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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
40 
31
http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/dept-min/pub/ccs-ajc/page3.html 
32
http://www.lawcentralcanada.ca/LawServices/court.aspx 
33
Ontario, for example, has such a model:  Ontario Court Services Division Annual 
Report 2009-2010, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_09/Court_Se
rvices_Annual_Report_FULL_EN.pdf at 20 [CSD 2010 Report]. 
34
MOU’s are in place for the Ontario Court of Justice and the Superior Court of Justice: 
http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_en/en08/307en08.pdf. 
35
JITO, however, works with the Court Business Solutions Branch of the Court Services 
Division to identify and implement technological solutions relating to these issues:  CSD 
2010 Report p. 48; Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Annual Report 2008-2010, online:  
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/scj/en/reports/annualreport/08-10.pdf at 21. 
36
Tracey Tyler, “Access to justice a ‘basic right’” The Toronto Star (12 August 2007), 
online: The Toronto Star <http://www.thestar.com/News/Canada/article/245548> [Tyler, 
“Basic Right”]. 
37
Melina Buckley, “Moving Forward on Legal Aid:  Research on Needs and Innovative 
Approaches”, The Canadian Bar Association:  2010, online:  
http://www.cba.org/CBA/Advocacy/PDF/CBA%20Legal%20Aid%20Renewal%20Paper
.pdf 
38
See, for example:  The Middle Income Access to Civil Justice Initiative at the 
University of Toronto:  
http://www.law.utoronto.ca/visitors_content.asp?itemPath=5/1/18/0/0&contentId=2113 
39
Jane Bailey, “Reopening Law’s Gate:  Public Interest Standing and Access to Justice” 
(2011) 44 UBC Law Rev 255, online:  
http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/200909084059/publications-and-
scholarship/academic-publications/selected-publications.html  
40
For example, in 2010, the BC Provincial Court had issued a report noting that trial days 
were being lost because there were less judges of that Court in 2010 than there had been 
in 2005.  In February 2012, the BC Attorney General released a green paper on 
modernizing BC’s justice system, in which it noted that costs and delays in the operation 
of the justice system were increasing, although the number of crimes and cases was 
decreasing and suggested that new ways of delivering justice needed to be explored:  
Minister of Justice and Attorney General, Modernizing British Columbia’s Justice 
System:  Green Paper (Feb 2012), online:  
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/public/JusticeSystemReviewGreenPaper.pdf.   The Chief 
Justices of BC, the Supreme Court of BC and the Provincial Court of BC responded with 
memoranda emphasizing the importance of judicial independence within the reform 
dialogue:  
http://www.provincialcourt.bc.ca/downloads/pdf/Judicial%20Independence%20Final%20
Release.pdf and http://www.provincialcourt.bc.ca/downloads/pdf/press%20release%20-
%20February%208%202012%20-%20criminal%20justice%20review.pdf.      
41
Supreme Court of Canada hearings are webcast and archived, and a permanent live 
feed of its hearings are available to Parliament through CCTV: http://www.scc-
csc.gc.ca/case-dossier/index-eng.asp.  Similarly, BC ran a pilot program in 2011 in which 
presiding judges could allow a videorecording of them issuing sentence to be posted 
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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
41 
online 1-2 days after the hearing, online:  
http://vancouver.24hrs.ca/News/local/2010/11/22/pf-16266291.html.  On a related note, 
broadcasters are increasingly requesting permission to televise court proceedings and, in 
some cases, have been permitted to do so.  In Ontario, a 2007 pilot project involved 
webcasting of 21 cases argued before the Ontario Court of Appeal:  
http://www.lawyersweekly.ca/index.php?section=article&articleid=1383.   Nova Scotia 
permits live webcasting of some of its hearings on the court website, as well as providing 
an archive of webcast major events that took place in NS courtrooms:  
http://www.courts.ns.ca/nssc_hearings_video_page.htm; 
http://www.courts.ns.ca/swearing-
in_videos_archive/swearing_in_videos_archive_page.htm. 
42
For example, certain downloadable, fillable forms are accessible on the websites of the 
Saskatchewan Provincial Court, the Alberta Provincial Court (including for civil, family, 
and certain criminal law-related matters) and Court of Appeal, the British Columbia 
Small Claims Court, the Nova Scotia Supreme Court, the Ontario Small Claims Court, 
the Saskatchewan Provincial Court, the Federal Courts of Canada, the Tax Court of 
Canada and the Supreme Court of Canada (efiling form). 
43
For example, the Ontario Small Claims Court website provides a link to the Ontario 
Court Services Division of the Ministry of the Attorney General where a digital “Forms 
Assistant” guides users through the process of filling out forms, allowing them to save 
their work and password protect it so that they can return to it later to complete or adjust 
it:  https://formsassistant.ontariocourtforms.on.ca/Welcome.aspx?lang=en. 
44
For example, users of the Tax Court of Canada website can click on electronic filing 
and be taken to a portal that allows them to file documents electronically (which is 
encouraged by the court and includes no additional expense beyond regular filing fees):  
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-cci_Eng/Electronic_Filing, as 
can users of the Alberta Court of Appeal, for certain types of electronic documents 
(transcripts, “e-appeals”):  https://www.albertacourts.ca/ca/efiling/
45
For example, RSS news feeds are available from the Alberta Court of Appeal, the 
Ontario Court of Appeal and Divisional Court, the Tax Court of Canada, the Federal 
Courts and the Supreme Court of Canada.  The Nova Scotia courts website links to court 
news on twitter:  http://www.courts.ns.ca/.   
46
See for example, Alberta Provincial Court online videos relating to civil and family 
mediation, as well as webinars on family proceedings 
(http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/ProvincialCourt/CivilSmallClaimsCourt/Videos/tabid/20
5/Default.aspx
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/ProvincialCourt/FamilyJusticeServices/FamilyLawAct/Fa
milyLawActAmendmentWebinar/tabid/396/Default.aspx), the Saskatchewan Court o
Appeal’s tour of the virtual court room 
(http://www.sasklawcourts.ca/default.asp?pg=ca_education_vr), the Nova Scotia courts’ 
“Courts and classrooms” materials that provide interactive presentations on how the court 
system works:  http://www.courts.ns.ca/courtsandclassrooms.htm  
and the interactive videos relating to Tax Court of Canada hearings and preparation:  
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-
cci_Eng/Process/Your_day_video 
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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
42 
47
See for example, the Alberta Provincial Court’s youtube video related to use of that 
court’s remote scheduling system:  
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/ProvincialCourt/CourtCaseManagement/RemoteCourtroo
mScheduling/tabid/351/Default.aspx.   
48
See, for example:  Alberta Provincial Court 
(http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/ProvincialCourt/CriminalCourt/EFileNoticeofApplicatio
nforPublicationBan/tabid/238/Default.aspx); BC Supreme Court 
(http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/supreme%5Fcourt/publication_bans/subscribe.aspx). 
49
For example, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Courts and the Tax Court of 
Canada employ standards on accessibility set by the Treasury Board of Canada 
Secretariat (http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pol/doc-eng.aspx?section=text&id=23601), which 
can involve use of templates to improve compatibility with adaptive technologies, 
handheld devices and browsers, testing of various technologies and browsers to ensure 
access to web pages regardless of the technology used, as well as certain “look and feel” 
guidelines intended to simplify use of their websites (http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/help-
aide/index-eng.asp). 
50
For example, the Supreme Court of Canada website includes a searchable Case 
Information database through which users may access the docket of the proceedings 
(including filing dates), a list of the parties and counsel, a summary of the case, the facta 
filed and a webcast of the hearing (if applicable) (http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/case-
dossier/cms-sgd/dock-regi-eng.aspx?cas=34645).  In BC, the Ministry of Justice 
administers Court Services Online through which users can search civil, appeal and 
traffic files for a fee, and search daily court lists for free, while also having the 
opportunity to file civil court documents online:  
https://eservice.ag.gov.bc.ca/cso/index.do 
51
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report 2008-2009 at 44, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_08/Court_Se
rvices_Annual_Report_CHAP5_EN.pdf. 
52
John Piccolo, “The Courts in the Era of Information Technology” The Society Record 
(October 2005) at p. 16, online:  
http://nsbs.org/sites/default/files/cms/publications/society-record/sr-vol-23-no-5-october-
2005.pdf. 
53
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report 2009-2010, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_09/Court_Se
rvices_Annual_Report_FULL_EN.pdf;  
54
Ontario Court of Appeal Annual Report, 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/ps/annualreport/2010.pdf at 17. 
55
http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/media/acc/index-eng.asp  
56
Litigants may e-mail forms, requests and documents in both civil and criminal matters.  
See, for example:  Practice Directive #4, 1 Aug 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD4_CivilCriminalMatters_AttendanceByTelephone.pdf; 
Practice Directive #18, 1 February 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/NCJ_PD18_ElectronicFiling_CivilCriminalChambers.pdf. 
57
Litigants must file certain documents (e.g. criminal and civil facta, civil transcripts) in 
electronic form (preferably by e-mail) and are encouraged to provide other kinds of 
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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
43 
materials in electronic form as well. However, the filing of electronic copies is in addition 
to the requirement to file paper copies:  OCA, Notice to the Profession Electronic Filing 
in Criminal Appeals (26 Jan 2011), online: 
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/notices/adminadv/ef_criminal_appeals.htm; Practice 
Direction Concerning Civil Appeals in the Court of Appeal (2004) 
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/notices/pd/civil2003.htm; OCA, Notice to the 
Profession, Electronic Filing (5 April 2000), online:  
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/notices/adminadv/ef.htm. 
58
For example, requisitions to note a defendant in default may be filed by e-mail:  
Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure, R. 19.01(1.1) 
59
Support orders may be filed with the court by e-mailing them to the court clerk:  
Ontario Family Law Rules, R. 25(11). 
60
Criminal/youth/regulatory case management forms, civil small claims pretrial 
conference forms and family/child protection case management forms can be filed by e-
mail: 
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=cV5g4TyO%2bNs%3d&tabid=
321 
61
Counsel may file their appeal book, submissions and books of essential references with 
the court by e-mail in PDF format New Brunswick Rules of Civil Procedure, R. 92.20.2; 
Practice Directive - http://www.gnb.ca/cour/03COA1/pdf/PD-AA-08.pdf  
62
Quebec Rules of Civil Procedure, R. 30(1), 35, 39 and Quebec Criminal Rules of 
Procedure R. 52, online:  http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/c-
appel/English/Rules/rcivil/rcivil.html 
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/c-appel/English/Rules/rcriminal/rcriminal.html. 
63
CAPN no. 2010-01 
http://www.court.nl.ca/supreme/appeal/pracnotes/Practice_Note_2010_06_28.pdf 
64
OCA, Notice to the Profession, Electronic Delivery of Copies of Reasons for Judgment 
(Nov 2009), online:  
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/notices/adminadv/electronicdelivery.htm; Notice to 
Counsel (15 June 2010), online:  http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/c-
appel/English/Current/new/docs/Notice_jugt_e-mail.pdf; BCCA Practice Note (Civil & 
Criminal) Release of CA Reserve Reasons for Judgment by E-Mail (19 Sep 2011), 
online:  
http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/Court%5Fof%5FAppeal/practice%5Fand%5Fprocedure/civi
l_and_criminal_practice_directives/practice_notes/Release%20of%20Court%20of%20A
ppeal%20Reserve%20Reasons%20for%20Judgment%20by%20E-Mail.htm. 
65
Practice note 38 Discretionary Publication Ban – Common Law or Statutory (22 Sep 
2005), online:  http://www.gov.pe.ca/courts/supreme/practice_notes.pdf. 
66
http://www.judicom.ca/home-eng.html 
67
http://www.judicom.ca/home-eng.html 
68
http://www.judicom.ca/home-eng.html 
69
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/mjq_en/c-quebec/fs_administration.html 
70
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/ocj/publications/2007-report-of-ontario-court-of-
justice/ 
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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
44 
71
This is a Novell based system:  
https://intranet.albertacourts.ab.ca/_layouts/login_courtsIntranet.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2fCS
%2fPages%2fProtocols.aspx 
72
http://plone.org/support/sites/ontario-court-forms 
73
Ontario Court Services Division, Annual Report 2007-2008, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_07/Court_Se
rvices_Annual_Report_FULL_EN.pdf. 
74
http://office.microsoft.com/en-ca/live-meeting-help/ 
75
Ontario Court Services Division, Annual Report 2009-2010, 2008-2009, 2007-2008, 
online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_07/Court_Se
rvices_Annual_Report_FULL_EN.pdf at 42-44. 
76
See above note 41. 
77
Ss. 487.1 and 529.5 Criminal Code of Canada. 
78
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/Home/Contact/MasterinChambers/Masters/tabid/306/De
fault.aspx;http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/provincialcourt/civilsmallclaimscourt/formspub
lications/tabid/167/default.aspx 
79
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/CourtofQueensBench/PublicationsForms/AdjournmentC
onfirmation/tabid/266/Default.aspx. 
80
R. 6.01 Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench Rules (Criminal), online:  http://laws-
lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SI-92-35/page-3.html 
81
R. 37.09:  http://www.gnb.ca/cour/pdf/CourtCall-E.pdf  
82
Clerk’s Practice Directive No. 13 (13 May 2011), online:  
http://www.nwtcourts.ca/directives/CPD13.pdf; Territorial Court Practice Direction (10 
Mar 2011), online:  http://www.nwtcourts.ca/directives/PDTC26.pdf. 
83
2007 Annual Report, p. 13, 21, Practice Directive #4, 1 Aug 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD4_CivilCriminalMatters_AttendanceByTelephone.pdf 
84
R. 13.1.02(5)) Rules of Civil Procedure; R. 2(5); R. 17(16); R. 14(8)) Family Law 
Rules. 
85
R. 26; R. 40. 
86
R. 44, Practice Directive 2: 
http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/yukon_coa_civil_rules_2005_bilingual.pdf  and 
http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/Yukon_Civil_Practice_Directives_2006.pdf 
87
2007 Annual Report, p. 13, 21, Practice Directive #4, 1 Aug 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD4_CivilCriminalMatters_AttendanceByTelephone.pdf 
88
However, the court reserves the right to require an in-person appearance:  
http://www.court.nl.ca/supreme/general/news.html.  
89
http://www.gov.pe.ca/courts/supreme/practice_notes.pdf  
90
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/mjq_en/c-
quebec/Modes_alternatifs_de_reglement_anglais/fs_CRAcivil_FonctionnementAng.html 
91
On request by parties residing outside of Whitehorse:  
http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/pd21.pdf 
92
http://nsbs.org/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-
wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=http%3A%2F%2Fnsbs.org%2Fnova-scotia-access-justice-
inventory&TN=ATJ+Inventory+Revised&SN=AUTO10794&SE=179&RN=7&MR=10
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23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
45 
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FullDisplay2&RL=1&EL=0&DL=1&NP=1&ID=&MF=WPENGMSG.INI&MQ=&TI=0
&DT=&ST=0&IR=25&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=ATJQBE2Test
&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1 
93
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD1_Communities_ShowCauseHearings.pdf 
94
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 16. 
95
http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-98-106/FullText.html 
96
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-cci_Eng/Process/Practice17 
97
http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/court-cour/sys/index-eng.asp  
98
R. 25.03(1) & 25.04(1), R. 53.05 
99
On request for parties residing outside of Whitehorse to give evidence in small claims 
court http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/New_Small_Claims_Regs.pdf);  
100
2007 Annual Report, p. 13, 21, Practice Directive #4, 1 Aug 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD4_CivilCriminalMatters_AttendanceByTelephone.pdf 
101
Ontario Court Services Division, Annual Report 2009-2010 p. 44 
102
http://www.courtcall.com/ccallp/main?c=CCHOME   
103
http://www.gov.ab.ca/acn/200607/202113F88E0A6-9968-5D31-
A381C35A069D35EB.html  
104
Manitoba Provincial Court, Annual Report 2009-2010, p. 6 
105
http://www.gov.mb.ca/justice/publications/annualreports/pdf/annualreport1011.pdf at 
45. 
106
Newfoundland Practice Direction 15 September 2010 
http://www.court.nl.ca/provincial/goingtocourt/practice_note_video_hmp.pdf 
107
http://nsbs.org/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-
wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=http%3A%2F%2Fnsbs.org%2Fnova-scotia-access-justice-
inventory&TN=ATJ+Inventory+Revised&SN=AUTO10794&SE=179&RN=7&MR=10
&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&CS=2&XP=&RF=1-BriefDisplay&EF=&DF=2-
FullDisplay2&RL=1&EL=0&DL=1&NP=1&ID=&MF=WPENGMSG.INI&MQ=&TI=0
&DT=&ST=0&IR=25&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=ATJQBE2Test
&OEX=ISO-8859-1&OEH=ISO-8859-1  
108
Ontario Auditor General Report, 2010, online:  
http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_en/en10/407en10.pdf at 339 
109
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 17 
110
http://www.gov.ab.ca/acn/200607/202113F88E0A6-9968-5D31-
A381C35A069D35EB.html  
111
http://www.gnb.ca/0062/publications/AnnualReports/Justice_Annual_Report_10_11.p
df at 25 
112
R. 51.08, R. 53.05, R. 56.01, 56.06, NS Courts, Video Conference Arrangements – 
Law Courts (11 June 2004), online:  
http://www.courts.ns.ca/General/bar_docs/video_conf_june04.pdf 
23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
46 
113
http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-46/page-393.html?term=714.1#s-714.1 and 
Practice Directive #29, 1 Feb 2010, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD29_Videoconferencing_CriminalMatters.pdf  
114
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf Page50 
115
S. 55 Small Claims Court Regulations, online:  
http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/New_Small_Claims_Regs.pdf 
116
http://www.gov.ab.ca/acn/200607/202113F88E0A6-9968-5D31-
A381C35A069D35EB.html2007 Annual Report, p. 15  
117
BC Prov Ct, Notice to the Profession (20 July 2011), online:  
http://www.provincialcourt.bc.ca/downloads/pdf/Notice%20to%20the%20Profession%20
-%20Judicial%20Justices%20-%20Jul%2029,%202011.pdf 
118
Including a pilot study to connect summary advice lawyers in larger centres with those 
needing family law advice in more remote communities (Sep 2011-Jul 2012):  NS DOJ, 
“Innovative Pilot Project Improves Access to Justice System (19 Sep 2011), online:  
http://www.gov.ns.ca/news/details.asp?id=20110919004 
119
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/ca/practicenotes/e.pdf 
120
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 17) - criminal appeals can be heard from Prince 
Albert Penitentiary http://www.sasklawcourts.ca/ 
121
BC Prov Ct, Notice to the Profession (20 July 2011), online:  
http://www.provincialcourt.bc.ca/downloads/pdf/Notice%20to%20the%20Profession%20
-%20Judicial%20Justices%20-%20Jul%2029,%202011.pdf 
122
http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/ID/freeside/297_2001a [PD 
(Civil & Criminal) 19 Sep 2011 requires an application to be made for video or 
teleconference in appeals - 
http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/Court%5Fof%5FAppeal/practice%5Fand%5Fprocedure/civi
l_and_criminal_practice_directives/Chambers%20Applications%20by%20Telephone%2
0or%20Videoconference.htm 
123
R. 62.02.1 allows CJ to direct any matter be heard by way of videoconference 
124
Territorial Court Practice Direction (10 Mar 2011), online:  
http://www.nwtcourts.ca/directives/PDTC26.pdf 
125
R. 23.15(2) & (3), R. 25.03(1) & 25.04(1), NS Courts, Video Conference 
Arrangements – Law Courts (11 June 2004), online:  
http://www.courts.ns.ca/General/bar_docs/video_conf_june04.pdf 
126
Nunavut Court of Justice, 2008 Annual Report, p. 16, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/files/2008_NCJ_annual_report.pdf 
127
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/coa/en/notices/pd/civil2003.htm ; R. 2(5), 14(8), 17(16) 
Ontario Family Law Rules, online:  http://www.e-
laws.gov.on.ca/html/regs/english/elaws_regs_990114_e.htm 
128
R. 1, 75.1 PEI Rules of Civil Procedure:  
http://www.gov.pe.ca/courts/supreme/rules/rulesearch.php3  
23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
47 
129
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/mjq_en/c-superieure/index-cs.html; R. 91 
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/c-appel/English/Rules/rcivil/rcivil.html; R. 95 
http://www.tribunaux.qc.ca/c-appel/English/Rules/rcriminal/rcriminal.html 
130
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 17 
131
Yukon Practice Direction #42 (14 June 2007), online:  
http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/PD_42_appearance_day.pdf 
132
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report, 2008-2009 
133
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/courts/accessibility_committee/fall_
2010_issue_1.pdf  
134
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report, 2009-2010, p. A16 
135
Video Plea Court Project piloted in Durham Region Courthouse in 2011; 2011 
Opening of the Court Speech, Ontario Court of Justice 2011, online:  
http://www.ontariocourts.ca/ocj/ocj/publications/2011-report-of-ontario-court-of-justice/. 
136
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report, 2004-2005, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_05.pdf 
137
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report, 2004-2005, online:  
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_05.pdf 
138
Small Claims Court Practice Direction #21 http://www.yukoncourts.ca/pdf/pd21.pdf   
139
PEI Practice note 40 Hague Convention Protocol 4(d) (18 March 2011), online:  
http://www.gov.pe.ca/courts/supreme/practice_notes.pdf ) 
140
http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-98-106/FullText.html 
141
http://cas-ncr-nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/tcc-cci_Eng/Process/Practice17 
142
http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/court-cour/sys/index-eng.asp  
143
www.yorku.ca/igreene/documents/ACCAWhitePaper11b.doc at 24 
144
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report 2009-2010 at 44 
145
Criminal Code of Canada, s. 486.2(7); Manitoba: 
(http://www.gov.mb.ca/chc/press/top/2000/04/2000-04-10-02.html; Ontario: Ontario 
Court Services Division Annual Report 2008-2009;  Ontario 2008 Auditor General 
Report; PEI: Attorney General Unveils New Closed-circuit Television Equipment, (21 
August 2010), online:  
http://www.gov.pe.ca/newsroom/index.php?number=news&dept=&newsnumber=6991&
lang=E ); Saskatchewan:  Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 17-18. 
146
See, for example:  Alberta:  http://www.gov.ab.ca/acn/200607/202113F88E0A6-9968-
5D31-A381C35A069D35EB.html. 
147
http://www.sasklawcourts.ca/docs/qb_ConsolidatedVideoProtocol2011.pdf at 2, 9-11 
148
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 16
149
http://www.sasklawcourts.ca/docs/qb_ConsolidatedVideoProtocol2011.pdf at 8 
150
BCSC Admin Notice 6 (2010/07/01), online:  
http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/supreme%5Fcourt/practice%5Fand%5Fprocedure/practice_
23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
48 
directions/administrative_notices/AN%20-%206%20Video%20Conferencing.pdf
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/courts/faq/info/videoconferencing.htm 
151
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/courts/faq/info/videoconferencing.htm 
152
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/courts/faq/info/vc_map.pdf  By December 2011, over 200 
units in 45 courthouses and correctional centres were reportedly part of the provincial 
courtroom videoconferencing network:  
http://www2.news.gov.bc.ca/news_releases_2009-2013/2011AG0037-001642.htm 
153
http://www.manitobacourts.mb.ca/pdf/annual_report_2009-2010.pdf at 17-18 
154
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf  at 50 
155
National Council of Welfare, Justice and the Poor, online:  
http://www.ncw.gc.ca/l.3bd.2t.1ilshtml@-eng.jsp?lid=96&fid=4 
156
http://www.nucj.ca/Directives/PD1_Communities_ShowCauseHearings.pdf  
157
http://www.gnb.ca/0062/publications/AnnualReports/Justice_Annual_Report_10_11.p
df at 25; Nunavut Court of Justice 2007 Annual Report at 15; 
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/courts/faq/info/videoconferencing.htm  
158
In BC, for example, use of the courts’ videoconferencing equipment costs $100/hr per 
site on the BC court network, telecom use charges of $65/hr within BC, $100/hr within 
North America and $200/hr outside North America:  
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/courts/forms/adm/adm509.pdf 
159
http://www.cipa.ca/award_winners/winners_05/OntarioMinCommSafetyCorrServ.html 
160
Ontario Auditor General Report, 2010, online:  
http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_en/en10/407en10.pdf at 339.  Had the 50% target 
been reached, it was estimated that approximately $10 million could have been saved:  
Ontario Auditor General Report 2008, online:  
http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_en/en08/307en08.pdf at 220-221.  
161
Ontario Court Services Division, Annual Report 2004-5. 
162
Ontario Court Services Division, Annual Report 2008-2009. 
163
However, an in-custody accused who does not have access to legal advice during any 
proceeding is not to be permitted to appear remotely unless the court is first satisfied that 
s/he will be “able to understand the proceedings and that any decisions made by the 
accused during the proceeding will be voluntary”:  s. 848 Criminal Code. 
164
CA Annual Report p. 17 
165
CSD 2009-2010, 2010-2011 ARs.   
166
Accessibility Plan 2008-09 
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/accessibility2008.asp 
167
http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/help-aide/index-eng.asp  
168
Note:  http://www.bakerlaw.ca/content/jodhan-wins-landmark-case-against-federal-
government-fix-inaccessible-websites, a case in which the federal government was 
ordered to address the inaccessibility of federal websites. 
169
See Treasury Board guidelines:  http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/clf2-nsi2/tb-bo/acch-aacc-
eng.asp#cn_ht-ccss 
170
http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rpp/2011-2012/inst/jsc/jsc01-eng.asp 
171
Courts Administration Service, 2010-2011 Annual Report, online:  http://cas-ncr-
nter03.cas-satj.gc.ca/portal/page/portal/CAS/AR-RA_eng/ar-ra-10-11_eng.pdf 
23 October 2012 (amended 11 June 2014) 
based on research conducted as of May 2012 
49 
172
http://www.albertacourts.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=yuRfwQjjR30%3d&tabid=331
http://www.albertacourts.ca/ProvincialCourt/CourtCaseManagement/tabid/331/Default.as
px
http://www.albertacourts.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=RFGPmKp0ngk%3d&tabid=331 
173
Alberta, Court Case Management (CCM) Program Phase 1 Closeout Report (30 Sep 
2010), online:  
http://www.albertacourts.ab.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=TFcLwniYMNE%3D&tabid=3
31  
174
http://www.sierrasystems.com/Documents/Library/Justice/Brochure%20-
%20Case%20Management%20Systems.pdf  
175
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/justin/index.htm 
176
http://www.ag.gov.bc.ca/justin/benefits.htm 
177
ACCA Tech Committee Update Dec 2010.doc 
178
http://bfo.com/casestudies/bcag.jsp 
179
http://www.openroad.ca/portfolio/webcats/;  
180
Jennifer Jordan, http://cfcj-fcjc.org/inventory/reform.php?id=147  
181
Communication Technology Services Manitoba – p. 14 
http://www.gov.mb.ca/justice/publications/annualreports/pdf/annualreport0809.pdf 
182
Nfld Department of Justice Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.justice.gov.nl.ca/just/publications/2010-
2011/Justice_Annual%20Report%202010-11.pdf 
183
David T. Deveau, “Integrated Justice — Nova Scotia style” Society Record (October 
2005) at 35, online: http://www.nsbs.org/archives/societyrecord/80389.pdf 
184
Nunavut Court of Justice, 2002 Annual Report, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/files/2002_NCJ_annual_report.pdf;  Nunavut Court of Justice, 2004 
Annual Report, online:  http://www.nucj.ca/files/2004_NCJ_annual_report.pdf; Nunavut 
Court of Justice 2005 Annual Report, online:  
http://www.nucj.ca/files/2005_NCJ_annual_report.pdf  
185
Ontario Auditor General Report, 2010, online:  
http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_en/en10/407en10.pdf at 339 
186
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report 2010-2011 p. A17 
187
Ontario Court Services Division Annual Report 2009-2010, p. 48 
188
http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/about/pubs/courts_annual_05.pdf 
189
Ministry of Justice Annual Report 2010-2011 at p. 13 
http://www.justice.gouv.qc.ca/francais/publications/administ/pdf/rap1011.pdf.  For 
information on cancellation see:  Ministry of Justice Annual Report 2012-2013 at p. 26, 
http://www.justice.gouv.qc.ca/francais/publications/administ/pdf/rap1213.pdf  
190
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 25 
191
Saskatchewan, Ministry of Justice, Annual Report 2010-2011, online:  
http://www.finance.gov.sk.ca/PlanningAndReporting/2010-
11/201011JusticeAnnualReport.pdf at 16 
192
Canadian Centre for Court Technology, “E-Filing Case Studies” (24 Feb 2012), 
online:  http://ccct-cctj.ca/wp-content/files/intellaction/CCCT-CCTJ%20E-
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