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Savinglabelsiseasy.Becauselabelsareattributesofthemapobject,youdonothavetorememberto
savethemtoaseparatetable.Anylabeleditsyouhavepending,orchangesyouhavemadetothe
LayerPropertiessettings,areeasilysavedtoaworkspace.Becauselabelsaresavedinaworkspace,
youcanalwayscreateandeditwhatevercustomlabelsettingsyouwant,andyoucanalwayssavethose
labels-evenifthetablesyouareusingareread-only.
YoucanlabelyourmapautomaticallythroughLayerControl'sLayerPropertiesdialogbox.Youcustomize
howlabelsdisplayfromtheLayerControlwindow(maketheMapwindowactiveandthenselectMap>
LayerControl)ordirectlyonthemap:
• Toseelabelsdisplayedforyourentiremaplayer,clicktheAutomaticLabels
iconinLayerControl
window.
• Tomakeachangethatappliestoalltheautomaticlabelsinyourlayer,double-clickthelayername
intheLayerControlwindowandmakeyourchangesintheLayerPropertiesdialogbox.Allautomatic
labelsareupdatedtousethesettingsthatyouchoose:forexample,ifyouchangethelabelfontso
thatitisItalic,allautomaticlabelsforthatlayerrefreshtouseItalic.
• Tocustomizeasinglelabel,double-clickthatlabelonthemap.Forexample,youmightwantmostof
yourlabelstodrawin9-pointArial,butyoumightwantoneparticularlabeltodisplayin18-pointtext
toshowtheimportanceofthatgeographicfeature.Double-clickthelabelthatyouwanttocustomize
onthemap,andintheLabelStyledialogboxcustomizethelabel.
• Whenyoueditalabel,thelabelbecomeslessdynamic.Forexample,ifyoudouble-clickalabelto
changeitsfont,thenthatlabelhasitsownfontsetting.Ifyouthenassignadifferentlabelfonttoyour
layer,thenewlabelfontwillnotapplytothelabelthatyouedited,becausetheeditedlabelremembers
thatithasacustomfont.YoucanresetalleditedlabelsbychoosingMap>ClearCustomLabels.
• Asanalternativetoturningonautomaticlabels,youcanlabelgeographicfeaturesbyhandoneata
timebyselectingtheLabel
toolfromthetoolbarandthenclickingthegeographicfeaturethatyou
wanttolabel.
TheLabeltoolonlydrawslabelsifthelayerthatyouareclickingonismarkedSelectablein
LayerControlwindow.
Note:
Tocontrolwhetheryoucanselectlabelswhenyouclickonthemap,clickSelectableLabels
inthe
LayerControlwindow.Bydefault,labelsareselectable.Youmightmakelabelsunselectableifyoufind
thatyouareaccidentallyselectinglabelsonthemapwhenyouweretryingtoselectpointsorlines.This
isapermapsetting,soeachMapwindowhasitsownsetting.Eachmap'sSelectableLabelssettingis
preservedwhenyousaveaworkspace.
ChoosingtheLabelContent
Whenyoulabelyourmapautomatically,orinteractivelyusingtheLabeltool,thecontentofthelabelsis
determinedbythedataassociatedwiththegeographicobject.Youcanobtainthelabelsfromthecolumns
inyourtable,orthederivedresultofanexpressionusingthecolumninformation.Ifthecolumninformation
oranexpressiondoesnotsuityourneeds,youcaneditthelabelcontentortypeinnewtext.SeeEditing
Labelsformoreinformation.
TextyoucreateyourselfusingtheTexttoolisatextobjectandbehaveslikeotherobjectsyoudrawon
yourmapsuchassquaresandcircles.Althoughlabelsandtextobjectsbehavesomewhatdifferently,
textobjectsarestillusefulforadditionalmapannotationsuchastitles.Forinformationontextobjects,
seeWorkingwithTextontheMap.
TheAutolabelertool,availablefromtheToolManager(ontheToolsmenu,clickToolManager),creates
labelsastextobjectsintheCosmeticLayer.Thisapplicationmaybeusefulifyouneedtocreatelabels
thatcanbetransferredtoapermanenttable.Inaddition,youcancreatetextobjectsandconvertlabels
intotextobjectsusinganothertoolfromtheToolManagerset,theLabelertool,whichisexplainedlater
inthischapter.
LabelingwithaColumn
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ThecontentoflabelsiscontrolledintheLabelwithdrop-downlistintheLayerPropertiesdialogbox.
Youcanlabelanobjectwithanycolumnfromitsassociatedtable.Forexample,youcanlabelthe
STATEStablewiththestatename,abbreviation,1990population,oranyotherfieldintheSTATES
table.Simplychooseacolumnfromthelist,andtheobjectsinthatlayerwillbelabeledwiththeinformation
containedinthatcolumn.
TheLayerPropertiesdialogboxonlyletsyousetalabelwithexpressionononelayeratatime.
AfterselectingmultiplelayersintheLayerlist,theLabelwithlistLayerPropertiesdialogbox
disablesandshowsamessagethatsaysMixed.
Note:
LabelingwithExpressions
Youcanalsolabelobjectswithanexpression.SelectExpressionfromthedrop-downlistintheLabel
Optionsdialogbox.CreatetheexpressionintheExpressiondialogbox.Youcantypetheexpression
directlyorusethedrop-downliststocreateit.Forexample,youwanttolabelthecountriesofAfricawith
theirnameandpopulationdensityontwolines.Yourtablecontainsthecountrynamesandpopulation
figuresforeachcountry.Tofigurethepopulationdensity,dividepopulationbyeachcountry'sarea.You
canletMapInfoProfessionalcalculatetheareaofeachcountryusingtheAreafunctionintheExpression
dialogbox.Tocreatetheexpression,double-clicktheAfricalayerintheLayerControlwindowandselect
theLabelDisplaytab.SelectExpressionfromtheLabelwithdrop-downlist.TheExpressiondialog
boxdisplays.Usingthedrop-downlists,createthefollowingexpression:
Country + Chr$(13) + POPULATION / Area(Object, "sq mi")
TheChr$(13)functionaddsacarriagereturntothefirstline.UsingtheLabeltool,clickacountry.MapInfo
Professionallabelsitwiththeresultoftheexpression.
• Forinstructionsandexamplesofthistopic,seeCreatingLabelsusingExpressionsintheHelpSystem.
SavingLabelstoaWorkspace
Bothautomaticandinteractivelabelsaresavedaspartofaworkspace.
Tosaveyourobjects:
1. ChooseFile>SaveWorkspace.TheSaveWorkspacedialogboxdisplays.TheSaveWorkspace
dialogboxallowsyoutosaveinformationaboutthetablesandwindowsusedinyourcurrentsession.
2. Selectthedrive,folder,andfilewhereyouwanttheworkspacesaved.
3. Typeanameforyourworkspace.
4. ClickSave.
PackingaTablewithCustomizedLabels
Notethatpackingatablethatcontainscustomizedlabelscancorruptthelabels.Forexample,youdelete
oneormorerowsfromyourtableandsavethetable.Thenyoucreateamapwithcustomizedlabels
andsavethelabelstoaworkspace.Youpackthetabletopurgethedeletedrows.SincethePack
commandclosestheMapwindow,you'llneedtoreloadtheworkspace.Whenyoudoso,yourlabels
arecorrupted.
ThisproblemoccursmostoftenwhenthedeletedrowsarelocatednearthetopoftheBrowser.Toavoid
theproblem,packthetablebeforeyoucreatethelabels.
UsingAutoLabeling
Therearetwotypesoflabels,automaticlabelsandlabelsyouplacebyclickingwiththeLabeltool.
AutomaticlabelsarelabelsthatMapInfoProfessionalgeneratesautomatically,withoutyouhavingto
clickobjectsonthemap.Whenyouturnonautomaticlabelsforalayer,MapInfoProfessionaltriesto
labeleveryobjectinthatmaplayer.However,dependingonyourfontsize,yourmapwindow,andyour
mapdata,youmayfindthatnotallitemsinthelayerlabelautomatically.
TherearesettingsintheLayerPropertiesdialogboxthatletyousetconditionsfordisplayinglabels,
inwhatstyletheywilldisplay,andinwhatpositionforalltheobjectsinthelayer.
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ControllingLabelDisplay
TheAutoLabelattributeinLayerControlisoffbydefaultforallmaplayers.
Toactivatelabelsforalayer:
• SelectoneormorelayersintheLayerControlwindowandthenclicktheAutomaticLabels
icon.
Themapredrawswithlabelsforyourlayerselections.
YoucaneasilyturnthedisplayofautomaticlabelsonoroffinLayerControlwindowbyclickingAutomatic
Labels.AnysettingsyouhavespecifiedintheLayerPropertiesdialogboxontheLabelDisplaytab
aredeactivated.YoucanalsoclickOffintheVisibilitygroupontheLabelingRulestab.Eitherway,when
yougobacktoyourmap,thelabelsnolongerdisplay.Thesesettingsalsoapplytolabelsyouhave
edited.
MakingChangestoLayerLabels
Tomakechangestothelabelsofaselectedlayer:
1. Double-clickalayerintheLayerControlwindow.TheLayerPropertiesdialogboxopens.
2. ClicktheLabelDisplayandLabelingRulestabstoselecttheappropriateoptionsforyournew
labels.
Foradescriptionoftheoptionsavailable,seeAboutCustomizingLayerProperties.
3. ClickOKtosaveyourchanges.
AboutCustomizingLayerProperties
Youcancustomizedisplaypropertiesforalayerbydouble-clickingonalayernameintheLayerControl
window.ThisopenstheLayerPropertiesdialogboxwhereyoucansetpropertiesforhowtodisplay
thelayeranditslabels.
Youcancustomizepropertiesformultiplelayersatthesametimebyselectingthelayers(pressCtrl
whileclickingonlayernames)andthenright-clickingandselectingLayerPropertiesfromthepop-up
menu.
YoucaneasilyturnautomaticlabelsonoroffbyclickingtheAutomaticLabels
iconontheLayer
Controlwindow.Evenafteryouhaveturnedoffautomaticlabelsforalayer,thelayermaystillhavesome
labelsifanyofthatlayer'slabelshavebeenedited.Toturnoffalllabelsforyourlayer,includingedited
labels,clicktheOffradiobuttonintheLabelingRulestaboftheLayerPropertiesdialogbox.
Whenacheckboxisfilledin(notblankandwithoutacheckmark)itmeansthattherearedifferent
propertiessetforthatoptionamongthelayersyouhaveselected.Selectingthecheckboxappliesitto
allofthelayersinyourselection.
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LabelDisplaytab
OptionsontheLabelDisplaytabinclude:
• Labelwith-Choosethecolumnthatyouwantreflectedinthelabel.YoucanonlysetaLabelwith
expressiononasinglelayer.AfterselectingmultiplelayersintheLayerlist,theLabelwithlistdisables
andshowsamessagethatsaysMixed.
• Expression-ClicktoopentheExpressiondialogboxandcreateanexpressionqueryofyourdata.
• Allowabbreviatedlabels-Selectthischeckboxtouseanalternateabbreviationfieldexpression
forlabelsthatcannotbedrawn,becausetheyoverlapotherlabelsordonotfitwithinaregion.
Fromdrop-downlist,selectthetablefield(column)thatcontainstheabbreviations.
• Font-ClickthisbuttontodisplaytheTextStyledialogbox,tosetallpropertiesofthelabelingfont.
• Size-Setsthefontsizeofthelabelingfont.
• Color-Setstheforegroundcolorofthelabelingfont.
• Translucency-Usethissliderbartoindicatethetranslucencyoftheselectedobjectofthelabels.
Translucencycanbesetbetween0to100%.A0%translucencyiscompletelyopaque(orcannotbe
seenthrough).A100%translucencyiscompletelytransparent(orcompletelyinvisible).
• LabelLines-Selectalinetype,ornolinetype,toattachthelabeltotheanchorpoint.
• None-Donotdisplayalinewiththelabel.
• Simple-Createacalloutbyusingasimplelinethatconnectsthelabeltotheanchorpoint.Label
linesdisplayafteryoumovethelabelfromwhereitwasoriginallycreated.
• Arrow-Createacalloutbyusinganarrowandlinethatconnectsthelabeltoanchorpoint.Label
linesdisplayafteryoumovethelabelfromwhereitwasoriginallycreated.
LabelingRulestab
OptionsontheLabelingRulestabinclude:
• LabelPositionbuttons-Usethelabelposition(AnchorPoint)buttonsandthelabeloffsettospecify
thelabel'splacement.Theanchorpointisthelabel'spositionrelativetothemapobject.
Clickoneofthebuttonstoselectananchorpoint.Thedefaultanchorpointvarieswiththetypeofmap
objectyouarelabeling:RegionsdefaulttoCenter,LinesdefaulttoAboveCenter,andPointsdefault
toRight.
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Description
Position
Anchor
Point
Button
Placesthelabelaboveandtotheleftoftheanchorpoint.
UpperLeft
Centersthelabeldirectlyabovetheanchorpoint.
UpperCenter
Placesthelabelaboveandtotherightoftheanchorpoint.
UpperRight
Placesthelabeldirectlytotheleftoftheanchorpoint.
Left
Centersthelabelattheanchorpoint.
Center
Placesthelabeldirectlytotherightoftheanchorpoint.
Right
Placesthelabelbelowandtotheleftoftheanchorpoint.
LowerLeft
Centersthelabeldirectlybelowtheanchorpoint.
LowerCenter
Placesthelabelbelowandtotherightoftheanchorpoint.
LowerRight
Theanchorpointisanongoingattributeofthelabel.Forexample,ifyouanchorapointobject'slabel
atCenterLeftandyouincreasethelabel'sfontsize,thetextwillgrowtotheleft.Thisway,thetext
canneveroverwritethepoint.
• Labeloffset-Designatenumberofpoints(ameasurementoftextsize)labelshouldbeplacedfrom
theanchorpoint.
Thelabel'sanchorpointandoffsetmovealabelwithrespecttoitscurrentlocationandthe
currentzoom.Wheneveryouwanttomakeminoradjustmentstothelabel'sposition,you
shouldusethesetwooptions.
Note:
Lines:Theseoptionsdisplaywhenthelayerhaslineobjects.
• Horizontal-Selecttodisplayalllabelshorizontally.
• Rotated-Selecttorunthelabeltextparalleltothelinesegment.Usingthisoption,ahorizontalpolyline
woulddisplayparallelhorizontallabelsandaverticalpolylinewoulddisplayverticalstreetlabels.
• Curved-Selecttodisplaythelabelalongthecurveofthepolylineorarcsegment.
• Autopositionalongline-Selecttofindthemostsuitablelocationalongapolyline,becauseapolyline
bendstoosharplyatthelocationwherethelabelistobeplaced.MapInfoProfessionaldrawsthelabel
atoneofthebestthreepositionsthatitfinds.
• Allowrotatedasfallback-Selecttohavecurvedlabelsthatcannotbedrawnfallbacktobeing
normallabelsthatarerotated.
• Overhang-Usethissliderbartoindicatetheamountalabelmayextendbeyondtheendofaline
(suchasastreet)Thedefaultamountis40%.
Regions:Theseoptionsdisplaywhenthelayerhasregionobjects.
• Labelatcentroid-Placelabelsrelativetoregioncentroids(centerpoints).
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• Autopositionlabelwithinregion-Ifyouselectthis,MapInfoProfessionalignorestheLabelPosition
settingforregionlabelsandinsteadcalculateseachregion'sideallabelpositionbasedontheshape
ofthatregion.TheLabelPositionsettingstillaffectspointorlinelabelsinthesamelayer,andMapInfo
Professionalplacestheselabelsaroundtheircentroid.
• Allowfontreductionforbetterfit-Letsyouspecifyapercentasthelimittowhichlabelfontsizes
willreducetomakelabelsfitwithinregionboundaries.Labelswillnotreducepastthisvalue.Youcan
usethesliderorselectthevaluefromthedrop-downlist.Thedefaultvalueis50%.
• Maximum#offontsizes-Limitsthenumberoffontsizestousewhenresizinglabelsforaregion
layer.Thedefaultvalueisfour(4).
• Confinelabelstoregionboundary-Selecttodisplayonlythelabelsthatfitwithintheirregion
boundaries.
• Placeoutsideifnecessary(callout)-Selecttodisplaylabelsthatdonotfitwithintheirregion
boundariesbypositioningthemoutsideoftheirregionwithacallout(alineconnectingthelabeltoits
region).ThisoptionisonlyavailableafterselectingtheConfinelabelstoregionboundarycheck
box.
LabelFitandDensity:
• DiscardLabel-Selecttoremovelabelsthatoverlapeachother.
• Tryotherpositions-Selecttoavoidoverlappinglabelsanddisplaymorelabeloptions.Whenlabels
wouldoverlap,MapInfoProfessionaltriestoplaceconflictinglabelsinotherpositionsaroundtheobject
thelabelisdescribing.
• Allowoverlappingtext-Selecttoallowlabelstobedrawnontopofeachother.Somelabelsdonot
displaybecausetheyoverlaplabelsthatarehavebeengivenhigherpriorityonthemap.
• Allowduplicatetext-Checktoallowduplicatelabelsfordifferentobjectstodisplay,forexample,
Portland,ORandPortland,ME.Thisoptionisalsousedwithstreetmapstolabelstreetsegments
individually.
• Labelpartialobjects-Checktolabelpolylinesandobjectswhosecentroidsarenotvisibleinthe
Mapwindow.Thisfeatureonlyappliestoautolabels.Also,whenyoucustomizealabel,thelocation
ofthelabelwillnotchange.
LabelVisibility:
• VisibilityOn-Checktoallowdisplayoflabels.
• VisibilityOff-Checktosuppressalllabelsforthislayerincludingcustomand/oreditedlabels.
• Withinzoomrange-Selecttodisplaylabelswithinaspecifiedzoomrange,muchthesamewaythat
youdisplaymaplayerswithinacertainzoomrange.Whenlabelingadensetableofstreetssuchas
aStreetProDisplaylayer,onlyafewofthestreetswillbelabeledwhenthemapiszoomedout.
• Whenalayerisoutsideofitszoomrange,thelayernameisdimmedandthereisanasterisk(*)beside
theVisibleOn/Offcheckbox.IfthezoomrangeissettoWithinzoomrangeandthemap'szoom
levelisoutofthelabel'smin/maxzoomrange,thentheAutomaticLabelsdonotdisplayinthemap.
• MinZoom-Specifytheminimumdistanceatwhichthislayer'slabelsarevisible.
• MaxZoom-Specifythemaximumdistanceatwhichthislayer'slabelsarevisible.
CreatingCallouts
WhenyouarelabelingRegionobjects,theLayerPropertiesdialogprovidesyouwithoptionsfor
automaticallygeneratingcalloutlabels.Youcanalsocreatecalloutlabelsmanually,bydragginglabels
awayfromtheirgeographicfeatures.
Foradditionalinformationaboutusingcallouts,seeUseCalloutsforLabelsthatdonotfitwithinRegion
BoundariesintheMapInfoProfessionalHelpSystem.
Tocreatecallouts:
1. IntheLayerControlwindow,double-clickthelayertoopentheLayerPropertiesdialogbox.
2. OntheLabelDisplaytab,settheLabelLinesoptiontoSimple(forplaincalloutlines)orArrow
(forcalloutlinesthathaveanarrowheadattheend).
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3. ClickOK.
4. Createlabelsforyourmaplayer.Youcaneithercreateautomaticlabels,byclickingtheAutomatic
Labels
iconinthelayerlist,orplacelabelsbyhandbyselectingtheLabel
toolandthen
clickingonobjectsinyourmaplayer.
5. OntheMaintoolbar,clicktheSelect
tool.
6. IntheMapwindow,selectalabelanddragitawayfromitslocation.Acalloutlineconnectsthelabel
tothelabel'soriginallocation.
Calloutlinescannotbecreatedwithcurvedlinelabels,becausecurvedlinelabelsautomatically
snapbackintopositionnexttotheirlines.
Note:
LabelStyles
TheTextStyledialogboxgivesyouanumberofchoicesforlabelandtextobjectstyles.Youcanalso
changethestylesofmultipleselectedlabelsatatime.
Tomakestylechangesforallthelabels,clicktheFontbuttonintheLayerPropertiesdialogboxto
displaytheTextStyledialogbox.
Tochangethestylesofaselectedlabelorlabels,selectthelabel(s)andeitherontheOptionsmenu,
clickTextStyle,orclicktheTextStylebuttonintheDrawingtoolbartodisplaytheTextStyledialog
box.Ifyouchangethestylesofmultiplelabelsatonce,holddowntheShift
keyasyouselecteachlabel.
Makethestylechangesyouwant.Whenyoureturntothemap,theselectedlabelsdisplaywiththestyle
changesyouspecified.Theavailablestylesareexplainedinthenexttable.
Description
Option
Usesboldtexttocreatethelabel.
Bold
Usesitalictexttocreatethelabel.
Italic
Placesalineunderneaththetext.
Underline
TEXTDISPLAYSINALLCAPITALLETTERS.
AllCaps
Createsashadowbehindthetext.(notshown)
Shadow
Aspaceisplacedbetweeneachcharacterinthelabel
ortextobject.
Expanded
Therearealsothreebackgroundoptions.
• ClickNonetohavenobackground.
• ChooseHalotocreateahaloeffectaroundthetext.Thisputsthetextintorelieffromwhateverit
covers(forexample,partofaregion,orastreet,etc.).
• ClickBoxtocreateabackgroundboxbehindthetext.
WhenyouchooseeithertheBoxorHalobackgrounds,theColorlistisactivated.Clickittodisplaya
paletteofcolorsforthehaloorthebackground.Thecoloryouchoosecorrespondstothebuttonthatis
currentlyactivated.ThecolordisplaysintheboxandintheSample.ClickOKtoacceptacolor.
Toquicklychangethesizeandcoloroflabelsforalayer,double-clickonthelayernameintheLayer
Controlwindow.UndertheLabelDisplaytabintheLayerPropertiesdialogbox,makeyourselections
fromtheSizeandColorlists.
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LabelingInteractively
Althoughyouwillprobablydomostofyourlabelingautomatically,youwillneedinteractivelabelingto
editandcreateindividuallabels.
EditingLabels
Itisveryeasytoeditindividuallabels,eitherthoseyouhavedisplayedautomaticallyorthoseyouhave
createdinteractivelywiththeLabeltool.UsingtheSelecttool,double-clickthelabel.TheLabelStyle
dialogboxdisplays.ThechangesyoumakeinLabelStyledialogboxapplyonlytotheselectedlabel.
ChangesyouwanttoapplytoallthelabelsmustbedonethroughLabelDisplaytabandLabelingRules
tabintheLayerPropertiesdialogbox(chooseMap>LayerControlanddouble-clickonalayerinthe
list).
TheLabelStyledialogboxallowsyoutomakechangestothetext,position,andangleofthelabels.
Youcanalsomakechangestocallouts,add,ordeletethem.
Tochangethelabelcontent,simplytypethenewlabeltextintotheTextbox.Theothercontrolsinthis
dialogboxworkthesamewayasintheLayerPropertiesdialogbox.
Movingaselectedlabelisthesameasmovingotherobjects;simplydragthemwiththemouse.Ifyou
movealabelthathasacallout,thelinewillreappearautomaticallyafteryoumovethelabel.
Youcanalsorotatethelabelmanuallyaboutitsanchorpoint.Whenyouselectthelabel,usetherotation
edithandlethatappearstothelowerrightofthelabel.
• Formoreinformation,seeMovingLabelsYouCreatedManuallyintheHelpSystem.
UsingTextObjectsasLabels
WhilelabelsinMapInfoProfessionalareattributesofthemaplayer,textobjectslooklikelabelsbut
behavelikeotherannotationsyoudrawonthemap.Youmustmakeoneofyourlayerseditablebefore
youcancreateTextobjects.YoucanmaketheCosmeticlayereditable,createtextobjectsinthe
Cosmeticlayer,andthenlatersavethosetextobjectstoapermanenttableifyouneedto.
TheLabelertoolintheMapInfoProfessionalToolManagerhelpsyouusetextobjectstoperformseveral
commonlabelingtasks:
• Convertlabelsintotextobjects,sothattheycanbesavedinapermanenttable.
• Createlabelsforonlythecurrently-selectedobjects.
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• DrawtextobjectsoneatatimeusingtheTextLabelbutton.Thisallowsyoutocreatemultiple
annotationsforasinglemapfeature,whichissomethingyoucannotdousinglabels.
CreatingLabelswiththeLabelerTool
TousetheLabelertool,chooseTools>ToolManager,andthenlocateLabelerToolinthelistof
availabletools.SelecttheLoadedcheckboxand/ortheAutoloadcheckbox,andthenclickOK.Options
fortheLabelertoolnowappearontheToolsmenuandontheToolstoolbar.
UsetheLabelertooltocreateindividuallabels.First,makesurethatthelayercontainingtheobjects
youwanttolabelisselectable.ClicktheLabelertooltoactivateit,andclickamapobject.MapInfo
ProfessionallabelstheobjectwiththecolumnorexpressionyouspecifiedforthatlayerintheLayer
Controlwindow.Double-clickonthelayertodisplaytheLayerPropertiesdialogandmakechangeson
theLabelDisplaytabandLabelingRulestab.RememberthatInfoTipsareactivefortheLabelertool,
soyoucanviewtheobject'slabelbeforeyouactuallylabeltheobject.
FormoreinformationabouttheLabelertool,seetheToolssectionoftheHelpSystem.
SavingLabels
Wheneveryoumanuallyeditautomaticlabels(includingdeletingusingtheEditmenu,andclickClear
orpresstheDelete
key),changethesettingsonindividualautomaticlabels,orcreatelabelswiththe
Labeltool,youwillneedtosaveyourmaptoaworkspacetohavethemdisplayinyournextsession.
Forexample,labelsettingsaredeactivatedbydefault.ClicktheAutomaticLabels
iconinLayer
Controltodisplayautomaticlabelsonyourmapanddonotsavethechangewhenyouclosethetable.
Thenexttimeyoudisplayyourmap,thelabelsdonotdisplaybecausethesettingsgobacktothedefaults.
AswiththeotherLayerControloptions,labelsettingsaretemporaryunlessyousaveaworkspace.
ManuallyeditedlabelsandlabelscreatedwiththeLabeltoolbehavedifferently.Ifyoucloseawindow
oratableandyouhavelabeleditspending,MapInfoProfessionalwillspecificallypromptyoutosave
thesessiontoaworkspace.
ThisalsoappliestolabelsyouhavedeletedusingtheEditmenu,clickClearorpresstheDelete
key.
Youmaynothaveanylabelsvisibleonyourmap,butbecausedeletingalabelisaneditingoperation,
MapInfoProfessionalwillaskyouifyouwanttosavetheeditstoaworkspace.
• ClickSavetosaveyoureditedlabelstoaWorkspacefile.
• ClickDiscardifyoudonotwanttosaveanyeditedlabels.Thewindow-closeortable-closeoperation
willproceed.
• ClickCancelifyoudonotwanttoproceedwiththeCloseoperation.Thetableorwindowwillnotclose,
andyourMapwindowwillkeepanyeditedlabels.
Formoreinformation,seeRemovingLabelsintheHelpSystem.
Adding an Adornment to the Map
MapInfoProfessionalprovidesmapadornments,suchasscalebar,toplaceandanchorinaMapor
classicLayoutwindow.Thescaleorgeographicpositionofthemapdoesnotaffectthepositionorsize
ofanadornment,soitremainsstationarywhenzoomingorpanningthemap.However,theproperties
andvisualrepresentationofanadornment,suchasamapscale,maychangeasthemapprojectionor
scalechanges.
Adornmentsaredrawnasthetopmostelementsonamap,ontopofanylabelsandontopofthecosmetic
layer.Adornmentsmaydisplaywithaborderandabackground.Youcanmoveadornmentsanywhere
onthemapbyclickinganddraggingthemwiththemousecursor.
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Youcanpre-setadornmentproperties,suchasthedefaultpositionandstyle,intheMapPreferences
dialogboxundertheAdornmentstab(ontheOptionsmenu,pointtoPreferencesandthenclickMap
Window).
AddingaScaleBartoRepresentMapScale
ThemapscalebarshowsthescaleofmaprepresentationrelativetotheportionoftheEarth'ssurface
itdisplays.Thescalebaralsohastheoptiontoshowthecartographicscaleofthemap.
AboutMapScale
AmaprepresentsaportionoftheEarth'ssurface,soeachmaphasascalethatindicatestherelationship
betweenadistanceonthemapandthedistanceontheground.Thescaleisaratioorrepresentative
fraction(RF).Itcanbeexpressedas1/100,000or1:100,000.Inthisexample,onecentimeteronthe
mapequals100,000centimeters(1kilometer)ontheearth.Italsomeansthatoneinchonthemapis
equalto100,000inchesontheland(8,333feet,4inchesorabout1.6miles).Oreven1paperclipon
themapisequalto100,000paperclipsontheground.CommonRFsinclude1:63,360(1inchto1mile)
and1:1,000,000(1cmto10km).
InMapInfoProfessional,amapscalethatdoesnotincludedistanceunits,suchas1:63,360or
1:1,000,000,iscalledacartographicscale.
Mapsareoftenknownaslargescaleorsmallscale.Alargescalemapshowsgreaterdetailandhasa
largerrepresentativefraction(RF)of1:50,000orgreater(forexample,1:10,000).Asmallscalemap
showsmoreoftheearth'ssurfaceandhasasmallRF,suchas1:250,000to1:7,500,000.Mapsbetween
1:50,000to1:250,000areanintermediatescale.Mapsoftheworldthatfitontoanormalsheetofpaper
areverysmallscale,about1to100million.
Thescalebaradjustsasyouzoomandpanthemaptoaccuratelyreflectthenewmapview.
TheHelpSystemcontainstheserelatedtopics:
• AddingaScaleBartotheMap
• AddingaCartographicScaletotheScaleBar
• ResettingtheScaleBarorCartographicScaleValue
Working with Layouts
Onceyouhavecreatedtheperfectmap,youcancreateandcustomizeapagelayouttoshowcaseyour
workinhigh-qualitypresentationsorprintouts.
MapInfoProfessionaloffersbothaclassicLayoutwindowfordesigningmaplayoutsforprintorexport,
andaLayoutDesignerwindowthatwilleventuallyreplacetheclassicLayoutwindow.
TheLayoutDesignerwindowcontainsalivemapthatyoucanedit,sothatyoudonotneedtotoggle
betweenthelayoutandeditingintheMapwindow.TheLayoutDesignerwindowshowsthemapusing
theprinterresolution,sothatyouknowbeforehandwhatyourprintoutwilllooklike(youwillknowwhat
labelswillbeontheprintedmap).Incontrast,theMapwindowshowsmapsusingthescreenresolution,
whichisnotanaccuraterepresentationofwhattheprintedmapwouldlooklike(labelsinaMapwindow
maynotbeontheprintedmap).Italsooffersmoreadvancedalignmenttoolsfordesigningyourlayout
andletsyouinsertimagefiles,suchasacompanylogo,directlytothecanvas.
TheclassicLayoutwindowletsyouaddcomplicatedgeometrytoyourlayoutsandletsyouworkwith
theRedistrictwindow,whichtheLayoutDesignerwindowdoesnot.Italsoofferslayouttemplates,
whicharenotyetavailablewiththeLayoutDesignerwindow.
ToreadmoreabouttheLayoutwindow,seeWorkingwiththeClassicLayoutWindow
MapInfoProfessional12.5
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WorkingwithLayouts
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested