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U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
11
Table 1.4b   Primary Energy Exports by Source and Total Net Imports
(Quadrillion Btu)
)
Exports
Net
Importsa
Coal
Coal
Coke
Natural
Gas
Petroleum
Biofuelsd
Electricity
Total 
Total
Crude
Oilb
Petroleum
Productsc
Total
1950 Total......................
.
0.786
0.010
0.027
0.202
0.440
0.642
NA
0.001
1.465
0.448
1955 Total......................
.
1.465
.013
.032
.067
.707
.774
NA
.002
2.286
.504
1960 Total......................
.
1.023
.009
.012
.018
.413
.431
NA
.003
1.477
2.710
1965 Total......................
.
1.376
.021
.027
.006
.386
.392
NA
.013
1.829
4.063
1970 Total......................
.
1.936
.061
.072
.029
.520
.549
NA
.014
2.632
5.709
1975 Total......................
.
1.761
.032
.074
.012
.427
.439
NA
.017
2.323
11.709
1980 Total......................
.
2.421
.051
.049
.609
.551
1.160
NA
.014
3.695
12.101
1985 Total......................
.
2.438
.028
.056
.432
1.225
1.657
NA
.017
4.196
7.584
1990 Total......................
.
2.772
.014
.087
.230
1.594
1.824
NA
.055
4.752
14.065
1995 Total......................
.
2.318
.034
.156
.200
1.776
1.976
NA
.012
4.496
17.684
2000 Total......................
.
1.528
.028
.245
.106
2.003
2.110
NA
.051
3.962
24.904
2001 Total......................
.
1.265
.033
.377
.043
1.956
1.999
(s)
.056
3.731
26.321
2002 Total......................
.
1.032
.020
.520
.019
1.963
1.982
(s)
.054
3.608
25.722
2003 Total......................
.
1.117
.018
.686
.026
2.083
2.110
.001
.082
4.013
26.994
2004 Total......................
.
1.253
.033
.862
.057
2.068
2.125
.001
.078
4.351
29.141
2005 Total......................
.
1.273
.043
.735
.067
2.276
2.344
.001
.065
4.462
30.197
2006 Total......................
.
1.264
.040
.730
.052
2.554
2.606
.005
.083
4.727
29.921
2007 Total......................
.
1.507
.036
.830
.058
2.803
2.861
.036
.069
5.338
29.341
2008 Total......................
.
2.071
.049
.972
.061
3.626
3.686
.089
.083
6.949
26.021
2009 Total......................
.
1.515
.032
1.082
.093
4.101
4.194
.035
.062
6.920
22.770
2010 Total......................
.
2.101
.036
1.147
.088
4.691
4.780
.047
.065
8.176
21.690
2011 Total......................
.
2.751
.024
1.519
.100
5.820
5.919
.108
.051
10.373
18.375
2012 Total......................
.
3.087
.024
1.633
.143
6.261
6.404
.078
.041
11.267
15.801
2013 Total......................
.
2.895
.021
1.587
.284
6.886
7.170
.076
.039
11.788
12.835
2014 January..................
.
.207
.001
.136
.045
.602
.646
.008
.004
1.003
1.055
February ................
.
.228
.002
.140
.040
.507
.547
.006
.004
.927
.871
March.....................
.
.266
.001
.151
.045
.615
.660
.008
.007
1.092
.885
April .......................
.
.202
.001
.123
.049
.588
.637
.007
.005
.975
.974
May........................
.
.208
.002
.115
.055
.628
.683
.006
.003
1.016
.962
June .......................
.
.217
.002
.121
.069
.600
.668
.006
.004
1.018
.811
July ........................
.
.181
.002
.128
.076
.666
.741
.007
.004
1.064
.931
August ...................
.
.194
.003
.116
.070
.671
.741
.006
.003
1.064
.908
September .............
.
.202
.003
.121
.061
.574
.635
.005
.003
.969
.920
October ..................
.
.197
.002
.116
.068
.618
.686
.007
.003
1.012
.888
November ..............
.
.192
.002
.122
.091
.610
.700
.008
.003
1.027
.852
December ..............
.
.177
.003
.138
.076
.737
.813
.007
.004
1.142
.873
 Total......................
.
2.472
.023
1.528
.744
7.414
8.158
.081
.045
12.307
10.930
2015 January..................
.
.200
.002
.146
.088
.673
.761
.006
.003
1.117
.939
February ................
.
.165
.001
.146
.070
.635
.704
.007
.005
1.029
.801
March.....................
.
.193
.001
.165
.075
.608
.683
.008
.003
1.054
1.006
April .......................
.
.183
.002
.132
.102
.694
.796
.007
.002
1.123
.782
May........................
.
.172
.003
.135
.095
.716
.812
.007
.002
1.130
.858
June .......................
.
.147
.003
.139
.075
.676
.751
.006
.002
1.049
.898
July ........................
.
.130
.001
.145
.095
.731
.826
.008
.002
1.112
.903
August ...................
.
.163
.001
.146
.083
.677
.760
.006
.002
1.078
.980
September .............
.
.137
.002
.164
.071
.715
.786
.006
.002
1.097
.818
October ..................
.
.146
.002
.160
.090
.680
.770
.007
.002
1.087
.801
November ..............
.
.120
.002
.157
.056
.719
.775
.005
.002
1.062
.826
December ..............
.
.123
.002
.163
.071
.805
.876
.007
.003
1.174
.892
 Total......................
.
1.880
.021
1.800
.970
8.330
9.300
.081
.031
13.112
10.503
2016 January..................
.
.113
.001
.169
.065
.744
.809
.007
.002
1.102
1.005
Net imports equal imports minus exports.
Crude oil and lease condensate.
Petroleum products, unfinished oils, pentanes plus, and gasoline blending
components. Does not include biofuels.
.
Through 2010, data are for biodiesel only.  Beginning in 2011, data are for fuel
ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel.
.
R=Revised.  NA=Not available.  (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu. 
Notes:  
See "Primary Energy" in Glossary.  
Totals may not equal sum of
components due to independent rounding.  
Geographic coverage is the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949 and monthly data
beginning in 1973.
Sources:  See end of section.  
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Figure 1.5 Merchandise Trade Value
(Billion Dollars
a
)
Imports and Exports, 1974–2015
Imports and Exports, Monthly
Trade Balance, 1974–2015
Trade Balance, Monthly
a
Prices are not adjusted for inflation.  See “Nominal Dollars” in Glossary.
http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary.
Source:  Table 1.5.
12
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Energy
Exports
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
JFMAMJ JASONDJFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJ JASOND
0
50
100
150
200
250
2014
2015
2016
Total Imports
Total Exports
Energy Imports
Total Imports
Total Exports
Energy Imports
Energy Exports
2014                           2015                            2016
JFMAMJ JASONDJ FMAMJ JASONDJFMAMJ JASOND
-100
-75
-50
-25
0
-100
0
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
-900
-800
-700
-600
-500
-400
-300
-200
-100
0
100
-900
Non-Energy
Energy
Total
Energy
Non-
Energy
Total
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U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
13
Table 1.5   Merchandise Trade Value
(Million Dollars
s
a
)
Petroleumb
Energyc
Non-
Energy
Balance
Total Merchandise
Exports
Imports
Balance
Exports
Imports
Balance
Exports
Imports
Balance
1974 Total................
.
792
24,668
-23,876
3,444
25,454
-22,010
18,126
99,437
103,321
-3,884
1975 Total................
.
907
25,197
-24,289
4,470
26,476
-22,006
31,557
108,856
99,305
9,551
1980 Total................
.
2,833
78,637
-75,803
7,982
82,924
-74,942
55,246
225,566
245,262
-19,696
1985 Total................
.
4,707
50,475
-45,768
9,971
53,917
-43,946
-73,765
218,815
336,526
-117,712
1990 Total................
.
6,901
61,583
-54,682
12,233
64,661
-52,428
-50,068
393,592
496,088
-102,496
1995 Total................
.
6,321
54,368
-48,047
10,358
59,109
-48,751
-110,050
584,742
743,543
-158,801
2000 Total................
.
10,192
119,251
-109,059
13,179
135,367
-122,188
-313,916
781,918
1,218,022
-436,104
2001 Total................
.
8,868
102,747
-93,879
12,494
121,923
-109,429
-302,470
729,100
1,140,999
-411,899
2002 Total................
.
8,569
102,663
-94,094
11,541
115,748
-104,207
-364,056
693,103
1,161,366
-468,263
2003 Total................
.
10,209
132,433
-122,224
13,768
153,298
-139,530
-392,820
724,771
1,257,121
-532,350
2004 Total................
.
13,130
179,266
-166,136
18,642
206,660
-188,018
-462,912
818,775
1,469,704
-650,930
2005 Total................
.
19,155
250,068
-230,913
26,488
289,723
-263,235
-504,242
905,978
1,673,455
-767,477
2006 Total................
.
28,171
299,714
-271,543
34,711
332,500
-297,789
-519,515
1,036,635
1,853,938
-817,304
2007 Total................
.
33,293
327,620
-294,327
41,725
364,987
-323,262
-485,501
1,148,199
1,956,962
-808,763
2008 Total................
.
61,695
449,847
-388,152
76,075
491,885
-415,810
-400,389
1,287,442
2,103,641
-816,199
2009 Total................
.
44,509
251,833
-207,324
54,536
271,739
-217,203
-286,379
1,056,043
1,559,625
-503,582
2010 Total................
.
64,753
333,472
-268,719
80,625
354,982
-274,357
-361,005
1,278,495
1,913,857
-635,362
2011 Total................ b102,180
0
b431,866
b-329,686
128,989
453,839
-324,850
-400,597
1,482,508
2,207,954
-725,447
2012 Total................ 111,951
1
408,509
-296,558
136,054
423,862
-287,808
-442,638
1,545,821
2,276,267
-730,446
2013 Total................ 123,218
8
363,141
-239,923
147,539
379,758
-232,219
-457,712
1,578,439
2,268,370
-689,931
2014 January............
.
10,994
29,460
-18,466
13,242
32,260
-19,018
-40,080
126,517
185,615
-59,098
February ..........
.
9,157
25,711
-16,554
11,515
28,561
-17,046
-29,603
123,591
170,240
-46,649
March...............
.
10,656
28,912
-18,256
13,454
31,311
-17,857
-34,033
142,184
194,074
-51,890
April .................
.
10,395
30,519
-20,124
13,041
32,016
-18,975
-47,733
133,875
200,582
-66,708
May ..................
.
11,386
29,201
-17,815
13,895
30,655
-16,760
-45,300
138,122
200,182
-62,060
June .................
.
11,093
27,668
-16,575
13,214
29,166
-15,952
-43,367
138,358
197,677
-59,319
July ..................
.
12,032
30,447
-18,415
14,221
31,891
-17,670
-53,454
133,198
204,322
-71,124
August .............
.
12,032
27,585
-15,553
14,096
28,901
-14,805
-44,369
137,420
196,594
-59,174
September .......
.
9,983
26,778
-16,795
12,165
28,079
-15,914
-53,613
133,360
202,887
-69,527
October ............
.
9,776
25,875
-16,099
11,928
27,122
-15,194
-50,020
145,436
210,650
-65,214
November ........
.
9,924
20,859
-10,935
11,649
22,309
-10,660
-44,347
134,726
189,733
-55,007
December ........
.
9,500
23,700
-14,200
11,276
25,206
-13,930
-47,454
133,746
195,129
-61,384
 Total................ 126,928
8
326,715
-199,787
153,696
347,477
-193,781
-533,372
1,620,532
2,347,685
-727,153
2015 January............
.
7,939
18,094
-10,155
9,622
19,614
-9,992
-48,724
121,398
180,113
-58,716
February ..........
.
6,705
13,737
-7,033
8,227
15,694
-7,466
-36,433
118,348
162,246
-43,899
March...............
.
6,824
15,019
-8,195
8,538
16,467
-7,929
-55,173
133,785
196,886
-63,102
April .................
.
7,791
15,549
-7,758
9,480
16,485
-7,005
-53,362
128,505
188,872
-60,367
May ..................
.
8,341
15,552
-7,211
9,966
16,550
-6,584
-50,348
128,259
185,191
-56,932
June .................
.
8,021
17,474
-9,453
9,421
18,406
-8,985
-55,954
130,994
195,933
-64,939
July ..................
.
8,339
18,079
-9,740
9,699
19,125
-9,426
-59,101
124,391
192,918
-68,527
August .............
.
7,144
15,192
-8,048
8,575
16,187
-7,612
-59,472
123,011
190,095
-67,084
September .......
.
6,846
13,836
-6,990
8,198
14,768
-6,570
-59,596
125,281
191,447
-66,166
October ............
.
6,510
11,662
-5,152
7,884
12,597
-4,713
-60,323
130,463
195,499
-65,036
November ........
.
6,308
11,093
-4,785
7,582
11,983
-4,401
-57,085
120,570
182,056
-61,486
December ........
.
6,505
12,150
-5,645
7,817
12,968
-5,151
-54,614
119,909
179,674
-59,765
 Total................
.
87,272
177,438
-90,166
105,009
190,845
-85,836
-650,183
1,504,914
2,240,933
-736,019
2016 January............
.
5,513
10,281
-4,768
6,719
11,312
-4,593
-53,006
108,273
165,873
-57,599
February ..........
.
5,137
8,379
-3,242
6,293
9,290
-2,997
-51,548
113,762
168,306
-54,545
 2-Month Total
l
10,650
18,660
-8,010
13,013
20,603
-7,590
-104,554
222,035
334,179
-112,144
2015 2-Month Total
l
14,644
31,831
-17,187
17,849
35,308
-17,459
-85,156
239,745
342,360
-102,614
2014 2-Month Total
l
20,151
55,171
-35,020
24,757
60,821
-36,064
-69,683
250,108
355,855
-105,747
Prices are not adjusted for inflation.  See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary.
Through 2010, data are for crude oil, petroleum preparations, liquefied
propane and butane, and other mineral fuels. Beginning in 2011, data are for
petroleum products and preparations.
.
Petroleum, coal, natural gas, and electricity.
R=Revised.  
Notes:  
Monthly data are not adjusted for seasonal variations.  
See Note,
"Merchandise Trade Value," at end of section.  
Totals may not equal sum of
components due to independent rounding.  
The U.S. import statistics reflect
both  government  and  nongovernment imports  of  merchandise from  foreign
countries into the U.S. customs territory, which comprises the 50 states, the
District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.  
Web  Page:    See  http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary
(Excel and CSV files) for all available annual and monthly data beginning in
1974.
Sources:  See end of section.
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Figure 1.6 Cost of Fuels to End Users in Real (1982–1984) Dollars
Costs, 1960–2015
Costs, January 2016
Residential Electricity,
a
Monthly
Motor Gasoline,
a
Monthly
Residential Natural Gas,
a
Monthly
14
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Residential Heating Oil
b
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Dollars per Million Btu
ResidentialElectricity
a
Motor Gasoline
a
Residential Natural Gas
a
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
0
2
4
6
8
Cent per Kilowatthour
2014
2015
2016
Electricity
a
14.86
7.13
3.40
Residential
Motor
Residential
0
3
6
9
12
15
18
Dollars per Million Btu
Gasoline
a
Natural
Gas
a
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
Dollars per Gallon
2014
2015
2016
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
0
2
4
6
8
10
Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet
2014
2015
2016
a
Includes taxes.
Excludes taxes.
Note:  See “Real Dollars” in Glossary.
Web Page:  http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary.
Source:  Table 1.6.
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U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
15
Table 1.6   Cost of Fuels to End Users in Real (1982–1984) Dollars
s
Consumer Price Index,
All Urban Consumersa
Motor Gasolineb
Residential
Heating Oilc
Residential
Natural Gasb
Residential
Electricityb
Index
1982–1984=100
Dollars per
Gallon
Dollars per
Million Btu
Dollars per
Gallon
Dollars per
Million Btu
Dollars per
Thousand
Cubic Feet
Dollars per
Million Btu
Cents per
Kilowatthour
Dollars per
Million Btu
1960 Average..................
.
29.6    
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
8.8  
25.74
1965 Average..................
.
31.5    
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
7.6  
22.33
1970 Average..................
.
38.8    
NA
NA
NA
NA
2.81
2.72
5.7  
16.62
1975 Average..................
.
53.8    
NA
NA
NA
NA
3.18
3.12
6.5  
19.07
1980 Average..................
.
82.4    
1.482
11.85
1.182
8.52
4.47
4.36
6.6  
19.21
1985 Average..................
.
107.6    
1.112
8.89
0.979
7.06
5.69
5.52
6.87
20.13
1990 Average..................
.
130.7    
0.931
7.44
0.813
5.86
4.44
4.31
5.99
17.56
1995 Average..................
.
152.4    
0.791
6.36
0.569
4.10
3.98
3.87
5.51
16.15
2000 Average..................
.
172.2    
0.908
7.31
0.761
5.49
4.51
4.39
4.79
14.02
2001 Average..................
.
177.1    
0.864
6.96
0.706
5.09
5.44
5.28
4.84
14.20
2002 Average..................
.
179.9    
0.801
6.46
0.628
4.52
4.39
4.28
4.69
13.75
2003 Average..................
.
184.0    
0.890
7.19
0.736
5.31
5.23
5.09
4.74
13.89
2004 Average..................
.
188.9    
1.018
8.22
0.819
5.91
5.69
5.55
4.74
13.89
2005 Average..................
.
195.3    
1.197
9.67
1.051
7.58
6.50
6.33
4.84
14.18
2006 Average..................
.
201.6    
1.307
10.58
1.173
8.46
6.81
6.63
5.16
15.12
2007 Average..................
.
207.342
1.374
11.20
1.250
9.01
6.31
6.14
5.14
15.05
2008 Average..................
.
215.303
1.541
12.62
1.495
10.78
6.45
6.28
5.23
15.33
2009 Average..................
.
214.537
1.119
9.21
1.112
8.02
5.66
5.52
5.37
15.72
2010 Average..................
.
218.056
1.301
10.76
1.283
9.25
5.22
5.11
5.29
15.51
2011 Average..................
.
224.939
1.590
13.18
NA
NA
4.90
4.80
5.21
15.27
2012 Average..................
.
229.594
1.609
13.35
NA
NA
4.64
4.53
5.17
15.17
2013 Average..................
.
232.957
1.538
12.76
NA
NA
4.43
4.31
5.21
15.26
2014 January....................
.
233.916
1.444
11.99
NA
NA
3.96
3.84
4.98
14.60
February ..................
.
234.781
1.458
12.10
NA
NA
4.16
4.03
5.09
14.91
March.......................
.
236.293
1.519
12.61
NA
NA
4.53
4.39
5.18
15.19
April .........................
.
237.072
1.568
13.01
NA
NA
4.96
4.81
5.19
15.22
May..........................
.
237.900
1.574
13.07
NA
NA
5.72
5.54
5.40
15.83
June .........................
.
238.343
1.573
13.06
NA
NA
6.77
6.56
5.45
15.97
July ..........................
.
238.250
1.549
12.86
NA
NA
7.23
7.01
5.49
16.10
August .....................
.
237.852
1.488
12.35
NA
NA
7.32
7.09
5.48
16.07
September ...............
.
238.031
1.455
12.08
NA
NA
6.84
6.62
5.44
15.95
October ....................
.
237.433
1.365
11.33
NA
NA
5.52
5.35
5.31
15.55
November ................
.
236.151
1.247
10.35
NA
NA
4.32
4.18
5.28
15.49
December ................
.
234.812
1.115
9.25
NA
NA
4.26
4.13
5.18
15.19
 Average ..................
.
236.736
1.447
12.01
NA
NA
4.63
4.49
5.29
15.50
2015 January....................
.
233.707
0.929
7.71
NA
NA
4.07
3.94
5.18
15.17
February ..................
.
234.722
0.983
8.16
NA
NA
3.88
3.76
5.24
15.35
March.......................
.
236.119
1.077
8.94
NA
NA
3.93
3.81
5.23
15.32
April .........................
.
236.599
1.076
8.93
NA
NA
4.40
4.27
5.34
15.66
May..........................
.
237.805
1.191
9.88
NA
NA
5.30
5.14
5.45
15.96
June .........................
.
238.638
1.211
10.05
NA
NA
6.32
6.12
5.42
15.88
July ..........................
.
238.654
1.212
10.06
NA
NA
6.79
6.58
5.44
15.95
August .....................
.
238.316
1.152
9.56
NA
NA
7.05
6.83
5.43
15.90
September ...............
.
237.945
1.035
8.59
NA
NA
6.88
6.67
5.49
16.09
October ....................
.
237.838
0.991
8.23
NA
NA
5.29
5.13
5.35
15.69
November ................
.
237.336
0.948
7.87
NA
NA
4.24
4.11
5.36
15.72
December ................
.
236.525
0.898
7.46
NA
NA
3.93
3.81
5.23
15.32
 Average ..................
.
237.017
1.059
8.79
NA
NA
4.38
4.24
5.35
15.67
2016 January....................
.
236.916
0.859
7.13
NA
NA
3.51
3.40
5.07
14.86
February ..................
.
237.111
0.773
6.42
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
March.......................
.
238.132
0.849
7.04
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Data are U.S. city averages for all items, and are not seasonally adjusted.
Includes taxes.
Excludes taxes.
R=Revised.  NA=Not available.  
Notes:  
See "Real Dollars" in Glossary.  
Fuel costs are calculated by using
the  Urban  Consumer  Price  Index  (CPI)  developed  by the  Bureau  of  Labor
Statistics.   
 Annual  averages  may  not  equal  average  of  months  due  to
independent rounding.  
Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.
.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1960 and monthly data
beginning in 1995.
Sources:  
Fuel Prices:  Tables 9.4 (All Grades), 9.8, and 9.10, adjusted by the
CPI; and Monthy Energy Review, September 2012, Table 9.8c.  
Consumer Price
Index, All Urban Consumers:  U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Statistics, series ID CUUR0000SA0.  
• 
Conversion Factors:  Tables A1, A3, A4,
and A6.
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Figure 1.7
Primary Energy Consumption and Energy Expenditures Indicators
Energy Consumption per Capita, 1949–2015
Primary Energy Consumption per Real Dollar
a
of Gross Domestic Product, 1949–2015
Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Domestic Product and Gross Output,
b
1987–2013
16
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
100
200
300
400
Million Btu
aThousand Btu per Chained (2009) Dollar
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
5
10
15
20
0
Share of GDP
Share of Gross Output
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
0
2
4
6
8
10
0
Percent
a
See "Chained Dollars" and "Real Dollars" in Glossary.
b
Gross output is the value of gross domestic product (GDP) plus the
value of intermediate inputs used to produce GDP.
Web Page:  http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary.
Source:  Table 1.7.
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
17
Table 1.7  Primary Energy Consumption, Energy Expenditures, and
Carbon Dioxide Emissions Indicators
s
Primary Energy Consumptiona
Energy Expendituresb
Carbon Dioxide Emissionsc
Consump-
tion
Consump-
tion
per Capita
Consumption
per
Real Dollard
of GDPe
Expendi-
tures
Expendi-
tures
per Capita
Expenditures
as Share
of GDPe
Expenditures
as Share
of Gross
Outputf
Emissions
Emissions
per Capita
Emissions
per
Real Dollard
of GDPe
Quadrillion
Btu
Million
Btu
Thousand
Btu per
Chained (2009)
Dollard
Million 
Nominal
Dollarsg
Nominal
Dollarsg
Percent 
Percent
Million
Metric Tons
Carbon
Dioxide
Metric
Tons
Carbon
Dioxide
Metric Tons
Carbon Dioxide
per Million
Chained (2009)
Dollarsd
1950..............
.
34.616
227
15.85
NA
NA
NA
NA
2,382
15.6
1,091
1955..............
.
40.208
242
14.68
NA
NA
NA
NA
2,685
16.2
980
1960..............
.
45.086
250
14.50
NA
NA
NA
NA
2,914
16.1
937
1965..............
.
54.015
278
13.58
NA
NA
NA
NA
3,462
17.8
871
1970..............
.
67.838
331
14.37
82,875
404
7.7
NA
4,261
20.8
902
1975..............
.
71.965
333
13.36
171,851
796
10.2
NA
4,439
20.6
824
1980..............
.
78.067
344
12.10
374,347
1,647
13.1
NA
4,771
21.0
740
1981..............
.
76.106
332
11.50
427,898
1,865
13.3
NA
4,646
20.2
702
1982..............
.
73.099
316
11.26
426,479
1,841
12.7
NA
4,405
19.0
679
1983..............
.
72.971
312
10.74
417,617
1,786
11.5
NA
4,377
18.7
644
1984..............
.
76.632
325
10.52
435,371
1,846
10.8
NA
4,614
19.6
633
1985..............
.
76.392
321
10.06
438,531
1,843
10.1
NA
4,600
19.3
606
1986..............
.
76.647
319
9.75
384,284
1,600
8.4
NA
4,608
19.2
586
1987..............
.
79.054
326
9.72
397,819
1,642
8.2
4.6
4,766
19.7
586
1988..............
.
82.709
338
9.76
411,739
1,684
7.8
4.4
4,984
20.4
588
1989..............
.
84.786
344
9.65
439,235
1,780
7.8
4.4
5,070
20.5
577
1990..............
.
84.485
338
9.43
474,831
1,902
7.9
4.5
5,039
20.2
563
1991..............
.
84.438
334
9.44
472,543
1,868
7.7
4.4
4,993
19.7
558
1992..............
.
85.783
334
9.26
477,024
1,860
7.3
4.2
5,087
19.8
549
1993..............
.
87.366
336
9.18
492,383
1,894
7.2
4.2
5,185
19.9
545
1994..............
.
89.088
339
8.99
504,988
1,919
6.9
4.0
5,261
20.0
531
1995..............
.
91.032
342
8.95
514,755
1,933
6.7
3.8
5,323
20.0
523
1996..............
.
94.022
349
8.90
560,409
2,080
6.9
3.9
5,510
20.5
522
1997..............
.
94.602
347
8.57
568,075
2,084
6.6
3.7
5,584
20.5
506
1998..............
.
95.019
344
8.24
526,394
1,908
5.8
3.3
5,635
20.4
489
1999..............
.
96.650
346
8.01
558,739
2,002
5.8
3.2
5,688
20.4
471
2000..............
.
98.819
350
7.87
687,824
2,438
6.7
3.7
5,868
20.8
467
2001..............
.
96.172
337
7.58
696,347
2,444
6.6
3.7
5,761
20.2
454
2002..............
.
97.647
339
7.56
664,072
2,309
6.0
3.5
5,804
20.2
450
2003..............
.
97.921
338
7.38
755,205
2,603
6.6
3.8
5,853
20.2
441
2004..............
.
100.094
342
7.27
871,337
2,976
7.1
4.0
5,970
20.4
433
2005..............
.
100.193
339
7.04
1,045,910
3,539
8.0
4.4
5,993
20.3
421
2006..............
.
99.492
333
6.81
1,159,022
3,884
8.4
4.7
5,910
19.8
404
2007..............
.
101.027
335
6.79
1,234,037
4,097
8.5
4.7
6,001
19.9
403
2008..............
.
98.906
325
6.67
1,409,247
4,634
9.6
5.3
5,809
19.1
392
2009..............
.
94.138
307
6.53
1,063,889
3,468
7.4
4.3
5,386
17.6
374
2010..............
.
97.480
315
6.59
1,208,443
3,906
8.1
4.6
5,576
18.0
377
2011..............
.
96.902
311
6.45
1,388,618
4,455
8.9
5.0
5,439
17.4
362
2012..............
.
94.487
301
6.15
1,351,513
4,303
8.4
4.7
5,227
16.6
340
2013..............
.
97.238
307
6.24
1,375,306
4,346
8.3
4.6
5,355
16.9
344
2014..............
.
98.515
309
6.17
NA
NA
NA
NA
5,408
17.0
339
2015..............
.
97.651
304
5.97
NA
NA
NA
NA
5,271
16.4
322
See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary.
Expenditures include taxes where data are available.
Carbon dioxide emissions from energy consumption.  See Table 12.1.
See "Chained Dollars" and "Real Dollars" in Glossary.
See "Gross Domestic Product (GDP)" in Glossary.
Gross output is the value of GDP plus the value of intermediate inputs used to
produce GDP.
.
See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary.
R=Revised.  NA=Not available.  
Notes:  
Data are estimates.  
Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the
District of Columbia.
.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949.
.
Sources:   
 Consumption:  Table 1.3.  
 Consumption per  Capita:
Calculated as energy consumption divided by U.S. population (see Table C1).
.
Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP:  Calculated as energy consumption
divided by U.S. gross domestic product in chained (2009) dollars (see Table C1).
Expenditures:  U.S. Energy Information Administration, "State Energy Price and
Expenditure  Estimates,  1970  Through  2013"  (July  2015),  U.S.  Table  ET1.
Expenditures per Capita:  Calculated as energy expenditures divided by U.S.
population (see Table C1).  
Expenditures as Share of GDP:  Calculated as
energy expenditures divided by U.S. gross domestic product in nominal dollars (see
Table C1).  
Expenditures as Share of Gross Output:  Calculated as energy
expenditures  divided by  U.S.  gross  output (see Table  C1).  
 Emissions:
1949–1972—U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2011,
Table 11.1.  1973 forward— Table 12.1.  
Emissions per Capita:  Calculated as
carbon dioxide emissions divided by U.S. population (see Table C1).  
Emissions
per Real Dollar of GDP:  Calculated as carbon dioxide emissions divided by U.S.
gross domestic product in chained (2009) dollars (see Table C1).
Figure 1.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949–2014
Mileage
Fuel Consumption
Fuel Economy
18
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
5
10
15
20
25
30
Thousand Miles per Vehicle
Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase
b
Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase
a
Heavy-Duty Trucks
c
a
Through 1989, data  are for passenger cars  and  motorcycles. For
1990–2006, data are for passenger cars only. Beginning in 2007, data
are for light-duty vehicles (passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport
utility vehicles) with a wheelbase less than or equal to 121 inches.
b
For 1966–2000, data are for vans, pickup trucks, and sport utility
vehicles.  Beginning in 2007, data are for light-duty vehicles (passenger
cars,  light  trucks, vans,  and sport utility  vehicles)  with  a wheelbase
greater than 121 inches.
c
For 1949–1965, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or
more tires, combination trucks, and other vehicles with 2 axles and 4
tires that are not passenger cars. For 1966–2006 data are for single-unit
trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires, and combination trucks. Begin-
ning in 2007, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more
tires (or a gross vehicle weight rating exceeding 10,000 pounds), and
combination trucks.
Note:  Through 1965, “Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase” data are
included in “Heavy-Duty Trucks.”
Web Page:  http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary.
Source:  Table 1.8.
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
0
1
2
3
4
5
0
Thousand Gallons per Vehicle
Heavy-Duty Trucks
c
Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase
b
Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase
b
Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase
a
1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
0
5
10
15
20
25
0
Miles per Gallon
Heavy-Duty Trucks
c
Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase
a
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
19
Table 1.8   Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy
y
Light-Duty Vehicles,
Short Wheelbasea
Light-Duty Vehicles,
Long Wheelbaseb
Heavy-Duty Trucksc
All Motor Vehiclesd
Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy
Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy
Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy
Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles per
Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles per
Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles per
Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles per
Gallon
1950..........
.
9,060
603
15.0
( )e
( )e
( )e
10,316
1,229
8.4
9,321
725
12.8
1955..........
.
9,447
645
14.6
( )e
( )e
( )e
10,576
1,293
8.2
9,661
761
12.7
1960..........
.
9,518
668
14.3
( )e
( )e
( )e
10,693
1,333
8.0
9,732
784
12.4
1965..........
.
9,603
661
14.5
( )e
( )e
( )e
10,851
1,387
7.8
9,826
787
12.5
1970..........
.
9,989
737
13.5
8,676
866
10.0
13,565
2,467
5.5
9,976
830
12.0
1975..........
.
9,309
665
14.0
9,829
934
10.5
15,167
2,722
5.6
9,627
790
12.2
1980..........
.
8,813
551
16.0
10,437
854
12.2
18,736
3,447
5.4
9,458
712
13.3
1981..........
.
8,873
538
16.5
10,244
819
12.5
19,016
3,565
5.3
9,477
697
13.6
1982..........
.
9,050
535
16.9
10,276
762
13.5
19,931
3,647
5.5
9,644
686
14.1
1983..........
.
9,118
534
17.1
10,497
767
13.7
21,083
3,769
5.6
9,760
686
14.2
1984..........
.
9,248
530
17.4
11,151
797
14.0
22,550
3,967
5.7
10,017
691
14.5
1985..........
.
9,419
538
17.5
10,506
735
14.3
20,597
3,570
5.8
10,020
685
14.6
1986..........
.
9,464
543
17.4
10,764
738
14.6
22,143
3,821
5.8
10,143
692
14.7
1987..........
.
9,720
539
18.0
11,114
744
14.9
23,349
3,937
5.9
10,453
694
15.1
1988..........
.
9,972
531
18.8
11,465
745
15.4
22,485
3,736
6.0
10,721
688
15.6
1989.......... 10,157
7
533
19.0
11,676
724
16.1
22,926
3,776
6.1
10,932
688
15.9
1990.......... 10,504
4
520
20.2
11,902
738
16.1
23,603
3,953
6.0
11,107
677
16.4
1991.......... 10,571
1
501
21.1
12,245
721
17.0
24,229
4,047
6.0
11,294
669
16.9
1992.......... 10,857
7
517
21.0
12,381
717
17.3
25,373
4,210
6.0
11,558
683
16.9
1993.......... 10,804
4
527
20.5
12,430
714
17.4
26,262
4,309
6.1
11,595
693
16.7
1994.......... 10,992
2
531
20.7
12,156
701
17.3
25,838
4,202
6.1
11,683
698
16.7
1995.......... 11,203
3
530
21.1
12,018
694
17.3
26,514
4,315
6.1
11,793
700
16.8
1996.......... 11,330
0
534
21.2
11,811
685
17.2
26,092
4,221
6.2
11,813
700
16.9
1997.......... 11,581
1
539
21.5
12,115
703
17.2
27,032
4,218
6.4
12,107
711
17.0
1998.......... 11,754
4
544
21.6
12,173
707
17.2
25,397
4,135
6.1
12,211
721
16.9
1999.......... 11,848
8
553
21.4
11,957
701
17.0
26,014
4,352
6.0
12,206
732
16.7
2000.......... 11,976
6
547
21.9
11,672
669
17.4
25,617
4,391
5.8
12,164
720
16.9
2001.......... 11,831
1
534
22.1
11,204
636
17.6
26,602
4,477
5.9
11,887
695
17.1
2002.......... 12,202
2
555
22.0
11,364
650
17.5
27,071
4,642
5.8
12,171
719
16.9
2003.......... 12,325
5
556
22.2
11,287
697
16.2
28,093
4,215
6.7
12,208
718
17.0
2004.......... 12,460
0
553
22.5
11,184
690
16.2
27,023
4,057
6.7
12,200
714
17.1
2005.......... 12,510
0
567
22.1
10,920
617
17.7
26,235
4,385
6.0
12,082
706
17.1
2006.......... 12,485
5
554
22.5
10,920
612
17.8
25,231
4,304
5.9
12,017
698
17.2
2007..........
.
10,710
468
22.9
14,970
877
17.1
28,290
4,398
6.4
11,915
693
17.2
2008.......... 10,290
0
435
23.7
15,256
880
17.3
28,573
4,387
6.5
11,631
667
17.4
2009.......... 10,391
1
442
23.5
15,252
882
17.3
26,274
4,037
6.5
11,631
661
17.6
2010.......... 10,650
0
456
23.3
15,474
901
17.2
26,604
4,180
6.4
11,866
681
17.4
2011.......... 11,150
0
481
23.2
12,007
702
17.1
26,054
4,128
6.3
11,652
665
17.5
2012.......... 11,262
2
484
23.3
11,885
694
17.1
25,255
3,973
6.4
11,707
665
17.6
2013.......... 11,244
4
480
23.4
11,712
683
17.2
25,951
4,086
6.4
11,679
663
17.6
2014
4
....... 11,048
476
23.2
12,138
710
17.1
25,594
4,036
6.3
11,621
666
17.5
Through 1989, data are for passenger cars and motorcycles.  For 1990–2006,
data are for passenger cars only.  Beginning in 2007, data are for light-duty
vehicles (passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles) with a
wheelbase less than or equal to 121 inches.
.
For 1966–2006, data are for vans, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Beginning in 2007, data are for light-duty vehicles (passenger cars, light trucks,
vans, and sport utility vehicles) with a wheelbase greater than 121 inches.
.
For 1949–1965, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires,
combination trucks,  and other vehicles with 2 axles and 4 tires  that are not
passenger cars.  For 1966–2006, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6
or more tires, and combination trucks.  Beginning in 2007, data are for single-unit
trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires (or a gross vehicle weight rating exceeding
10,000 pounds), and combination trucks.
.
Includes buses and motorcycles, which are not separately displayed.
Included in "Heavy-Duty Trucks."
P=Preliminary.  
Note:  Geographic coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia.  
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949.
Sources:   
•   
Light-Duty  Vehicles,  Short  Wheelbase:  1990–1994—U.S.
Department  of  Transportation,  Bureau  of  Transportation  Statistics, National
Transportation  Statistics  1998, Table 4-13.  
•   
All  Other  Data:
1949–1994—Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics
Summary to 1995, Table VM-201A.  1995 forward—FHWA, Highway Statistics,
annual reports, Table VM-1.
20
U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review April 2016
Table 1.9   Heating Degree-Days by Census Division
n
New
Englanda
Middle
Atlanticb
East North
Centralc
West North
Centrald
South
Atlantice
East South
Centralf
West South
Centralg
Mountainh
Pacifici
United
States
1950 Total....................
.
6,794
6,324
7,027
7,455
3,521
3,547
2,277
6,341
3,906
5,367
1955 Total....................
.
6,872
6,231
6,486
6,912
3,508
3,513
2,294
6,704
4,320
5,246
1960 Total....................
.
6,828
6,391
6,908
7,184
3,780
4,134
2,767
6,281
3,799
5,404
1965 Total....................
.
7,029
6,393
6,587
6,932
3,372
3,501
2,237
6,086
3,819
5,146
1970 Total....................
.
7,022
6,388
6,721
7,090
3,452
3,823
2,558
6,119
3,726
5,218
1975 Total....................
.
6,547
5,892
6,406
6,880
2,970
3,437
2,312
6,260
4,117
4,905
1980 Total....................
.
7,071
6,477
6,975
6,836
3,378
3,964
2,494
5,554
3,539
5,080
1985 Total....................
.
6,749
5,971
6,668
7,262
2,899
3,660
2,535
6,059
3,935
4,889
1990 Total....................
.
5,987
5,252
5,780
6,137
2,307
2,942
1,968
5,391
3,603
4,180
1995 Total....................
.
6,684
6,093
6,740
6,911
2,988
3,648
2,147
5,101
3,269
4,640
2000 Total....................
.
6,625
5,999
6,315
6,500
2,905
3,551
2,153
4,971
3,460
4,494
2001 Total....................
.
6,202
5,541
5,844
6,221
2,604
3,327
2,162
5,004
3,545
4,257
2002 Total....................
.
6,234
5,550
6,128
6,485
2,664
3,443
2,292
5,197
3,510
4,356
2003 Total....................
.
6,975
6,258
6,536
6,593
2,884
3,559
2,205
4,817
3,355
4,544
2004 Total....................
.
6,709
5,892
6,178
6,329
2,715
3,291
2,041
5,010
3,346
4,344
2005 Total....................
.
6,644
5,950
6,222
6,213
2,775
3,380
1,985
4,896
3,377
4,348
2006 Total....................
.
5,885
5,211
5,703
5,821
2,475
3,211
1,802
4,915
3,557
4,040
2007 Total....................
.
6,537
5,756
6,074
6,384
2,525
3,187
2,105
4,939
3,506
4,268
2008 Total....................
.
6,434
5,782
6,677
7,118
2,712
3,600
2,125
5,233
3,566
4,494
2009 Total....................
.
6,644
5,922
6,512
6,841
2,812
3,536
2,152
5,139
3,538
4,481
2010 Total....................
.
5,934
5,553
6,185
6,565
3,167
3,948
2,449
5,082
3,624
4,463
2011 Total....................
.
6,114
5,483
6,172
6,565
2,565
3,343
2,114
5,322
3,818
4,312
2012 Total....................
.
5,561
4,970
5,356
5,515
2,306
2,876
1,650
4,574
3,411
3,769
2013 Total....................
.
6,426
5,838
6,621
7,135
2,736
3,648
2,326
5,273
3,362
4,465
2014 January................
.
1,304
1,305
1,518
1,483
760
1,014
650
834
437
970
February ..............
.
1,141
1,104
1,322
1,347
494
690
478
705
449
799
March...................
.
1,116
1,026
1,094
1,031
461
564
351
583
375
683
April .....................
.
582
505
496
512
158
182
81
405
276
325
May......................
.
254
179
205
200
37
49
11
218
131
127
June .....................
.
46
20
27
41
1
1
0
86
61
28
July ......................
.
4
7
29
30
1
1
0
11
9
10
August .................
.
32
19
19
21
1
0
0
37
11
13
September ...........
.
110
74
120
126
11
17
4
100
37
57
October ................
.
358
311
418
389
119
162
37
273
122
221
November ............
.
785
757
937
1,021
442
626
390
654
353
614
December ............
.
941
896
1,009
1,102
478
627
421
837
511
706
 Total....................
.
6,674
6,203
7,194
7,304
2,963
3,932
2,422
4,743
2,773
4,552
2015 January................
.
1,336
1,260
1,335
1,267
645
836
625
818
469
891
February ..............
.
1,415
1,319
1,405
1,306
668
865
499
600
331
867
March...................
.
1,103
1,002
951
803
360
445
278
482
283
584
April .....................
.
589
481
455
399
133
146
56
395
292
300
May......................
.
147
101
159
215
22
37
14
267
208
119
June .....................
.
85
30
45
40
1
1
0
42
25
24
July ......................
.
7
4
12
12
0
0
0
24
8
6
August .................
.
8
9
25
33
0
1
0
20
13
11
September ...........
.
43
27
39
50
8
13
1
78
57
32
October ................
.
458
391
364
355
144
164
42
247
110
227
November ............
.
610
529
603
650
238
313
217
683
467
444
December ............
.
723
625
773
960
281
402
358
937
616
581
 Total....................
.
6,523
5,779
6,164
6,088
2,499
3,223
2,091
4,594
2,880
4,086
2016 January................
.
1,130
1,120
1,240
1,303
662
859
565
916
563
870
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and
Vermont.
.
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.
Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South
Dakota.
.
Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland (and the District of Columbia), North
Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.
.
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.
Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
Wyoming.
.
Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
R=Revised.  
Notes:  
Degree-days are relative measurements of outdoor air temperature
used  as  an  index  for  heating  and  cooling  energy  requirements.    Heating
degree-days are the number of degrees that the daily average temperature falls
below 65 degrees Fahrenheit (°F).  Cooling degree-days are the number of degrees
s
that  the  daily  average  temperature  rises  above  65°F.    The  daily  average
temperature is the mean of the maximum and minimum temperatures in a 24-hour
period.  For example, a weather station recording an average daily temperature of
40°F would report 25 heating degree-days for that day (and 0 cooling degree-days).
If  a  weather station  recorded an average daily temperature of 78°F, cooling
degree-days for that station would be 13 (and 0 heating degree days).  
Totals
may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.  
Geographic
coverage is the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Web Page:  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#summary (Excel
and CSV files) for all available annual data beginning in 1949 and monthly data
beginning in 1973.
Source:    State-level  degree-day  data  are  from  U.S.  Department  of
Commerce,  National  Oceanic  and  Atmospheric  Administration,  National
Centers  for  Environmental  Information.    Using  these  state-level  data,  the
U.S.  Energy  Information  Administration  calculates  population-weighted
census-division  and  U.S.  degree-day  averages  using  state  populations  from
the  same  year  the  degree  days  are  measured.    See  methodology  at
http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/steo/special/pdf/2012_sp_04.pdf.
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