much as a female" (Qur'an, Al-Nisa, 4:11). A woman's legal testimony is worth half of a man's.
God says that " call in to witness two witnesses, men; or if the two be not men, then one man and
two women, such witness as you approve of, that if one women errs the other will remind
her"(Qur'an, Al-Baqara, 2:282).
Historically, in the Indo-Pak's tribal and rural cultures, women were treated as the
property of men. Role of woman has been submission, to serve as a commodity and to sacrifice
herself for the sake of values determined by man (Niaz, 2003). Th
at is why women “consider
themselves insecure, incomplete, ineffective a
nd inefficient without males” (
Niaz, 2003). If any
woman rebels against the cultural norms she has to face physical violence at home and
psychological violence in the society. In Pakistan, domestic violence is considered a private
matter, as it occurs in the family and therefore not an appropriate focus for assessment,
intervention or policy changes
Women have to face discrimination and violence on a daily basis
due to the cultural and religious norms that Pakistani society embraces (Fikree & Bhatti, 1999).
Due to injustices of society women face more stressors and use ineffective coping styles as
compared to men ultimately resulting in poor health.
Unfortunately, in most of the Pakistani and Indian societies there is no education, no
freedom, women are treated like slaves or prisoners in the households and violence against
women in these societies is very common. There is a famous proverb, used and believed so
universally, in such societies, "Zan, Zar, Zameen" (Woman, Money, Land) being the source of
everything evil. This is a sound wisdom in these cultures. In such societies, women's personality
is determined by the man's wishes. If she is non-compliant and rebellious she can become a