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H
e
lp 
a
rr
a
ng
e
for pl
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
of un
a
ccomp
a
ni
e
d
minors wi
t
h f
a
mili
e
s from 
t
h
e
childr
e
n’s own
communi
t
y, if possibl
e
. This will h
e
lp 
e
nsur
e
con
t
inui
t
y of l
a
ngu
a
g
e
a
nd cul
t
ur
e
. Alw
a
ys
l
ea
v
e
op
e
t
h
e
possibili
t
y of f
a
mily r
e
unions.
Avoid cr
eat
ing orph
a
n
a
g
e
a
nd o
t
h
e
r ins
t
i
t
u-
t
ion
a
l pl
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
s. Childr
e
n’s d
e
v
e
lopm
e
n
ta
l
n
ee
ds 
a
r
e
b
e
s
t
s
e
rv
e
d wi
t
hin 
a
f
a
mily con
te
x
t
.
Ensur
e
t
h
at
un
a
ccomp
a
ni
e
d minors h
a
v
e
a
cc
e
ss
t
t
h
e
s
a
m
e
schools, h
ea
l
t
h s
e
rvic
e
a
nd o
t
h
e
r
f
a
cili
t
i
e
s us
e
d by r
e
fug
ee
s of 
t
h
e
s
a
m
e
a
g
e
.
Th
e
y should no
t
b
e
isol
ate
d in sp
e
ci
a
l
progr
a
mm
e
s.
Con
t
inu
e
t
o moni
t
or un
a
ccomp
a
ni
e
d
childr
e
a
f
te
t
h
e
y r
e
p
at
ri
ate
, in
te
gr
ate
loc
a
lly or 
a
r
e
r
e
s
ett
l
e
t
e
nsur
e
t
h
e
a
r
e
a
d
e
qu
ate
ly c
a
r
e
d for.
I
f
you
w
ant
to
kno
mo
r
e
about
PRO
T
EC
TI
NG
REFUGEE
CH
I
LDREN
AND
ADOLESCEN
T
S:
s
ee
R
e
fug
ee
Childr
e
n: Guid
e
lin
e
s on Pro
te
c
t
ion and
Car
e
publish
e
d by UNHCR; Training Modul
e
pr
e
par
e
d for th
e
Action for th
e
Rights of Childr
e
n
(ARC) proj
e
ct; 
t
h
e
Con
ve
n
t
ion on 
t
h
e
Righ
t
s of 
t
h
e
Child, at th
e
w
e
b sit
e
of th
e
Unit
e
d Nations High
Commission
e
r for Human Rights (www.unhchr.ch);
I
mpl
e
m
e
n
t
a
t
ion Handbook for 
t
h
e
Con
ve
n
t
ion on
t
h
e
Righ
t
s of 
t
h
e
Child,publish
e
d by UN
I
CEF;
R
e
por
t
on 
t
h
e
I
mpac
t
of Arm
e
d Conflic
t
on
Childr
e
n, by Graça Mach
e
l, publish
e
d by UN
I
CEF
(and acc
e
ssibl
e
via th
e
UN
I
CEF w
e
b sit
e
:
www.unic
e
f.org).
1
0
1
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Pro
tec
t
i
ng 
Ol
der 
R
efugees
How old is 
a
n “old
e
r” r
e
fug
ee
?
Ag
e
s c
a
n r
a
ng
e
from 
t
h
e
mid-for
t
i
e
s in som
e
Afric
a
n coun
t
ri
e
t
t
h
e
mid-s
e
v-
e
n
t
i
e
a
nd 
a
bov
e
in som
e
L
at
in Am
e
ric
a
n n
at
ions. Bu
t
whil
e
a
g
e
s m
a
y b
e
r
e
l-
at
iv
e
, old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
e
v
e
rywh
e
r
e
sh
a
r
e
som
e
common probl
e
ms: 
t
h
e
y of
te
n
h
a
v
e
r
e
duc
e
a
cc
e
ss 
t
t
r
a
ining 
a
nd 
e
mploym
e
n
t
oppor
t
uni
t
i
e
s; 
t
h
e
y of
te
n
l
a
ck inform
at
ion 
a
bou
t
t
h
e
ir righ
t
a
nd 
t
h
e
s
e
rvic
e
a
nd f
a
cili
t
i
e
a
v
a
il
a
bl
e
t
o
t
h
e
m; 
a
nd 
t
h
e
y risk n
e
gl
e
c
t
or 
a
b
a
ndonm
e
n
t
by f
a
mily m
e
mb
e
rs who 
a
r
e
un
a
bl
e
t
o provid
e
c
a
r
e
.
Th
e
r
e
is 
a
wid
e
ly h
e
ld 
a
ssump
t
ion 
t
h
at
old
e
r p
e
rsons, 
a
nd old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s, in
p
a
r
t
icul
a
r, 
a
r
e
p
a
ssiv
e
a
nd d
e
p
e
nd
e
n
t
. Th
at
a
ssump
t
ion h
a
s b
ee
n r
e
p
eate
dly
prov
e
n wrong. M
a
ny old
e
r p
e
rsons w
a
n
t
t
o con
t
ribu
te
a
c
t
iv
e
ly 
t
t
h
e
w
e
ll-
b
e
ing of 
t
h
e
ir n
e
x
t
-of-kin. Th
e
y b
e
com
e
d
e
p
e
nd
e
n
t
only in 
t
h
e
fin
a
l s
ta
g
e
s of
dis
a
bili
t
y or illn
e
ss. T
he
traged
of
o
l
der
peop
l
e
who
ha
v
e
been
for
ci
b
ly
d
i
sp
l
a
c
ed
i
s
not
so
mu
c
h
that
the
be
c
ome
dependent
on
others
but
that
the
ha
v
e
been
robbed
of
the
means
to
pro
vi
de
for
others
i
n
the
manner
the
wou
l
d
w
i
sh
Inv
a
ri
a
bly, 
e
l
der
ly 
persons
are
put
at
r
i
s
when
fam
ili
es
separate
.
S
e
p
a
r
at
ion c
a
n occur 
at
a
ny s
ta
g
e
of 
t
h
e
r
e
fug
ee
e
xp
e
ri
e
nc
e
:
pr
e
-fligh
t
:  during  g
e
nocid
e
s,  young
e
r  p
e
opl
e
a
r
e
kill
e
d
whil
e
t
h
e
e
ld
e
rly 
a
r
e
l
e
f
t
a
s in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons or
r
e
fug
ee
s wi
t
hou
t
suppor
t
; young
e
r p
e
opl
e
fl
ee
, l
ea
ving 
t
h
e
e
ld
e
rly b
e
hind 
a
s “r
e
m
a
in
ee
s” in 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry of origin.
loc
a
l in
te
gr
at
ion:
e
ld
e
rly 
a
r
e
l
e
f
t
b
e
hind in c
a
mps or coll
e
c-
t
iv
e
c
e
n
t
r
e
 whil
e
young
e
r  p
e
opl
e
d
e
p
a
r
t
in  s
ea
rch  of
gr
eate
r s
e
curi
t
y or 
e
mploym
e
n
t
; long-s
ta
ying r
e
fug
ee
s f
a
c
e
old 
a
g
e
in 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry of 
a
sylum wi
t
hou
t
f
a
mily suppor
t
.
r
e
s
ett
l
e
m
e
n
t
:young
e
r p
e
opl
e
r
e
s
ett
l
e
whil
e
e
ld
e
rly p
e
rsons
a
r
e
l
e
f
t
b
e
hind, 
e
i
t
h
e
r b
e
c
a
us
e
t
h
e
a
r
e
e
xclud
e
d und
e
r dis-
crimin
at
ory cri
te
ri
a
(
t
h
e
y m
a
y no
t
p
a
ss m
e
dic
a
l scr
ee
nings,
for 
e
x
a
mpl
e
) or b
e
c
a
us
e
t
h
e
y do no
t
w
a
n
t
t
o l
ea
v
e
.
r
e
p
at
ri
at
ion: long-s
ta
ying  r
e
fug
ee
s h
a
v
e
los
t
t
ouch wi
t
h
t
h
e
ir coun
t
ry of origin 
a
nd do no
t
w
a
n
t
t
o or 
a
r
e
un
a
bl
e
t
o
r
et
urn; 
e
ld
e
rly p
e
rsons r
e
p
at
ri
ate
a
lon
e
, l
ea
ving young
e
r
g
e
n
e
r
at
ions b
e
hind in 
e
xil
e
.
1
02
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Ev
e
rywh
e
r
e
in 
t
h
e
world, 
t
h
e
e
ld
e
rly h
a
v
e
b
ee
t
h
e
popul
at
ion group mos
t
a
ff
e
c
te
d by soci
a
l disin
te
gr
at
ion. Soci
a
l disin
te
gr
at
ion is usu
a
lly c
a
us
e
d by 
e
co-
nomic d
e
clin
e
, r
e
sul
t
ing in dr
a
s
t
ic r
e
duc
t
ions of living s
ta
nd
a
rds for 
t
h
e
poor-
e
s
t
p
e
opl
e
(wi
t
h r
e
fug
ee
a
mong 
t
h
e
h
a
rd
e
s
t
hi
t
a
nd 
t
h
e
s
e
p
a
r
at
ion 
a
nd
disp
e
rs
a
l of f
a
mili
e
a
a
r
e
sul
t
of w
a
r, fligh
t
a
nd 
e
conomic or s
e
curi
t
y pr
e
s-
sur
e
s. This r
e
sul
t
s in 
a
ris
e
in 
t
h
e
numb
e
r of un
a
ccomp
a
ni
e
e
ld
e
rly p
e
rsons in
n
ee
d. In 
a
ddi
t
ion, 
t
r
a
di
t
ion
a
l suppor
t
n
et
works in m
a
ny d
e
v
e
loping coun
t
ri
e
s
a
r
e
e
roding. Eld
e
rly p
e
rsons in som
e
of 
t
h
e
s
e
coun
t
ri
e
s no long
e
r comm
a
nd
t
h
e
s
a
m
e
a
u
t
hori
t
y, r
e
sp
e
c
t
a
nd suppor
t
a
t
h
e
y us
e
t
o. As 
a
r
e
sul
t
, un
a
ccom-
p
a
ni
e
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
s in som
e
d
e
v
e
loping coun
t
ri
e
s f
a
c
e
si
t
u
at
ions of u
t
mos
t
mis
e
ry 
a
nd d
e
s
t
i
t
u
t
ion. Th
e
poor
e
s
t
a
mong 
t
h
e
m m
a
y liv
e
m
a
rgin
a
lis
e
d liv
e
s
a
s b
e
gg
a
rs 
a
nd m
a
y n
e
v
e
e
v
e
n com
e
t
t
h
e
atte
n
t
ion of 
a
id 
a
g
e
nci
e
s or
UNHCR. B
a
d nu
t
ri
t
ion, 
a
pp
a
lling living condi
t
ions 
a
nd l
a
ck of m
e
dic
a
atte
n-
t
ion m
a
k
e
t
h
e
m susc
e
p
t
ibl
e
t
o illn
e
ss; 
t
h
e
ir lif
e
e
xp
e
c
ta
nci
e
s plumm
et
.
In  m
a
ny r
e
fug
ee
c
a
mps 
a
nd coll
e
c
t
iv
e
c
e
n
t
r
e
s, 
t
hos
e
who 
a
r
e
young 
a
nd
h
ea
l
t
hy 
a
r
e
t
h
e
firs
t
t
o l
ea
v
e
whil
e
t
h
e
mor
e
vuln
e
r
a
bl
e
m
e
mb
e
rs of 
t
h
e
com-
muni
t
y—
t
h
e
sick, 
t
h
e
h
a
ndic
a
pp
e
d, singl
e
mo
t
h
e
rs  wi
t
h childr
e
a
nd 
t
h
e
e
ld
e
rly—s
ta
y b
e
hind. Of
te
n, in 
t
h
e
e
nd, 
a
cor
e
group of 
e
ld
e
rly p
e
rsons is l
e
f
t
wi
t
h nowh
e
r
e
t
o go 
a
nd no on
e
t
o c
a
r
e
for 
t
h
e
m. This c
a
t
h
e
n l
ea
t
o c
hron
ic
dependen
cyfor 
t
hos
e
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
s who h
a
v
e
no
t
found solu
t
ions 
t
t
h
e
ir
probl
e
a
nd 
a
r
e
un
a
bl
e
t
o s
e
cur
e
S
tate
b
e
n
e
fi
t
s or f
a
mily suppor
t
. In som
e
ins
ta
nc
e
s, 
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
s h
a
v
e
b
e
com
e
d
e
p
e
nd
e
n
t
on UNHCR for long p
e
ri-
ods of 
t
im
e
.
Th
e
pro
te
c
t
ion probl
e
ms mos
t
a
ssoci
ate
d wi
t
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
a
r
e
:
l
a
ck 
of
i
nformat
i
on
about
r
i
ghts
ent
i
t
l
ements
and
cl
a
i
ms
pro
c
edures
;
a
need
for
e
x
pert
l
ega
ad
vic
e
or
representat
i
on
t
o
d
ea
l wi
t
h sp
e
cific issu
e
s; 
l
a
ck 
of
a
cc
ess
to
i
mportant
do
c
umentat
i
on
e
sp
e
ci
a
lly
docum
e
n
t
s l
e
f
t
b
e
hind in 
t
h
e
coun
t
ry of origin;
l
a
ck 
of
mob
ili
t
y (which, in c
a
mp s
ett
ings, c
a
n b
e
a
ll
e
vi
ate
d
by symp
at
h
et
ic c
a
mp d
e
sign); 
a
nd
a
cc
ess
to
med
ic
a
and
hea
l
th
c
are
, which m
a
y b
e
mor
e
cri
t
ic
a
t
h
a
n for o
t
h
e
r r
e
fug
ee
groups.
1
03
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Of
te
n, 
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
a
r
e
no
t
e
v
e
a
w
a
r
e
t
h
at
UNHCR pro
te
c
t
ion offic
e
rs,
l
e
g
a
l suppor
t
a
g
e
nci
e
s or UNHCR-sponsor
e
d loc
a
l l
a
wy
e
rs 
a
r
e
pr
e
s
e
n
t
t
a
ssis
t
t
h
e
m. Ev
e
n if 
t
h
e
y know 
a
bou
t
such s
e
rvic
e
s, 
t
h
e
e
ld
e
rly m
a
y no
t
b
e
mobil
e
or
f
ee
l confid
e
n
t
e
nough 
t
o s
ee
t
h
e
ir h
e
lp.
Sinc
e
m
a
ny 
a
lr
ea
dy f
ee
l isol
ate
a
nd 
a
lon
e
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
s should no
t
b
e
s
e
g-
r
e
g
ate
d from 
t
h
e
r
e
s
t
of 
t
h
e
r
e
fug
ee
communi
t
y in progr
a
mm
e
a
nd/or living
c
e
n
t
r
e
s of 
t
h
e
ir own. R
at
h
e
r, 
t
h
e
y should b
e
includ
e
d in communi
t
y d
e
v
e
lop-
m
e
n
t
proj
e
c
t
s. R
e
gul
a
r con
ta
c
t
wi
t
h childr
e
n c
a
n h
e
lp 
e
ld
e
rly r
e
fug
ee
s—
a
nd
r
e
fug
ee
childr
e
n—f
ee
l p
a
r
t
of 
a
l
a
rg
e
r communi
t
a
nd f
ee
l l
e
ss 
a
lon
e
a
nd
unc
a
r
e
d for.
1
04
Consid
e
r th
e
n
ee
ds of old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s wh
e
n
d
e
v
e
loping r
e
fug
ee
assistanc
e
programm
e
s.
I
nclud
e
old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s in community
d
e
v
e
lopm
e
nt proj
e
cts.
Coordinat
e
with oth
e
r NGOs in diff
e
r
e
nt
s
e
ctors – i.
e
., h
e
alth, training, law — to h
e
lp
e
nsur
e
that old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s ar
e
ad
e
quat
e
ly
car
e
d for.
Coordinat
e
e
fforts with oth
e
r NGOs, th
e
I
nt
e
rnational Committ
ee
of th
e
R
e
d Cross
and UNHCR to trac
e
m
e
mb
e
rs of famili
e
s
that hav
e
b
ee
n s
e
parat
e
d during flight.
W
hat 
NGO
s do
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S
ee
k ou
t
a
nd id
e
n
t
ify old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s in n
ee
d
of l
e
g
a
a
dvic
e
. Old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s m
a
y no
t
b
e
a
w
a
r
e
of 
t
h
e
s
e
rvic
e
a
v
a
il
a
bl
e
t
t
h
e
t
o h
e
lp
t
h
e
m r
e
gul
a
ris
e
t
h
e
ir s
tat
us 
a
nd s
e
cur
e
a
cc
e
ss
t
o b
e
n
e
fi
t
a
nd 
e
n
t
i
t
l
e
m
e
n
t
s; or 
t
h
e
y m
a
y b
e
un
a
bl
e
or r
e
luc
ta
n
t
t
a
ppro
a
ch 
a
g
e
nci
e
s.
Ac
t
iv
e
ou
t
r
ea
ch is of
te
t
h
e
only w
a
y of
finding 
t
h
e
s
e
r
e
fug
ee
a
nd h
e
lping 
t
h
e
m. 
Includ
e
old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s in 
a
ll communi
t
y s
e
rvic
e
ini
t
i
at
iv
e
s.
Sh
a
r
e
inform
at
ion 
a
bou
t
old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s wi
t
h
o
t
h
e
r NGOs 
a
nd wi
t
h UNHCR 
t
e
nsur
e
t
h
e
ir
n
ee
ds 
a
r
e
m
et
.
Includ
e
old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s in 
e
duc
at
ion, 
t
r
a
ining
a
nd incom
e
-g
e
n
e
r
at
ion 
a
c
t
ivi
t
i
e
s, bo
t
a
s
r
e
cipi
e
n
t
a
nd 
a
s provid
e
rs. Try 
t
o m
at
ch 
t
h
e
ir
in
te
r
e
s
t
a
nd 
a
bili
t
i
e
s wi
t
a
ppropri
ate
proj
e
c
t
s.
D
e
vis
e
proj
e
c
t
t
h
at
bring old
e
r r
e
fug
ee
s
t
og
et
h
e
r wi
t
h r
e
fug
ee
childr
e
n.
C
H
E
C
K
L
I
 S 
T
P
r
otect
i
ng
o
l
de
r r
efugees
1
05
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Pro
tec
t
i
ng 
I
nterna
ll
Di
sp
l
aced Persons
In
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons 
a
r
e
d
e
fin
e
a
s
...
persons
or
groups
of
persons
who
ha
v
e
been
for
c
ed
or
ob
li
ged
to
f
l
ee
or
to
l
ea
v
e
the
i
r
homes
or
p
l
a
c
es
of
hab
i
tua
res
i-
den
c
e
, i
n
part
ic
u
l
ar
as
a
resu
l
t
of
or
i
n
order
to
a
v
o
i
d
the
effe
c
ts
of
armed
c
onf
lic
t
s
i
tuat
i
ons
of
genera
li
sed
vi
o
l
en
c
e
, vi
o
l
at
i
ons
of
human
r
i
ghts
or
natura
or
human
-
made
d
i
sasters
and
who
ha
v
e
not
c
rossed
an
i
nternat
i
ona
lly 
re
c
ogn
i
sed
S
tate
border
(from Guiding
Principl
e
s on In
te
rnal Displac
e
m
e
n
t
).
In g
e
n
e
r
a
l, in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons h
a
v
e
m
a
ny of 
t
h
e
s
a
m
e
pro
te
c
t
ion
n
ee
ds 
a
s r
e
fug
ee
s, bu
t
t
h
e
y h
a
v
e
no
t
cross
e
a
n in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l bord
e
a
nd
sough
t
r
e
fug
e
in 
a
no
t
h
e
r coun
t
ry.
UNHCR’s S
tat
u
te
do
e
s no
t
e
n
t
rus
t
t
h
e
org
a
nis
at
ion wi
t
a
ny sp
e
cific l
e
g
a
l
oblig
at
ions 
t
ow
a
rds in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons. Bu
t
a
a
r
t
icl
e
in 
t
h
e
S
tat
u
te
s
tate
t
h
at
t
h
e
High Commission
e
r for R
e
fug
ee
s m
a
“...
e
ngag
e
in such ac
t
ivi-
t
i
e
s...as 
t
h
e
G
e
n
e
ral Ass
e
mbly may d
ete
rmin
e
wi
t
hin 
t
h
e
limi
t
s o
f
t
h
e
r
e
sourc
e
s
plac
e
d a
t
[h
e
r] disposal” (Ar
t
icl
e
9). On 
t
h
e
b
a
sis of 
t
his Ar
t
icl
e
t
h
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
l
Ass
e
mbly  h
a
s,  on 
a
numb
e
 of  occ
a
sions, 
e
i
t
h
e
a
u
t
horis
e
t
h
e
High
Commission
e
t
a
c
t
on b
e
h
a
lf of in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons, or suppor
te
d
a
c
t
ions 
a
lr
ea
dy 
ta
k
e
n by UNHCR on b
e
h
a
lf of in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons.
(How
e
v
e
r, i
t
is no
t
UNHCR’s m
a
nd
ate
t
a
c
t
on b
e
h
a
lf of p
e
rsons displ
a
c
e
d by
n
at
ur
a
l dis
a
s
te
rs.)
S
t
ill, UNHCR c
a
n work on b
e
h
a
lf of in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons only if c
e
r
ta
in
sp
e
cific cri
te
ri
a
, s
et
by 
t
h
e
UN G
e
n
e
r
a
l Ass
e
mbly, 
a
r
e
m
et
. UNHCR mus
t
ob
ta
in 
a
sp
e
cific r
e
qu
e
s
t
for involv
e
m
e
n
t
from 
t
h
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
l
Ass
e
mbly, 
t
h
e
S
e
cr
eta
ry-G
e
n
e
r
a
l or 
a
no
t
h
e
r princip
a
l org
a
n
of 
t
h
e
Uni
te
d  N
at
ions, such 
a
t
h
e
Economic 
a
nd  Soci
a
l
Council;
ob
ta
in 
t
h
e
cons
e
n
t
of 
t
h
e
conc
e
rn
e
d S
tate
or r
e
l
e
v
a
n
t
e
n
t
i
t
y;
h
a
v
e
prov
e
e
xp
e
r
t
is
e
a
nd 
e
xp
e
ri
e
nc
e
t
a
ssis
t
, pro
te
c
t
a
nd
s
ee
k solu
t
ions for in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons in 
t
h
e
p
a
r
t
ic-
ul
a
r si
t
u
at
ion; 
a
nd
work wi
t
hin 
t
h
e
limi
t
s impos
e
d by 
t
h
e
a
moun
t
of r
e
sourc
e
s
giv
e
t
t
h
e
org
a
nis
at
ion 
t
o fund 
t
hos
e
a
c
t
ivi
t
i
e
s.
1
06
1
06
1
07
Th
e
U
n
i
ted
N
at
i
ons
O
ff
ic
e
for
the
C
oord
i
nat
i
on
of
H
uman
i
tar
i
an
A
ffa
i
rs
(OCHA) is m
a
nd
ate
t
o coordin
ate
pro
te
c
t
ion 
a
nd 
a
ssis
ta
nc
e
a
c
t
ivi
t
i
e
s for
t
hos
e
hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
n conc
e
rns 
t
h
at
f
a
ll in 
t
h
e
g
a
ps of 
e
xis
t
ing UN 
a
g
e
ncy m
a
n-
d
ate
s—including in
te
rn
a
l displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
. OCHA 
a
dvoc
ate
s hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
n issu
e
s
wi
t
h  poli
t
ic
a
l  org
a
ns 
a
nd, 
t
hrough 
t
h
e
E
mergen
cy  R
e
li
ef
C
oord
i
nator
(ERC), 
a
lso coordin
ate
s  hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
n r
e
spons
e
t
e
m
e
rg
e
nci
e
s, including
t
hos
e
involving in
te
rn
a
l displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
Th
e
l
e
g
a
l fr
a
m
e
work for 
t
h
e
pro
te
c
t
ion of in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons includ
e
s
hum
a
n righ
t
s l
a
w, hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
n l
a
a
nd n
at
ion
a
l l
a
ws. In April 1998, 
t
h
e
Commission  on Hum
a
n Righ
t
a
dop
te
t
h
e
Guiding Principl
e
s  on 
I
n
te
rnal
Displac
e
m
e
n
t
,which consolid
ate
m
a
ny of 
t
h
e
mos
t
impor
ta
n
t
in
te
rn
at
ion
a
l
pro
te
c
t
ion principl
e
a
ppli
e
t
t
h
e
pro
te
c
t
ion of in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons.
Th
e
Guiding  Principl
e
r
e
fl
e
c
t
a
nd 
a
r
e
consis
te
n
t
wi
t
h hum
a
n righ
t
a
nd
hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
n l
a
a
nd dr
a
w on r
e
l
e
v
a
n
t
pr
e
c
e
p
t
s of r
e
fug
ee
l
a
w. Th
e
y com-
pr
e
h
e
nsiv
e
ly 
a
ddr
e
ss 
a
ll ph
a
s
e
s of in
te
rn
a
l displ
a
c
e
m
e
n
t
a
nd 
a
r
e
in
te
nd
e
t
o
provid
e
guid
a
nc
e
t
o S
tate
s, non-S
tate
a
c
t
ors, o
t
h
e
a
u
t
hori
t
i
e
a
nd in
te
r-gov-
e
rnm
e
n
ta
a
nd non-gov
e
rnm
e
n
ta
l org
a
nis
at
ions on issu
e
s of in
te
rn
a
l displ
a
c
e
-
m
e
n
t
. Th
e
docum
e
n
t
s
tate
t
h
at
in
te
rn
a
lly displ
a
c
e
d p
e
rsons sh
a
ll 
e
njoy, in full 
e
qu
a
li
t
y, 
t
h
e
s
a
m
e
righ
t
a
nd fr
ee
doms und
e
r in
te
rn
at
ion
a
a
nd dom
e
s
t
ic
l
a
a
s do o
t
h
e
r p
e
rsons in 
t
h
e
ir coun
t
ry (Principl
e
1);
t
h
e
s
e
principl
e
a
r
e
wi
t
hou
t
pr
e
judic
e
t
t
h
e
righ
t
t
o s
ee
k
a
nd 
e
njoy 
a
sylum in o
t
h
e
r coun
t
ri
e
s (Principl
e
2);
n
at
ion
a
a
u
t
hori
t
i
e
s h
a
v
e
t
h
e
prim
a
ry du
t
a
nd r
e
sponsibil-
i
t
t
o provid
e
pro
te
c
t
ion 
a
nd hum
a
ni
ta
ri
a
a
ssis
ta
nc
e
t
o
in
te
rn
a
lly  displ
a
c
e
 p
e
rsons  wi
t
hin 
t
h
e
ir  jurisdic
t
ion
(Principl
e
3);
t
h
e
s
e
Principl
e
s sh
a
ll b
e
a
ppli
e
d wi
t
hou
t
discrimin
at
ion of
a
ny kind, such 
a
s r
a
c
e
, colour, s
e
x, l
a
ngu
a
g
e
, r
e
ligion or
b
e
li
e
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