexample,4/16/2012).
ToaddthetwoAutoDateStampfieldstotheLibrarywindow,selectPreferences>DisplayFields.FromtheFieldcolumn,select
theAddedtoLibraryand/orLastUpdatedfields.EndNotepopulatestheHeadingcolumnwithyourselection.
Youcannotedit,print,orexporteitheroftheAutoDateStampfields.Youcan,however,displayandsortthesefieldsfromthe
LibrarywindowjustasyoucanwithanyotherEndNotefield.
Note:ForreferencesenteredwithEndNoteversionX1orearlier,theAddedtoLibraryfieldisleftblankandtheLastUpdated
fielddisplaysthedateofconversiontoEndNote.
ShortTitle
UsetheShortTitlefieldtoenterabbreviatedversionsoftheregulartitlewhichshouldbeusedaspartofanin-textcitationora
footnotecitation.Thisisacommonrequestformanyofthehumanitiesstyleswhichuseashortenedformofthetitleinthecita-
tiontohelpidentifywhichreferenceisbeingcited.Forexample,MLAtypicallylistsjusttheauthornameandthespecifically
citedpagesinthein-textcitation:
(Perin141)
Butiftherearemultipleworksbythatauthor,MLArequiresthatthetitle,orashortenedformofitbeaddedtothecitation.Ifthe
fulltitleofthereferenceisfairlylong,suchasBurningtheMidnightOil:TalesfromWorkingtheNightShift,youshouldenteran
easilyrecognizableformofthetitlethatstartswiththefirstwordonwhichthenormaltitlewouldbesorted.Forexample:
(Perin,Burning141)
IfanEndNotestyleisconfiguredtousetheShortTitlefield,andthatfieldisemptyforaparticularreference,thenormalTitlefield
isusedinstead
OriginalPublication
UsetheOriginalPublicationfieldtoenteranyinformationabouttheoriginalpublicationthatyouneedtobeincludedinthecited
reference.Forexample,whencitingarepublishedbookyoumightwanttoincludetheoriginalpublicationdate,aswellasany
othersupplementaryinformationabouttheoriginalpublication(suchasplacepublishedandpublisher).Enterthisinformationjust
asyouwouldwantittoappearinyourformattedbibliographyreference(includingtextstylesandpunctuation).
ReprintEdition
UsetheReprintEditionfieldforreferencesthatwereoriginallypublishedunderadifferenttitle.Thefieldshouldincludetheorig-
inaltitleandyeartoindicatethatthisreferenceisareprintofanearlierpublication.Enterthisinformationexactlyasyouwould
wantittoappearinyourformattedreference(includingtextstylesandpunctuation).
Note:Thisfieldisnotintendedtobeusedtoindicatewhetherornotyouhaveareprintofthearticleonfile.Youmayuseoneof
thecustomfieldsforthat.
ISBN/ISSN
ISSN(InternationalStandardSerialNumber)andISBN(InternationalStandardBookNumber)arecodesusedtoidentifyapar-
ticularpublication.AnISSNnumberwouldrefertoanentirejournal(suchastheJournalofVirology),andanISBNwouldreferto
aparticularbook.
Thesenumbershelptoidentifyaspecificpublicationifyouneededtoorderitorlocateit.ThisfieldisalsousedforReport
NumberandPatentNumber.
DOI
ADOI(DigitalObjectIdentifier)isauniqueIDforlocatingadigitalversionofadocument,PDF,orimage.Itismostusefulifyou
areimportingreferencedataorretrievingreferencesdirectlyfromanonlinesource.Thisfieldwasformerlytitled"Electronic
ResourceNumber."
ReviewedItem
UsetheReviewedItemfieldforarticlesorchaptersthatarecriticalreviewsofbooks,cinema,art,orotherworks.Thecontents
oftheReviewedItemfieldvariesdependingonthetypeofreviewthatyouareciting,buttypicallyyoushouldenterthetitleofthe
reviewedworkandtheprimarypersonresponsibleforit(author,artist,performer,andsoon).Additionalinformationaboutapro-
ductionorperformancemayalsobeincluded.Entertheinformationexactlyasyouwantittoappearintheformattedreferences
(includingpunctuationandtextstyles).
CallNumber
TheCallNumberfieldisusedtostorelibrarycallnumbers.Thesearethecodesthathelpyoutolocateaparticularpublicationon
theshelvesinyourlibrary.Whenavailable,theEndNoteconnectionfilesimportthecallnumberinformationintothisfield.Ifyou
donotplantousethisfeature,youmayremovethefield(seeCustomizing
Reference
Types
).
Label
Labelfieldcanbeusedformanypurposes,suchasspecialin-textcitations
1
orreprintnumbers.
Somecitationstylesrequirethatcitationsincludeonlypartoftheauthor’sname,suchas[SMIT90].EndNotecannotcreatethis
citationforyou,butifyoutype"SMIT90"intotheLabelfieldandusetheLabelfieldinyourstyle’scitationtemplate,EndNote
willinserttheLabelfieldintothecitation.
IfyoudonotneedtheLabelfieldforcitationpurposes,itcanbeusedasanadditionalfieldforcategorizingreferencesorstoring
reprintnumbers.(DonotuseEndNote’srecordnumberstonumberreprintsbecausethesenumberschangewhenreferencesare
movedtodifferentlibraries.EndNote’srecordnumberscannotbeassignedorchangedbytheuser.)
Keywords
UsetheKeywordsfieldtostorekeywordsthatyouwanttoassociatewiththereference.YoucanrestrictasearchtojusttheKey-
wordsfield,sothetermsyouenterintothisfieldcanbeusedtolaterretrievethereferenceswhenusingEndNote’sSearchcom-
mand.
TheKeywordstermlist(whichmaintainsalistoftermsusedintheKeywordsfield)canbesetuptorecognizesemicolons(;),
slashes(/),backslashes(\),andreturnsasthedelimitersthatseparateindividualkeywords.Ifyouwouldprefertouseotherpunc-
tuationtoseparateyourkeywords,youmaychangethesesettingsusingtheDefineTermListscommandfromtheToolsmenu.
RelatedTopics:
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Anin-textcitationisabriefcitationtoareferencethatappearsinthebodyofthetextofapaper.Typicallythisisjusttheauthorname
andyearinparentheses,orabibliographynumber.
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