build word power in special ways
Knowing the meaning of many words and how to pronounce them is a
sure sign of word power, your goal in reading this book!
Following is a list of words that are direct imports to English. You may
already know some of them. Aids to their pronunciations are included to help
you if needed.
WORDS FROM FOREIGN SOURCES
1. ad hoc (from Latin for for this). Something created right now, or
improvised, for a speciﬁc purpose. Hurricane Katrina caused the
ad hoc formation of citizen rescue teams.
2. ad hominem (add-HOHM-eh-nihm). (from Latin for to the man)
An argument that attacks someone’s character rather than
attacking his argument, appealing to the emotions rather than
the intellect. Political races are too often full of ad hominem attacks
instead of debates on the real issues.
3. camouﬂage (KAM-uh-ﬂaahj). (from the French for to disguise)
Disguising for protection from an enemy, such as dressing to
blend into the surrounding environment. Clothes designed with a
camouﬂage pattern have become popular with young people, whether
or not they plan to serve in the military.
4. caveat emptor (KAH-vee-aht em(p)-tor). (from the Latin for let
the buyer beware) The concept that not all sellers can be trusted,
so buyers should carefully judge the quality of what they buy
before they pay. Flea market bargain hunters should remember the
saying caveat emptor every time they think they’ve bought something
for much less than it’s really worth.
5. cocoa. (the Spanish name for the bean of the cacao tree) The
powder ground from roasted cacao beans. Imagine our world
without cocoa: if the Spanish hadn’t come to the New World, no one
in Europe or Asia would ever have had the pleasure of a cup of cocoa.
6. faux pas (fo
-PAH). (from the French for false step) An embarrass-
ing mistake in manners or conduct. I made a terrible faux pas
when I commented to my teacher that she seemed to have gained
weight over the summer.
7. matinee (ma-tuh-NEH). (from the French for morning) An enter-
tainment or performance held in the afternoon. We were so anx-
ious to see that new comedy that we stood in line for the Saturday