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EIA-6.  For 1980–1987, monthly figures were estimated
by  proportioning  quarterly  data  by  using  the  ratios  of
monthly-to-quarterly  consumption  data  in  1979,  the  last
year  in  which  monthly  data  were  reported  on  Form
EIA-3.  Beginning in 1988, monthly consumption for the
other industrial sector is estimated from reported quar-
terly data by using ratios derived from industrial produc-
tion indices published by the Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System.  Indices for six major industry
groups are used as the basis for calculating the ratios:  
food manufacturing, which is North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS) code 311; paper manu-
facturing, NAICS 322; chemical manufacturing, NAICS
325;  petroleum  and  coal  products,  NAICS  324;  non-
metallic  mineral  products  manufacturing,  NAICS  327;
and  primary  metal  manufacturing,  NAICS  331.    The
monthly ratios are computed as the monthly sum of the
weighted indices as a proportion of the quarterly sum of
the weighted indices by using the 1977 proportion as the
weights.  Through 2007, quarterly consumption data for
the other industrial sector were derived by adding begin-
ning stocks at manufacturing  plants to current receipts
and  subtracting ending stocks  at manufacturing plants.
In  this  calculation,  current  receipts  are  the  greater  of
either reported receipts from manufacturing plants (Form
EIA-3)  or  reported  shipments  to  the  other  industrial
sector (Form EIA-6), thereby ensuring that agriculture,
forestry,  fishing,  and  construction  consumption  data
were  included where  appropriate.   Beginning in  2008,
quarterly  consumption  totals  for  other  industrial  coal
include data for manufacturing and mining only.  Over
time,  surveyed  coal  consumption  data  for  agriculture,
forestry,  fishing,  and  construction  dwindled  to  about
20–30 thousand short tons annually. Therefore, in 2008,
EIA  consolidated  its  programs  by  eliminating
agriculture,  forestry,  fishing,  and  construction  as
surveyed sectors.  
Electric  Power  Sector—Monthly  consumption data  for
electric  power  plants  are  taken  directly  from  reported
data.
Note 3.  Coal Stocks.  Coal stocks data are reported by
major end-use sector.  Forecast data (designated by an
“F”) are derived from forecasted values shown in EIA’s
Short-Term Energy Outlook (DOE/EIA-0202) table titled
“U.S. Coal Supply, Consumption, and Inventories.” The
monthly  estimates  are  based  on  the  quarterly  values
(released in March, June, September, and December) or
annual values.   The estimates  are revised  as collected
data become  available  from the data sources.   Sector-
specific information follows.
Producers  and  Distributors—Through  1997,  quarterly
stocks at producers and distributors were taken directly
from  reported  data.    Monthly  data  were  estimated  by
using one-third of the current quarterly change to indicate
the  monthly  change  in  stocks.    Beginning  in  1998,
end-of-year  stocks  are  taken  from  reported  data.
Monthly stocks are estimated by a model.
Residential and Commercial—Through 1979, stock esti-
mates  for  the  residential  and  commercial  sector  were
taken directly from reported data.  For 1980–2007, stock
estimates were not collected.  Beginning in 2008, quarterly
commercial (excluding residential) stocks data are collected
on Form EIA-3 (data  for “Commercial and Institutional
Coal Users”).
Industrial Coke Plants—Through 1979, monthly stocks at
coke plants were taken directly from reported data.  Begin-
ning in 1980, coke plant stocks are estimated by using one-
third of the current quarterly change to indicate the monthly
change in stocks.  Quarterly stocks are taken directly from
data reported on Form EIA-5.
Industrial  Other—Through  1977,  stocks  for  the  other
industrial sector were derived by using reported data to modify
baseline figures from a one-time Bureau of Mines survey of
consumers.  For 1978–1982, monthly estimates were derived
by judgmentally proportioning reported quarterly data based on
representative seasonal patterns of supply and demand.  Begin-
ning in 1983, other industrial coal stocks are estimated as indi-
cated above for coke plants.  Quarterly stocks are taken directly
from data reported on Form EIA-3 and therefore include only
manufacturing industries; data for agriculture, forestry, fishing,
mining, and construction stocks are not available.
Electric  Power  Sector—Monthly  stocks  data  at  electric
power plants are taken directly from reported data.
Note 4.  Coal Forecast Values Data values preceded by “F”
in this section are forecast values. They are derived from EIA’s
Short-Term  Integrated  Forecasting  System  (STIFS).    The
model is driven primarily by data and assumptions about key
macroeconomic  variables, the world  oil price, and  weather.
The coal forecast relies on other variables as well, such as alter-
native fuel prices (natural gas and oil) and power generation by
sources other than fossil fuels, including nuclear and hydroelec-
tric power.  Each month, EIA staff review the model output and
make adjustments, if appropriate, based on their knowledge of
developments in the coal industry.
The STIFS model results are published monthly in EIA’s
Short-Term Energy Outlook, which is accessible on the Web
at http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/steo/.
Table 6.1 Sources
Production
1949–September  1977:    U.S. Department  of  the  Interior,
Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook and Minerals Industry
Surveys.
October 1977 forward:  U.S. Energy Information Administra-
tion (EIA), Weekly Coal Production
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
101
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Waste Coal Supplied
1989–1997:    EIA,  Form  EIA-867,  “Annual  Nonutility
Power Producer Report.”
1998–2000:    EIA,  Form  EIA-860B,  “Annual  Electric
Generator Report—Nonutility.”
2001–2003:  EIA, Form EIA-906, “Power Plant Report,”
and Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consumption and Qual-
ity Report—Manufacturing Plants.”
2004–2007:  EIA, Form EIA-906, “Power Plant Report,” 
Form EIA-920, “Combined Heat and Power Plant Report,”
and Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consumption and Qual-
ity Report—Manufacturing Plants.” 
2008 forward:  EIA, Form EIA-923, “Power Plant Operations
Report,” and Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consumption and
Quality Report—Manufacturing and Transformation/Processing
Coal Plants and Commercial and Institutional Coal Users”; and,
for  forecast  values,  EIA,  Short-Term  Integrated  Forecasting
System.   
Imports and Exports
1949 forward:  U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census
Bureau,  Monthly  Reports  IM  145  (Imports)  and  EM  545
(Exports).
Stock Change
1950 forward:  Calculated from data in Table  6.3.  
Losses and Unaccounted for
1949 forward:  Calculated as the sum of production, imports,
and  waste  coal  supplied,  minus  exports,  stock  change,  and
consumption.
Consumption
1949 forward:  Table 6.2.
Table 6.2 Sources
Residential and Commercial Total
Through 2007, coal consumption by the residential and
commercial  sectors  combined  is  reported  to  the  U.S.
Energy Information Administration (EIA).  EIA estimates
the  sectors  individually  using  the  method  described  in
Note 2,  “Consumption,” at the end of Section 6.  Data for
the residential and commercial sectors combined are from:
1949–1976:  U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of
Mines (BOM), Minerals Yearbook.
January–September 1977:  DOI, BOM, Form 6-1400, “Monthly
Coal  Report,  Retail  Dealers—Upper  Lake  Docks.”  October
1977–1979:  EIA, Form EIA-2, “Monthly Coal Report, Retail
Dealers—Upper Lake Docks.”
1980–1997:   EIA, Form EIA-6,  “Coal Distribution Report,”
quarterly.
1998–2007:    DOI,  Mine  Safety  and  Health  Administration,
Form  7000-2,  “Quarterly  Coal  Consumption  and  Quality
Report—Coke Plants.”
Commercial Total
Beginning  in  2008,  coal  consumption  by  the  commercial
(excluding residential) sector is reported to EIA.  Data for total
commercial consumption are from:
2008 forward:  EIA, Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consump-
tion 
and 
Quality 
Report—Manufacturing 
and
Transformation/Processing  Coal  Plants  and  Commercial  and
Institutional Coal  Users” (data  for  “Commercial and Institu-
tional Coal Users”); and, for forecast values, EIA, Short-Term
Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS).
Commercial CHP
1989 forward:  Table 7.4c.
Commercial Other
1949  forward:    Calculated  as  “Commercial  Total”  minus
“Commercial CHP.”
Industrial Coke Plants
1949–September  1977:    DOI,  BOM, Minerals Yearbook
and Minerals Industry Surveys.
October  1977–1980:    EIA,  Form  EIA-5/5A,  “Coke  and
Coal Chemicals—Monthly/Annual Supplement.”
1981–1984:  EIA,  Form  EIA-5/5A,  “Coke  Plant
Report—Quarterly/Annual  Supplement.”
1985  forward:    EIA,  Form  EIA–5,  “Quarterly  Coal
Consumption and Quality Report—Coke Plants”; and, for
forecast values, EIA, STIFS.
Other Industrial Total 
1949–September 1977:  DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook and
Minerals Industry Surveys.
October  1977–1979:    EIA,  Form  EIA-3,  “Monthly  Coal
Consumption Report—Manufacturing Plants.”
1980–1997:  EIA, Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consump-
tion  Report—Manufacturing  Plants,”  and  Form  EIA-6,
“Coal Distribution Report,” quarterly.
1998–2007:  EIA, Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consump-
tion  Report—Manufacturing  Plants,” Form EIA-6A,  “Coal
Distribution  Report,”  annual,  and  Form  EIA-7A,  “Coal
Production Report,” annual.   
2008  forward:    EIA,  Form  EIA-3,  “Quarterly  Coal
Consumption  and  Quality  Report—Manufacturing  and
Transformation/Processing Coal Plants and Commercial and
Institutional Coal Users,” and Form EIA-7A, “Coal Produc-
tion Report,” annual; and, for forecast values, EIA, STIFS.
Other Industrial CHP
1989 forward:  Table 7.4c.
Other Industrial Non-CHP
1949 forward:  Calculated as “Other Industrial Total” minus
“Other Industrial CHP.”
Transportation
1949–1976:  DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook.
102
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
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January–September  1977:    DOI,  BOM,  Form  6-1400,
“Monthly Coal Report, Retail Dealers—Upper Lake Docks.”
October–December 1977:  EIA, Form EIA-6, “Coal Distri-
bution Report,” quarterly.
Electric Power
1949 forward:  Table 7.4b. 
Table 6.3 Sources
Producers and Distributors
1973–1979:  U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau
of Mines (BOM), Form 6-1419Q, “Distribution of Bitumi-
nous Coal and Lignite Shipments.”
1980–1997:  U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA),
Form  EIA-6,  “Coal  Distribution  Report,”  quarterly.
1998–2007:  EIA, Form EIA-6A, “Coal Distribution Report,”
annual.
2008  forward:  EIA,  Form  EIA-7A,  “Coal  Production
Report,” annual, and Form EIA-8A, “Coal Stocks Report,”
annual; and, for forecast values, EIA, Short-Term Integrated
Forecasting System (STIFS).
Residential and Commercial
1949–1976:  DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook.
January–September  1977:    DOI,  BOM,  Form  6-1400,
“Monthly Coal Report, Retail Dealers—Upper Lake Docks.”
October  1977–1979:    EIA,  Form  EIA-2,  “Monthly  Coal
Report, Retail Dealers—Upper Lake Docks.”
2008  forward:    EIA,  Form  EIA-3,  “Quarterly  Coal
Consumption  and  Quality  Report,  Manufacturing  and
Transformation/Processing Coal Plants and Commercial and
Institutional Coal Users” (data for “Commercial and Institu-
tional Coal Users”); and, for forecast values, EIA, STIFS.
Industrial Coke Plants
1949–September 1977:  DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook and
Minerals Industry Surveys.
October 1977–1980:  EIA, Form EIA-5/5A, “Coke and Coal
Chemicals—Monthly/Annual.”
1981–1984:    EIA,  Form  EIA  5/5A,  “Coke  Plant
Report—Quarterly/Annual Supplement.” 
1985  forward:  EIA,  Form  EIA-5,  “Quarterly  Coal
Consumption and Quality Report—Coke Plants” and, for
forecast values, EIA, STIFS.
Industrial Other
1949–September 1977:  DOI, BOM, Minerals Yearbook  and
Minerals Industry Surveys
October  1977–1979:    EIA,  Form  EIA-3,  “Monthly  Coal
Consumption Report—Manufacturing Plants.”
1998–2007:  EIA, Form EIA-3, “Quarterly Coal Consump-
tion Report—Manufacturing Plants.”
2008  forward:  EIA,  Form  EIA-3,  “Quarterly  Coal
Consumption and Quality Report—Manufacturing and
Transformation/Processing  Coal  Plants  and  Commer-
cial and Institutional Coal Users”; and, for forecast values,
EIA, STIFS.
Electric Power
1949 forward:  Table 7.5.
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
103
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7.  Electricity
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Figure 7.1 Electricity Overview
(Billion Kilowatthours)
Overview, 2015
Net Generation
a
by Sector, 1989–2015
Net Generation
a
by Sector, Monthly
Trade, 1949–2015
106
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Electric Power
Total
d
Imports
Exports
3,931
13
144
76
9
3,725
139
Electric
Commercial
Industrial
Imports
Exports
Retail
Direct
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
End Use
Net Generation
a
Trade
Sales
b
Use
c
Power
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
Total
d
Electric Power
JFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJ JASONDJFMAMJJASOND
0
100
200
300
400
500
Industrial
2016
2014
Industrial
2015
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
a
Data are for utility-scale facilities.
b
Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utili-
ties and other energy service providers.
c
See “Direct Use” in Glossary.
d
Includes commercial sector.
Web Page:  http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity.
Source: Table 7.1.
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U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
107
Table 7.1   Electricity Overview
(Billion Kilowatthours)
)
Net Generationa
Trade
T&D Lossesf
and
Unaccounted
forg
End Use
Electric
Power
Sectorb
Com-
mercial
Sectorc
Indus-
trial
Sectord
Total
Importse
Exportse
Net
Importse
Retail
Salesh
Direct
Usei
Total
1950 Total....................
.
329
NA
5
334
2
(s)
2
44
291
NA
291
1955 Total....................
.
547
NA
3
550
5
(s)
4
58
497
NA
497
1960 Total....................
.
756
NA
4
759
5
1
5
76
688
NA
688
1965 Total....................
.
1,055
NA
3
1,058
4
4
(s)
104
954
NA
954
1970 Total....................
.
1,532
NA
3
1,535
6
4
2
145
1,392
NA
1,392
1975 Total....................
.
1,918
NA
3
1,921
11
5
6
180
1,747
NA
1,747
1980 Total....................
.
2,286
NA
3
2,290
25
4
21
216
2,094
NA
2,094
1985 Total....................
.
2,470
NA
3
2,473
46
5
41
190
2,324
NA
2,324
1990 Total....................
.
2,901
6
131
3,038
18
16
2
203
2,713
125
2,837
1995 Total....................
.
3,194
8
151
3,353
43
4
39
229
3,013
151
3,164
2000 Total....................
.
3,638
8
157
3,802
49
15
34
244
3,421
171
3,592
2001 Total....................
.
3,580
7
149
3,737
39
16
22
202
3,394
163
3,557
2002 Total....................
.
3,698
7
153
3,858
37
16
21
248
3,465
166
3,632
2003 Total....................
.
3,721
7
155
3,883
30
24
6
228
3,494
168
3,662
2004 Total....................
.
3,808
8
154
3,971
34
23
11
266
3,547
168
3,716
2005 Total....................
.
3,902
8
145
4,055
44
19
25
269
3,661
150
3,811
2006 Total....................
.
3,908
8
148
4,065
43
24
18
266
3,670
147
3,817
2007 Total....................
.
4,005
8
143
4,157
51
20
31
298
3,765
126
3,890
2008 Total....................
.
3,974
8
137
4,119
57
24
33
286
3,734
132
3,866
2009 Total....................
.
3,810
8
132
3,950
52
18
34
261
3,597
127
3,724
2010 Total....................
.
3,972
9
144
4,125
45
19
26
264
3,755
132
3,887
2011 Total....................
.
3,948
10
142
4,100
52
15
37
255
3,750
133
3,883
2012 Total....................
.
3,890
11
146
4,048
59
12
47
263
3,695
138
3,832
2013 Total....................
.
3,904
12
150
4,066
69
11
58
256
3,725
143
3,868
2014 January................
.
364
1
12
377
5
1
4
28
341
12
353
February ..............
.
312
1
11
324
4
1
3
8
309
11
320
March...................
.
319
1
12
332
6
2
4
22
302
11
314
April .....................
.
285
1
11
298
5
1
3
14
276
11
287
May......................
.
312
1
12
325
5
1
5
27
291
11
303
June.....................
.
345
1
12
358
5
1
4
28
323
11
334
July ......................
.
372
1
13
386
6
1
5
27
352
12
364
August .................
.
370
1
13
384
7
1
6
26
352
12
364
September ...........
.
327
1
12
340
6
1
5
7
327
12
339
October................
.
302
1
12
315
5
1
4
11
297
11
308
November............
.
305
1
12
317
6
1
5
26
285
11
297
December............
.
324
1
13
338
5
1
4
20
310
12
322
 Total....................
.
3,937
13
144
4,094
67
13
53
244
3,765
139
3,903
2015 January................
.
348
1
13
362
6
1
5
28
326
12
339
February ..............
.
323
1
11
336
6
1
4
25
305
11
315
March...................
.
312
1
11
325
7
1
6
17
303
11
314
April .....................
.
282
1
11
294
7
1
6
17
273
10
283
May......................
.
310
1
11
323
7
1
6
32
285
11
296
June.....................
.
350
1
12
363
7
1
6
34
323
12
335
July ......................
.
387
1
13
402
7
1
6
35
360
13
372
August .................
.
380
1
13
394
7
1
6
29
359
12
371
September ...........
.
338
1
12
351
7
1
6
15
330
12
342
October................
.
300
1
12
313
5
1
5
13
293
11
305
November............
.
289
1
12
302
6
1
5
22
273
11
285
December............
.
311
1
13
324
6
1
5
23
294
12
306
 Total....................
.
3,931
13
144
4,087
76
9
66
291
3,725
139
3,863
2016 January................
.
340
1
12
353
7
1
6
29
318
12
330
Electricity net generation at utility-scale facilities. Does not include estimated
distributed solar photovoltaic generation, which was 10 billion kilowatthours in 2014
and 12 billion kilowatthours in 2015. See Note 1, “Coverage of Electricity Statistics,”
at end of section.
.
Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS
22 category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to
the public.  Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only; beginning in 1989, data
are for electric utilities and independent power producers.
.
Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial electricity-only
plants.
.
Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only
plants.  Through 1988, data are for industrial hydroelectric power only.
.
Electricity transmitted across U.S. borders. Net imports equal imports minus
exports.
.
Transmission and distribution losses (electricity losses that occur between the
point of generation and delivery to the customer).  See Note 2, "Electrical System
Energy Losses," at end of Section 2.
.
Data collection frame differences and nonsampling error.
Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers by electric utilities and, beginning
in 1996, other energy service providers.
Use of electricity that is 1) self-generated, 2) produced by either the same
entity that consumes the power or an affiliate, and 3) used in direct support of a
service or industrial process located within the same facility or group of facilities
that house the generating equipment.  Direct use is exclusive of station use.
E=Estimate.  NA=Not available.  (s)=Less than 0.5 billion kilowatthours.  
Notes:  
 See Note  1,  "Coverage of Electricity Statistics," and Note  2,
"Classification of  Power  Plants  Into  Energy-Use  Sectors,"  at end of  section.
 Totals may  not equal sum  of  components due  to  independent  rounding.
Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949 and monthly data
beginning in 1973.
Sources:  See end of section.
Figure 7.2 Electricity Net Generation
(Billion Kilowatthours)
Total (All Sectors), Major Sources, 1949–2015
Total (All Sectors), Major Sources, Monthly
Electric Power Sector, Major Sources, 2015
Commercial Sector, Major Sources, 2015
Industrial Sector, Major Sources, 2015
108
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Gases
b
Gas
Gas
electric  
Power
r
c
Natural
Gas
Petroleum
Renewable Energy
a
Natural Gas
Table 7.2a   Electricity Net Generation:  Total (All Sectors)
(Sum of Tables 7.2b and 7.2c; Million Kilowatthours)
)
Fossil Fuels
Nuclear
Electric
Power
Hydro-
electric
Pumped
Storagee
Renewable Energy
Totalj
Coala
Petro-
leumb
Natural
Gasc
Other
Gasesd
Conven-
tional
Hydro-
electric
Powerf
Biomass
Geo-
thermal
Solar/
PVi
Wind
Woodg
Wasteh
1950 Total..............
.
154,520
33,734
44,559
NA
0
( )f
100,885
390         NA
NA
NA
NA
334,088
1955 Total..............
.
301,363
37,138
95,285
NA
0
( )f
116,236
276         NA
NA
NA
NA
550,299
1960 Total..............
.
403,067
47,987
157,970
NA
518
( )f
149,440
140         NA
33
NA
NA
759,156
1965 Total..............
.
570,926
64,801
221,559
NA
3,657
( )f
196,984
269         NA
189
NA
NA
1,058,386
1970 Total..............
.
704,394
184,183
372,890
NA
21,804
( )f
250,957
136
220
525
NA
NA
1,535,111
1975 Total..............
.
852,786
289,095
299,778
NA
172,505
( )f
303,153
18
174
3,246
NA
NA
1,920,755
1980 Total.............. 1,161,562
2
245,994
346,240
NA
251,116
( )f
279,182
275
158
5,073
NA
NA
2,289,600
1985 Total.............. 1,402,128
8
100,202
291,946
NA
383,691
( )f
284,311
743
640
9,325
11
6 2,473,002
1990 Total............ 1,594,011
1
126,460
372,765
10,383
576,862
-3,508
292,866
32,522
13,260
15,434
367
2,789 3,037,827
1995 Total.............. 1,709,426
6
74,554
496,058
13,870
673,402
-2,725
310,833
36,521
20,405
13,378
497
3,164 3,353,487
2000 Total.............. 1,966,265
5
111,221
601,038
13,955
753,893
-5,539
275,573
37,595
23,131
14,093
493
5,593 3,802,105
2001 Total.............. 1,903,956
6
124,880
639,129
9,039
768,826
-8,823
216,961
35,200
14,548
13,741
543
6,737 3,736,644
2002 Total.............. 1,933,130
0
94,567
691,006
11,463
780,064
-8,743
264,329
38,665
15,044
14,491
555
10,354 3,858,452
2003 Total.............. 1,973,737
7
119,406
649,908
15,600
763,733
-8,535
275,806
37,529
15,812
14,424
534
11,187 3,883,185
2004 Total.............. 1,978,301
1
121,145
710,100
15,252
788,528
-8,488
268,417
38,117
15,421
14,811
575
14,144 3,970,555
2005 Total.............. 2,012,873
3
122,225
760,960
13,464
781,986
-6,558
270,321
38,856
15,420
14,692
550
17,811 4,055,423
2006 Total.............. 1,990,511
1
64,166
816,441
14,177
787,219
-6,558
289,246
38,762
16,099
14,568
508
26,589 4,064,702
2007 Total.............. 2,016,456
6
65,739
896,590
13,453
806,425
-6,896
247,510
39,014
16,525
14,637
612
34,450 4,156,745
2008 Total.............. 1,985,801
1
46,243
882,981
11,707
806,208
-6,288
254,831
37,300
17,734
14,840
864
55,363 4,119,388
2009 Total.............. 1,755,904
4
38,937
920,979
10,632
798,855
-4,627
273,445
36,050
18,443
15,009
891
73,886 3,950,331
2010 Total.............. 1,847,290
0
37,061
987,697
11,313
806,968
-5,501
260,203
37,172
18,917
15,219
1,212
94,652 4,125,060
2011 Total.............. 1,733,430
0
30,182 1,013,689
11,566
790,204
-6,421
319,355
37,449
19,222
15,316
1,818
120,177 4,100,141
2012 Total.............. 1,514,043
3
23,190 1,225,894
11,898
769,331
-4,950
276,240
37,799
19,823
15,562
4,327
140,822 4,047,765
2013 Total.............. 1,581,115
5
27,164 1,124,836
12,853
789,016
-4,681
268,565
40,028
20,830
15,775
9,036
167,840 4,065,964
2014 January..........
.
157,097
7,072
91,061
933
73,163
-290
21,634
3,626
1,850
1,355
751
17,911
377,255
February ........
.
143,294
2,763
75,942
817
62,639
-445
17,396
3,265
1,686
1,206
835
14,009
324,348
March.............
.
136,443
3,188
78,151
866
62,397
-421
24,257
3,609
1,851
1,338
1,317
17,736
331,823
April ...............
.
109,281
1,753
76,782
854
56,385
-378
25,440
3,230
1,810
1,314
1,487
18,636
297,631
May................
.
118,786
2,044
89,120
944
62,947
-601
26,544
3,290
1,849
1,332
1,750
15,601
324,724
June...............
.
137,577
2,021
98,468
969
68,138
-653
25,744
3,622
1,826
1,293
1,923
15,799
357,844
July ................
.
149,627
2,042
115,081
1,069
71,940
-545
24,357
3,807
1,942
1,320
1,788
12,187
385,780
August ...........
.
148,452
2,050
122,348
1,135
71,129
-840
19,807
3,761
1,880
1,329
1,879
10,171
384,341
September .....
.
126,110
1,948
106,582
1,126
67,535
-542
16,074
3,462
1,772
1,308
1,832
11,520
339,887
October..........
.
111,296
1,518
97,683
1,082
62,391
-448
17,159
3,422
1,726
1,345
1,717
14,508
314,522
November......
.
119,127
1,738
84,354
1,073
65,140
-531
18,625
3,508
1,691
1,362
1,380
18,867
317,495
December......
.
124,620
2,095
91,038
1,153
73,363
-480
22,329
3,737
1,767
1,375
1,032
14,711
337,957
 Total.............. 1,581,710
0
30,232 1,126,609
12,022
797,166
-6,174
259,367
42,340
21,650
15,877
17,691
181,655 4,093,606
2015 January..........
.
132,498
2,970
101,811
1,293
74,270
-551
24,631
3,794
1,899
1,475
1,218
15,262
361,634
February ........
.
127,152
6,342
91,357
1,080
63,462
-456
22,770
3,418
1,603
1,346
1,633
14,959
335,576
March.............
.
108,537
1,806
99,130
1,058
64,547
-411
24,884
3,447
1,732
1,456
2,240
15,331
324,743
April ...............
.
88,653
1,717
92,979
931
59,757
-214
22,558
3,244
1,739
1,338
2,567
17,881
294,218
May................
.
104,795
1,940
101,919
1,016
65,833
-370
20,210
3,366
1,815
1,466
2,602
17,221
322,949
June...............
.
126,122
1,848
121,546
1,106
68,546
-398
20,089
3,539
1,805
1,381
2,717
13,477
362,917
July ................
.
139,598
2,348
141,365
1,274
71,412
-513
21,114
3,913
1,932
1,436
2,754
13,686
401,536
August ...........
.
135,285
2,181
139,493
1,216
72,415
-626
19,434
3,834
1,902
1,427
2,834
13,073
393,704
September .....
.
118,485
2,060
123,230
1,212
66,466
-544
16,242
3,469
1,746
1,281
2,358
13,916
351,040
October..........
.
97,431
1,792
110,025
847
60,571
-443
16,702
3,300
1,836
1,363
2,030
16,390
312,972
November......
.
87,852
1,711
102,566
848
60,264
-285
19,381
3,404
1,866
1,380
1,896
19,663
301,647
December......
.
89,649
1,726
109,646
1,081
69,634
-281
23,154
3,629
1,957
1,418
1,623
20,067
324,445
 Total.............. 1,356,057
7
28,443 1,335,068
12,963
797,178
-5,094
251,168
42,358
21,833
16,767
26,473
190,927 4,087,381
2016 January..........
.
113,751
2,339
109,980
1,254
72,536
-312
25,535
3,573
1,884
1,436
1,546
18,511
353,153
Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal
synfuel.
.
Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other
petroleum, waste oil, and, beginning in 2011, propane.
.
Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels.
Blast furnace gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from
fossil fuels. Through 2010, also includes propane gas.
.
Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping.
Through 1989, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional
Hydroelectric Power."
"
Wood and wood-derived fuels.
Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste,
agricultural  byproducts,  and  other  biomass.    Through  2000,  also  includes
non-renewable waste (municipal  solid  waste  from  non-biogenic  sources,  and
tire-derived fuels).
.
Electricity net generation from solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy at
utility-scale facilities.  Does not include estimated distributed solar photovoltaic
generation, which was 9,536 million kilowatthours in 2014 and 12,141 million
n
kilowatthours in 2015.
Includes batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur,
miscellaneous  technologies,  and,  beginning  in  2001,  non-renewable  waste
(municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels).
Through 1988, all data except hydroelectric are for electric utilities only;
hydroelectric data through 1988 include industrial plants as well as electric utilities.
Beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities, independent power producers,
commercial plants, and industrial plants.
NA=Not available.  
Notes:  
Data are for utility-scale facilities.  See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity
Statistics," at end of section.  
Totals may not equal sum of components due to
independent rounding.  
Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949 and monthly data
beginning in 1973.
Sources:  See sources for Tables 7.2b and 7.2c.
110
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Table 7.2b   Electricity Net Generation:  Electric Power Sector
(Subset of Table 7.2a; Million Kilowatthours)
)
Fossil Fuels
Nuclear
Electric
Power
Hydro-
electric
Pumped
Storagee
Renewable Energy
Totalj
Coala
Petro-
leumb
Natural
Gasc
Other
Gasesd
Conven-
tional
Hydro-
electric
Powerf
Biomass
Geo-
thermal
Solar/
PVi
Wind
Woodg
Wasteh
1950 Total..............
.
154,520
33,734
44,559
NA
0
( )f
95,938
390         NA
NA
NA
NA
329,141
1955 Total..............
.
301,363
37,138
95,285
NA
0
( )f
112,975
276         NA
NA
NA
NA
547,038
1960 Total..............
.
403,067
47,987
157,970
NA
518
( )f
145,833
140         NA
33
NA
NA
755,549
1965 Total..............
.
570,926
64,801
221,559
NA
3,657
( )f
193,851
269         NA
189
NA
NA
1,055,252
1970 Total..............
.
704,394
184,183
372,890
NA
21,804
( )f
247,714
136
220
525
NA
NA
1,531,868
1975 Total..............
.
852,786
289,095
299,778
NA
172,505
( )f
300,047
18
174
3,246
NA
NA
1,917,649
1980 Total.............. 1,161,562
2
245,994
346,240
NA
251,116
( )f
276,021
275
158
5,073
NA
NA
2,286,439
1985 Total.............. 1,402,128
8
100,202
291,946
NA
383,691
( )f
281,149
743
640
9,325
11
6 2,469,841
1990 Total............ 1,572,109
9
118,864
309,486
621
576,862
-3,508
289,753
7,032
11,500
15,434
367
2,789 2,901,322
1995 Total.............. 1,686,056
6
68,146
419,179
1,927
673,402
-2,725
305,410
7,597
17,986
13,378
497
3,164 3,194,230
2000 Total.............. 1,943,111
1
105,192
517,978
2,028
753,893
-5,539
271,338
8,916
20,307
14,093
493
5,593 3,637,529
2001 Total.............. 1,882,826
6
119,149
554,940
586
768,826
-8,823
213,749
8,294
12,944
13,741
543
6,737 3,580,053
2002 Total.............. 1,910,613
3
89,733
607,683
1,970
780,064
-8,743
260,491
9,009
13,145
14,491
555
10,354 3,698,458
2003 Total.............. 1,952,714
4
113,697
567,303
2,647
763,733
-8,535
271,512
9,528
13,808
14,424
534
11,187 3,721,159
2004 Total.............. 1,957,188
8
114,678
627,172
3,568
788,528
-8,488
265,064
9,736
13,062
14,811
575
14,144 3,808,360
2005 Total.............. 1,992,054
4
116,482
683,829
3,777
781,986
-6,558
267,040
10,570
13,031
14,692
550
17,811 3,902,192
2006 Total.............. 1,969,737
7
59,708
734,417
4,254
787,219
-6,558
286,254
10,341
13,927
14,568
508
26,589 3,908,077
2007 Total.............. 1,998,390
0
61,306
814,752
4,042
806,425
-6,896
245,843
10,711
14,294
14,637
612
34,450 4,005,343
2008 Total.............. 1,968,838
8
42,881
802,372
3,200
806,208
-6,288
253,096
10,638
15,379
14,840
864
55,363 3,974,349
2009 Total.............. 1,741,123
3
35,811
841,006
3,058
798,855
-4,627
271,506
10,738
15,954
15,009
891
73,886 3,809,837
2010 Total.............. 1,827,738
8
34,679
901,389
2,967
806,968
-5,501
258,455
11,446
16,376
15,219
1,206
94,636 3,972,386
2011 Total.............. 1,717,891
1
28,202
926,290
2,939
790,204
-6,421
317,531
10,733
15,989
15,316
1,727
120,121 3,948,186
2012 Total.............. 1,500,557
7
20,072 1,132,791
2,984
769,331
-4,950
273,859
11,050
16,555
15,562
4,164
140,749 3,890,358
2013 Total.............. 1,567,722
2
24,510 1,028,949
4,322
789,016
-4,681
265,058
12,302
16,918
15,775
8,724
167,742 3,903,715
2014 January..........
.
155,916
6,784
82,969
266
73,163
-290
21,510
1,273
1,490
1,355
734
17,895
363,645
February ........
.
142,218
2,578
68,730
211
62,639
-445
17,289
1,150
1,385
1,206
814
13,997
312,276
March.............
.
135,290
2,999
70,517
215
62,397
-421
24,139
1,291
1,514
1,338
1,286
17,722
318,914
April ...............
.
108,279
1,583
69,583
231
56,385
-378
25,310
1,040
1,466
1,314
1,453
18,621
285,453
May................
.
117,738
1,870
81,645
283
62,947
-601
26,410
1,007
1,520
1,332
1,710
15,591
312,072
June...............
.
136,470
1,845
90,902
257
68,138
-653
25,640
1,317
1,491
1,293
1,883
15,786
344,988
July ................
.
148,472
1,867
106,696
283
71,940
-545
24,265
1,374
1,574
1,320
1,748
12,176
371,817
August ...........
.
147,329
1,873
113,910
315
71,129
-840
19,708
1,372
1,526
1,329
1,839
10,162
370,304
September .....
.
125,062
1,777
98,690
298
67,535
-542
15,986
1,288
1,439
1,308
1,795
11,510
326,756
October..........
.
110,322
1,368
90,053
334
62,391
-448
17,063
1,238
1,393
1,345
1,680
14,492
301,847
November......
.
118,118
1,577
76,711
302
65,140
-531
18,524
1,331
1,373
1,362
1,351
18,848
304,738
December......
.
123,561
1,921
82,766
363
73,363
-480
22,202
1,347
1,432
1,375
1,011
14,696
324,193
 Total.............. 1,568,774
4
28,043 1,033,172
3,358
797,166
-6,174
258,046
15,027
17,602
15,877
17,304
181,496 3,937,003
2015 January..........
.
131,453
2,786
93,506
399
74,270
-551
24,497
1,342
1,551
1,475
1,193
15,247
347,781
February ........
.
126,138
6,074
84,239
333
63,462
-456
22,654
1,260
1,299
1,346
1,600
14,945
323,416
March.............
.
107,479
1,650
91,849
316
64,547
-411
24,738
1,231
1,385
1,456
2,191
15,316
312,288
April ...............
.
87,822
1,573
86,077
263
59,757
-214
22,419
1,045
1,426
1,338
2,511
17,865
282,458
May................
.
103,848
1,799
94,402
315
65,833
-370
20,093
1,174
1,487
1,466
2,544
17,205
310,405
June...............
.
125,061
1,725
113,687
302
68,546
-398
19,986
1,285
1,484
1,381
2,654
13,464
349,791
July ................
.
138,472
2,194
132,930
326
71,412
-513
20,997
1,464
1,588
1,436
2,694
13,673
387,331
August ...........
.
134,142
2,030
131,034
349
72,415
-626
19,350
1,478
1,579
1,427
2,771
13,061
379,678
September .....
.
117,438
1,915
115,270
342
66,466
-544
16,178
1,220
1,422
1,281
2,306
13,904
337,797
October..........
.
96,440
1,662
102,431
207
60,571
-443
16,602
1,082
1,495
1,363
1,986
16,375
300,382
November......
.
86,926
1,585
94,513
211
60,264
-285
19,268
1,182
1,512
1,380
1,853
19,645
288,664
December......
.
88,717
1,592
101,001
293
69,634
-281
23,023
1,310
1,601
1,418
1,587
20,048
310,587
 Total.............. 1,343,937
7
26,584 1,240,938
3,655
797,178
-5,094
249,806
15,074
17,830
16,767
25,890
190,748 3,930,579
2016 January..........
.
112,803
2,177
101,772
369
72,536
-312
25,402
1,251
1,555
1,436
1,515
18,493
339,624
Anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, lignite, waste coal, and coal
synfuel.
.
Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petroleum coke, jet fuel, kerosene, other
petroleum, waste oil, and, beginning in 2011, propane.
.
Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels.
Blast furnace gas, and other manufactured and waste gases derived from
fossil fuels. Through 2010, also includes propane gas.
.
Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping.
Through 1989, hydroelectric pumped storage is included in "Conventional
Hydroelectric Power."
"
Wood and wood-derived fuels.
Municipal solid waste from biogenic sources, landfill gas, sludge waste,
agricultural  byproducts,  and  other  biomass.    Through  2000,  also  includes
non-renewable waste (municipal  solid  waste  from  non-biogenic  sources,  and
tire-derived fuels).
.
Electricity net generation from solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) energy at
utility-scale facilities.  Does not include estimated distributed solar photovoltaic
c
generation.
Includes batteries, chemicals, hydrogen, pitch, purchased steam, sulfur,
miscellaneous  technologies,  and,  beginning  in  2001,  non-renewable  waste
(municipal solid waste from non-biogenic sources, and tire-derived fuels).
Through 1988, data are for electric utilities only.  Beginning in 1989, data are
for electric utilites and independent power producers.
NA=Not available.  
Notes:  
Data are for utility-scale facilities.  See Note 1, "Coverage of Electricity
Statistics," at end of section.  
The electric power sector comprises electricity-only
and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose
primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public.  
Totals
may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.  
Geographic
coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#electricity (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949 and monthly data
beginning in 1973.
Sources: See end of section.
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