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STATISTICAL APPENDIX
International Monetary Fund | October 2015 
181
Table A9. Summary of World Trade Volumes and Prices
(Annual percent change)
Averages
Projections
1997–2006
2007–16
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Trade in Goods and Services
World Trade1
Volume
6.8
3.5
7.9
2.9
–10.3
12.5
6.7
2.9
3.3
3.3
3.2
4.1
Price Deflator
In U.S. Dollars
1.4
0.6
7.9
11.6
–10.5
5.7
11.2
–1.7
–0.6
–1.8
–12.1
–0.5
In SDRs
1.3
1.0
3.7
8.1
–8.3
6.8
7.5
1.3
0.2
–1.8
–4.8
–1.0
Volume of Trade
Exports
Advanced Economies
6.2
2.9
7.0
2.1
–11.2
12.1
5.9
2.2
2.9
3.4
3.1
3.4
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
8.1
4.6
9.4
4.5
–8.0
13.6
7.6
4.5
4.4
2.9
3.9
4.8
Imports
Advanced Economies
6.6
2.4
5.3
0.4
–11.7
11.5
5.1
1.1
2.0
3.4
4.0
4.2
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
8.3
6.0
15.4
9.3
–8.0
14.5
10.3
5.9
5.2
3.6
1.3
4.4
Terms of Trade
Advanced Economies
–0.2
0.0
0.2
–2.3
2.7
–0.9
–1.7
–0.7
0.8
0.4
1.6
0.1
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
1.9
0.1
2.0
3.7
–4.9
2.4
3.9
0.6
–0.3
–0.5
–4.7
–1.0
Trade in Goods 
World Trade1
Volume
7.1
3.3
7.2
2.5
–11.8
14.3
6.7
2.5
3.0
3.1
3.0
3.9
Price Deflator
In U.S. Dollars
1.3
0.5
8.1
12.4
–11.7
6.5
12.6
–1.7
–1.0
–2.4
–13.2
–0.8
In SDRs
1.2
0.9
3.9
8.9
–9.5
7.6
8.9
1.3
–0.2
–2.4
–6.0
–1.3
World Trade Prices in U.S. Dollars2
Manufactures
0.3
0.8
5.7
6.2
–5.6
2.4
6.4
0.5
–1.1
–0.6
–4.1
–0.7
Oil
12.2
–2.4
10.7
36.4
–36.3
27.9
31.6
1.0
–0.9
–7.5
–46.4
–2.4
Nonfuel Primary Commodities
2.2
0.4
13.9
7.9
–15.8
26.5
17.9
–10.0
–1.2
–4.0
–16.9
–5.1
Food
–0.1
2.0
14.8
24.5
–14.8
11.9
19.9
–2.4
1.1
–4.1
–16.8
–4.7
Beverages
0.2
4.5
13.8
23.3
1.6
14.1
16.6
–18.6
–11.9
20.7
–4.7
–1.2
Agricultural Raw Materials
–0.6
1.0
5.0
–0.7
–17.1
33.2
22.7
–12.7
1.6
1.9
–11.8
–1.4
Metal
8.9
–3.0
17.4
–7.8
–19.2
48.2
13.5
–16.8
–4.3
–10.3
–22.3
–9.4
World Trade Prices in SDRs2
Manufactures
0.1
1.3
1.6
2.9
–3.3
3.5
2.8
3.6
–0.3
–0.5
3.9
–1.2
Oil
12.0
–2.0
6.4
32.2
–34.8
29.3
27.2
4.1
–0.1
–7.5
–41.9
–2.9
Nonfuel Primary Commodities
2.1
0.8
9.5
4.6
–13.7
27.9
13.9
–7.3
–0.4
–3.9
–9.9
–5.6
Food
–0.2
2.5
10.3
20.6
–12.7
13.1
15.8
0.6
1.9
–4.1
–9.9
–5.2
Beverages
0.1
4.9
9.4
19.5
4.1
15.3
12.7
–16.1
–11.2
20.8
3.2
–1.6
Agricultural Raw Materials
–0.8
1.5
0.9
–3.8
–15.1
34.6
18.6
–10.0
2.4
2.0
–4.4
–1.9
Metal
8.8
–2.5
12.8
–10.7
–17.2
49.8
9.7
–14.3
–3.5
–10.2
–15.8
–9.8
World Trade Prices in Euros2
Manufactures
0.4
2.0
–3.1
–1.1
–0.2
7.5
1.5
8.8
–4.2
–0.6
14.5
–1.2
Oil
12.3
–1.3
1.4
27.1
–32.7
34.3
25.5
9.3
–4.1
–7.6
–35.9
–2.9
Nonfuel Primary Commodities
2.3
1.6
4.3
0.5
–11.0
32.8
12.4
–2.6
–4.3
–4.0
–0.7
–5.6
Food
0.0
3.2
5.1
15.9
–9.9
17.4
14.3
5.7
–2.1
–4.2
–0.7
–5.1
Beverages
0.3
5.7
4.2
14.8
7.3
19.8
11.2
–11.9
–14.7
20.7
13.8
–1.6
Agricultural Raw Materials
–0.5
2.2
–3.8
–7.5
–12.5
39.8
17.0
–5.5
–1.6
1.8
5.4
–1.9
Metal
9.1
–1.8
7.5
–14.1
–14.6
55.5
8.3
–10.0
–7.3
–10.3
–7.2
–9.8
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WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: ADJUSTING TO LOWER COMMODITY PRICES
182 
International Monetary Fund | October 2015
Table A9. Summary of World Trade Volumes and Prices (continued)
(Annual percent change)
Averages
Projections
1997–2006 2007–16
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Trade in Goods
Volume of Trade
Exports
Advanced Economies
6.1
2.6
6.1
1.3
–13.2
14.6
5.7
1.6
2.5
3.2
2.8
3.1
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
8.7
4.5
8.7
3.8
–8.4
14.4
7.5
4.9
4.2
2.9
3.5
4.6
Fuel Exporters
5.0
2.3
4.5
3.5
–7.4
4.9
5.6
5.6
0.6
–0.5
3.3
3.7
Nonfuel Exporters
10.2
5.4
10.6
4.0
–9.0
18.4
8.3
4.5
6.0
4.4
3.5
4.9
Imports
Advanced Economies
6.8
2.1
4.7
0.0
–13.4
13.4
5.2
0.2
1.7
3.3
3.7
4.0
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
8.6
5.7
14.9
9.2
–9.5
15.4
10.5
5.5
4.7
2.7
1.5
4.3
Fuel Exporters
8.8
4.9
24.3
15.1
–12.5
8.8
9.5
10.6
4.3
0.7
–8.9
2.1
Nonfuel Exporters
8.5
5.9
12.7
7.7
–8.7
17.1
10.7
4.4
4.8
3.2
3.9
4.8
Price Deflators in SDRs
Exports
Advanced Economies
0.4
0.5
3.5
6.1
–7.1
4.4
6.7
0.1
0.5
–1.7
–5.4
–1.2
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
3.9
1.8
6.0
14.9
–13.4
13.2
12.7
2.7
–0.8
–3.4
–7.9
–1.8
Fuel Exporters
8.6
0.2
7.8
25.3
–25.5
22.8
23.6
3.6
–1.4
–6.7
–27.7
–3.2
Nonfuel Exporters
2.1
2.3
5.2
10.2
–7.1
9.2
8.2
2.3
–0.5
–2.0
0.2
–1.4
Imports
Advanced Economies
0.7
0.5
3.2
8.2
–10.2
6.0
8.9
1.1
–0.3
–1.9
–6.7
–1.2
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
2.2
1.7
4.0
9.8
–8.4
10.7
8.5
2.2
–0.7
–2.9
–3.7
–1.2
Fuel Exporters
1.5
1.9
3.7
7.9
–5.7
7.1
6.6
2.2
–0.4
–2.0
1.1
–0.6
Nonfuel Exporters
2.4
1.6
4.1
10.3
–9.1
11.7
8.9
2.2
–0.7
–3.1
–4.8
–1.4
Terms of Trade
Advanced Economies
–0.2
–0.1
0.2
–2.0
3.4
–1.5
–2.0
–1.0
0.9
0.2
1.4
0.0
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
1.7
0.2
1.9
4.7
–5.4
2.3
4.0
0.5
–0.1
–0.6
–4.3
–0.6
Regional Groups
Commonwealth of Independent States3
5.4
–0.9
2.0
16.3
–17.9
13.0
11.7
1.9
–1.2
–1.1
–24.9
–0.9
Emerging and Developing Asia
–1.5
0.8
0.4
–1.0
3.1
–6.2
–2.3
1.1
1.1
2.2
9.3
0.7
Emerging and Developing Europe
–0.3
0.1
2.5
–0.6
3.0
–3.6
–2.1
–0.9
1.7
1.3
0.7
–0.9
Latin America and the Caribbean
2.5
0.2
3.3
4.7
–4.8
8.4
5.9
–1.1
–1.7
–2.4
–7.7
–1.9
Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and 
Pakistan
6.3
–1.9
3.3
13.0
–18.2
11.1
14.4
–0.4
–0.8
–5.5
–24.8
–3.2
Middle East and North Africa
6.6
–1.9
3.3
13.7
–18.6
11.1
14.7
0.1
–0.8
–5.6
–25.4
–3.5
Sub-Saharan Africa
2.2
0.2
5.0
9.3
–11.7
12.6
11.3
–1.4
–2.4
–3.5
–13.7
0.0
Analytical Groups
By Source of Export Earnings
Fuel
7.0
–1.7
4.0
16.2
–20.9
14.7
16.0
1.4
–1.0
–4.8
–28.5
–2.6
Nonfuel
–0.3
0.7
1.0
–0.1
2.2
–2.2
–0.7
0.0
0.2
1.2
5.3
0.0
Memorandum
World Exports in Billions of U.S. Dollars
Goods and Services
9,165
20,568 17,141 19,642 15,758 18,742 22,216 22,489 23,162 23,471 21,188 21,870
Goods
7,291
16,323 13,661 15,731 12,261 14,928 17,911 18,092 18,521 18,611 16,531 16,984
Average Oil Price4
12.2
–2.4
10.7
36.4
–36.3
27.9
31.6
1.0
–0.9
–7.5
–46.4
–2.4
In U.S. Dollars a Barrel
31.21
82.03
71.13
97.04
61.78
79.03 104.01 105.01 104.07
96.25
51.62 50.36
Export Unit Value of Manufactures5
0.3
0.8
5.7
6.2
–5.6
2.4
6.4
0.5
–1.1
–0.6
–4.1
–0.7
1Average of annual percent change for world exports and imports.
2As represented, respectively, by the export unit value index for manufactures of the advanced economies and accounting for 83 percent of the advanced economies’ trade (export of goods) weights; 
the average of U.K. Brent, Dubai Fateh, and West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices; and the average of world market prices for nonfuel primary commodities weighted by their 2002–04 shares in 
world commodity exports.
3Georgia, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine, which are not members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, are included in this group for reasons of geography and similarity in economic structure.
4Percent change of average of U.K. Brent, Dubai Fateh, and West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices. 
5Percent change for manufactures exported by the advanced economies. 
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STATISTICAL APPENDIX
International Monetary Fund | October 2015 
183
Table A10. Summary of Current Account Balances 
(Billions of U.S. dollars)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Advanced Economies
–353.5
–583.1
–80.7
2.4
–50.2
–9.3
193.4
189.5
230.1
143.7
–16.2
United States
–718.6
–690.8
–384.0
–442.0
–460.4
–449.7
–376.8
–389.5
–460.6
–551.5
–746.9
Euro Area1
10.6
–223.5
–21.8
11.7
10.0
154.1
236.6
274.8
364.6
363.7
326.8
Germany
232.5
210.9
196.5
192.5
229.0
240.8
238.7
286.4
286.3
277.9
270.3
France
–8.0
–28.0
–22.5
–22.2
–29.6
–32.0
–22.7
–26.2
–5.2
–9.2
–7.9
Italy
–31.3
–68.1
–42.3
–73.9
–70.1
–8.9
19.9
41.1
37.0
42.7
10.1
Spain
–142.9
–152.0
–64.3
–56.2
–47.4
–3.8
20.0
11.2
10.6
13.9
22.4
Japan
212.1
142.6
145.3
221.0
129.8
59.7
40.7
24.4
124.3
126.5
130.7
United Kingdom
–81.3
–103.5
–64.5
–62.7
–43.3
–98.2
–119.8
–173.9
–135.8
–130.6
–86.1
Canada
11.4
1.8
–40.0
–56.7
–47.7
–60.0
–54.6
–37.5
–45.8
–36.0
–30.4
Other Advanced Economies2
192.8
165.6
203.1
273.6
257.9
266.6
337.6
338.9
319.7
305.9
312.7
Emerging Market and Developing Economies
623.2
681.1
246.5
281.4
394.0
360.2
180.9
158.0
–23.9
–57.6
–286.3
Regional Groups
Commonwealth of Independent States3
65.3
108.2
42.8
69.2
107.9
67.4
18.2
56.7
43.1
44.0
72.5
Russia
71.3
103.9
50.4
67.5
97.3
71.3
34.1
59.5
61.8
63.9
80.5
Excluding Russia
–6.0
4.3
–7.6
1.7
10.7
–3.9
–15.9
–2.8
–18.8
–19.8
–8.0
Emerging and Developing Asia
395.8
425.7
275.3
233.8
99.4
120.8
103.4
208.2
329.6
311.9
0.0
China
353.2
420.6
243.3
237.8
136.1
215.4
148.2
219.7
347.8
344.4
95.3
India
–15.7
–27.9
–38.2
–48.1
–78.2
–88.2
–32.4
–27.5
–30.4
–37.3
–86.5
ASEAN-54
53.3
31.1
65.8
43.9
48.9
6.5
–2.6
23.4
26.8
22.9
9.5
Emerging and Developing Europe
–124.7
–148.0
–53.4
–87.0
–118.6
–80.7
–72.5
–55.7
–34.8
–42.1
–84.1
Latin America and the Caribbean
5.9
–39.4
–30.1
–94.9
–102.2
–137.9
–173.1
–175.5
–162.9
–148.1
–170.4
Brazil
1.6
–28.2
–24.3
–77.3
–73.2
–84.4
–90.9
–103.6
–72.8
–63.2
–78.2
Mexico
–14.7
–20.4
–8.4
–5.0
–13.2
–16.4
–30.5
–25.0
–27.9
–24.3
–31.9
Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and 
Pakistan
264.9
334.1
41.4
171.2
417.3
419.1
344.0
192.5
–113.4
–138.1
–14.2
Sub-Saharan Africa
15.9
0.5
–29.5
–10.9
–9.7
–28.5
–39.1
–68.2
–85.5
–85.3
–90.1
South Africa
–16.1
–15.9
–8.1
–5.6
–9.0
–19.7
–21.1
–19.1
–13.7
–14.8
–15.9
Analytical Groups
By Source of Export Earnings
Fuel
421.6
580.5
135.0
308.9
626.5
599.5
461.0
296.7
–67.9
–80.7
93.5
Nonfuel
201.6
100.6
111.6
–27.5
–232.5
–239.3
–280.2
–138.7
44.0
23.1
–379.8
Of Which, Primary Products
–1.9
–20.9
–4.7
–10.4
–24.1
–56.4
–60.6
–48.0
–43.3
–51.0
–55.1
By External Financing Source
Net Debtor Economies
–175.6
–326.8
–155.3
–278.5
–366.5
–466.5
–442.9
–376.0
–324.0
–337.9
–487.5
Net Debtor Economies by  
Debt-Servicing Experience
Economies with Arrears and/or 
Rescheduling during 2010–14
–6.5
–15.9
–15.3
–16.5
–22.9
–40.4
–41.5
–27.2
–31.0
–37.5
–47.9
Memorandum
World
269.7
98.0
165.9
283.8
343.8
350.9
374.2
347.5
206.2
86.1
–302.5
European Union
–86.6
–241.7
–7.2
11.6
89.5
201.7
307.0
309.4
351.9
354.6
345.5
Low-Income Developing Countries
6.2
–10.2
–24.3
–17.6
–27.2
–39.0
–43.8
–59.9
–84.8
–93.2
–92.4
Middle East and North Africa
268.6
347.7
49.1
174.0
416.0
422.5
345.0
194.4
–112.0
–137.1
–10.7
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WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: ADJUSTING TO LOWER COMMODITY PRICES
184 
International Monetary Fund | October 2015
Table A10. Summary of Current Account Balances (continued)
(Percent of GDP)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Advanced Economies
–0.9
–1.3
–0.2
0.0
–0.1
0.0
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.3
0.0
United States
–5.0
–4.7
–2.7
–3.0
–3.0
–2.8
–2.3
–2.2
–2.6
–2.9
–3.4
Euro Area1
0.1
–1.6
–0.2
0.1
0.1
1.2
1.8
2.0
3.2
3.0
2.3
Germany
6.7
5.6
5.7
5.6
6.1
6.8
6.4
7.4
8.5
8.0
6.8
France
–0.3
–1.0
–0.8
–0.8
–1.0
–1.2
–0.8
–0.9
–0.2
–0.4
–0.3
Italy
–1.4
–2.8
–1.9
–3.5
–3.1
–0.4
0.9
1.9
2.0
2.3
0.5
Spain
–9.6
–9.3
–4.3
–3.9
–3.2
–0.3
1.4
0.8
0.9
1.1
1.5
Japan
4.9
2.9
2.9
4.0
2.2
1.0
0.8
0.5
3.0
3.0
2.8
United Kingdom
–2.7
–3.7
–2.8
–2.6
–1.7
–3.7
–4.5
–5.9
–4.7
–4.3
–2.2
Canada
0.8
0.1
–2.9
–3.5
–2.7
–3.3
–3.0
–2.1
–2.9
–2.3
–1.6
Other Advanced Economies2
3.8
3.1
4.1
4.8
4.0
4.1
5.0
5.0
5.1
4.7
4.0
Emerging Market and Developing 
Economies
3.8
3.5
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.3
0.6
0.5
–0.1
–0.2
–0.7
Regional Groups
Commonwealth of Independent States3
3.8
5.0
2.6
3.4
4.3
2.5
0.7
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.8
Russia
5.5
6.3
4.1
4.4
5.1
3.5
1.6
3.2
5.0
5.4
4.5
Excluding Russia
–1.5
0.8
–1.8
0.4
1.8
–0.6
–2.3
–0.4
–3.3
–3.5
–1.0
Emerging and Developing Asia
6.5
5.8
3.4
2.4
0.9
1.0
0.7
1.4
2.0
1.8
0.0
China
10.0
9.2
4.8
3.9
1.8
2.5
1.6
2.1
3.1
2.8
0.6
India
–1.3
–2.3
–2.8
–2.8
–4.2
–4.8
–1.7
–1.3
–1.4
–1.6
–2.5
ASEAN-54
4.6
2.3
4.9
2.6
2.5
0.3
–0.1
1.1
1.3
1.1
0.3
Emerging and Developing Europe
–7.9
–8.0
–3.4
–5.1
–6.4
–4.5
–3.8
–2.9
–2.1
–2.4
–3.8
Latin America and the Caribbean
0.2
–0.9
–0.7
–1.9
–1.7
–2.4
–2.9
–3.0
–3.3
–3.0
–2.8
Brazil
0.1
–1.7
–1.5
–3.5
–2.8
–3.5
–3.8
–4.4
–4.0
–3.8
–3.8
Mexico
–1.4
–1.9
–0.9
–0.5
–1.1
–1.4
–2.4
–1.9
–2.4
–2.0
–2.1
Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, 
and Pakistan
12.5
12.7
1.8
6.2
13.0
12.0
10.2
5.6
–3.6
–4.3
–0.3
Sub-Saharan Africa
1.7
0.0
–2.8
–0.9
–0.7
–1.9
–2.4
–4.1
–5.7
–5.5
–4.5
South Africa
–5.4
–5.5
–2.7
–1.5
–2.2
–5.0
–5.8
–5.4
–4.3
–4.5
–4.0
Analytical Groups
By Source of Export Earnings
Fuel
10.7
11.7
3.3
6.2
10.4
9.2
7.1
4.7
–1.4
–1.6
1.4
Nonfuel
1.6
0.7
0.8
–0.2
–1.1
–1.1
–1.2
–0.6
0.2
0.1
–1.1
Of Which, Primary Products
–0.2
–1.8
–0.4
–0.8
–1.5
–3.4
–3.6
–3.0
–2.7
–3.2
–2.8
By External Financing Source
Net Debtor Economies
–2.0
–3.2
–1.6
–2.4
–2.8
–3.6
–3.3
–2.7
–2.6
–2.6
–2.8
Net Debtor Economies by  
Debt-Servicing Experience
Economies with Arrears and/or 
Rescheduling during 2010–14
–1.4
–2.9
–3.0
–2.8
–3.5
–5.8
–5.6
–3.8
–4.3
–5.0
–4.5
Memorandum
World
0.5
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.1
–0.3
European Union
–0.5
–1.3
0.0
0.1
0.5
1.2
1.7
1.7
2.2
2.1
1.7
Low-Income Developing Countries
0.7
–0.9
–2.2
–1.3
–1.8
–2.4
–2.4
–3.1
–4.5
–4.7
–3.5
Middle East and North Africa
13.7
14.2
2.2
6.8
14.0
13.0
11.0
6.1
–4.0
–4.7
–0.3
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STATISTICAL APPENDIX
International Monetary Fund | October 2015 
185
Table A10. Summary of Current Account Balances (continued)
(Percent of exports of goods and services)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Advanced Economies
–3.0
–4.5
–0.8
0.0
–0.4
–0.1
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.1
–0.1
United States
–43.5
–37.5
–24.3
–23.8
–21.6
–20.3
–16.5
–16.6
–20.4
–24.7
–28.6
Euro Area1
0.4
–7.3
–0.9
0.4
0.3
4.8
7.0
7.8
. . .
. . .
. . .
Germany
15.7
12.9
15.2
13.3
13.6
14.8
14.0
16.2
17.9
16.6
12.8
France
–1.1
–3.4
–3.4
–3.1
–3.6
–4.0
–2.7
–3.0
–0.6
–1.0
–0.7
Italy
–5.2
–10.5
–8.6
–13.8
–11.4
–1.5
3.2
6.5
6.7
7.3
1.5
Spain
–37.5
–36.5
–18.9
–15.3
–11.0
–0.9
4.6
2.5
2.7
3.3
4.0
Japan
26.4
16.0
21.7
25.4
13.9
6.5
4.9
2.8
16.0
16.1
14.0
United Kingdom
–10.7
–13.4
–10.3
–9.1
–5.4
–12.4
–14.9
–20.8
–17.4
–15.8
–8.0
Canada
2.3
0.3
–10.3
–12.1
–8.7
–10.8
–9.8
–6.6
–9.5
–7.3
–4.7
Other Advanced Economies2
6.9
5.2
7.7
8.4
6.7
6.9
8.4
8.5
9.0
8.4
7.0
Emerging Market and Developing 
Economies
11.3
10.1
4.6
4.2
4.8
4.2
2.0
1.8
–0.3
–0.7
–2.6
Regional Groups
Commonwealth of Independent States3
11.2
13.7
8.2
10.3
12.2
7.4
2.0
6.7
7.1
7.1
8.9
Russia
18.3
19.9
14.7
15.3
17.0
12.1
5.8
10.6
15.7
15.8
15.3
Excluding Russia
–3.1
1.6
–4.2
0.8
3.4
–1.2
–5.1
–1.0
–8.9
–9.3
–2.8
Emerging and Developing Asia
18.1
16.6
12.5
8.2
2.9
3.3
2.7
5.2
8.3
7.5
0.0
China
28.1
28.1
19.5
14.5
6.8
9.9
6.3
8.9
14.1
13.6
3.2
India
–6.1
–9.5
–13.7
–12.6
–17.3
–19.5
–6.9
–5.8
–6.7
–7.6
–12.1
ASEAN-54
8.7
4.4
10.9
5.9
5.5
0.7
–0.3
2.4
2.9
2.3
0.7
Emerging and Developing Europe
–23.3
–22.7
–10.2
–14.8
–17.1
–11.7
–9.7
–7.1
–4.8
–5.5
–8.5
Latin America and the Caribbean
0.7
–3.9
–3.8
–9.5
–8.4
–11.1
–13.8
–14.3
–14.8
–12.9
–11.4
Brazil
0.8
–12.3
–13.4
–33.1
–24.9
–29.9
–32.3
–39.2
–30.2
–26.1
–25.9
Mexico
–5.1
–6.6
–3.4
–1.6
–3.6
–4.2
–7.6
–6.0
–6.7
–5.3
–4.9
Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and 
Pakistan
25.9
25.1
4.3
14.5
27.3
25.4
21.1
12.6
–9.9
–11.8
–0.4
Sub-Saharan Africa
4.9
0.1
–9.8
–2.8
–2.0
–6.0
–8.1
–15.0
–23.3
–22.3
–17.8
South Africa
–17.3
–15.5
–9.8
–5.2
–7.1
–16.7
–18.6
–17.4
–12.8
–13.7
–12.5
Analytical Groups
By Source of Export Earnings
Fuel
25.9
26.8
9.1
16.6
25.0
22.5
17.5
12.1
–3.9
–4.6
4.3
Nonfuel
5.2
2.2
2.9
–0.6
–4.0
–4.0
–4.5
–2.2
0.7
0.4
–4.6
Of Which, Primary Products
–0.6
–5.9
–1.6
–2.7
–5.4
–13.4
–14.4
–11.8
–11.6
–13.7
–11.9
By External Financing Source
Net Debtor Economies
–6.6
–10.4
–5.9
–8.7
–9.6
–12.0
–11.1
–9.3
–8.6
–8.5
–9.1
Net Debtor Economies by  
Debt-Servicing Experience
Economies with Arrears and/or 
Rescheduling during 2010–14
–4.1
–7.7
–9.7
–8.8
–10.5
–19.0
–19.1
–13.5
–17.5
–20.3
–19.3
Memorandum
World
1.6
0.5
1.1
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.0
0.4
–1.1
European Union
–1.3
–3.2
–0.1
0.2
1.2
2.7
4.0
3.9
4.9
4.7
3.6
Low-Income Developing Countries
2.2
–2.8
–8.1
–4.6
–5.6
–7.8
–8.2
–10.9
–16.7
–16.9
–11.9
Middle East and North Africa
26.9
26.6
5.2
15.1
27.8
26.2
21.6
13.0
–10.0
–12.0
–0.2
1Data for Lithuania are included in the euro area aggregates but were excluded in the April 2015 World Economic Outlook. 
2Excludes the United States, euro area countries, and Japan.
3Georgia, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine, which are not members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, are included in this group for reasons of geography and similarity in economic 
structure.
4Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam.
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WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: ADJUSTING TO LOWER COMMODITY PRICES
186 
International Monetary Fund | October 2015
Table A11. Advanced Economies: Balance on Current Account
(Percent of GDP)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Advanced Economies
–0.9
–1.3
–0.2
0.0
–0.1
0.0
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.3
0.0
United States
–5.0
–4.7
–2.7
–3.0
–3.0
–2.8
–2.3
–2.2
–2.6
–2.9
–3.4
Euro Area1
0.1
–1.6
–0.2
0.1
0.1
1.2
1.8
2.0
3.2
3.0
2.3
Germany
6.7
5.6
5.7
5.6
6.1
6.8
6.4
7.4
8.5
8.0
6.8
France
–0.3
–1.0
–0.8
–0.8
–1.0
–1.2
–0.8
–0.9
–0.2
–0.4
–0.3
Italy
–1.4
–2.8
–1.9
–3.5
–3.1
–0.4
0.9
1.9
2.0
2.3
0.5
Spain
–9.6
–9.3
–4.3
–3.9
–3.2
–0.3
1.4
0.8
0.9
1.1
1.5
Netherlands
6.0
4.1
5.8
7.4
9.1
10.9
10.8
10.2
9.6
9.2
8.3
Belgium
1.5
–1.0
–1.1
1.8
–1.1
–0.7
–0.2
1.6
2.1
2.1
2.3
Austria
3.8
4.5
2.6
2.9
1.6
1.5
1.0
0.7
1.6
1.7
1.6
Greece
–14.0
–14.5
–10.9
–10.1
–9.9
–2.5
0.6
0.9
0.7
1.5
–0.2
Portugal
–9.7
–12.1
–10.4
–10.1
–6.0
–2.0
1.4
0.6
0.7
1.6
0.4
Ireland
–5.4
–5.7
–3.0
0.6
0.8
–1.5
3.1
3.6
3.2
3.0
2.0
Finland
3.8
2.2
1.9
1.2
–1.8
–1.9
–1.8
–1.9
–1.1
–0.7
–0.3
Slovak Republic
–4.8
–6.5
–3.5
–4.7
–5.0
0.9
1.5
0.1
0.1
0.1
2.1
Lithuania
–14.9
–12.9
2.1
–0.3
–3.8
–1.2
1.6
0.1
–2.2
–2.4
–2.2
Slovenia
–4.1
–5.3
–0.6
–0.1
0.2
2.6
5.6
7.0
6.7
6.2
4.1
Luxembourg
9.8
7.3
7.6
6.9
5.8
5.7
4.7
5.1
5.6
5.6
5.1
Latvia
–20.8
–12.3
8.0
2.3
–2.8
–3.3
–2.3
–3.1
–1.7
–2.7
–2.1
Estonia
–15.0
–8.7
2.5
1.8
1.3
–2.4
–1.1
0.1
0.6
0.3
–1.1
Cyprus
–10.8
–14.3
–9.8
–9.0
–3.1
–6.3
–1.6
–4.5
–4.2
–3.8
–4.0
Malta
–3.9
–1.1
–6.6
–4.7
–2.5
1.4
3.2
3.3
1.5
1.3
3.5
Japan
4.9
2.9
2.9
4.0
2.2
1.0
0.8
0.5
3.0
3.0
2.8
United Kingdom
–2.7
–3.7
–2.8
–2.6
–1.7
–3.7
–4.5
–5.9
–4.7
–4.3
–2.2
Korea
1.1
0.3
3.7
2.6
1.6
4.2
6.2
6.3
7.1
6.7
4.7
Canada
0.8
0.1
–2.9
–3.5
–2.7
–3.3
–3.0
–2.1
–2.9
–2.3
–1.6
Australia
–6.7
–5.0
–4.7
–3.6
–2.9
–4.3
–3.4
–3.0
–4.0
–4.1
–3.3
Taiwan Province of China
8.6
6.6
10.9
8.9
8.2
9.9
10.8
12.4
12.4
11.8
9.6
Switzerland
10.8
3.0
8.0
14.8
7.7
10.3
11.1
7.3
7.2
7.0
7.0
Sweden
8.9
8.5
5.9
6.0
6.9
6.6
6.7
6.2
6.7
6.7
5.7
Singapore
26.0
14.4
16.8
23.7
22.0
17.2
17.9
19.1
20.8
18.0
13.8
Hong Kong SAR
13.0
15.0
9.9
7.0
5.6
1.6
1.5
1.9
2.2
2.5
3.5
Norway
12.2
15.7
10.6
10.9
12.4
12.4
10.0
9.4
7.0
5.4
6.0
Czech Republic
–4.3
–1.9
–2.4
–3.7
–2.1
–1.6
–0.5
0.6
1.7
1.2
–0.1
Israel
4.0
1.1
3.5
3.6
2.3
1.5
3.0
4.3
4.6
4.7
3.9
Denmark
1.4
2.7
3.3
5.7
5.7
5.6
7.2
6.3
7.0
7.2
6.0
New Zealand
–6.8
–7.7
–2.3
–2.3
–2.8
–4.0
–3.2
–3.3
–4.7
–5.6
–4.3
Iceland
–14.0
–22.8
–9.7
–6.6
–5.3
–4.2
5.7
3.4
4.6
3.4
0.7
San Marino
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
Memorandum
Major Advanced Economies
–1.2
–1.6
–0.7
–0.7
–0.8
–1.0
–0.8
–0.8
–0.6
–0.8
–1.1
Euro Area2
0.2
–0.7
0.5
0.5
0.8
2.1
2.8
3.2
3.7
3.6
2.9
1Data for Lithuania are included in the euro area aggregates but were excluded in the April 2015 World Economic Outlook; corrected for reporting discrepancies in intra-area transactions.
2Data for Lithuania are included in the euro area aggregates but were excluded in the April 2015 World Economic Outlook; calculated as the sum of the balances of individual euro 
areacountries.
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STATISTICAL APPENDIX
International Monetary Fund | October 2015 
187
Table A12. Emerging Market and Developing Economies: Balance on Current Account
(Percent of GDP)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Commonwealth of Independent States1
3.8
5.0
2.6
3.4
4.3
2.5
0.7
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.8
Russia
5.5
6.3
4.1
4.4
5.1
3.5
1.6
3.2
5.0
5.4
4.5
Excluding Russia
–1.5
0.8
–1.8
0.4
1.8
–0.6
–2.3
–0.4
–3.3
–3.5
–1.0
Armenia
–8.5
–15.0
–17.6
–13.6
–10.4
–10.0
–7.6
–7.3
–5.9
–6.4
–5.7
Azerbaijan
27.3
35.5
23.0
28.0
26.5
21.8
16.4
14.1
3.0
2.7
5.1
Belarus
–6.7
–8.2
–12.6
–15.0
–8.5
–2.9
–10.4
–6.7
–4.9
–4.3
–4.1
Georgia
–19.8
–22.0
–10.5
–10.2
–12.8
–11.7
–5.7
–9.7
–10.7
–9.6
–5.4
Kazakhstan
–8.0
4.7
–3.6
0.9
5.4
0.5
0.4
2.1
–3.0
–4.1
0.0
Kyrgyz Republic
–6.0
–15.3
–2.2
–6.1
–9.6
–15.6
–15.0
–16.8
–17.7
–15.7
–9.9
Moldova 
–15.2
–16.1
–8.2
–7.5
–11.0
–7.4
–5.0
–3.7
–6.2
–6.4
–3.8
Tajikistan
–8.6
–7.6
–5.9
–1.1
–4.8
–2.5
–2.9
–9.2
–7.5
–6.1
–3.0
Turkmenistan
15.5
16.5
–14.7
–10.6
2.0
0.0
–7.3
–5.8
–13.6
–12.1
–2.6
Ukraine2
–3.5
–6.8
–1.4
–2.2
–6.3
–8.1
–9.2
–4.7
–1.7
–1.6
–2.5
Uzbekistan
7.3
8.7
2.2
6.2
5.8
1.8
2.9
1.7
0.2
0.3
0.5
Emerging and Developing Asia
6.5
5.8
3.4
2.4
0.9
1.0
0.7
1.4
2.0
1.8
0.0
Bangladesh
0.7
1.2
2.4
0.4
–1.0
0.7
1.2
–0.1
–0.9
–1.1
–1.5
Bhutan
14.2
–2.2
–2.2
–9.9
–23.5
–19.0
–22.7
–23.1
–26.8
–25.0
–6.5
Brunei Darussalam
43.1
43.5
41.6
44.0
38.8
29.6
29.4
28.3
–3.1
–2.1
12.5
Cambodia
–1.9
–6.6
–6.9
–6.8
–10.2
–11.0
–12.2
–12.2
–11.1
–10.6
–6.3
China
10.0
9.2
4.8
3.9
1.8
2.5
1.6
2.1
3.1
2.8
0.6
Fiji
–10.1
–15.9
–4.2
–4.1
–4.9
–1.1
–20.7
–9.0
–6.3
–6.6
–7.4
India
–1.3
–2.3
–2.8
–2.8
–4.2
–4.8
–1.7
–1.3
–1.4
–1.6
–2.5
Indonesia
1.4
0.0
1.8
0.7
0.2
–2.7
–3.2
–3.0
–2.2
–2.1
–1.7
Kiribati
–18.3
–19.3
–22.5
–16.3
–31.0
–24.5
–21.8
4.1
–24.9
–26.8
–13.1
Lao P.D.R.
–13.6
–19.2
–22.1
–20.1
–17.3
–30.2
–27.8
–27.8
–28.3
–22.7
–14.8
Malaysia
14.9
16.5
15.0
10.1
10.9
5.2
3.5
4.3
2.2
2.1
1.1
Maldives
–15.2
–28.8
–10.4
–8.1
–16.9
–7.4
–4.4
–6.1
–4.6
–5.8
–3.8
Marshall Islands
–0.9
0.9
–14.9
–26.6
–5.3
–8.7
–13.4
–17.8
–1.0
–4.0
–12.1
Micronesia
–9.5
–16.6
–18.9
–15.1
–17.9
–12.6
–10.1
4.6
0.2
–0.7
–4.2
Mongolia
4.9
–8.9
–6.9
–13.0
–26.5
–27.4
–25.1
–8.2
–8.4
–19.5
–6.2
Myanmar
–0.7
–4.2
–1.2
–1.1
–1.9
–4.2
–5.2
–6.1
–8.9
–8.3
–6.7
Nepal
–0.1
2.7
4.2
–2.4
–1.0
4.8
3.3
4.6
5.0
–2.7
–0.9
Palau
–17.9
–21.3
–7.4
–7.8
–10.5
–17.0
–10.3
–12.7
–7.9
–8.4
–9.3
Papua New Guinea
3.9
8.5
–15.2
–21.5
–23.6
–53.6
–31.8
–4.2
7.5
7.3
4.0
Philippines
5.4
0.1
5.0
3.6
2.5
2.8
4.2
4.4
5.0
4.5
2.5
Samoa
–13.5
–5.5
–5.3
–6.8
–4.0
–8.7
–2.6
–8.0
–6.9
–5.4
–4.1
Solomon Islands
–15.6
–18.2
–21.9
–33.3
–8.6
1.5
–4.5
–4.9
–11.2
–14.0
–11.9
Sri Lanka
–4.3
–9.5
–0.5
–2.2
–7.8
–6.7
–3.8
–2.7
–2.0
–2.0
–2.0
Thailand
6.0
0.7
7.8
2.9
2.4
–0.4
–0.9
3.3
6.2
5.4
0.8
Timor-Leste
40.2
46.1
38.7
41.2
40.6
40.2
42.7
21.4
15.9
15.7
3.4
Tonga
–7.0
–7.3
–7.6
–6.3
–7.5
–5.4
–1.7
–3.1
–6.0
–6.4
1.2
Tuvalu
–13.0
7.1
–1.0
–42.0
–61.3
–25.2
–24.1
–26.1
–36.8
–58.0
–16.4
Vanuatu
–7.3
–10.8
–7.9
–6.5
–8.4
–9.4
–1.4
0.5
–13.5
–13.0
–7.1
Vietnam
–9.0
–11.0
–6.5
–3.8
0.2
6.0
4.5
4.9
0.7
–0.9
2.5
Emerging and Developing Europe
–7.9
–8.0
–3.4
–5.1
–6.4
–4.5
–3.8
–2.9
–2.1
–2.4
–3.8
Albania
–10.6
–15.8
–15.9
–11.3
–13.2
–10.2
–10.7
–13.0
–13.2
–13.5
–7.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
–9.4
–14.1
–6.6
–6.2
–9.6
–8.9
–5.8
–7.7
–7.7
–7.6
–5.0
Bulgaria
–24.3
–22.4
–8.6
–1.5
0.1
–1.1
2.3
0.0
1.0
0.2
–1.5
Croatia
–7.1
–8.8
–5.1
–1.1
–0.8
–0.1
0.8
0.7
1.7
1.5
–1.3
Hungary
–7.1
–7.1
–0.8
0.3
0.7
1.8
4.0
4.0
5.0
4.3
1.3
Kosovo
–10.2
–16.2
–9.2
–11.7
–13.7
–7.5
–6.4
–8.0
–8.0
–10.5
–8.7
FYR Macedonia
–6.9
–12.8
–6.8
–2.0
–2.5
–2.9
–1.8
–1.3
–3.2
–4.4
–3.5
Montenegro
–39.5
–49.8
–27.9
–22.9
–17.7
–18.7
–14.6
–15.4
–17.0
–20.8
–14.0
Poland
–6.3
–6.6
–4.0
–5.5
–5.0
–3.4
–1.3
–1.3
–0.5
–1.0
–2.9
Romania
–13.5
–11.5
–4.5
–4.6
–4.6
–4.5
–0.8
–0.4
–0.7
–1.5
–3.7
Serbia
–17.2
–21.0
–6.2
–6.4
–8.6
–11.5
–6.1
–6.0
–4.0
–3.8
–4.0
Turkey
–5.8
–5.5
–2.0
–6.2
–9.7
–6.2
–7.9
–5.8
–4.5
–4.7
–5.5
WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: ADJUSTING TO LOWER COMMODITY PRICES
188 
International Monetary Fund | October 2015
Table A12. Emerging Market and Developing Economies: Balance on Current Account (continued)
(Percent of GDP)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Latin America and the Caribbean
0.2
–0.9
–0.7
–1.9
–1.7
–2.4
–2.9
–3.0
–3.3
–3.0
–2.8
Antigua and Barbuda
–29.9
–26.7
–14.0
–14.7
–10.4
–14.6
–14.8
–14.5
–10.5
–10.2
–12.7
Argentina3
2.0
1.5
2.0
–0.4
–0.7
–0.3
–0.8
–1.0
–1.8
–1.6
–1.1
The Bahamas
–11.5
–10.6
–10.3
–10.1
–15.1
–18.3
–17.7
–22.2
–12.9
–8.9
–5.8
Barbados
–5.4
–10.6
–6.7
–5.8
–12.8
–9.3
–9.3
–8.5
–4.8
–4.6
–4.5
Belize
–4.0
–10.6
–4.9
–2.4
–1.1
–1.2
–4.4
–7.6
–6.3
–7.1
–6.5
Bolivia
11.4
11.9
4.3
3.9
0.3
7.2
3.4
0.0
–4.5
–5.0
–2.8
Brazil
0.1
–1.7
–1.5
–3.5
–2.8
–3.5
–3.8
–4.4
–4.0
–3.8
–3.8
Chile
4.1
–3.2
2.0
1.7
–1.2
–3.6
–3.7
–1.2
–0.7
–1.6
–2.2
Colombia
–2.9
–2.6
–2.0
–3.0
–2.9
–3.1
–3.3
–5.2
–6.2
–5.3
–3.9
Costa Rica
–6.3
–9.3
–2.0
–3.5
–5.4
–5.3
–5.0
–4.9
–3.8
–3.9
–4.6
Dominica
–20.6
–28.3
–22.7
–16.2
–13.5
–18.8
–13.3
–13.1
–12.8
–18.9
–12.2
Dominican Republic
–5.0
–9.4
–4.8
–7.4
–7.5
–6.6
–4.1
–3.2
–2.4
–2.5
–4.2
Ecuador
3.7
2.9
0.5
–2.3
–0.3
–0.2
–1.0
–0.6
–2.6
–2.8
–1.8
El Salvador
–6.1
–7.1
–1.5
–2.5
–4.8
–5.4
–6.5
–4.7
–2.6
–2.9
–4.5
Grenada
–30.6
–29.0
–24.3
–23.7
–23.6
–21.1
–23.2
–15.5
–13.7
–13.1
–15.2
Guatemala
–5.2
–3.6
0.7
–1.4
–3.4
–2.6
–2.5
–2.4
–1.7
–1.9
–2.0
Guyana
–9.5
–13.7
–9.1
–9.6
–13.0
–11.6
–13.3
–15.6
–14.9
–18.9
–9.1
Haiti
–1.5
–3.1
–1.9
–1.5
–4.3
–5.7
–6.3
–6.3
–4.3
–3.4
–4.1
Honduras
–9.1
–15.4
–3.8
–4.3
–8.0
–8.5
–9.5
–7.4
–6.5
–6.4
–5.1
Jamaica
–15.3
–17.7
–11.0
–8.0
–12.1
–10.7
–8.7
–7.4
–4.6
–2.9
–1.9
Mexico
–1.4
–1.9
–0.9
–0.5
–1.1
–1.4
–2.4
–1.9
–2.4
–2.0
–2.1
Nicaragua
–15.7
–17.8
–8.6
–8.9
–11.8
–10.6
–11.1
–7.1
–6.6
–7.0
–6.5
Panama
–8.0
–10.9
–0.7
–11.4
–15.9
–9.8
–12.2
–12.0
–9.8
–9.6
–5.7
Paraguay
5.7
1.0
3.0
–0.3
0.5
–0.9
2.2
0.1
–2.0
–1.9
–1.2
Peru
1.5
–4.3
–0.5
–2.4
–1.9
–2.7
–4.2
–4.0
–3.7
–3.8
–3.5
St. Kitts and Nevis
–17.4
–26.8
–25.7
–20.8
–15.9
–9.8
–6.6
–7.6
–12.6
–18.6
–15.8
St. Lucia
–29.4
–28.5
–11.5
–16.2
–18.8
–13.5
–11.2
–6.7
–6.6
–7.0
–8.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
–29.4
–33.1
–29.2
–30.6
–29.4
–27.6
–30.9
–29.6
–26.9
–25.1
–19.7
Suriname
11.1
9.2
2.9
14.9
5.7
3.3
–3.9
–7.4
–9.4
–7.8
–6.4
Trinidad and Tobago
23.9
30.5
8.5
19.8
11.9
3.4
7.0
5.7
0.7
–0.8
–1.8
Uruguay
–0.9
–5.7
–1.2
–1.8
–2.7
–5.0
–4.9
–4.4
–3.7
–3.7
–3.4
Venezuela
7.2
11.0
1.0
3.2
8.2
3.7
2.4
5.3
–3.0
–1.9
2.4
Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, 
and Pakistan
12.5
12.7
1.8
6.2
13.0
12.0
10.2
5.6
–3.6
–4.3
–0.3
Afghanistan
36.8
2.7
13.1
7.5
6.1
6.0
7.4
6.1
4.7
2.4
–1.0
Algeria
22.7
20.1
0.3
7.5
9.9
5.9
0.4
–4.5
–17.7
–16.2
–9.1
Bahrain
13.4
8.8
2.4
3.0
11.2
7.2
7.8
3.3
–4.8
–5.9
–3.3
Djibouti
–21.4
–24.3
–9.3
0.6
–13.7
–20.3
–23.3
–25.6
–31.4
–26.8
–15.4
Egypt
2.1
0.5
–2.3
–2.0
–2.6
–3.9
–2.4
–0.8
–3.7
–4.5
–4.2
Iran
9.7
5.8
2.4
5.9
10.5
4.0
7.0
3.8
0.4
1.3
2.8
Iraq
0.8
15.9
–6.8
3.0
12.0
6.7
1.3
–2.8
–12.7
–11.0
3.9
Jordan
–16.8
–9.4
–5.2
–7.1
–10.3
–15.2
–10.3
–6.8
–7.4
–6.5
–4.9
Kuwait
36.8
40.9
26.7
31.8
42.7
45.2
41.2
31.0
9.3
7.0
9.3
Lebanon
–7.2
–11.1
–12.5
–20.7
–15.1
–24.3
–26.7
–24.9
–21.0
–19.3
–12.9
Libya 
44.1
42.5
14.9
19.5
9.1
29.1
13.6
–30.1
–62.2
–49.1
–13.1
Mauritania
–14.5
–13.2
–13.4
–7.6
–6.0
–26.6
–24.4
–28.9
–18.3
–25.6
–17.3
Morocco
–2.5
–7.1
–5.3
–4.4
–7.9
–9.5
–7.9
–5.5
–2.3
–1.6
–1.5
Oman
6.0
8.5
–1.1
8.9
13.2
10.3
6.6
2.0
–16.9
–24.3
–16.5
Pakistan
–4.5
–8.1
–5.5
–2.2
0.1
–2.1
–1.1
–1.3
–0.8
–0.5
–0.9
Qatar
14.4
23.1
6.5
19.1
30.7
32.6
30.9
26.1
5.0
–4.5
0.5
Saudi Arabia
22.5
25.5
4.9
12.7
23.7
22.4
18.2
10.3
–3.5
–4.7
–0.3
Sudan4
–6.0
–1.6
–9.6
–2.1
–0.4
–9.3
–8.9
–7.7
–5.8
–5.6
–4.7
Syria5
–0.2
–1.3
–2.9
–2.8
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
Tunisia
–2.4
–3.8
–2.8
–4.8
–7.5
–8.2
–8.3
–8.8
–8.5
–7.0
–3.5
United Arab Emirates
12.5
7.1
3.1
2.5
14.7
21.3
18.4
13.7
2.9
3.1
7.3
Yemen
–7.0
–4.6
–10.1
–3.4
–3.0
–1.7
–3.1
–1.7
–5.3
–5.4
–3.9
STATISTICAL APPENDIX
International Monetary Fund | October 2015 
189
Table A12. Emerging Market and Developing Economies: Balance on Current Account (continued)
(Percent of GDP)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2020
Sub-Saharan Africa
1.7
0.0
–2.8
–0.9
–0.7
–1.9
–2.4
–4.1
–5.7
–5.5
–4.5
Angola
17.5
8.5
–10.0
9.1
12.6
12.0
6.7
–1.5
–7.6
–5.6
–3.0
Benin
–10.2
–8.1
–8.9
–8.7
–7.8
–8.4
–10.4
–8.0
–9.3
–9.1
–8.9
Botswana
15.1
–1.1
–11.0
–6.4
–0.6
–3.4
8.8
16.1
2.8
0.1
0.2
Burkina Faso
–8.3
–11.5
–4.5
–2.0
–1.5
–4.5
–6.6
–6.1
–7.9
–7.8
–7.2
Burundi
–5.4
–1.0
1.7
–12.2
–13.6
–17.3
–18.4
–17.6
–11.3
–9.7
–9.3
Cabo Verde
–12.9
–13.7
–14.6
–12.4
–16.3
–12.6
–4.9
–7.6
–9.7
–6.6
–3.9
Cameroon
1.4
–1.2
–3.1
–2.8
–2.7
–3.6
–3.8
–4.6
–5.0
–5.2
–4.2
Central African Republic
–6.2
–9.9
–9.1
–10.2
–7.6
–4.6
–3.0
–6.1
–11.8
–11.2
–6.6
Chad
8.2
3.7
–9.2
–9.0
–5.6
–8.7
–9.2
–8.9
–10.4
–9.3
–5.5
Comoros
–10.1
–18.7
–15.4
–5.8
–14.0
–17.6
–16.2
–11.5
–15.7
–17.0
–14.7
Democratic Republic of the Congo
3.2
–0.8
–6.1
–10.5
–5.2
–6.2
–10.6
–9.2
–7.6
–8.0
–12.0
Republic of Congo
–6.5
–0.5
–14.1
7.5
4.7
–2.4
–4.5
–9.4
–15.2
–14.6
–4.0
Côte d’Ivoire 
–0.7
1.9
6.6
1.9
10.5
–1.2
–1.4
–0.7
–1.0
–1.9
–3.3
Equatorial Guinea
26.6
3.6
–23.1
–34.4
–0.1
–2.2
–4.0
–10.0
–8.7
–3.1
0.7
Eritrea
–6.1
–5.5
–7.6
–5.6
0.6
2.3
0.3
–0.9
–2.2
–3.0
–5.4
Ethiopia
–4.2
–6.7
–6.7
–1.4
–2.5
–6.9
–5.9
–8.0
–12.5
–9.3
–6.3
Gabon
14.4
22.0
4.7
8.7
12.8
15.9
12.3
8.3
–7.0
–4.2
–5.1
The Gambia
–8.3
–12.2
–12.5
–16.3
–12.3
–7.9
–10.2
–13.1
–13.5
–10.2
–8.9
Ghana
–8.7
–11.9
–5.4
–8.6
–9.0
–11.7
–11.9
–9.6
–8.3
–7.2
–4.2
Guinea
–10.8
–9.7
–7.9
–9.7
–18.8
–28.7
–24.0
–24.2
–16.7
–36.8
–13.6
Guinea-Bissau
–3.2
–2.5
–5.4
–8.7
–1.5
–8.8
–4.4
–1.2
–3.5
–4.6
–7.9
Kenya
–3.2
–5.5
–4.6
–5.9
–9.1
–8.4
–8.9
–10.4
–9.6
–9.2
–6.5
Lesotho
21.8
21.1
3.9
–10.0
–14.7
–9.8
–10.3
–7.9
–6.3
–13.9
–7.8
Liberia
–6.2
–46.6
–23.2
–32.0
–27.5
–21.4
–28.2
–28.7
–41.6
–37.1
–28.4
Madagascar
–12.7
–20.6
–21.1
–9.7
–6.9
–6.7
–5.6
–0.2
–1.3
–2.2
–4.0
Malawi
0.8
–7.8
–3.9
–1.0
–4.1
–2.4
–1.2
–3.6
–2.6
–2.5
–1.6
Mali
–8.1
–12.1
–7.3
–12.6
–6.1
–2.6
–3.4
–7.3
–3.3
–4.2
–6.4
Mauritius
–5.4
–10.1
–7.4
–10.3
–13.8
–7.3
–6.3
–5.6
–4.8
–4.8
–5.5
Mozambique
–9.5
–11.6
–11.0
–10.6
–23.1
–42.3
–40.0
–34.7
–41.0
–45.3
–40.7
Namibia
8.6
3.0
–1.5
–3.5
–3.0
–5.6
–3.9
–9.9
–12.1
–16.3
–7.1
Niger
–8.2
–12.0
–24.4
–19.8
–22.3
–14.6
–15.3
–15.2
–19.1
–23.4
–9.7
Nigeria
10.7
9.0
5.1
3.9
3.0
4.4
3.6
0.2
–1.8
–1.2
–0.3
Rwanda
–2.3
–5.0
–7.1
–7.3
–7.5
–11.4
–7.4
–11.9
–10.6
–9.6
–7.9
São Tomé and Príncipe
–29.0
–33.1
–23.2
–21.7
–25.5
–21.3
–23.4
–27.7
–12.4
–15.2
–11.4
Senegal
–11.8
–14.2
–6.8
–4.4
–8.2
–10.9
–10.4
–8.8
–6.1
–5.2
–4.5
Seychelles
–10.8
–19.1
–14.8
–19.1
–21.6
–19.9
–11.5
–21.0
–15.2
–14.7
–11.5
Sierra Leone
–7.4
–9.0
–13.3
–22.7
–65.3
–22.0
–10.4
–9.7
–11.4
–14.5
–9.4
South Africa
–5.4
–5.5
–2.7
–1.5
–2.2
–5.0
–5.8
–5.4
–4.3
–4.5
–4.0
South Sudan
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
18.4
–19.6
–1.2
2.7
–4.8
–3.6
–7.2
Swaziland
–1.9
–7.1
–11.6
–8.6
–6.8
3.1
5.2
2.9
1.1
–2.8
–1.7
Tanzania
–8.6
–7.8
–7.6
–7.7
–10.8
–11.7
–10.3
–9.3
–8.2
–7.1
–6.8
Togo
–8.6
–7.0
–5.6
–6.3
–8.0
–7.5
–13.0
–12.9
–12.2
–11.5
–10.2
Uganda
–4.5
–7.7
–6.4
–9.1
–10.8
–8.0
–7.2
–9.7
–10.5
–11.3
–11.0
Zambia
–1.2
–3.3
6.0
7.5
4.6
5.5
–0.6
–1.4
–1.4
–2.6
1.8
Zimbabwe6
–5.4
–16.6
–47.1
–16.0
–30.9
–24.6
–25.4
–22.0
–22.9
–21.8
–22.6
1Georgia, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine, which are not members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, are included in this group for reasons of geography and similarity in economic 
structure.
2Starting in 2014 data exclude Crimea and Sevastopol.
3Calculations are based on Argentina’s official GDP data. See note 5 to Table A4.
4Data for 2011 exclude South Sudan after July 9. Data for 2012 and onward pertain to the current Sudan.
5Data for Syria are excluded for 2011 onward because of the ongoing conflict and related lack of data.
6The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in early 2009. Data are based on IMF staff estimates of price and exchange rate developments in U.S. dollars. IMF staff estimates of U.S. dollar 
values may differ from authorities’ estimates.
WORLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK: ADJUSTING TO LOWER COMMODITY PRICES
190 
International Monetary Fund | October 2015
Table A13. Summary of Financial Account Balances
(Billions of U.S. dollars)
Projections
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Advanced Economies
Financial Account Balance
–284.4
–721.8
–4.6
–50.4
–198.6
–94.4
227.9
480.7
520.6
399.1
Direct Investment, Net
529.5
659.5
306.6
355.9
378.4
194.5
180.7
364.2
100.8
215.3
Portfolio Investment, Net
–1,008.5
–1,200.7
–367.8
–733.0
–685.6
–105.4
–277.2
–152.7
137.8
–50.2
Financial Derivatives, Net
175.4
337.2
–129.8
–87.7
1.8
–71.1
48.4
–62.6
–77.4
–88.6
Other Investment, Net
–47.8
–594.9
–293.6
66.7
–40.1
–383.6
123.3
196.6
243.5
251.5
Change in Reserves
67.2
74.2
482.3
347.7
340.5
270.4
153.7
135.8
114.2
70.9
United States
Financial Account Balance 
–617.3
–730.6
–231.0
–437.0
–515.8
–441.2
–395.8
–239.6
–198.8
–289.7
Direct Investment, Net
192.9
19.0
159.9
95.2
183.0
145.9
112.0
225.4
–26.3
111.7
Portfolio Investment, Net
–775.8
–808.0
18.5
–620.8
–226.3
–508.2
–25.7
–167.0
119.5
–85.3
Financial Derivatives, Net
–6.2
32.9
–44.8
–14.1
–35.0
7.1
2.2
–54.4
–63.4
–33.0
Other Investment, Net
–28.2
20.6
–416.9
100.9
–453.4
–90.4
–481.2
–240.1
–224.5
–283.1
Change in Reserves
0.1
4.8
52.3
1.8
15.9
4.5
–3.1
–3.6
–4.2
0.0
Euro Area1
Financial Account Balance 
92.2
–78.1
33.2
–86.0
–154.1
288.1
544.4
391.5
. . .
. . .
Direct Investment, Net
107.6
305.0
73.7
93.5
151.0
8.4
18.2
26.2
. . .
. . .
Portfolio Investment, Net
–108.4
–289.8
–380.7
–126.9
–442.7
–51.6
–14.7
125.2
. . .
. . .
Financial Derivatives, Net
8.5
35.5
29.5
–4.4
5.3
43.4
43.5
60.3
. . .
. . .
Other Investment, Net
82.4
–128.5
250.7
–62.5
118.9
267.7
491.1
173.8
. . .
. . .
Change in Reserves
2.1
–0.3
60.0
14.3
13.4
20.2
6.3
6.0
. . .
. . .
Germany
Financial Account Balance
253.4
182.0
184.4
123.7
167.7
202.3
276.5
323.2
286.3
277.9
Direct Investment, Net
89.8
67.1
43.0
60.6
10.3
45.6
11.1
110.3
20.9
21.5
Portfolio Investment, Net
–215.4
–44.5
119.2
154.1
–51.4
70.6
218.1
168.2
148.9
144.6
Financial Derivatives, Net
116.4
44.0
–7.5
17.6
39.8
31.2
32.3
42.3
37.4
36.3
Other Investment, Net
261.3
110.6
17.4
–110.7
165.1
53.1
13.9
5.8
79.0
75.4
Change in Reserves
1.2
2.7
12.4
2.1
3.9
1.7
1.2
–3.3
0.0
0.0
France
Financial Account Balance
2.3
–46.6
–50.9
1.6
–72.9
–52.7
–23.7
–14.4
–2.8
–6.7
Direct Investment, Net
47.2
66.0
70.3
34.3
19.4
14.7
–17.9
27.7
28.0
32.9
Portfolio Investment, Net
166.1
–37.8
–328.7
–155.0
–141.7
–50.6
–80.5
–9.8
22.2
40.7
Financial Derivatives, Net
–6.8
40.0
–15.5
–4.1
–19.4
–18.4
–22.3
–31.8
–53.3
–81.2
Other Investment, Net
–204.9
–102.3
214.7
118.7
269.9
–3.6
98.9
–1.6
–1.3
–1.3
Change in Reserves
0.7
–12.5
8.4
7.7
–7.7
5.2
–1.9
1.0
1.7
2.3
Italy
Financial Account Balance
–40.0
–49.0
–55.3
–116.4
–96.1
–19.0
15.0
66.7
38.8
44.6
Direct Investment, Net
52.5
76.2
–0.3
21.3
17.1
6.8
4.8
12.0
10.4
9.6
Portfolio Investment, Net
–7.6
–110.7
–55.4
56.4
13.5
–33.3
–19.3
–5.9
–15.0
–9.5
Financial Derivatives, Net
3.8
–0.4
–6.9
6.6
–10.1
7.5
4.0
–4.8
0.0
0.0
Other Investment, Net
–90.7
–22.3
–1.6
–202.1
–118.0
–1.9
23.5
66.6
43.4
44.5
Change in Reserves
2.1
8.2
8.8
1.4
1.3
1.9
2.0
–1.3
0.0
0.0
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