CAAP 5.81-1(1): Flight Crew Licensing Flight Reviews
Unit C7: Threat and Error Management – Flight Standard
Unit Description: Skills, knowledge and behaviour to recognise and plan, direct and control threats and errors.
C7.1 Recognise and manage
Identifies relevant environmental or operational threats
that are likely to affect
of the flight.
Develops and implements countermeasures to manage threats
Monitors and assesses flight progress to ensure a safe
outcome or modifies
actions when a safe outcome is not assured.
C7.2 Recognise and manage
and standard operating procedures
to prevent aircraft
handling, procedural or communication errors; and identifies committed errors
is affected or aircraft enters an undesired aircraft state
Monitors aircraft systems, flight environment and crewmembers, and collects
and analyses information to identify potential or actual errors
Implements countermeasures to prevent errors
or takes action in the time
available to correct errors
before the aircraft enters an undesired aircraft state
C7.3 Recognise and manage
undesired aircraft states
Recognises undesired aircraft states.
Prioritises tasks to ensure management of undesired aircraft states.
Manipulates aircraft controls or systems, or modifies actions or procedures, to
maintain control of the aircraft and return to normal flight operations in the
Range of Variables
All flight and ground operations.
Explain the principles of threat and error management by detailing a process to identify and mitigate or control
threats and errors during multi-crew operations.
Give an example of how an undesired aircraft state can develop from an unmanaged threat or error.
Identify the aspects of multi-crew operations that can prevent an undesired aircraft state.
Explain how the use of checklists and standard procedures prevents errors.
Give an example of a committed error and how action could be taken to ensure safety of flight.
Explain how prioritising and managing workload can reduce the occurrence of errors.
Explain how establishing and maintaining interpersonal relationships can ensure safety of flight.
Explain how checklists and standard operating procedures can help to recognise, prevent and/or correct errors.