SAT Preparation Booklet
Questions 5–7 are based on the following passage:
(1) Many times art history courses focus on
the great “masters,”ignoring those women
who should have achieved fame. (2) Often
women artists like Mary Cassatt have
worked in the shadows of their male con-
temporaries. (3) They have rarely received
much attention during their lifetimes.
(4) My art teacher has tried to make up for
it by teaching us about women artists and
their work. (5) Recently she came to class
very excited; she had just read about a little-
known artist named Annie Johnson, a high
school teacher who had lived all of her life
in New Haven, Connecticut. (6) Johnson
never sold a painting, and her obituary in
1937 did not even mention her many paint-
ings. (7) Thanks to Bruce Blanchard, a
Connecticut businessman who bought some
of her watercolors at an estate sale.
(8) Johnson is finally starting to get the
attention that she deserved more than one
hundred years ago. (9) Blanchard now owns
a private collection of hundreds of Johnson’s
works—watercolors, charcoal sketches, and
(10) There are portraits and there are land-
scapes. (11) The thing that makes her work
stand out are the portraits. (12) My teacher
described them as “unsentimental.”
(13) They do not idealize characters.
(14) Characters are presented almost photo-
graphically. (15) Many of the people in the
pictures had an isolated, haunted look.
(16) My teacher said that isolation symbol-
izes Johnson’s life as an artist.
5. In context, which is the best revision to the under-
lined portion of sentence 3 (reproduced below)?
rarely received much attention during
(A) In fact, they had
(B) Too bad these artists have
(C) As a result, these women have
(D) In spite of this, women artists
(E) Often it is the case that the former have
Although sentence 3 is not grammatically wrong, its
relationship to the preceding sentence needs to be made
clearer. A transitional phrase should be added to emphasize
the cause-and-effect relationship between the stated
facts—women artists received little attention as a conse-
quence of having worked in the shadows of their male con-
temporaries—and the ambiguous pronoun “They” should
be replaced with a word or phrase that clearly refers to the
“women artists” and not the “male contemporaries” men-
tioned in sentence 2.
(A), (B), and (D) are unsatisfactory because in each
case the transitional phrase (“In fact,”“Too bad,”
or “In spite of this”) fails to indicate the cause-
and-effect relationship. Moreover, both (A) and (B)
leave the ambiguity of the pronoun unresolved.
(E) is unsatisfactory not only because it fails to sig-
nal the cause-and-effect relationship but also
because it is wordy and illogically combines the
adverbs “Often” and “rarely.”
(C) is correct. The transitional phrase “as a result”
clearly indicates a cause-and-effect relationship,
and “these women” properly resolves the ambiguity
of the pronoun “They.”
Correct answer: (C) / Difficulty level: Hard
6. In context, which of the following revisions to sen-
tence 7 is most needed?
(A) Delete “Thanks to”.
(B) Move “Thanks to Bruce Blanchard” to the end
of sentence 7.
(C) Delete “who”.
(D) Change “her” to “Johnson’s”.
(E) Change the period to a comma and combine
sentence 7 with sentence 8.
Sentence 7 is a sentence fragment, with neither a subject
nor a main verb to finish the thought it has begun. It says
“Thanks to Bruce Blanchard,” but it does not say what
happened thanks to Bruce Blanchard. It should therefore be
joined to an independent clause, complete with subject and
verb, that indicates what happened as a result of
(A),(B), and (D) are unsatisfactory because each fails
to provide the main verb needed to complete the sen-
tence. Each results in another sentence fragment.
Although (C) results in a complete sentence, the
sentence makes little sense in the context of the
paragraph because it suggests that Bruce Blanchard
is someone other than the Connecticut business-
man who bought the watercolors.
(E) is correct. This change results in a grammati-
cally complete sentence that indicates what hap-
pened thanks to Bruce Blanchard’s efforts: Johnson
began to get the attention she deserved.
Correct answer: (E) / Difficulty level: Medium
7. In context, which of the following is the best version
of sentence 10 (reproduced below)?
There are portraits and there are landscapes.
(A) (As it is now)
(B) You can see both portraits and landscapes.
(C) Therefore, both portraits and landscapes are
among her works.
(D) Johnson painted both portraits and landscapes.
(E) Among them Johnson has portraits and landscapes.