Rules of Unified English Braille
Second Edition 2013
Deciding when to use typeform indicators
9.7 for guidance on the placement of typeform indicators
and terminators in relation to opening and closing punctuation.
9.1.1 Despite wide use of different typeforms in print, it is not always
necessary to indicate them when transcribing into braille. For
example, print will commonly use a distinctive typeface for headings.
This usage is generally ignored in braille where formatting will
distinguish the headings from the rest of text. Also the print practice
of italicising all variables in technical material is ignored.
9.1.2 Typeform indicators are considered necessary in braille when the
print change in typeform is significant because it indicates emphasis
or shows distinction, e.g. foreign words in English text, titles within
text, subject headings on paragraphs, silent thought, computer input
distinguished from computer output, or the class of a variable in
9.1.3 When it cannot be determined whether or not a change of typeform
is significant, indicate the change.
[The lowercase letter l is in a different font only to distinguish it
from the numeral 1.]
Go to http://www.iceb.org to learn about UEB rules and examples.
,g to http3_/_/www4iceb4org to
le>n ab _7,,ueb rules &
[This example shows two underlined hyperlinks both of which
can be activated in the electronic print file. The first is
considered a print enhancement which need not be shown in
braille. The second marks embedded text and unless shown as
such the braille reader is unaware of the presence of the link.]
Let the vector field v at
be equal to v(
). Then we can form the
scalar product v(
,let ! vector field ^2;v at ;,p 2
equal to ^2v"<,p">4 ,!n we c =m
! scal> product ^2v"<,p">4d^2s4