Section Six: Annexes
GBV Guidelines Sectoral Information Sheets
TARGET: PROVIDE COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT
1. Identify and mobilize appropriate existing resources in the community, such as traditional birth attendants
(TBAs), women’s groups, religious leaders and community services programmes.
• Discuss issues of SV, survivors’ needs for emotional support and
evaluate the individuals, groups and organizations available in the
community to ensure they will be supportive, compassionate, non-
judgmental, conﬁdential and respectful to survivors.
• Establish systems for conﬁdential referrals among and between
community-based psychological and social support resources,
health and community services.
2. At all health and community services, listen and provide emotional support whenever a survivor discloses
or implies that she has experienced sexual violence. Give information, and refer as needed and agreed by
• Listen to the survivor and ask only non-intrusive, relevant and non-
judgmental questions for clariﬁcation only. Do not press her for
more information than she is ready to give (i.e., do not initiate a
single-session psychological debrieﬁng).
• If the survivor expresses self-blame, care providers need to gently
reassure her that SV is always the fault of the perpetrator and never
the fault of the survivor.
• Assess her needs and concerns, giving careful attention to security;
ensure that basic needs are met; encourage but do not force
company from trusted, signiﬁcant others; and protect her from
• Ensure safety; assist her in developing a realistic safety plan, if
• Give honest and complete information about services and facilities
• Do not tell the survivor what to do, or what choices to make.
Respect her choices and preferences about referral and seeking
• Discuss and encourage possible positive ways of coping, which
may vary with the individual and culture.
i. Stimulate the re-initiation of daily activities.
ii. Encourage active participation of the survivor family and
• When feasible and appropriate, raise the support of family
members, but recognize that families can contribute to increased
trauma if they blame the survivor for the abuse, reject her or are
angry at her for speaking about SV.