they are publication quality, this avoids unnecessary work for Editors and Reviewers and unnecessary
delays for authors. Coral Reefs does not charge for color figures in either the online or printed version
of the journal. However, the Editors will assess in each case whether the use of color is justified.
Figures must be uploaded onto Editorial Manager each in its own Figure file, correctly formatted.
Graphs and Line Drawings
Prepare as VECTOR format line graphics and store in EPS format (with TIF
preview). Adobe Illustrator is the preferred program to create EPS files. Please do not draw with
hairlines; the minimum line width is 0.2 mm (i.e., 0.567 pt) relative to the final size. Use Open Type
fonts or convert fonts to paths or outlines. If a line drawing cannot be computer generated it may be
captured by scanning and inserted as a bitmap into an EPS file. The scan should be composed at 800
dpi or greater relative to final size, before inserting in the EPS file. Please bear in mind that any
bitmap images embedded in an EPS file cannot be edited by the journal office, or the printer. Any
alterations required, however minor, will have to be returned to the author. Where possible any text,
etc., should be added in vector EPS format. Programs such as Adobe Illustrator and Corel Draw can
also be used to vector trace and vector paint embedded bitmaps, but the end result will depend on
the initial bitmap quality. Graphs should be prepared using a good scientific graphing program which
can save/export the graph directly to an EPS file. We cannot accept scanned graphs other than in
exceptional circumstances with prior approval from the Editorial Office. Figures composed of part
photograph and extensive line art (whether color or black and white) should be submitted in EPS
format where the photograph will be in bitmap format (at 300dpi) and the lineart/text in vector. If the
figure only contains a very small amount of line art, e.g., scale bars and labels, it may be prepared as
a photograph (see below). In EPS figures, the edges of lines and text should be crisp when viewed at
high magnification ‘onscreen’. Pixelly or fuzzy edged line art will not be suitable. Please be sure that all
figure axes are labeled and include the appropriately formatted units. Text within the figure should not
vary greatly in text size, e.g., subheadings, axis labels, and scales should be similarly sized.
Where a figure contains several parts, these must always be presented as a single composite.
Lowercase letters (a, b etc.) must be used to identify figure parts in the figure, in the manuscript text,
and in the figure legend. If the composite involves both halftones (e.g., photographs) and
line art (graphs or line drawings) the correct format is an EPS file with the halftone as an embedded
raster (bitmap) image and the remaining line art and text mark up in VECTOR format. Vector drawing
programs such as Adobe Illustrator and Corel Draw should be used to do this. Composites containing
halftones with limited additions of text and markers, such as labels, arrows, and scale bars, can be
prepared in image processing software (e.g., Photoshop) and submitted as TIF files.
These should be prepared as for Line Drawings. They should include a scale and a compass
orientation. Latitude and Longitude should be expressed in degrees, minutes, and where necessary,
seconds together with N/S and E/W. They must include some text mark up to identify important
Black and White, and Color photographs should be saved in TIF format (Color as RGB 8 bits per
channel, B&W as greyscale) Scan/save the image at 300dpi. Use scale bars and embedded text and
annotations as required. Several figures or figure parts should be grouped in a plate on one page.
Where there is extensive annotation it is better to use an EPS format (see above) adding the mark up
in VECTOR text. TIF figures are preferred at the size of one or two column widths (either 8.6 or17.6
cm). The maximum printed page height is 23.6 cm. Authors should prepare any TIF figures at the