4. Language Features of C#
Section Owner: Gurneet Singh (MVP)
Content Contributors: Amit Kukreja
, Arvind Rangan
, Reshmi Nair
4.1 History of C#
.NET framework offers a myriad of languages which puts us programmers into a deep
thought process about which programming language best suits our needs.
Which language is the "best" language choice? If you are a VB wizard, should you take
the time to learn C# or continue to use VB.NET? Are C# ASP.NET pages "faster" than
VB .NET ASP.NET pages? These are questions that you may find yourself asking,
especially when you're just starting to delve into .NET. Fortunately the answer is simple:
there is no "best" language. All .NET languages use, at their root, functionality from the
set of classes provided by the .NET Framework. Therefore, everything you can do in
VB.NET you can do in C#, and vice-a-versa.
The differences occur in three main areas: syntax, object-oriented principles, and the
Visual Studio .NET IDE. Syntax concerns the statements and language elements. Object
Oriented differences are less obvious, and concern differences in implementation and
feature sets between the two languages. IDE differences include things like compiler
settings or attributes. There is also a fourth area of difference: language features that are
present in one language but have no equivalent in the other.
If you are more familiar with Java, JScript, or C/C++, you may find C#'s syntax more
familiar than VB.NET's.
A good question that has to be answered in order to keep you interested in learning C# is
Why should you learn another programming language when you already doing enterprise
development in C++ or Java. The very answer at the first go will be C# is intended to be
the premier language for writing NGWS (Next Generation of Windows Services)
applications in the enterprise computing world.
The programming language C# derives from C and C++; however apart from being
entirely object oriented it is type safe and simple too. If you are a C/C++ programmer
your learning curve should be flat. Many C# statements including expressions and
operators have been taken directly taken from your favourite language
An important point about C# is that it simplifies and modernizes C++ in the areas of
classes, namespaces and exception handling. Much of complex features have not been
included or in fact hidden in C# to make it easer to use and more importantly less error
prone for e.g. no more macros, templates and no multiple inheritances (Few of you might
not like it.)