EIM  GROUP
©
WilliamsHELD
Spectrum of word-processing files to 
spreadsheets to databases
Presumption that metadata                        
to be produced even if not requested 
specifically in RFP
Contrastpost-12/1/06                                 
FRCP 26(b)(2)(B) 
Up to producing party to object;                                                            
no unilateral actionallowed here
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
Williams
(c’t’d)
B-10
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EIM  GROUP
©
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
Post-12/1/06 Cases
Need to Show Need
“follow[ing] general presumption                         
against metadata production”
“[h]owever, if cause is shown (e.g.,
metadata associated with a spread-
sheet), Plaintiffs may file another 
motion to compel production, to the 
extent that the meet and confer process 
does not yield a resolution to the issue”
Repligen v. Bristol-Myers Squibb, No. 06-004 (TJW), Order,                           
at 2 (E. D. Texas 1/12/07) <https://ecf.txed.uscourts.gov/cgi-
bin/show case doc?54,94380,,,,,182,1
>
B-11
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EIM  GROUP
©
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
Post-12/1/06 Cases
NO “DO-OVERS”
See In re Payment Card Interchange Fee                                        
& Merchant Discount Antitrust Litig., 2007                                     
U.S. Dist. LEXIS 2650 (E.D.N.Y. 1/12/07)                  
<http://Payment-Card-Antitrust-1-12-07.notlong.com
>
declining to order second/native production          
of data already produced via scanning-plus-OCR 
but distinguishing prospective productions
See also CovadCommc'nsCo. v. Revonet, Inc., 267 F.R.D. 14 
(D.D.C. Mar. 31, 2010) <https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-
bin/show public doc?2006cv1892-171
>
B-12
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EIM  GROUP
©
Ky. Speedway v. NASCAR, 2006  U.S. Dist.                                                           
LEXIS 92028 (E.D. Ky. 12/18/06)
relying on 12/1/06 FRCP amendments as basis for refusing                                                                     
to order 
Δ
to produce metadata for documents already produced
<https://ecf.kyed.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show case doc?147,46018,,,,,576,1
Williams v. Sprint, 2006 WL 3691604 (D. Kan. 12/12/06) 
increased time and effort required for hardcopy review                                                                       
insufficient to justify re-production in native format
<http://Williams-12-12-06.notlong.com
Wyeth v. ImpaxLabs., 2006 WL 3091331 (D. Del. 10/26/06)
Δ
had moved to compel native production with complete metadata
under Del.’s Default Standard, upholding prior TIFF production because: 
no agreement otherwise; and
no showing of particularized need for native
<http://Wyeth-Impax-10-26-06.notlong.com
>
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
No “Do-overs” 
(c’t’d)
B-13
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EIM  GROUP
©
Some “Native” Decisions . . .
Aguilar v. U.S. ICE Div., 2008                                          
WL 5062700 (S.D.N.Y. 11/21/08)
White v. Graceland College Center                                     
for Prof’l Dev. & Lifelong Learning, Inc.,                   
2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 63088 (D. Kan. 8/7/08)
Autotech Techs. Ltd. P’ship v. Automation-
direct.com, 248 F.R.D. 556 (N.D. Ill. 4/2/08)
D'Onofrio v. SFX Sports Group, Inc.,                              
247 F.R.D. 43 (D.D.C. 1/23/08)
Peacock v. Merrill, 2008 WL                                    
176375 (S.D. Ala. 1/17/08)
Ryan v. Gifford, 2007 Del. Ch.                                    
LEXIS 168 (Del. Ch. 11/30/07)
Celerity, Inc. v. Ultra Clean Holding, Inc.                 
476 F. Supp. 2d 1159 (N.D. Cal. 2/28/07)
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
MorePost-12/1/06
B-14
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EIM  GROUP
©
Irwin v. Onondaga County Resource Recovery Agency,
72 A.D. 3d 314, 895 N.Y.S. 2d 262 (4th Dep’t 2/11/10) 
<nycourts.gov/ad4/court/Decisions/2010/02-11-10/PDF/1420.pdf
>
See also ARMA, Court Orders Production of Electronically Stored 
Photos, Associated Metadata, Newswire (4/28/10) 
<http://www.arma.org/news/enewsletters/index.cfm?ID=4273
>
Lake v. City of Phoenix (“Lake II”), 2009 Ariz. LEXIS 257 
(Ariz. 10/29/09) 
<www.supreme.state.az.us/opin/pdf2009/CV090036PR.pdf
>
FSP Stallion 1 LLC v. Luce, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68460               
(D. Nev. 7/21/09) (in part, apparently ordering re-
production of docs. exchanged via initial disclosure) 
<https://ecf.nvd.uscourts.gov/doc1/11512112850
>
Dahl v. Bain Capital Partners, LLC, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS           
2551 (D. Mass. 6/22/09) (“[r]ather than a sweeping request 
for metadata, the [requesting parties” should tailor their 
requests”) 
<https://ecf.mad.uscourts.gov/doc1/09503189087
>
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
Some 2009-10 Decisions
B-15
EIM  GROUP
©
TO LEARN MORE
<applieddiscovery.com/ws display.asp?filter=
Native%20Production%20Required
>
<www.krollontrack.com/case-summaries/
>
<https://extranet1.klgates.com/ediscovery/
>
NOTE
Each of those sites offers a free e-newsletter
A.  Discoverability 
(c’t’d)
Case Law Developing 
B-16
EIM  GROUP
©
eDiscovery/Metadata 
(c’t’d) 
B.  Inadvertent Disclosure Clawbacks
1.  Claw-Back Procedure in FRCP as of 12/1/06
ESI-Driven Goals of 12/1/06 FRCP Amendments:
26(b)(5)(B) –“[D]oesnot address the substantive 
questions whether privilege or work product 
protection . . . waived or forfeited.  Instead . . . 
sets up a procedure to allow the responding party 
to assert a claim of privilege or of work-product 
protection after production.”
Rules Report at App. C-54  
<uscourts.gov/uscourts/RulesAndPolicies/rules/Reports/ST09-
2005.pdf#page=139
>
45(d)(2)(B) –same fornon-party subpoenas
Id. at App. C-91 
<uscourts.gov/uscourts/RulesAndPolicies/rules/Reports/ST09-
2005.pdf#page=176
>
26(b)(5)(B) itself
<uscourts.gov/uscourts/RulesAndPolicies/rules/EDiscovery w w Notes.pdf#page=9
>, at 9-10
STATE ANALOGUES AS WELL
B-17
EIM  GROUP
©
B(1).  FRCP Claw-Back
Procedure 
(c’t’d)
Pre-FRCP-Amendment Grimm Warnings: 
UNLESS IN SCHEDULING or 
PROTECTIVE ORDER, non-waiver 
stipulation (clawback or quick peek) 
risky & maybe not enforceable 
states’ laws and circuits’ views differ
subject-matter and “selective” waivers
Hopson v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore,
232 F.R.D. 228 (D. Md. Nov. 22, 2005)
<www.doar.com/apps/uploads/literature33 Hopson v.Baltimore City.pdf
>
B-18
EIM  GROUP
©
B.  2.  F.R.E. 502 –
Substantive
Goals = Gap-Filling & Protection 
To address some of those Grimm-
type concerns, F.R.E. 502
became 
law on September 19, 2008 
Cf. Proposed Wash. R. Evid. 502
<www.wsba.org/lawyers/groups/courtrules/october192009cou
rtrulesproceduresmeetingmaterials.pdf
>, at 24-28
Comment period expired 4/30/10
Highlights:
“middle ground”approach 
<uscourts.gov/uscourts/RulesAndPolicies/rules/Reports/EV05-
2006.pdf#page=12
>
Rejected strict-liability approach, i.e., 
inadvertent disclosure CANNOT BE  
automatic subject-matter waiver
B-19
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