REEDOM ON THE
According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), internet penetration in Hungary
stood at 72 percent in 2012, up from 53 percent in 2007,
while the National Media and
Infocommunications Authority of Hungary (NMHH) reported in late 2012 that there were over
two million broadband internet subscriptions in a country of ten million inhabitants.
company specializing in internet market research in Hungary, puts the internet penetration at 63
percent in 2012.
In 2011, 50 percent of households had an internet subscription, the
overwhelming majority using a broadband connection.
Dial-up internet service is not widely
used. The ITU and NMHH also recorded a mobile phone penetration rate of 117 percent and 2.94
million mobile internet subscriptions,
while over 78 percent of residential areas had 3G coverage
In 2012, only 26 percent of the population had never used the internet, a decrease
from 52 percent in 2006.
A 2011 Eurobarometer survey found that the main reasons why
Hungarian households do not have internet subscriptions were that the monthly subscription was
too expensive, the cost of buying a computer and modem was too high, or that no one in the
household had an interest in using the internet.
There are geographical, socioeconomic, and ethnic differences in Hungary’s internet penetration
levels, with lower access rates found in rural areas
and among the Roma community, the
country’s largest ethnic minority.
An industrial expert noted that internet use is largely
determined by age and education, resulting in a higher concentration of internet users in cities,
since most young people leave rural areas to attend universities or get jobs in urban centers. He
added that in 2012, among users between 15–24 years of age, the internet penetration was over 90
percent; similar rates were found among users having a degree.
International Telecommunication Union (ITU), “Percentage of individuals using the Internet, fixed (wired) Internet
subscriptions, fixed (wired)‐broadband subscriptions,” 2007 & 2012, accessed July 25, 2013, http://bit.ly/6bZQ1.
“Flash report on wireline service,” National Media and Infocommunications Authority (NMHH), October 2012,
“Internet penetrációs adatok” [Internet penetration data], 2012/II, http://nrc.hu/kutatas/internet_penetracio.
Special Eurobarometer 362, “E‐communications household survey”(Eurobarometer, July 2011): 49‐65, http://bit.ly/nMMupu.
“Flash report on mobile internet,” NMHH, October 2012, http://bit.ly/1azZkFJ; Hungary's population was 9,958,000 in early
2012. See, “Population, vital statistics,” Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH), http://bit.ly/1bj3WEr.
“Flash report on mobile internet,” NMHH, June 2012, http://bit.ly/1azZkFJ.
“Individuals who have never used the internet. Percentage of individuals aged 16 to 74,” Eurostat, accessed December 27,
Special Eurobarometer 362, “E‐communications household survey” (Eurobarometer, July 2011): 56.
Anna Galácz, Ithaka Kht, eds., “A digitális jövő térképe. A magyar társadalom és az internet. Jelentés a World Internet projekt
2007. évi magyarországi kutatásának eredményeiről” [The map of the digital future. The Hungarian society and the internet.
Report on the results of the 2007 World Internet Project's Hungarian research], (Budapest: 2007): 20.
Statistically speaking, someone who is younger, studying, working or has a degree, and living in the capital or in a city is more
likely to use internet than the elderly, unemployed or pensioner, with lower educational background, living in a village. See,
World Internet Project (WIP), Report on the Hungarian Research for the World Internet Project 2007 (Budapest: Ithaka, 2008):
26, http://worldinternetproject.com/_files/_Published/_oldis/Hungary_Report_2007.pdf; “Internet‐riport 2011/Q3” [Internet‐
report 2011/Q3], Nrc.hu, 2011, http://nrc.hu/index.php?name=OE‐eLibrary&file=download&keret=N&showheader=N&id=215.
Imre Kurucz, “Hogyan tovább, internetpenetráció?” [What's next internet penetration?], In: Marketingkutató [Marketing
Researcher] Nr. 3, Winter 2012, p. 24.