convert pdf to tiff using ghostscript c# : Add signature to pdf online control application platform web page html asp.net web browser ProtectingRefugees-FieldGuideforNGOs11-part1341

S
tate
l
essness
Th
e
righ
t
t
a
n
at
ion
a
li
t
y or ci
t
-
iz
e
nship w
a
s d
e
scrib
e
d by US Supr
e
m
e
Cour
t
Jus
t
ic
e
E
a
rl W
a
rr
e
a
s “
t
h
e
righ
t
t
o h
a
v
e
righ
t
s”. N
at
ion
a
li
t
y or ci
t
iz
e
nship forms 
t
h
e
l
e
g
a
l conn
e
c
t
ion b
et
w
ee
n
individu
a
ls 
a
nd 
t
h
e
S
tate
. In 
a
ddi
t
ion 
t
o providing 
a
p
e
rson wi
t
a
s
e
ns
e
of
b
e
longing 
a
nd id
e
n
t
i
t
y, n
at
ion
a
li
t
y provid
e
a
n individu
a
l wi
t
h v
e
ry sp
e
cific,
v
e
ry r
ea
l civil 
a
nd poli
t
ic
a
l righ
t
s. Wi
thout
nat
i
ona
li
t
y, 
a
person
has
no
guarantee
that
he
or
she
c
an
obta
i
n
emp
l
o
y
ment
go
to
s
c
hoo
l, 
ha
v
e
a
cc
ess
to
pub
lic 
ser
vic
es
part
ici
pate
i
n
the
po
li
t
ic
a
pro
c
ess
ha
v
e
a
cc
ess
to
a
j
ud
ici
a
s
y
stem
or
obta
i
n
a
passport
.This is wh
at
i
t
m
ea
ns 
t
o
b
e
s
tate
l
e
ss.
N
at
ion
a
li
t
y is usu
a
lly b
a
s
e
d on 
a
p
e
rson’s pl
a
c
e
of bir
t
h, his/h
e
r p
a
r
e
n
ta
g
e
or
t
h
e
r
e
l
at
ionship h
e
/sh
e
h
a
e
s
ta
blish
e
d wi
t
a
coun
t
ry 
t
hrough long-
te
rm r
e
s-
id
e
nc
e
t
h
e
r
e
. Th
e
s
e
f
a
c
t
ors provid
e
wh
at
is known 
a
a
genu
i
ne
and
effe
c-
t
iv
e
li
n
k” or conn
e
c
t
ion b
et
w
ee
t
h
e
individu
a
a
nd 
t
h
e
S
tate
.
A p
e
rson m
a
y b
e
or b
e
com
e
s
tate
l
e
ss
a
a
r
e
sul
t
of 
a
e
x
te
nd
e
d s
ta
a
bro
a
d;
t
hrough m
a
rri
a
g
e
t
o—
a
nd subs
e
qu
e
n
t
divorc
e
from—
a
p
e
r-
son of diff
e
r
e
n
t
n
at
ion
a
li
t
y;
if h
e
/sh
e
is 
a
child born 
t
o s
tate
l
e
ss p
a
r
e
n
t
s;
b
e
c
a
us
e
of f
a
ul
t
a
dminis
t
r
at
iv
e
pr
a
c
t
ic
e
s, including 
t
h
e
f
a
il-
ur
e
or r
e
fus
a
l of 
a
s
tate
t
e
nsur
e
r
e
gis
t
r
at
ion 
at
bir
t
h;
if h
e
/sh
e
volun
ta
rily r
e
nounc
e
s his/h
e
r n
at
ion
a
li
t
a
nd f
a
ils
t
a
cquir
e
a
n
e
w ci
t
iz
e
nship b
e
for
e
t
h
at
r
e
nunci
at
ion 
ta
k
e
s
e
ff
e
c
t
;
if 
a
gov
e
rnm
e
n
t
a
m
e
nds i
t
s ci
t
iz
e
nship l
a
ws 
a
nd d
e
n
at
ion-
a
lis
e
s whol
e
popul
at
ions;
wh
e
n s
tate
a
r
e
form
e
d, 
a
s
tate
disin
te
gr
ate
s, or 
a
t
r
a
nsf
e
r
of 
te
rri
t
ory 
ta
k
e
s pl
a
c
e
, m
ea
ning n
e
w l
a
ws 
a
r
e
a
dop
te
d;
a
nd/or
during m
a
ss 
e
xpulsions.
111
Add signature to pdf online - C# PDF File Permission Library: add, remove, update PDF file permission in C#.net, ASP.NET, MVC, WPF
Tell C# users how to set PDF file permissions, like printing, copying, modifying, extracting, annotating, form filling, etc
create transparent signature stamp for pdf; adding a signature to a pdf in preview
Add signature to pdf online - VB.NET PDF File Permission Library: add, remove, update PDF file permission in vb.net, ASP.NET, MVC, WPF
VB.NET Tutorial for How to Set PDF File Access Permissions Using XDoc.PDF for .NET
add a signature to a pdf file; adding a signature to a pdf form
In 
a
ddi
t
ion, 
there
are
strong
li
n
k
s
between
d
i
sp
l
a
c
ement
and
state
l
essness
displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
c
a
n c
a
us
e
s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss (wh
e
n, for 
e
x
a
mpl
e
a
p
e
rson’s  displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
is  follow
e
d  or 
a
ccomp
a
ni
e
d  by 
a
r
e
dr
a
wing of 
te
rri
t
ori
a
l bound
a
ri
e
s);
displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
c
a
n b
e
a
cons
e
qu
e
nc
e
of s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss (wh
e
n
s
tate
l
e
ss 
a
nd d
e
n
at
ion
a
lis
e
d popul
at
ions 
a
r
e
forc
e
t
o l
ea
v
e
t
h
e
ir usu
a
l pl
a
c
e
of r
e
sid
e
nc
e
); 
a
nd
s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss c
a
n b
e
a
n obs
ta
cl
e
t
t
h
e
r
e
solu
t
ion of r
e
fug
ee
probl
e
ms (wh
e
n, for 
e
x
a
mpl
e
, coun
t
ri
e
s r
e
fus
e
t
o r
ea
dmi
t
form
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s on grounds of s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss).
S
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss c
a
n s
e
riously 
a
ff
e
c
t
p
e
opl
e
’s s
e
curi
t
a
nd 
t
h
e
r
ea
lis
at
ion of 
t
h
e
ir
hum
a
n righ
t
s. I
t
c
a
a
lso b
e
a
sourc
e
of r
e
gion
a
l ins
ta
bili
t
a
nd c
a
e
v
e
n
b
e
com
e
a
t
hr
eat
t
o in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l p
ea
c
e
a
nd s
e
curi
t
y.
S
tate
l
essness
i
s
a
prob
l
em
that
S
tates
shou
l
d
reso
lv
e
. Gov
e
rnm
e
n
t
s
mus
t
ta
k
e
s
te
ps, bo
t
h form
a
lly 
a
nd in pr
a
c
t
ic
e
t
e
nsur
e
t
h
e
y do no
t
wi
t
hdr
a
w
or wi
t
hhold 
t
h
e
b
e
n
e
fi
t
s of ci
t
iz
e
nship from whol
e
s
e
c
t
ions of 
t
h
e
popul
at
ion
who c
a
n d
e
mons
t
r
ate
a
g
e
nuin
e
a
nd 
e
ff
e
c
t
iv
e
link wi
t
t
h
e
coun
t
ry 
a
nd who,
wi
t
hou
t
S
tate
a
c
t
ion, would o
t
h
e
rwis
e
b
e
s
tate
l
e
ss.
S
tate
a
rgu
e
t
h
at
i
t
is 
t
h
e
ir sov
e
r
e
ign righ
t
t
o d
ete
rmin
e
, und
e
t
h
e
ir own l
a
ws,
who 
a
r
e
a
nd 
a
r
e
no
t
t
h
e
ir ci
t
iz
e
ns. In
te
rn
at
ion
a
l l
a
w provid
e
s for 
t
h
e
sov
e
r
e
ign
righ
t
of 
ea
ch S
tate
t
o d
ete
rmin
e
i
t
s ci
t
iz
e
ns. Equ
a
lly, in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l l
a
w c
a
lls
upon S
tate
t
a
c
t
in 
a
ccord
a
nc
e
wi
t
h in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l conv
e
n
t
ions 
a
nd cus
t
oms
a
nd 
t
h
e
principl
e
s of l
a
w—
a
b
a
sic 
te
n
et
of which is 
t
h
e
a
void
a
nc
e
of s
tate
l
e
ss-
n
e
ss—wh
e
a
ddr
e
ssing issu
e
s of n
at
ion
a
li
t
y.
In
te
rn
at
ion
a
l docum
e
n
t
t
h
at
ci
te
t
h
e
righ
t
t
a
n
at
ion
a
li
t
y includ
e
:
t
h
e
Univ
e
rs
a
l D
e
cl
a
r
at
ion of Hum
a
n Righ
t
s (1948),
t
h
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion  on 
t
h
e
N
at
ion
a
li
t
 of  M
a
rri
e
 Wom
e
n
(1957),
t
h
e
Cov
e
n
a
n
t
on Civil 
a
nd Poli
t
ic
a
l Righ
t
s (1966),
t
h
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion  on 
t
h
e
Elimin
at
ion  of  All  Forms  of
Discrimin
at
ion Ag
a
ins
t
Wom
e
n (1979), 
a
nd
t
h
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion on 
t
h
e
Righ
t
s of 
t
h
e
Child (1989).
11
2
C# PDF Digital Signature Library: add, remove, update PDF digital
By using it in your C# application, you can easily do following things. Add a signature or an empty signature field in any PDF file page.
add jpg signature to pdf; add signature to pdf online
VB.NET PDF Digital Signature Library: add, remove, update PDF
By using it in your VB.NET application, you can easily do following things. Add a signature or an empty signature field in any PDF file page.
export pdf to word sign in; pdf signature field
Bu
t
t
h
e
t
wo prim
a
ry in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l conv
e
n
t
ions on S
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss 
a
r
e
t
h
e
1954
Conv
e
n
t
ion  r
e
l
at
ing 
t
t
h
e
S
tat
us  of  S
tate
l
e
ss  P
e
rsons 
a
nd 
t
h
e
1961
Conv
e
n
t
ion on 
t
h
e
R
e
duc
t
ion of S
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss, bo
t
h d
e
v
e
lop
e
d und
e
t
h
e
a
us-
pic
e
s of 
t
h
e
Uni
te
d N
at
ions. T
he
1954 C
on
v
ent
i
on
re
l
at
i
ng
to
the
S
tatus
of
S
tate
l
ess
P
ersons
h
e
lps r
e
gul
ate
a
nd improv
e
t
h
e
s
tat
us of s
tate
l
e
ss p
e
r-
sons 
a
nd h
e
lps 
e
nsur
e
t
h
at
s
tate
l
e
ss p
e
rsons 
e
njoy fund
a
m
e
n
ta
l righ
t
a
nd
fr
ee
doms wi
t
hou
t
discrimin
at
ion. Th
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion w
a
a
dop
te
t
o cov
e
t
hos
e
s
tate
l
e
ss p
e
rsons who w
e
r
e
no
t
r
e
fug
ee
a
nd who w
e
r
e
no
t
t
h
e
r
e
for
e
, cov-
e
r
e
 by 
t
h
e
1951  Conv
e
n
t
ion  r
e
l
at
ing 
t
t
h
e
S
tat
us  of  R
e
fug
ee
s.  Th
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion’s provisions 
a
r
e
no
t
a
subs
t
i
t
u
te
for gr
a
n
t
ing n
at
ion
a
li
t
t
t
hos
e
born or h
a
bi
t
u
a
lly r
e
sid
e
n
t
in 
a
S
tate
’s 
te
rri
t
ory; 
t
h
e
y do no
t
diminish 
t
h
e
n
e
c
e
ssi
t
y of 
a
cquiring ci
t
iz
e
nship. R
at
h
e
r, 
t
h
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion s
et
s for
t
t
h
e
s
tate
-
l
e
ss p
e
rsons’ righ
t
a
nd oblig
at
ions r
e
l
ate
t
t
h
e
ir l
e
g
a
l s
tat
us in 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry
of r
e
sid
e
nc
e
. Righ
t
s includ
e
a
cc
e
ss 
t
o cour
t
s, prop
e
r
t
y righ
t
a
nd r
e
ligious
fr
ee
dom. Oblig
at
ions includ
e
conforming 
t
t
h
e
l
a
ws 
a
nd r
e
gul
at
ions of 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry. Th
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion 
a
lso 
a
ddr
e
ss
e
s m
atte
rs 
t
h
at
a
ff
e
c
t
t
h
e
d
a
ily liv
e
s of
p
e
opl
e
, such 
a
a
cc
e
ss 
t
e
mploym
e
n
t
e
duc
at
ion, public r
e
li
e
f, l
a
bour l
e
gis-
l
at
ion 
a
nd soci
a
l s
e
curi
t
y.
T
he
1961 C
on
v
ent
i
on
on
the
R
edu
c
t
i
on
of
S
tate
l
essness
d
e
fin
e
s w
a
ys in
which p
e
rsons who would o
t
h
e
rwis
e
b
e
s
t
a
te
l
e
ss c
a
a
cquir
e
or r
eta
in n
at
ion-
a
li
t
t
hrough 
a
e
s
ta
blish
e
d link wi
t
a
S
tate
t
hrough bir
t
h or d
e
sc
e
n
t
. Th
e
Conv
e
n
t
ion cov
e
rs such issu
e
a
t
h
e
gr
a
n
t
ing of n
at
ion
a
li
t
y, 
t
h
e
loss or r
e
nun-
ci
at
ion of  n
at
ion
a
li
t
y, d
e
priv
at
ion of  n
at
ion
a
li
t
a
nd 
t
r
a
nsf
e
r  of 
te
rri
t
ory.
R
ete
n
t
ion of n
at
ion
a
li
t
y, onc
e
a
cquir
e
d, is 
a
lso 
e
mph
a
sis
e
d.
Unfor
t
un
ate
ly, r
e
l
at
iv
e
ly f
e
w s
tate
s h
a
v
e
a
cc
e
d
e
t
e
i
t
h
e
r Conv
e
n
t
ion p
e
r-
h
a
ps b
e
c
a
us
e
a
mong o
t
h
e
r r
ea
sons, 
t
h
e
r
e
w
a
s no body 
a
ppoin
te
t
o sup
e
r-
vis
e
a
nd promo
te
t
h
e
s
e
Conv
e
n
t
ions un
t
il r
e
l
at
iv
e
ly r
e
c
e
n
t
ly. I
t
h
a
s b
e
com
e
cl
ea
r, how
e
v
e
r, 
t
h
at
promot
i
ng
a
cc
ess
i
on
to
these
C
on
v
ent
i
ons
i
s
an
i
mportant
wa
of
prote
c
t
i
ng
state
l
ess
persons
. Acc
e
ssion 
t
t
h
e
1954
Conv
e
n
t
ion provid
e
s s
tate
l
e
ss p
e
rsons wi
t
h m
a
ny of 
t
h
e
righ
t
s n
e
c
e
ss
a
ry 
t
o liv
e
a
s
ta
bl
e
lif
e
. Acc
e
ssion 
t
t
h
e
1961 Conv
e
n
t
ion would h
e
lp r
e
solv
e
m
a
ny prob-
l
e
ms which r
e
sul
t
in s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss. I
t
would 
a
lso s
e
rv
e
a
a
r
e
f
e
r
e
nc
e
poin
t
for
n
at
ion
a
l l
e
gisl
at
ion.
In 1996, 
t
h
e
UN G
e
n
e
r
a
l Ass
e
mbly c
a
ll
e
d on UNHCR 
t
o promo
te
a
cc
e
ssion 
t
o
t
h
e
1954 
a
nd 1961 Conv
e
n
t
ions on S
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss 
a
nd provid
e
gov
e
rnm
e
n
t
s
wi
t
te
chnic
a
a
nd l
e
g
a
a
dvic
e
on 
t
h
e
ir n
at
ion
a
li
t
y l
e
gisl
at
ion. Th
e
a
g
e
ncy
works wi
t
h gov
e
rnm
e
n
t
s dr
a
f
t
ing n
at
ion
a
li
t
y l
e
gisl
at
ion, h
e
lps  coordin
ate
e
m
e
rging l
e
g
a
l sys
te
ms, 
a
ssis
t
a
nd 
a
dvis
e
s in individu
a
a
nd group c
a
s
e
s of
s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss, 
a
nd h
e
lps n
e
go
t
i
ate
t
r
eat
i
e
s r
e
l
ate
t
o s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss. For S
tate
s,
a
ss
e
ssing 
t
h
e
risk of s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss 
a
nd finding w
a
ys 
t
a
void i
t
is 
t
h
e
firs
t
s
te
p
t
ow
a
rd solving 
t
h
e
probl
e
m of s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss.
11
3
C# HTML5 Viewer: Load, View, Convert, Annotate and Edit Dicom
can convert Dicom image to PDF (.pdf) online and convert C# .NET provide several utility signature buttons, which can help users to add text signatures
sign pdf online; click to sign pdf
C# HTML5 Viewer: Load, View, Convert, Annotate and Edit Raster
to Tiff (.tif, .tiff) online, create PDF document from HTML5 Viewer for C# .NET offers signature features, which allows users to add text signatures to
add signature to pdf file; adding signature to pdf file
11
4
Encourag
e
gov
e
rnm
e
nts to sign and
impl
e
m
e
nt th
e
e
xisting 1954 and 1961
int
e
rnational Conv
e
ntions on Stat
e
l
e
ssn
e
ss.
I
nt
e
rv
e
n
e
with gov
e
rnm
e
nts to find ways 
to avoid th
e
cr
e
ation of stat
e
l
e
ssn
e
ss and 
to grant status in cas
e
s wh
e
r
e
stat
e
l
e
ssn
e
ss
cannot b
e
e
asily r
e
solv
e
d.
Rais
e
awar
e
n
e
ss of th
e
probl
e
m of
stat
e
l
e
ssn
e
ss and act as advocat
e
s for
stat
e
l
e
ss p
e
rsons.
W
hat 
NGO
s do
C# PDF insert image Library: insert images into PDF in C#.net, ASP
to freeware download and online C#.NET class source code. How to insert and add image, picture, digital photo, scanned signature or logo into PDF document page
pdf signature stamp; add signature image to pdf
VB.NET PDF Library SDK to view, edit, convert, process PDF file
NET program. Password, digital signature and PDF text, image and page redaction will be used and customized. PDF Annotation Edit.
pdf sign in; adding signature to pdf form
Bring possibl
e
c
a
s
e
s of s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss 
t
t
h
e
atte
n
t
ion of UNHCR.
H
e
lp s
tate
l
e
ss p
e
rsons g
a
in 
a
cc
e
ss 
t
o l
e
g
a
l
a
ssis
ta
nc
e
/
a
dvic
e
.
Moni
t
or d
e
v
e
lopm
e
n
t
a
nd 
t
r
e
nds r
e
l
ate
t
o
s
tate
l
e
ssn
e
ss 
a
nd sh
a
r
e
t
h
at
inform
at
ion wi
t
h
o
t
h
e
r NGOs.
C
H
E
C
K
L
I
 S 
T
Ass
i
st
i
ng
state
l
ess
pe
r
sons
I
f
you
w
ant
to
kno
mo
r
e
about
S
T
A
T
ELESSNESS:
s
ee
Th
e
S
t
a
te
of 
t
h
e
World’s R
e
fug
ee
s
1997-98, Chap
te
r 6 - S
t
a
te
l
e
ssn
e
ss and ci
t
i
ze
nship,
publish
e
d by Oxford Univ
e
rsity Pr
e
ss; 
I
nforma
t
ion and
Acc
e
ssion Packag
e
: Th
e
1954 Con
ve
n
t
ion r
e
la
t
ing 
t
o
t
h
e
S
t
a
t
us of S
t
a
te
l
e
ss P
e
rsons and Th
e
1961
Con
ve
n
t
ion on 
t
h
e
R
e
duc
t
ion of S
t
a
te
l
e
ssn
e
ss,pro-
duc
e
d by th
e
Division of 
I
nt
e
rnational Prot
e
ction,
UNHCR; Training Packag
e
: S
t
a
te
l
e
ssn
e
ss and R
e
la
te
d
Na
t
ionali
ty
I
ssu
e
s,produc
e
d by th
e
UNHCR Standards
and 
Le
gal Advic
e
S
e
ction; Pro
te
c
t
ing R
e
fug
ee
s:
Qu
e
s
t
ions and Ans
we
rs, produc
e
d by th
e
Public
I
nformation S
e
ction, UNHCR; RE
F
WORLD CD-ROM; visit
UNHCR’s w
e
b sit
e
(www.unhcr.ch).
11
5
.NET PDF SDK - Description of All PDF Processing Control Feastures
XDoc.PDF SDK for .NET. View,Convert,Edit,Process,Protect,SignPDF Files. Download Free Trial View Online Add signature image to PDF file. PDF Hyperlink Edit.
adding signature to pdf in preview; pdf signatures
VB.NET PDF insert image library: insert images into PDF in vb.net
Import graphic picture, digital photo, signature and logo into Add images to any selected PDF page in VB to PDF in preview without adobe PDF control installed.
pdf sign; create pdf signature stamp
C# WPF Viewer: Load, View, Convert, Annotate and Edit Tiff
Editors, C# ASP.NET Document Viewer, C# Online Dicom Viewer, C# Online Jpeg images convert Tiff file to PDF, add annotations to Tiff, Create signature on tiff
add signature to pdf in preview; adding a signature to a pdf
C# WinForms Viewer: Load, View, Convert, Annotate and Edit Tiff
Document Viewer, C# Online Dicom Viewer, C# Online Jpeg images preview, such as convert Tiff file to PDF, add annotations to Tiff, Create signature on tiff
pdf export sign in; add signature to pdf reader
11
7
Q
uestions
F
r
equent
l
y
Asked
Quest
i
ons
11
7-
1
23
F
requent
l
A
sked 
Q
uest
i
ons
W
hat
i
s
the
d
i
ffe
r
ence
bet
w
een
a
r
efugee
and
an
econom
i
c
m
i
g
r
ant?
Response:
A migr
a
n
t
usu
a
lly l
ea
v
e
s his/h
e
r coun
t
ry volun-
ta
rily, 
t
o s
ee
a
b
ette
r lif
e
. To 
a
r
e
fug
ee
t
h
e
e
conomic con-
di
t
ions of 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry of 
a
sylum 
a
r
e
l
e
ss impor
ta
n
t
t
h
a
n i
t
s
s
a
f
et
y. In pr
a
c
t
ic
e
t
h
e
dis
t
inc
t
ion m
a
y b
e
som
et
im
e
s difficul
t
t
e
s
ta
blish, bu
t
i
t
is fund
a
m
e
n
ta
l: 
a
migr
a
n
t
e
njoys 
t
h
e
pro-
te
c
t
ion of his/h
e
r hom
e
gov
e
rnm
e
n
t
a
r
e
fug
ee
do
e
s no
t
.
Can
gove
r
nments
depo
r
t
pe
r
sons
w
ho
a
r
e
found
not
to
be
r
efugees?
Response:
P
e
rsons who h
a
v
e
b
ee
n d
ete
rmin
e
d, und
e
a
n
e
qui
ta
bl
e
proc
e
dur
e
, no
t
t
o b
e
in n
ee
d of in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l pro-
te
c
t
ion 
a
r
e
in 
a
si
t
u
at
ion simil
a
t
t
h
at
of ill
e
g
a
a
li
e
ns, 
a
nd
m
a
y b
e
d
e
por
te
d. How
e
v
e
r, UNHCR urg
e
t
h
at
pro
te
c
t
ion
a
lso b
e
gr
a
n
te
t
o p
e
opl
e
who com
e
from coun
t
ri
e
s d
e
v
a
s-
tate
d by 
a
rm
e
d conflic
t
s or g
e
n
e
r
a
lis
e
d viol
e
nc
e
Can
a
d
r
aft
evade
r
be
a
r
efugee?
Response:
Ev
e
ry coun
t
ry h
a
t
h
e
righ
t
t
o c
a
ll on i
t
s ci
t
iz
e
ns
t
o b
ea
a
rms in p
e
riods of n
at
ion
a
e
m
e
rg
e
ncy. How
e
v
e
r, ci
t
-
iz
e
ns should h
a
v
e
a
e
qu
a
l righ
t
t
o consci
e
n
t
ious obj
e
c
t
ion.
In c
a
s
e
s wh
e
r
e
t
h
e
op
t
ion of consci
e
n
t
ious obj
e
c
t
ion is no
t
obs
e
rv
e
d, or wh
e
r
e
t
h
e
conflic
t
und
e
rw
a
y m
a
nif
e
s
t
ly vio-
l
ate
s in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l norms, dr
a
f
t
e
v
a
d
e
rs who f
ea
r p
e
rs
e
cu-
t
ion (for 
e
x
a
mpl
e
, on 
t
h
e
b
a
sis of poli
t
ic
a
l opinions which
a
u
t
hori
t
i
e
s  could  impu
te
t
t
h
e
m)  m
a
 b
e
e
ligibl
e
for
r
e
fug
ee
s
tat
us.
1
20
Documents you may be interested
Documents you may be interested