The result is wood (biomass) can be converted into charcoal as quickly as 30
minutes, not 3 to 10 days, and has 200% more energy value than current
Operation and Maintenance Requirements:
The reactor used in the Flash Carbonization process stands nine feet tall,
three feet in diameter and requires only a ½ acre for operations. Unlike larger
refineries, these reactors are easily transported, have lower capital
requirements and are neighborhood friendly to serve small and rural
communities. The reactors systems are simple to use, requiring a minimum of
two on-site operators.
The technology is an ideal solution as a renewable energy source in
developing countries and is a needed recycling system for industrialized
nations (green waste in the United States accounts for 1/3 of the waste
stream and emits green house emissions when it decomposes).
Investments and Operating Cost
The University of Hawaii developed the technology in 2001 with money
provided by the federal government, the University and the private sector.
More than $2 million was spent developing the patented technology, which
also is licensed to Pacific Carbon and Graphite LLC and Waipahu-based
Carbon Diversion Inc. Carbon Diversion, which has exclusive rights to
manufacture charcoal using the UH process here in Hawai'i and other parts of
the Pacific basin, said it recently landed its largest investment — $2 million —
which will be used to build eight charcoal production units in Kapolei.
Advantages to Developing Countries
Carbon Diversion, situated in Hawaii, is in an extremely strategic position to
service partners in North America as well as Pacific Rim Countries including
Asia, Australia and the smaller Countries of the Pacific Basin. The reactor and
entire system have been designed to be portable and scalable – there is a
mobile model for developing communities that is mounted on a truck and
driven around from one village to the next. As part of a dedication to bring the
technology to the greatest number of markets, the company's strategy is to
lease the technology to partners thereby reducing the upfront capital
Examples of Real Life Applications
Campbell Industrial Park Kapolei, Oahu, Hawaii