brand protection – Version 2 – february 2014
6.8 olyMPiAd v olyMPiC GAMes
There is a diﬀerence in meaning between the following terms:
‘Olympiad’ and ‘Olympic Games’. Olympiad refers to the four-year
period between each edition of the Games, the sporting event to
which the latter term relates.
As such, there will be one Olympiad between the London 2012
Games and the rio 2016 Games.
The rio de Janeiro Olympiad, whose Games will be staged in
2016, began on 12 August 2012, during the closing ceremony
of the London Games. The rio Olympiad is the XXXI of the
It is therefore correct to say:
• The Games of the XXXI Olympiad will take place in 2016
• rio de Janeiro Olympiad
• rio 2016 Olympic Games
• Olympic Games of the XXXI Olympiad
• rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games
Learn more by accessing: www.olympic.org, www.rio2016.com;
www.cob.org.br or contacting: firstname.lastname@example.org
6.9 PARAlyMPiC TeRMs
The ﬁrst recorded sport competition for people with a
disability was staged by the physician Ludwig Guttmann
in 1948 in Stoke Mandeville, england, as part of his work to
rehabilitate wounded servicemen from the Second World War.
The movement evolved and 1960 saw the staging of what
were considered to be the ﬁrst oﬃcial Paralympic Games.
These took place simultaneously with the XvII rome Games.
However, the regular staging of the two Games side by side
was only established in 1988, with the Seoul Games in South
Korea, when the IOC and IPC signed a cooperation agreement.
The term ‘Paralympic’ is derived from the combination of the
Greek preposition ‘para’ (alongside) and the word ‘Olympic’. It
signiﬁes that the Paralympic Games are held in parallel with
the Olympic Games and illustrates the manner in which the
two movements co-exist, side by side.