Although Tanzania’s child mortality rate has been falling steadily in recent decades,
it remains 77 percent above the world average, at 108 deaths per 1,000 children. In
order to address this problem, the Tanzanian government sought to improve nutrition
and incomes in rural areas by restructuring its agriculture sector, particularly the
struggling dairy industry.
Tanzania wanted to follow the best model and learn how India carried out its
renowned “white revolution,” during which it increased its milk production by a factor
of ﬁve to become the world’s largest single milk producer.
Last year, the World Bank funded a Knowledge Exchange between the two nations,
aimed at improving the performance of Tanzania’s dairy sector by promoting
favorable policies, incentives and efﬁcient dairy supply chains, as well as improving
the operational efﬁciency of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and the
Ministry of Agriculture (MoA).
The initiative involved a number of Knowledge Exchange Instruments and activities
and was highly successful. A working group from Tanzania and India met in a series of
videoconferences to plan the exchange, which was anchored by a 10-day expert visit
to Tanzania by six ofﬁcials from the Indian National Development Dairy Board and the
Gujarat Federation. Then a small delegation of 14 Tanzanian ofﬁcials, chosen from the
MoA, NDDB, dairy producers, processors, and distributors, visited India on a study
tour to see ﬁrst-hand how India had transformed its dairy industry. The exchange
participants held a follow-up videoconference and developed a brochure and videos
summarizing the lessons learned.
The outcomes included:
• Enhanced knowledge and skills
• Improved consensus and teamwork
• New implementation know-how
Using their new insights, Tanzanian dairy ofﬁcials have not only developed policies
based on the Indian model, they have also successfully implemented dairy reforms
and built consensus among stakeholder groups for a blueprint of further reforms. The
NDDB has implemented the rapid results approach learnt from India to scale up the
reforms across the country.
Even though Tanzania may not see its milk production quintuple in the near future,
it has started to make progress in revamping and improving its agriculture sector.
Boosting nutrition and incomes in rural areas cannot be far behind.
1 This story is based on an actual knowledge exchange initiative between Tanzania and India
but has been modiﬁed for the purposes of this toolkit. Details of the exchange are not neces-
sarily accurate and should not be referenced as factual. For more information about the actual
exchange, please visit http://wbi.worldbank.org/sske.
• Examples from the
Tanzanian Story are
used throughout this
toolkit to show you
how to write each step
of your Knowledge
Exchange design. While
based on a true case,
The Tanzanian Story
as represented herein
has been modiﬁed for
the purpose of learning
and should not be
GOT miLK? HOW TANzANiA LEARNED
FROm iNDiA’s ‘WHiTE REvOLuTiON’
IlluStRAtIvE CASE StuDY