Building the Future
Robert Hawes (email@example.com), ACGNJ
Iliketobuildstuff.Myfirstcomputerwasthe onlyone Iever
articles,thefirsttimeIcrackedopenitscase andfiddled with
Igot over that feeling pretty fast; and Iquickly grewto love
tinkering with computers.Ibuilt all my subsequent PCsmy-
self.(Atfirst,Isaved significantmoney bydoing so.Notany
wise modified older cases to hold newer drives,
to. You either understand the joy of constructing your own
machinery, or you don’t.
but the handwriting is clearly on the wall. The future just
article,I’m going totake a quick lookatsome newproducts,
then see what I can do to simulate their operation using the
equipment I’ve already got on hand. (That’s because we’re
budget doesn’t allowfor any such purchaseson ourown).
First ofall,nocontemporary article speculating aboutthe fu-
least mentionthe OLPC(One Laptop PerChild)“XO”com-
puter. However, OLPC is not actually a computer
manufacturer.It’sa charitable foundation;different motives,
that’s been getting a lot ofadvertisementlately,which could
be looked at as a high-end version of the XO: the MacBook
less networking and no built-in CD/DVD drives). Maybe
you’ve seen the MacBook commercial:It opensshowing an
all-white, flat area (a table or the top of an office desk, per-
haps),ontowhicha disembodied handplacesa standardnine
inch by twelve inch interdepartmental document routing en-
velope.The handthen unfastensthe endflap,reachesin,and
pulls out a supposedly complete notebook computer. That
took up about ten seconds of commercial screen time; and it
realistic design goal? Are workersreallygoingto be sending
computersto each otherbyinter-office delivery?Orarethey
instead destined to frequently bemoan that lack of a built-in
able storage and concentrating on “bulletproof” networking
made sense there, because most Linux programs are down-
loaded from the Internet,notinstalledfrom CDs. In the Mac
world (like inthe PCworld),it’sjustthe opposite.Why pro-
mote a “cool” design that isn’tthe most usefulforthe actual
user? There are some furtherdeliberate design “flaws” that I
I’ve made my point already. The MacBook Air gets a big
thumbs-down. So: on to the next design.
“Low Maintenance Small Computer”. It’s 5.9 inches long,
3.66 incheswide,and 1.06 incheshigh;and ithasnomoving
parts(not even a fan). The case front contains fourUSB 2.0
ports,a microphone jack,anda headphone/speakerjack.The
case back contains a RJ-45 Ethernet network jack, a
SUB-D15 VGA video output jack, and a DC power input
since it would require a USB keyboard and a USB mouse to
USB ports go.(I’d want at least eight, four on the front and
fourmore ontheback).SinceI’m allfordiversity,throwin a
So, given our limited to non-existent resources, what about
this could we test? The only thing I could come up with was
USB external drive storage times. So, first I needed to take
some baseline measurements. My primary master hard disk
for this particular subject computer was a Maxtor 160 GB
EIDEdrive.Iaddeda WesternDigital80GBEIDEhard disk
as the secondary master, then rebooted into XP and timed
agesoverinto multiple file sets,I’ve gota whole lotofthose
filestochoose from,alloftheexactsame size.Iwon’tbother
listing theirnames,butIuseda different source file each and
First,from an XP CommandPrompt,Itried XCOPY.Ittook
160GBhard disk to the 80 GBhard disk; butonly five min-
GB disk to the 160 GB disk. An unexpected asymmetry!
Switching to WindowsExplorer,I dragged-and-dropped six
different files, three each way. Those tests averaged out to
6:21and 5:17,respectively; giving me a consistentinconsis-
being eight months newer,might be able to write input data
just a little bit faster than the 80 GB drive. Itook that asmy
Now, to simulate a Linutop: Ideally,Iwould have wanted to
disconnect all the internal drives in my computer and boot
from an external USBdrive as well. Unfortunately,my sub-
ject computer couldn’t do that, so I had to settle for booting
from an internal CD. Idisconnected my primary master and
slave drives,and my secondary master; leaving just my sec-
ondary slave (a 52X CD reader) connected. For my first
harddisk in my externalUSBcase.(Itwasdesigned toadapt
internal IDE CD/DVD drives for external use; but as I’ve
demonstratedin previousarticles,itworksjust finewith IDE
hard disks, too). My second external USB 2.0 drive was a
VB.NET PDF- View PDF Online with VB.NET HTML5 PDF Viewer
Protect. Password: Set File Permissions. Password: Open Document. Edit Digital Highlight Text. Add Text. Add Text Box. Drawing Markups. PDF Print. Work with adding text to a pdf document; how to add text to a pdf document using acrobat
for wellovera yearnow,butwhichI’ve neverusedin a club
For the boot disk, I chose my sentimental favorite: the
SimplyMEPIS 3.3 live CD. It’s three yearsold now. That’s
well overthe hill fora Linux distribution; butasI’ve saidbe-
We can do it! We can send Microsoft to the Scrap Heap of
History!” Icertainly neededthat wonderful memory now, to
offset the feeling of total confusion I got after I performed
fourdrag-and-droptests(two eachway).Igottimes of2:37,
posed baseline measurements,andalmostthree timesasfast
asthe 80 GB hard disk’spreviously measured performance.
waseventually able to eliminate thatpossibility.Both drives
were really writing that fast. USB 2.0 certainly works a lot
betterthan I thought! It getsa big thumbs-up!
I’llmissmyhomemade computers;butthe Linutop designis
certainly something Icould getused to.
Appendix I: Even More Copyright Paranoia
2006 issue,in which Igroveledabjectly;begging Garry Tru-
deau not to sue me for paraphrasing a punch line that I
enties. I’ve got more of the same this month. In the first
paragraph of this article,I wrote; “Why? Because I like to”.
It probably also flashed through your memory as you read
thosewords.They wererecitedattheendofeveryepisode of
inally ran (and occasionally in reruns for years thereafter).
heard itatleasta thousand timesasIgrewup.Three ofthose
wordsare exactlythe same,andone oftheothertworhymes
with the originalversion.Therefore:60% ofthat saying was
copyrighted sometime inthemidfiftiesby WaltDisneyPro-
please,please, please don’tsue us.
So, why am I concerned about only three words? Because I
know from personal experience that they made quite a big
fussover two.In 1959,Disney releasedthe animated feature
film Sleeping Beauty. This classic fairy tale was first pub-
lished in abook underthatname in 1697,and the story itself
can be traced back to atleast 1634. It had been set to music,
andperformedin Parisasan operain1825;and Tchaikovsky
composed itasa ballet in 1890.Sometime around 1960, my
grammar school class was scheduled to sing the title song
(most likely from the Tchaikovsky version) at some kind of
eventinthe schoolauditorium.(Itmightevenhave beenfora
graduationceremony).Oneday duringrehearsal,the teacher
suddenly told us that Disney wouldn’t let us say “Sleeping
Beauty”. They didn’t object to the music, just the words.
Thoughclearly printed on oursheet music,we wouldnotbe
permitted to speak them aloud in public. We had to sing
“Pretty Princess” instead.
thatlastminute word change;although I’veforgottena lotof
the details about the performance itself (including exactly
told anything at all about the background details. For in-
the whole country)? By then,those wordshad been sung for
ries longer. Yet Disney was somehow able to claim them
exclusively, and to successfully forbid us from using them.
To what lengths might they be prepared to go for three
Building the Future,
From The DealsGuy For April 2008
Bob (The Cheapskate) Click (firstname.lastname@example.org), Greater Orlando Computer Users Group.
and I worked in it several days. It’s the largest show in the
amount of freight(thirteen millionpounds)of any showthat
hasbeen held here,and close tothe largestin area.Thedock
basin waspiledhigh with cratesofallkinds.Therewere five
beautiful modularhomes set up on blocks in the parking lot
for people to tour. The modules arrived a week before the
showopened,but allthehomeswereassembled with the fin-
ishing touches in time for show days.One wasa three-story
2700 square foot model worth over a million dollars, which
wasactually sold during the show.One home featured tech-
nology of the future such as calling you or sending you an
e-mailatwork ifsomething goeswrong.I’ll write a separate
article about that which will be available on my Web site
soon. Kohler had their million-dollar computer controlled
waterfall again this year, and it was fascinating to watch it
to look over the display.
we worked was the Orgill Show
trade show (about 500,000 square feet of display area) with
exhibitors showing their latest wares. Orgill isa large inde-
pendent hardware distributor.Many exhibitorsprefer not to
take their booth’s displayed products back home so some
dealers come with large trailersand purchase as many prod-
ucts from vendor booths as they can carry, after the show
closes.Someboothsjustleave theirproducts,and volunteers
organization’s projects. “Pallet pricing” and “coupon
weardifferentcolored blazerssignifying their salesvolume.
Acoworker said an attendee was looking for me, saying he
readsmy column allthetime,butmy coworkerunknowingly
gave him incorrect location information and he never found
me. I was very disappointed. It’s not the first time someone
haslookedformeata show,buttheyare oftenlargeareasand
unlessyou know who to ask, getting together is difficult be-
cause most of us don’t know much about where others were
assigned to work, and my wife and I don’t work all of the
has already made arrangements for their
membership toattend atnocost.Irecommendthatoneifyou
are in the area.
*Are You Ready To Tax Your Brain?
AlbyMedia has released version 1.1 of PIQE: Chain ofPuz-
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other players.It’sa setofengaging puzzlesgiving you areal
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PIQE: Chain ofPuzzlesrunsunderMicrosoft Windowsand
costs$14.95 (USD)fora single-userlicense.AlbyMedia of-
Puzzles. Use the coupon code ALBY-JMGJ at
censed customers get free technical support and free
*Here’s Another Freebie!
DVDVideoSoft, an Internet resource dedicated to free soft-
ware, multimedia software guides and tutorials has just
tures30+ player skins and neweasy-to-use web integration,
a portion. Free Video to Flash Converter is available at
free download.The program containsno spyware oradware.
No activation or registration is required. Just download and
veloped by DVDVideoSoft and has developed a line of free
YouTube to MP3 Converter, Free YouTube to iPhone Con-
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Converter, Free Video to MP3 Converter, Free YouTube
Free 3GPVideoConverter,Free Video Flip and Rotate,Free
todifferentvideotaskslike burningandripping DVDs,mak-
ing DVD copies, converting between all video formats and
more.All our programsrun underWindowsVista/XP/2000.
We respect our users’ privacy and there’s no spyware or
*Comfort Should Be The Golden Rule!
cessor to the popular hotkey management tool. The new
version supports non-standard keyboard types (Ergonomic
tion of hiding in the system tray and features an enhanced
hotkey management window with a full list of hotkeys and
Comfort Keys isa multifunctionalhotkey managerfor Win-
dowsVista,XPand 2000.The integrated clipboard manager
extends the capabilities of the standard Windows clipboard
allowing you to save an unlimited numberof copied objects
and reuse them as much as you want; and makes sure your
clipboarddata issaved incaseofapowerfailureorhardware
crash.Italso features an advanced task switcher,sound con-
configuration of yourhotkey combinations.Youcan quickly
switch languages, convert the selected fragment of text into
another language (or case), run keystroke macros, easily
manage a window and even restart the computer using the
Comfort Keys supports Windows Vista/2000/XP operating
systems. Apersonal license costs only $29.95.A multi-user
license ranges from $21.95 to $6.95. The company offers a
30-day money back guarantee on all orders. More informa-
tion on Comfort Keys, as well as its free trial version, is
MasterCard, Amex and Discover) are accepted. User Group
membersget 30% discount at:
*Wow! Whata Clock!
livers any number of realistic clocks onto the desktop or
replaces your wallpaper with clock wallpaper.PerfectClock
at stylish analog or digital clocks. Enjoy having as many
clocks on the desktop as you need, each displaying the time
forthe definedtimezone.Youcanuse thewallpaperclockas
ascreensaver. PerfectClock supports scaling. You can set a
labeltoa clock and customizefonts,color,positionandother
parameters. The Reminder feature is also customizable. On
the official website are dozens of clock and wallpaperclock
skins. It allowsyou to adjust hue,saturation, brightness and
contrastto reach optimalappearance of the clock.
You can manually create a unique skin without being a pro-
aPersonal Family Photo Clock Skin at no cost. It only re-
quires selecting a frame pattern,sending a photo or two,and
to getthe trial version.
ture,costs$23.95 (USD).Licensed customersare entitled to
portand freeupgrades.Furtherinformation on PerfectClock,
as well as a free trial copy is available from
.Get a 20% discount on
or 20% discount on the
here again next month ifyour editorpermits. Thiscolumn is
written to make user group membersaware of special offers
or freebies I have found or arranged, and my comments
Bob (The Cheapskate) Click. Visit my Web site at
Bart Koslow (review(at)topcc.org), Thousand Oaks Personal Computer Club (
Nowadaysitisno problem torecord video froma TVbroad-
cast, VCR or other source using a Digital Video Recorder.
were expensive, beginning in the $250 range and up. Thisis
twiceasmuchasasimilarVideoRecorder.Since Iwanted to
create CDs from the broadcast music and I had DVD/CD
burners on my computer I decided that using my computer
wasa betterand cheaperalternative.
One possibility was a TV/FM card for my computer which
may be purchased for$30to $40and up.However,Ifounda
cheaper method.My stereo system wasonlya fewfeetfrom
my computer,soI connectedan audio outputfrommyaudio
Iconnected the RCAconnectorsto audio out on my receiver
computer.Nowall Ineeded wasaprogramthat could access
the sound card and record the input.
Ihit the jackpot. Roxio Easy Media Creatorhasjustthe pro-
gram.Not only that,but,once you complete yourrecording,
Roxio hasa basicsoundeditorthatenablesediting the sound
files, and programs to burn the files to a CD or DVD. The
in.You mayaccessyourphoneline, CDplayer,microphone
input, and other inputs including Internet Radio broadcasts
receivedonyourcomputer.You mayalsodecide which type
offile format torecord,WAV,MP3,orWMA,what fidelity
to record, and where to save the recorded file. In addition,
there isa recording level meterand control.
Once I turned on my stereo receiver and accessed the Roxio
recording program, everything went well.I recorded a long
aproblem and had to close the Roxio program. I lost my
whole recording,but now Iknew it worked and tried again.
ThistimeIclosed alltheprogramsIdidnotneedand discon-
nected from the Internet to get less interference when I
burned it to two CDs.
If you have music cassettes or even VCRs with music, you
may use this technique to transfermusictoCDs.If you have
cable or satellite TV service with accompanying radio, you
may usethe above procedure torecord fromyoursettop box
to yourcomputer.Ihavesatellite service withSIRIUSradio,
and am now recording live and historical music broadcasts
that interest me.
Inextdiscovered thatin many casesIcouldbypassan exter-
nal stereo receiver, settop box,orrecorder by using Internet
Radio which may be played using Windows Media Player,
iTunes Player, Real Player or other free media players. All
music you wish and thenenterthe URLfor itsstreaming au-
dio broadcasts in the Player software. I did a search using
Google and found there are numerous Internet radio station
locators, found the station I wanted and entered the URL.
NowIhadthemusic coming indirectlyto mycomputerfrom
the Internetwith no intermediary device.In orderto save the
Card”program andchangedthe inputfrom“LineIn”to“Ste-
reoMix,” and recordedthe broadcastto a file.Editthe audio
file andburnitto aCDandIwasfinished.Itallworkedlikea
charm. Now, I do not need a Stereo Receiver, external re-
corder or even have to add a TV/ FM card to my computer.
The simple solutionsare alwaysthe best ones.
for publication by APCUG member groups. All other uses
require the permission of the author (see e-mail address
All Computers Wait at the Same Speed
Vinny La Bash (vlabash(at)comcast.net), Sarasota Personal Computer Users Group (www.spcug.org)
Ifirstheard that phrase aboutten yearsago at a geek confer-
ence inSeattle.Adecade agoisearlierthan the StoneAge in
motherboard. The geeks’ concern with processing speed
seemed ridiculous to those who understood that computers
spend very little of their time processing information. They
spend it waiting for us to tell them to do something. You
wouldcertainly findyourlife very boringifyou hadtospend
99% ofyour time waiting for other people to act before you
could do anything.
systemproperlytuned soyoudon’thave towaitwhileittries
to do its job. It’s no secret that Vista has had performance
problems. Microsoft has promised that their upcoming ser-
vice pack should resolve most ifnot all performance issues.
mance issue can be laid at Microsoft’s doorstep, but it’s
alwaysfun to blame them —they’re such an easy target.
Vista putsgreatdemandsonyourCPUdue toAeroandother
have named it the Eye Candy OS. Responding to the user
community,Microsoftalso addedsecurity featuresandaddi-
tional functions that were not present in XP. When you ask
your CPU to do more, you’re adding overhead. This means
you need more CPUpoweroryoulive with a slowersystem.
computer. Here are some of the things you can do to make
Vista more appealing from a performance standpoint.
don’t want to hearit.Add more memory.Vista is hungrier
for RAM than any of its predecessors, and with memory as
cheapasitis,it doesn’tmake sensetokeepit on a starvation
diet. XP runs great on one gigabyte of RAM. Vista should
have two gigabytes as a minimum, and you won’t go wrong
by installing even four gigabytes.
Even withenough physicalmemory,Vista can stillact like a
tiredolddog ifyouhavea lightweightvideocard.Gointothe
Performance Information and Toolsutility in ControlPanel,
and checkoutyourvideocard with WindowsExperienceIn-
Arealhelp to good performance isbringing yourpowerset-
Options utility in Control Panel. The default setting is Bal-
anced which is OK for XP but not Vista. The High
Performance setting givesyou full accessto all the Powerin
Turn offthe sidebar.While thisfeatureisvisuallyappealing,
it has few socially redeeming traits.Turning off this feature
downs. Disable the sidebar by right-clicking it. Select
Properties, and remove the checkmark in the box that starts
the sidebarwhen Vista wakes up.
Fine tuneyourindexingoptions.Vistahasagreat searchfea-
ture, but it’s totally dependent on indexing the files and
programson yourharddrive.It’sa mixedblessing.Youhave
you take a performance hit. By indexing fewer areas,
robust.Vista won’t let youturnoffindexing completely,but
tant to you. Do this from the Performance Information and
Toolsutility in Control Panel.
Here’sanother“eat yourveggies” type tip.Empty the Recy-
harddrive. Right clickon the Recycle Bin,select Properties,
andmakethenecessary adjustmentsin the dialog box.Don’t
forget to defrag your disk once in a while, and empty the
Recycle Bin before you defrag,not after.
Open My Computerfrom the Desktop.Rightclick onthe C:
drive,select Propertiesandcheck howmuch space you have
left on your hard drive.If you’re approaching 90% or more,
virtual memory,your performance hit could be enormous.
“talk” tothesystem without problemsanddo theirjobsprop-
erly. Newer drivers can improve 3D performance, fix bugs
and other graphical glitches in games and video programs.
Device driverscan avoid memory conflictsand preventpro-
can support innovative features within applications, and
ensure compatibility among differentprograms.
performance. Removing unnecessary startup programs,pre-
venting spyware and virus infections, and updating old
software are additional steps you can take. If yoursystem is
candoto improve performance,then it’stime to considerre-
formatting your hard drive and reinstalling everything, but
for publication by APCUG member groups. All other uses
require the permission of the author (see e-mail address
Benefits of Using a Computer Sandbox
Gene Barlow, User Group Relations
you place yourcomputerintoSandbox mode,you can safely
run anything on yourcomputer,knowing that all changesto
your hard drive will not be permanently made to your com-
puter.While in Sandbox mode, your computer runs as if all
changestothehard drive wereactually made toyoursystem.
But, at the end of using the Sandbox, you can throw away
these changes,puttingyourcomputerback exactlythe way it
was before entering the Sandbox. Let’s take a look at some
Installing New Software
the operating system,and othershortcut and setting files are
dition to the main folder that isinstalled on your hard drive
and slow down your computer. Some software products in-
clude hidden viruses or other bad programs as you install
them. The end result is that installing newsoftware on your
computer can be a risky thing to do.
Using a Sandbox to install and test new software is a much
better approach. With a Sandbox, you put your computer in
Sandbox mode beforeyoudownloadedandinstalledthenew
software.Since the Sandbox lets you use the newly installed
software just as if it had been permanently installed on your
computer,youcanrunthenewsoftware totryitoutandsee if
tion gave you a virus you were not expecting. If you find
viruses on your computer or just decide you do not like the
newly installedsoftware,you canget outofthe Sandbox and
virusthat came with it.
Letting Others Use Your Computer
puter. Other users may change your computer to match the
They maydownloadgamestheylike,change yourwallpaper
ofgetting yourcomputer changed to their needs. When they
leave, your computer no longer is the same as it was before
they arrived.Itmaytakeyoudaystogetitworkingagain like
Sandbox mode before they arrive and then let them play on
your computer to their heartscontent. When they leave,you
made to your computer. It is instantly back the way it was
before they started to use it.
ComputerLabs and Classrooms
User groups that have computer labs or classrooms have a
similar situation. The classroom computers are setup care-
fully by the instructors before the class begins. Once the
putersare different and modified from what they were in the
beginning of the day. This may cause problems for the stu-
computer’s hard drives to put them back to normal. With a
Sandbox,thislong restore processisnot needed.Instead,put
the computers in Sandbox mode at the beginning of the day
before the studentsarrive.Then at the end ofthe day,exitthe
Sandbox and throwaway all hard drive changesmade by the
students.The computersare quicklyreturnedtotheirnormal
state asyou exit the Sandbox.
Browsing the Internet
Much ofthe Spyware that you pick up on yourcomputerco-
mes from simply browsing the internet.Some web sites are
screen is enough to activate a download ofSpyware to your
browse the Internet.Windowsautomatically savesall of the
places you browse to and all of the screens you see on the
Internet.Browsing the Internetina Sandboxisa much better
approach.Place yourcomputerin Sandboxmode before you
start to browse the internet. Then browse all ofthe sites you
the Sandbox and throwaway all Spyware and tracesof web
sites you may have visited.
touse onyourcomputer.Let’slookateachofthese briefly to
help you decide which one would best meet yourneeds.
The smallest and least expensive Sandbox we offer is
ShadowSurferby StorageCraft Software.This product isthe
ofourSandbox products.With ShadowSurfer,allchangesto
your hard drive are always thrown away when you exit the
excellentproduct runson Win2000 andWinXP systemsand
excellent beginning Sandbox productformosthome users.
Acronis True Image 11 Home Try&Decide
The next step up in ability and price isa feature that Acronis
has added to their newTrue Image 11 Home backup utility.
Thisfeature iscalledTry&Decide and itisa Sandboxfeature
builtintothisaward winningbackuputility.Try&Decide re-
quires that you create and use the Acronis SecureZone on
drive.When youexitthe Sandboxwith thisproduct,you can
WinVista operating systems and is available from us at the
isa verygood Sandbox feature that comeswith an outstand-
ing backup utility.
The most advanced Sandbox utility we offer is ShadowUser
Pro by StorageCraft Software. This is a professional-level
Sandbox product that has many options and features to it.
With this product, you can password protect the controls of
the Sandbox, so that nobody can disable the Sandbox unless
they knowthe password.Perhapsthe biggestdifferencesbe-
you can pick and choose what filesto throw away and what
files to keep as you exit the Sandbox. This top of the line
is the product you should use if you are running a public
computer workstation that needstight controls.
ASandbox offers you a new way to protect your computer
ternet.Italsokeepsyourharddrive safefrom damagecaused
by others using your computer. The selection of Sandbox
productsweofferletsyoupickandchoose which one isright
for your needs. To order your Sandbox product, go to
and find the Sandbox product you are interested
in.Thenclickonthe BuyNowbuttononthatproductpage to
place yourorderusingoursecure web shopping cart.Asyou
qualify forthese excellentdiscountprices.If you have ques-
tions about this new technology or about any of these
Gene Barlow, User Group Relations, PO Box 911600, St
for them and learn more about your computer and its hard
drive. You are receiving this newsletter because you sub-
to this newsletter, send me an e-mail (geneAugr.com). User
group newsletter editors may print this article in their
monthly newsletter aslong as the article is printed in itsen-
tirety and not cut or edited. Please send me a copy of the
Benefits of Using a Computer Sandbox,
Mike Moore (email@example.com), Bowling Green Area Microcomputer User Group (www.bgamug.org)
Why dosomeiconsonyourdesktophavea littlewhite arrow
embedded in the picture?
These are shortcuts(sometimes called links).They are small
files that represent and “point to” the real thing. When you
the target file. Shortcuts are, in the lingo of computer pro-
grammers,symbolic links to actualfiles. Theydon’t contain
any of the file’s information—they just point to it. In real
terms:ifPeoria,Illinoiswasa file,then itsshortcutwouldbe
the map telling you how to get there.
on your desktop? There are several reasons. First, since a
shortcut doesnotcontainany ofthetargetfile’sinformation,
fore,placing shortcutson the desktop(orin any directory)is
safer. Accidental deletion of these linkswill not affect any-
thing other than you may lose track of where your file was!
The other reason is that you can have many shortcuts and
place them anywhere you might need quick access to your
file. For example, when we give away computers, we orga-
nize the software links in various folders on the desktop.
links,and forthe software that is both Educational and Fun,
we putlinksto thesame programinboththe Educationaland
Game folders. You can rename shortcuts to anything you
Shortcutsare also portable!IfIknowfor surethat a program
to someone and tell them to place it on their desktop. Dou-
ble-clicking on itshould open thatfile on myrecipient’sPC!
E-mailinga link ismuchmoreofasure betthane-mailingan
executable file — because most e-mail servers just won’t
allow executables (files ending in .EXE) to be sent!
wantthelinktoreferto,thendo asingle right-clickonit.This
brings up a context menu where you can create the shortcut.
Once the shortcut iscreated you can move itto anydirectory
orto the desktop.
ard that allows you to create a shortcut for any file type
desktop, right click and select ‘New’ and then ‘Shortcut’ to
activate this wizard.
for publication by APCUG member groups. All other uses
require the permission of the author (see e-mail address
Let’sexaminea typical emailscenario.Afteropeningyour
email,you find a message thatyousimply must share with
all your friends. You press the “Forward” button and one
way or another get all their email addresses in the “To:”
box. Feeling quite satisfied after pressing the “Send” but-
ton, you sit back and take satisfaction in the joy you are
sending to others.
the email ahead of you to unending streams of spam,
spyware, viruses, and other assorted electronic junk and
mischief that hackers are prone to these days. What you
have done isprove conclusivelythat youdon’t have aclue
about the proper way to forward email. Your license to
compute should be revoked immediately.
internet, and the list of email addresses embedded in the
note gets longer and longer. All it takes is for just one of
everyone in thataddresslist can be infected.
Anyone can take those email addresses, sell them or send
eveninadvertently.Whatdoesa conscientiouspersondo to
stop orbetteryet,prevent damage?
When you click the “Forward” button you enter the edit
LETE all the otheremailaddressesappearing at the top of
them and THEN pressing the Delete button on your key-
board.It doesn’t take long. When you’ve finished, delete
any other junk that isn’tactuallypart of the message,such
as information about the original sender. Delete anything
that isnot part of what you want to send.
Ifyou’re sending the messagetomore thanone person,do
ways, always use the BCC: (blind carbon copy) field for
listing the email addresses. The people receiving the
message will see only their own address.
and your address list will appear. Highlight the email ad-
iteliminatesthe possibilityofsomeone usingthe emailad-
dresses inappropriately. When you send using the blind
carbon copy, everyone receiving the message will see
“Undisclosed Recipients” in the heading information. If
send the message to yourself and use the BCC: field for
On January 15,2008,the C/C++
Interest Group) celebrated its
Congratulations, Bruce; and
Sometimes you will receive an email that is a petition. It
statesa positionand directsyou toadd yourname,address,
andsometimesotherinformation.Then you’re supposedto
send it to asmany people aspossible. Ifenough people do
this, an email can contain hundreds if not thousands of
The longer the list gets the more valuable it becomes to a
spammerorhackerbecause the namesand email addresses
are valid.If you really want to support the idea behind the
petition,a personal lettertothe eventual recipient carriesa
lot more weight than a piece of paper with a long list of
names.Whenyouthinkaboutit,listslikethesecan be gen-
erated from telephone books. Do you really think that a
memberofcongress isgoing topay attention to something
thatcould be so easily faked?
Sometimes these petitions come with statements or warn-
technologyisconstantly improving,there isstillno wayto
trace emailsthrough the internet.
One kind ofreally annoying email isthe one that promises
that something wonderful is going to happen,but only if I
forward the message to at least ten people in the next ten
minutes. However,ifIfailtodo so,someunspeakable evil
willsurelybefallme.Ialwaysfailtodo so,andnothing bad
hashappened yet,butIwonderif thiscould be the reason I
haven’twon the lottery.
Before forwarding some version of an AmberAlert,take a
little time to check out the story behind the message. Most
ofthese messageshave beencirculating aroundtheinternet
foryears.Some ofthemhavebeenaround foradecade.Al-
most allofthem are much lessthan they seem. Some sites
Youmaynotbe ableto stopthisstuffonyourown,butyou
can stop contributing to it.
How to Forward Email
Vinny La Bash (vlabash(at)comcast.net), Sarasota Personal Computer Users Group (
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested