2 File formats
Transit NXT – Tips & Tricks for All File Formats
What you should
SGML files are configured on the basis of the so-called “DTD” (Document Type
Definition). The DTD defines the structure, elements and attributes of the SGML
data and is often customised and optimised. The SGML structure is therefore not
universal, but can vary according to project, customer or document type.
Supplied file type The SGML file type is very general and can be used to edit SGML files if you do not
have a DTD or a customised file type.
To do so, create a new project by using Project | Create and select
as the file
If you do have a DTD, we recommend that you use a customised file type instead.
What you should
The customised file type fulfils the following purposes:
Protecting the SGML tags
The tags in SGML data are protected by the file type, meaning that the trans-
lator cannot inadvertently amend, translate or delete them. In doing so, Transit
ensures that the translated SGML files remain valid.
Differentiating between structure and inline elements
Structure elements map the document structure and correspond to the structure
markups in Transit. Transit adds segment markers at these points and ensures
that the order of the elements cannot be changed.
Inline elements can be found within text and correspond to the inline markups
in Transit. When translating, these must be assigned to their target-language
counterpart and can be moved around within a segment.
Assigning the SGML elements to the markup categories of Transit
This provides Transit with more information about the elements so that SGML
files can be better pretranslated and the translator better supported in the
To organise them into the “right” markup categories, you must concentrate on the
“philosophy” behind the DTD and be aware of the meaning and purpose of each
individual element of the DTD.
If you have any questions about file-type customisation, please contact STAR.
File type in Transit NXT: